The focal participle modifies a noun in relation to an event or a state referred to by a verb in the focal (continuous) form.
The focal participle is formed by adding to the verb stem the suffix -AYOTGAN (verb stems ending with a consonant)
or -YOTGAN (verb stems ending with a vowel).
Like the corresponding finite form of the verb (in -YAP), the focal participle is used with events or actions taking place
just in the period of time of current relevance to the speaker, a little bit like the English present progressive.
More often, it has a present value:
Kitob o'qiyotgan yigit o'zbek tilini biladi.
The young man, who is reading a book, knows Uzbek.
Har kuni tennis o'ynaydigan bolalar bugun kelmadilar.
The children who play tennis everyday have not come today.
Bo'layotgan voqealar to'g'risida biz to'g'ri ma'lumotlar berishimiz lozim.
We must give a true account of the event currently occuring.
Har bir xalq ichida vijdonini sotgan va sotayotgan kishilar bo'ladi.
Among every people there are some people having sold or selling their conscience.