Attitudes

Behaviour

MUOMALA n behaviour, conduct  
    relations
  NY+ga AX+da ~ bo'l- behave X towards Y
  U menga nisbatan yaxshi muomalada bo'ldi.
  He behaved well towards me.
  NY+ga AX muomala qil- treat Y X
  Unga yaxshi muomala qiling!
  Treat him well!
  NX bilan muomala qil- treat X, behave with X
  Tarbiyachi kichkina bolalar bilan muomala qilishni biladi.
  The mistress knows well how to behave with small children.
muomalali adj | AX ~ having a X character, behaviour
QARA- v.int | NX+ga ~ treat X Utilization
Vision
Reflection
Attention
Identity & Difference
  Qariya yangi tanishiga ishonch bilan qaradi va unga o'z o'g'li haqida gapirib berdi.
  The old man treated trustfully the new acquaintance and told him about his son.
     
     
  xatti-harakat conduct, behaviour  
XULQ n disposition, character, temper Character
    behaviour
qiliq n manners  
  o'z+ini tut- behave Honour
Will
     
MUNOSABAT n | NX bilan ~ relations, connections with X Identity & Difference
Social Life
  n | NX+ga ~ attitude towards X, treatment of X
  Mening bu ishga munosabatim o'zgardi.
  My treatment to this affair has changed.
  Uning menga munosabati juda yaxshi.
  He treats me exceptionally kindly.
  n | NX+ga AY ~+da (bo'l-) treat X Y, behave Y towards X
  U o'zining barcha tanishlariga yaxshi munosabatda.
  He treats all his friends kindly.
  Unga yaxshi munosabatda bo'ling!
  Be in good terms with him!
POZITSIYA n position, attitude  
ko'rsatil- v.int | NY+ga NX ~ (X) be shown to Y, Y be surrounded by X Meaning
Media
  Bizning mamlakatimizda bolalarga g'amxo'rlik ko'rsatiladi.
  The children are surrounded in our country with care.
       
YAXSHI ad good, fine, well, nice, kind Value
  Bu yaxshi odam.
  He is a good man.
  U yaxshi o'qiydi.
  He reads well.
yaxshilik n kindness, goodness; good deed
yaxshilikcha adv in earnest, willingly
EZGU adj good, kind, benevolent  
DURUST adj upright, correct, good Value
Truth
  Qo'shnisi bilan durust bo'lmoq.
  To have good relations with one's neighbour.
MULOYIM adj soft, mild, silken Properties
    gentle, mild, fond
  Bu kishi muloyim.
  This man is gentle.
muloyimlik n softness, mildness, gentleness
muloyimlash- v.int mellow
xushfe'l adj gentle, mild, kind  
xushfe'llik n gentleness, mildness, kindness
YUMSHA- v.int turn soft, become mellow Properties
  ko'ngl+i yumsha- turn soft, become mellow
yumshat- v.t soften
    ease, soften, pacify
  Bu odamni yumshatdim.
  I mollified the man.
yumshoq adj soft, mild
  Bu yostiq yumshoq.
  This pillow is soft.
  ko'ngl+i yumshoq soft-hearted
  yumshoq ko'ngilli soft-hearted
  U yumshoq ko'ngilli odam.
  He is a soft-hearted man.
yumshoqlik n softness, mildness
ko'ngilchan adj soft-hearted, good-hearted  
  ko'ngl+i oq kind-hearted, frank, honest  
  oq ko'ngilli kind-hearted, frank, honest
  U oq kon'gilli odam.
  He is an honest man.
odamiy adj humane Persons
odamgarchilik n humaneness, humanity
YOMON ad bad, wicked, evil Value
Whole & Parts
yomonlik n evil deed
YOVUZ adj evil, ferocious  
  Ular bizning yovuz dushmanimiz.
  They are our arch-enemies.
yovuzlik n evil; evil deed
yovuzlash- v.int act ferociously
yovuzlarcha adv fiercely, ferociously
YIRTQICH adj predatory, ferocious  
yirtqichlik n predation, ferocity
yirtqichlarcha adv like a predator
VAHSHAT n brutality, savageness, barbarity  
  Uning vahshatini ko'rdingizmi?
  Did you see his brutality?
  vahshat qil- act, behave barbarously, savagely
  U bizga nisbatan vahshat qildi.
  He behaved barbarously towards us.
vahshatli adj brutal, savage, barbarous
VAHSHIY adj savage, brutal, barbarous, cruel
vahshiylik n savage, brutal, barbarous, cruel act
vahshiyona adj savagely, brutally, barbarously, cruelly
  ko'ngl+i qora dishonest, evil minded  
  qora yurak evil  
  ko'ngl+i qattiq hard-hearted  
  qattiq ko'ngilli hard-hearted
  fe'l+i yaxshi of good character  
  fe'l+i yomon of bad character
  xulq+i yaxshi of good character
  xulq+i yomon of bad character
SHO'X adj naughty  
sho'xlik n naughtiness
       
