Optative (1st person)

The optative conveys the speaker's attitude of hope or wish directly oriented towards a person or a state of things.
It is grammaticalized through suffixes depending on the person. For the speaker (the first person), the suffix is -AY (singular, sometimes -AYIN), or -AYLIK (plural) if other persons than the speaker are also concerned, especially the addressee(s).

Bu kitobni olayin.
I would buy this book.

Qornim juda ochqadi, yuring birga ovqatlanaylik.
Qayerga borarmiz?

I am very hungry, let's go have a lunch together.
Where would we go?

Endi ketaylik.
Let's go now.

Dada, ertaga hayvonot bog'iga boraylik.
Dad, let's go tomorrow to the zoo.

- The conditional suffix -SA added to the verb (in an independent phrase) may be also used with the same range of meanings.

Bugun bir muzeyga borsak.
What about us going to a museum today?

- If the indicative present-future is used instead, the meaning is closer to making a decision than to expressing a wish.

Sochimni kestirmoqchiman.
Men ham. Kel, hozir sartaroshxonaga boramiz.

I want to have a haircut.
So I am. Come, let's go to the hairdresser.

● With the interrogative, the use of the optative signals the speaker's request for instruction from the addressee as to whether to perform some action (volitive).

Choy quyay-mi?
Shall I pour some tea for you?

Nima deb qo'yay?
What should I say?

Futbol o'yiniga boraylik-mi?.
Shall we go to the football match?

- The conditional suffix -SA plus the interrogative may be also used for the volitive.

Ertaga yo'lga chiqsam?
Could I not leave tomorrow?