Perfective presumptive

also called: past tense of probability.

Perfective presumptive expresses that the state, event or action might have been completed in the past, possibly having still current relevance, the knowledge of it being quite uncertain, or even speculative.

Amerikadan ko'p kishi kelgandir, shundaymi?
Many people may have come from America, isn't it?

Aytgandirman, esimda yo'q.
I must have said so, I do not remember.

Qorning ochgandir.
You must be hungry.

U ehtimol endi qarib qolgandir.
He must be old by now.