SAXIY adj | NX+ga ~ generous, liberal towards X  
  Bu saxiy odamdir.
  He is a generous man.
saxiylik n generosity, liberality
SAXOVAT adj generosity, philantropy
saxovatli n generous, philantropic, charitable
MURUVVAT n humanity, generosity, leniency  
  Sizning muruvvatingizni unutmaymiz.
  We will not forget your generosity.
muruvvatli adj humane, generous, lenient
  ko'ngl+i keng generous  
  U ko'nglini keng tutdi.
  He is generous.
  yurag+i keng generous
  ochiq qo'lli generous  
  U ochiq qo'lli.
  He is generous.
  qo'l+i ochiq generous
  Uning qo'li ochiq.
  He is generous.
OLIJANOB adj noble, high, magnanimous Social Classes
  Olijanob inson.
  A noble person.
olijanoblik n nobleness, nobility, magnanimity
FAZILAT n virtue, worth, moral character  
  Bu odamda fazilat yo'q.
  This is a man of no worth.
fazilatli adj | (yaxshi) ~ virtuous, of worth, with high moral character
  ko'ngl+i tor narrow and limited, mean  
  yurag+i tor narrow and limited, mean
BAXIL n, adj mean, spiteful (person)  
baxillik n meanness, spite, spitefulness
PAST adj low, mean Whole & Parts
Value
Position
Size
  Nazari past odam.
  Mean man.
pastlik n lowness, vileness
pastkash adj, n low, mean (people)
yaramas adj vile, low Value
  yaramas qiliq vile action, low conduct
QABIH adj wretched, lowly, disgusting  
RAZIL adj loathsome, contemptible, mean  
razillik n mean action
razilona ad meanly
IFLOS adj dirty (l/f), filthy, muddy Housework
  Bu uy iflos.
  This house is dirty.
    mean
ifloslik n dirtiness, dirt
    mean action
ABLAH n scoundrel, bastard Intelligence
shaxsiyat n personality, inner-self Pride
Organizations
    self-esteem
shaxsiyatparast n selfish, egoist
shaxsiyatparastlik n selfishness, egoism
XUDBIN adj egoist, selfish  
  Bolani xudbin qilib tarbiyalamoq.
  To bring up a child so that he becomes egoistical.
xudbinlik n egoism, selfishness
XASIS adj mean, stingy, miserly  
  U xasis odamdir.
  He is a mean man.
xasislik n stinginess, avarice, miserliness
ZIQNA adj mean, stingy, miserly  
ziqnalik n stinginess, avarice, miserliness
dunyoparast n greedy, grasping person Wealth
pulparast n moneygrubbing, grasping person Money
       
VIJDON n conscience Spirit
  Bu ishning qilishini vijdonim qabul qilmadi.
  My conscience did not permit me to do this.
vijdonli adj with a conscience
vijdonsiz adj conscienceless
vijdonan adv in all conscience
AXLOQ n morals, morality  
  U odamda axloq yo'q.
  This man has no morals.
  axloq+i buzuq immoral
axloqli adj of high moral standards
    well-mannered
axloqiy adj moral
axloqsiz adj immoral, mean, wicked
    ill-mannered
axloqsizlik n immoral action
buzuq adj broken, spoilt, out of order Processes
    unprincipled, dissolute, licentious
  fisq-fasod rumors, intrigue; immoral, promiscuous Informing
boyvachcha n daddy's boy, rich man's son  
    dandy
ODIL adj just, fair, impartial Justice
odillik n fairness, justice, impartiality
odilona ad fair(ly), just(ly)
ADOLAT n justice, righteousness
  Bu mamlakatda adolat bor.
  There is justice in this country.
XOLIS adj impartial, neutral  
xolislik n impartiality, neutrality
xolisona ad impartial(ly)
       
