The past participle modifies a noun in relation to an event or a state referred to by a verb in the (definite or indefinite) past form.
The past participle is formed by adding to the verb stem the suffix -GAN, -KAN (verb stems ending with -k or -g)
or -QAN (verb stems ending with -q or -g').
The past participle is used with events or actions having taken place in the past, with or without a perfect value
(results still in effect and relevant, having then a potential present value).
More often, it has a past value:
Hozir kelgan talaba bizning ko'chada yashaydi.
The student who has come now lives on our street.
Topshiriqni bajarmagan ishchilar juma kuni dam olmaydilar.
The workers who haven't fulfilled the task will have no rest on Friday.
With stative verbs, the perfect value implies the present, especially but not only for
the verbs yot- ('to lie'), o'tir- ('to sit'), yur- ('to walk'), tur- ('to stand'):
O'z yurtini sevmagan kishi o'zga yurtni ham sevmaydi.
A person who does not like his country does not like also other countries.
Yonimizda o'tirgan tabib.
The doctor sitting next to us.
Shaharni aylanib yurgan sayyoh.
The tourist walking all over the town.
Derazasi ko'chaga qaragan uy.
The room with a window on the street.
A rare form of past participle is made using the suffis -MISH.
O'zbek adabiy tilning asoschisi bo'lmish Navoiy.
Navoiy, the one who laid foundations for the Uzbek literary language.