INSOF n honesty, fairness, conscience  
  insof qil- be fair, be just
insofli adj honest, fair
  Bu uning insofli ekanligidan darak beradi.
  That's honest from him.
insofsiz adj dishonest, unfair, conscienceless
insofsizlik n dishonesty, crookedness
noinsof adj dishonest, unfair
noinsoflik n dishonesty, crookedness
HALOL adj honest(ly) Religion
halollik n honesty
SOFDIL ad honest(ly), sincere(ly)  
sofdillik n honesty, sincerity
TO'G'RI adj honest, sincere, upright (man or words) Motion
Truth
Shapes
to'g'rilik n rightness, correctness
    honesty, sincerity, uprightness
SODIQ adj | NX+ga ~ faithful, true, loyal, sincere to X  
  It o'z egasiga sodiq.
  The dog is true to his master.
  Men o'z va'damga sodiqman.
  I am faithful to my promise.
  U mening sodiq do'stim.
  He is my true friend.
sodiqlik n faithfulness, loyalty, sincerity
SADOQAT n faithfulness, fidelity, devotion
sadoqatli adj faithful, devoted
sadoqatsiz adj unfaithful, not devoted
  ko'ngl+ida kir yo'q clean, openhearted  
beril- berilgan devoted, loyal, staunch Exchange
Involvement
  U tashkilotimizga berilgan kishi.
  He is a man devoted to our organization.
IXLOS n devotion, dedication, sincere feeling Involvement
ixlosmand adj | NX+ga ~ dedicated, devoted, friendly disposed towards X
  Men unga do'stona ixlosmandman.
  I am friendly disposed towards him.
JONKUYAR adj devoted, dedicated Involvement
jonkuyarlik n devotion, dedication
ochiq adj open Processes
Weather
  Eshik ochiq.
  The door is open.
  adv openly, clearly, frankly
  U ochiq so'zladi.
  He spoke clearly.
  ko'ngl+i ochiq frank, straightforward; good-natured
  ochiq ko'ngilli frank, straightforward; good-natured
  U ochiq ko'ngilli
  He is good-natured.
  ochiq ko'ngillik frankness; goodness
  ochiq yuzli friendly
  ro'yi-rost frankly  
DANGAL adv frankly, openly  
CHIN adj true, sincere (words)  
  Bu gapingiz chinmi?
  Is what you say true?
  chindan in all sincerity, indeed
  U chindan ham yaxshi ish qildi.
  He did indeed do a very good job.
  chin dildan with all one's heart
  chin ko'ngildan in all sincerity, indeed
  Chin ko'nglimdan sizga salom aytaman.
  I greet you from my heart.
CHINAKAM n sincerity, earnestness
  U bu ishni chinakamiga bajardi.
  He carried out his task seriously.
  adj sincere, true (words)
SAMIMIY adj sincere, hearty, cordial  
  Sizga samimiy tashakkur aytaman.
  I give you hearty thanks.
  U sizga samimiy salom bildirdi.
  He sends you sincere greetings.
samimiylik n sincerity, good faith, wholeheartedness
samimiyatsiz adj insincere
samimiyatsizlik n insincerity, bad faith
iliq ad warm (l/f), tepid Temperature
    warm(ly), hearty(ly)
RIYOKOR n hypocrite, dissembler  
riyokorlik n hypocrisy, dissembling, deceit
riyokorona adv hypocritically, deceitfully
SOXTA adj false, forged Criminality
Informing
    sham, hypocritical
soxtalik n sham, hypocrisy
QALBAKI adj false, forged Informing
    hypocritical
IKKIYUZLAMA adj two-faced, hypocritical  
ikkiyuzlamachi n double-dealer, hypocrite
ikkiyuzlamachilik n hypocrisy, double character
MUNOFIQ adj, n hypocritical, treacherous; hypocrite  
  U munofiq odam.
  He is a hypocrite.
munofiqlik n hypocrisy, betrayal
XIYONAT n treachery, betrayal  
  Uning xiyonatini oshkora qildik.
  We exposed his treachery.
  NX+ga xiyonat qil-/et- betray X, deceive X; abuse X
  U bizning umumiy ishimizga xiyonat qildi.
  He has betrayed our common case.
  O'ylaymanki, u bizning ishonchimizga xiyonat qilmaydi.
  I think that he will not abuse our confidence.
  U menga xiyonat qildi.
  He deceived me.
xiyonatchi n traitor
xiyonatkorlik n (action of) treachery, betrayal
xiyonatkorona ad breaking faith, perfidious, treacherous
XOIN n traitor, renegade  
  adj treacherous
xoinlik n betrayal
  xoinlik qil- betray
xoinlarcha adv treacherously
SOT- v.t | NX+ni NY+ga (NZ+dan) ~ sell, offer for sale X to Y (at the price of Z) Business
    sell out, betray
sotil- v.int | NX+ga ~ sell o.s. to X
sotqin adj mercenary, bribable
  NX+dan yuz o'gir- turn away from X Social Life
  U bu odamdan yuz o'girdi.
  He has turned away from this man.
  NX+dan yuz+ini o'gir- turn one's face away from X
G'IRROM adj dishonest Cunning
g'irromlik n dishonesty, cheating
  g'irromlik qil- cheat
VA'DA n promise, word, pledge Participation
  U va'dasidan qaytdi.
  He went back on his word.
  NY+ga VX+ishga ~ ber- promise Y to X, make a promise to Y, guarantee X
  U menga va'da berdi.
  He promised me.
  CX deb ~ ber- promise to X
  va'da+si ustidan chiq- keep one's promise
  va'da+si ustida tur- keep one's promise
  U bergan va'dasi ustida turmadi.
  He did not keep the promise he made.
  va'dani buz- break one's promise
  U va'dani buzdi.
  He broke his promise.
va'dalash- v.int | VX+ishga ~ promise (each other) to X
  v.int | NX bilan NY haqida ~ arrange with X for Y
SO'Z n words, speech, statement Speach
Language
    word, promise
  NX+ga ~ ber- give one's word to X, promise X
  Unga so'z berdim.
  I gave him my word.
  so'z+i ustidan chiq- keep one's word
  so'z+ida tur- keep one's word
LAFZ n words, language; promise Speach
VAFO n promise  
  NX+ga vafo qil- be true to X(=promise), keep one's word
  U va'dasiga vafo qildi.
  He was true to his promise.
vafosiz adj breaking one's word, unfaithful, disloyal
bevafo adj breaking one's word, unfaithful, disloyal
bevafolik n unfaithfulness, disloyalty
vafodor adj a man of his word
QASAM n oath Organizations
  NX uchun ~ ich- take an oath to X, swear to X
  Vatan mudofaasi uchun qasam ichdilar.
  They took an oath to defend the fatherland.
  NX haqida ~ ich- swear X
  U o'zining gunohsizligi haqida qasam ichdi.
  He swore he was innocent.
  VX+ay deb ~ ich- take an oath to X, swear to X
  qasam+idan qayt- go back on one's word
  qasam+ini buz- go back on one's word
  NX+ga ~ ber- swear X in
ONT n oath Organizations
  N(gani)X uchun ~ ich- take an oath to X
  Bu ishni qilmaganligim uchun ont ichaman.
  I swear I didn't do it.
  Vatanim uchun ont ichdim.
  I have taken an oath of allegiance to my country.
  NX+ga ~ ber- swear X in
  NX+ga ~ ichir- swear X in
ISHON- v.int | N(ish)X+ga~ believe in X Opinion
Character
Informing
  Biz tinchlik harakati g'alabasiga ishonamiz.
  We believe in the victory of the movement for peace.
  Men sening so'zlaringga ishonolmayman.
  I cannot believe what you say.
  U odamning gapiga ishonmang!
  Don't believe what that man says!
  v.int | NX+ga ~ trust X, believe X, confide in X
  Men unga ishonaman, u vijdonli odam.
  I believe him, he is a honest man.
  Men uning so'zlariga ishonmayman.
  I don't confide in his words.
    rely on X, count on X
  Unga ishonsa bo'ladimi?
  Can we rely on him?
  Sen mening yordamimga ishonishing mumkin.
  You may count on my help.
ishonmaslik n distrust, mistrust, suspicion
  NX+ga ~ bilan qara- mistrust X
ishonch n | NX+ga ~ (positive) belief, confidence, faith in X
  Men ishonamanki, sen bizning senga bo'lgan ishonchimizni oqlaysan.
  I hope, you'll justify our confidence in you.
ishonchli adj trustworthy, reliable
ishonchsiz adj not trustworthy, unreliable
ishonmovchilik n distrust, mistrust, suspicion
  NX+ga orqa qil- rely on X, count on X, have expectation about X  
  Sizga orqa qilishim mumkinligiga men ishonaman.
  I hope, I can count on you.
SHUBHA n | NX haqidagi ~ doubt, suspicion about X Truth
  Uning fikrlarining to'g'riligi haqida shubha unda ortib bordi.
  In her increased the doubt about the truthfulness of his assertions.
  Uning haqida hech bir shubham yo'q.
  I have no doubts about him.
  NX+ga ~ bilan qara- be doubtful, be suspicious about X
  NX+ga shubha qil- doubt X(=fact); doubt about X, suspect X(=person)
  Biz uning so'zlari to'g'riligiga shubha qilmaymiz.
  We don't doubt the truthfulness of his words.
  Men unga shubha qilmayman.
  I don't doubt about him.
shubhala- v.t doubt, suspect
shubhalan- v.int | NX+dan ~ be doubtful, be suspicious about X
shubhalantir- v.t | NX NY+ni ~ (Y) have doubts about X
GUMON n suspicion, doubt (about people) Truth
  NY+dan NX+ning ~+i bor (X) be suspicious of Y
  Bu odamdan gumonim bor.
  I am suspicious of this man.
  NX+dan gumon qil- suspect X, doubt X
  U mendan gumon qiladi.
  He suspects me.
gumondor adj | NX+dan ~ suspicious, dubious about X
gumonsira- v.int | NX+dan ~ be suspicious, be doubtful about X
       
ODAMSHAVANDA n sociable  
NAZOKAT n refinement, tenderness  
nazokatlik adj refined, tender
nazokatsiz adj unrefined
ADAB
/ ODOB
n politeness, manners, upbringing  
  Adab saqlash kerak.
  Politeness must be observed.
  NX+ning ~+i ber- teach X a lesson
  U bolaning adabini beraman.
  I will teach that child a lesson.
adabli
/ odobli
adj polite, courteous, well-mannered
adablilik n decency, propriety
boadab adj well-bred, polite
adabsiz adj impolite, discourteous, ill-mannered
adabsizlik n impoliteness, discourtesy
beadab adj ill-mannered, impolite, obscene
beadablik n impoliteness, obscenity
xushmuomala adj | NX+ga ~ polite, courteous, solicitous, friendly with X  
  Chol bolalarga xushmuomala.
  The old man is friendly with the children.
xushmuomalalik n politeness, courtesy, solicitude
  xushmuomalalikdan out of politeness
MARHAMAT n consideration, favour, grace Pity
    please
  Marhamat o'tiring!
  Please sit down!
  NX+ga marhamat qil- be considerate to X
  Unga marhamat qiling!
  Be considerate to him please!
QARG'A- v.t swear at, curse Religion
TAHQIR n insult, mockery Honour
  tahqir qil- humiliate, insult
tahqirla- v.t humiliate, insult
HAQORAT n insult
  Ahmad Toshmatning haqoratiga qarshi javob berdi.
  Ahmad replied to Tashmat's insult.
  NX bilan haqorat qil- insult, offend by X
  Sen o'z so'zlaring bilan uni haqorat qilding.
  You have insulted him by your words.
  Nima uchun siz uni haqorat qildingiz?
  Why did you insult him?
haqoratli adj insulting, offending
haqoratla- v.t insult, offend
SO'K- v.t abuse, use bad language, scold  
so'kish n abuse, insult
so'kil- v.int be abused, get scolded
so'kin- v.int swear
  og'z+i buzuq abusive; foul-mouthed  

Feelings

SEV- v.t love Emotions
  Men sevish va sevilishni istayman.
  I want to love and to be loved.
  v.t | NX+ni NY uchun ~ like X for Y
  Men bu odamlarni ularning sodiq do'stligi uchun sevaman.
  I like these people for their faithful friendship.
  o'z-o'zini sev- love each other
  NX+ni ~+ib qol- fall in love, be in love with X
  Mening do'stim yosh o'qituvchini sevib qolgan.
  My friend is in love with a young schoolmistress.
  U uni bir qarashda sevib qoldi.
  She fell in love with him at first sight.
sevil- v.int be loved
sevin- v.int | N(ishi)X+dan ~ rejoice at X, be glad of X, delighted with X
sevish- v.int love each other
sevgi n love
sevikli adj beloved, cherished, darling
sevimli adj beloved, cherished
MUHABBAT n | NX+ga ~ love, affection for X  
  U buni bolalarga bo'lgan muhabbati tufayligina qildi.
  He did it only for the love of children.
  Otasining bolasiga nisbatan muhabbati katta.
  The father has a great affection for his child.
  NX+ga ~+i tush- fall in love with X
  Bu qizga muhabbatim tushdi.
  I have fallen in love with this girl.
muhabbatli adj full of tenderness, affection
ISHQ n love  
ishqiy adj love
ISHQIBOZ n | NX+ga ~ fan, admirer of X; crazy about X
  U futbolga ishqiboz.
  He is crazy about football.
ishqibozlik n | NX+ga ~ passion for X, admiration for X
  Uning otlarga ishqibozligi bor.
  She has a passion for horses.
JON adj dear, beloved Life
Spirit
Persons
Will
JONAJON adj very dear, dearest
     
     
JAJJI adj cute, small and sweet (of a child)  
O'RGAN- NX+ga ~+ib qol- get attached to X Learning
  Qiz bobosiga juda o'rganib qolgan edi.
  The girl was very much attached to her grandfather.
MEHR n love  
  NX+da ~ bor love X
MEHRIBON adj affectionate, kind
mehribonlik n affection, kindness
  yaxshi ko'radigan yigit boyfriend  
  yaxshi ko'radigan qiz girlfriend  
OSHIQ n person in love, lover  
  NX+ga ~ bo'l- be, fall in love with X
  Bu qiz u yigitga oshiq bo'lgan.
  This girl is in love with that man.
  oshiq-ma'shuq (pair of) lovers  
XUSHTOR adj | NX+ga ~ in love with X  
  NX+ga ~ bo'l- fall in love with X
xushtorlik n passion
SHAYDO adj | shaydo (bo'l-) (be) madly in love  
JAZMAN n lover; mistress  
DILBAR n sweetheart, darling (of a woman) Emotions
DILDOR n sweetheart, darling (of a woman)
YOR n loved one, friend  
o'ynash n lover; mistress  
xotinparast n womanizer Men & Women
       
SILA- v.t stroke, caress, pat; massage  
  Ayol bolaning sochini siladi.
  The woman stroked the child's hair.
  Uning boshini siladim.
  I stroked his head.
erkala- v.t pet, caress, stroke; pamper Character
O'P- v.t | NX+ni (NY+idan) ~ kiss X (on Y)  
  Buvi qizchani yuzidan o'pdi.
  The grandmother kissed the girl on the cheek.
  Men uni o'pdim.
  I kissed him.
o'pich n kiss
BO'SA n kiss  
  bo'sa ol- kiss
QUCHOQ n embrace  
quchoqla- v.t embrace, take in one's arm
  Qizcha onasini quchoqladi.
  The daughter took her mother in her arms.
quchoqlash- v.int embrace (each other)
       
DO'ST n friend Social Life
  do'st bo'l- make friends
do'stlik n friendship
do'stlash- v.int | NX bilan ~ make friends with X
  Tez orada Mariya u bilan do'stlashdi.
  Soon Mary has made friends with him.
do'stona ad friendly
o'rtoqlarcha adv friendly, in a friendly way Social Life
  NX+ni o'z+iga ulfat qil- be friendly with X Social Life
chiqish- v.int | NX bilan ~ go out together with X, get along with X  
  U o'zining yangi hamkasblari bilan yaxshi chiqishmoqda.
  She gets along well with her new colleagues.
BIRODAR n friend, brother  
birodarlik n friendship, fraternity
birodarlash- v.int fraternize
birodarlarcha adv fraternally
INOQ adj | NX bilan ~ close, intimate with X  
  Ular bir-birlari bilan inoq.
  They are close friends.
inoqlik n closeness, intimacy
inoqlash- v.int become friends
RAFIQ n (male) friend Social Life
Spouses & In-laws
rafiqa n wife
    (female) friend
QADR n worth, value Value
Respect & Fame
qadrli adj dear, esteemed; held in esteem
qadrdon adj dear, esteemed and beloved, close
AZIZ n, adj dear, respected, esteemed (one)  
YOQ- v.int | NX+ga ~ be pleasing to X, be well-liked by X, appeal to X, X like (it) Emotions
Copy & Adaptation
  Futbol o'yini ko'p odamlarga yoqadi.
  Football is well-liked by many people.
  Bu muzika qulog'imga yoqmaydi.
  This music is not pleasing to my ear.
  Bu narsa sizga yoqadimi?
  Do you like this?
yoqimli adj pleasant, pleasing
  Sening bunday qilganing juda yoqimli bo'ldi.
  That is very kind of you.
  Bulbulning ovozi yoqimli.
  The nightingale's song is very pleasant.
yoqimlilik n pleasantness, charm
yoqimsiz adj unpleasant, unpleasing
  Eshakning ovozi yoqimsiz.
  A donkey's voice is not pleasant.
yoqimtoy adj pleasant (person)
yoqimtoylik n pleasantness, charm
ISHVA n interest in one's appearance  
ishvali adj appearance-conscious
  NX+ning ko'ngl+ini ol- (try and) win X's sympathy  
XAYRIXOH adj | NX uchun ~ sympathetic to X, well-wishing for X  
xayrixohlik n sympathy
  xayrixohlik qil- show sympathy
  bir-birini tushun- understand one another  
AHIL adj harmonious, close  
ahillik n harmony, closeness
SOG'IN- v.t miss, long for, yearn for Emotions
  U o'z shahrini va onasini juda sog'inadi.
  He yearns for his native town and his mother.
  NX+ni sog'inish longing, yearning for X
  Vatanni sog'inish tuyg'usi uni chulg'ab oldi.
  He was consuming with longing for home.
sog'inch n longing, nostalgia
sog'inchli adj longing, nostalgic
       
NAFRAT n hatred, loathing, disgust Emotions
  Ularga qarshi nafrat qildik.
  We felt a loathing towards them.
  NX+ga ~ bilan qara- hate X, loathe X, despise X
nafratli adj hatred
nafratlan- v.int | NX+dan ~ hate X, loathe X, despise X
  Biz sotqinlardan nafratlanamiz.
  We despise the traitors.
XUSUMAT n hatred, hostility, enmity Conflicts
  NX+ga xusumat qil- show hatred, hostility, enmity to X
xusumatli adj full of hatred, hostile
ADOVAT n hostility, enmity Conflicts
  NX ust+ida adovat qil- be hostile to X, nurse hatred
adovatli adj hostile
adovatsiz adj without hatred
G'ARAZ n grudge, resentment Intention
    (evil) design, (ill) intent
g'arazli ad resentful
    intentional(ly), deliberate(ly)
beg'araz adj disinterested, impartial
GINA n resentment  
  NX+dan gina qil- be offended with X
KEK n grudge, ill-will  
QASD n (evil) design; grudge Intention
  Menda nima qasdingiz bor?
  What grudge do you have against me?
ko'rolmaslik n jealousy, envy, hatred  
KUNCHI adj jealous  
kunchilik n jealousy
RASHK n jealousy  
  NX+ni rashk qil- be jealous of X
rashkli adj jealous
rashkchi n jealous people
HASAD n envy, jealousy  
  NX+ga hasad qil- envy X, be envious, be jealous of X
hasadli adj envious, jealous
hasadchi n envious, jealous people
  NX+ni ko'ra olma- envy X Emotions
SUQ n envious, greedy  
suqlan- v.int | suqlanib qara- look enviously at
NAFS n desire, greed, lust Will
Pride
  nafs+i buzuq dissatisfied, discontented
  nafs+i yomon greedy, grabbing
NAFSONIYAT n self-esteem, vanity
HIRS n greed, desire Will
  NX+ga ~ qo'y- be greedy for X
  Chet el matbuoti har qanday sensatsiyaga hirs qo'ygan.
  The press is greedy for any sensation.
  NX+ning ~+i qo'y- be greedy
  Hirsingni qo'yma!
  Don't be greedy!
       
TILA- v.t | NY+ga N(ish)X+ni ~ wish X (for Y) Will
  Men sizga baxt tilayman.
  I wish you luck.
tilak n wish
QUTLA- v.t congratulate Invitation
Appraisal
Fortune
    greet, express good wishes for
  Tug'ilgan kuningizni qutlayman.
  Happy birthday.
  v.t | NX+ni NY bilan ~ congratulate X on the occasion of Y
QUTLUG' adj propitious
AFSUS int what a pity!  
  afsus(ki), CX what a pity that X
  Afsus, kecha kelmadingiz!
  What a pity you didn't come yesterday!
  afsus qil- regret
afsuslan- v.int | N(gani)X+dan ~ regret for/that X, be sorry for X; deplore X
  U do'stining bu xatosidan afsuslanadi.
  He deplores this mistake of his friend.
  Yuz bergan voqeadan men afsuslanaman.
  I regret this incident.
  afsuslanish regret
ATTANG int what a pity!, what a shame!, darn it!  
  attang qil- regret
O'KIN- v.int | N(gani)X+ga ~ regret for X, be sorry about X  
o'kinch n regret, vexation
o'kinchli adj regrettable, unfortunate
ACHIN- v.int | N(gani)X+ga ~ deplore X, feel sorry about X Solicitude
  Men sodir bo'lgan voqeaga achinaman.
  I deplore the accident.
  vijdon azobi remorse  
PUSHAYMON n regret, repentance  
  N(gan)X+i uchun pushaymon qil- regret (that) X
TAVBA n remorse, regret  
  tavba qil- repent, regret
qayg'ur- v.int | N(gani)X uchun ~ show solicitude for X, look after X Emotions
  v.int | NX+ning haq+ida ~ take care of X, look after X
  Uning o'g'li maktab lagerida, u hozir uning haqida qayg'urmasligi mumkin.
  Her son is in a school camp, and she mustn't take care of him at the time.
  U sizning haqingizda qayg'uradi.
  He looks after you.
G'AM n worry, trouble, anxiety Emotions
  NX+ning ust+ida ~ ye- worry about X
  Men sizning ustingizda ko'p g'am yedim.
  I worried very much about you.
  NX+ning ~+ini ye- be worried, anxious about X
  U qish g'amini yeydi.
  He is preparing for winter.
g'amxo'r adj showing solicitude, caring
g'amxo'rlik n solicitude, care
  NX haqida g'amxo'rlik qil- show solicitude for, care for
  Ona o'z bolalari haqida g'amxo'rlik qiladi.
  The mother cares for her children.
  NX+ga g'amxo'rlik qil- be worried, anxious about X
  Ona o'z bolalari sog'lig'iga g'amxo'rlik qiladi.
  The mother is worried about the health of her children.
  NX haqida g'amxo'rlik qilish care, solicitude for X
  Bola haqida g'amxo'rlik qilish bu ayol uchun katta baxt edi.
  The care for the child was the greatest luck for this woman.
  Xalq farovonligi haqida g'amxo'rlik qilish davlatimizning asosiy maqsadidir.
  The care of the welfare of the people is the main aim of our state.
  NX+ga ko'z-quloq bo'l- keep an eye on X(=person)  
HIMMAT n solicitude, consideration, kindness  
himmatli adj solicitous, attentive, watchful, kind
himmatsiz adj without solicitude
ILTIFOT n favour, grace, consideration  
  NX+ga iltifot qil- show X consideration, do X a kindness
iltifotli adj considerate, kind
iltifotsiz adj unkind, without consideration
  NX+ga beparvo qara- be indifferent to X  
  U unga beparvo qaraydi.
  He is indifferent to her.
behafsala adj indifferent, negligent  
tashlandi adj abandoned, neglected Exchange
suyan- v.int | NX+ga ~ lean on/against X (l/f); rely on X Forces
  U daraxtga suyandi.
  He leaned against a tree.
suyanch n support (of action)
suyanchiq n support (person)
tayan- v.int | NX+ga ~ lean on/against X Utilization
Forces
tayanch n support (of action)
  Ular bizga tayanch bo'ldilar.
  They were our support.
tayanchiq n support (person)
  NX+ning ko'ngl+ini ko'tar- cheer X up  
  NX+ning vaqt+ini chog' qil- cheer up X  
  Ona yig'layotgan bolaning vaqtini chog' qildi.
  The mother has cheered up the child who was crying.
DALDA n comfort, support, encouragement  
  NX+ga ~ bo'l- be a comfort to X, relieve X
  Bu non qorimga dalda bo'ldi.
  This bread has relieved my hunger.
  U bola menga dalda bo'lib turdi.
  That child was a comfort to me.
  NX+ga NY bilan ~ ber- comfort, support, encourage X with Y
  Sport ishqibozlari qattiq qichqiriqlar bilan sportchilarga dalda berib turdilar.
  The sport fans encouraged the sportsmen with loud shouts.
  U o'z so'zlari bilan opasiga dalda berdi.
  He has encouraged his sister with his words.
OVUN- v.int be consoled, quieten  
ovuntir- v.t comfort, quieten, soothe, console
ovunch n consolation
TASALLI n soothing, calming, comfort  
  N(gani)X+da NY+ga ~ ber- soothe Y in X, comfort Y in X
  Do'stim boshimga musibat tushganida menga tasalli berdi.
  My friend comforted me in my sorrow.
YUPAN- v.int calm down  
yupanch n consolation, comfort
YUPAT- v.t comfort, calm, soothe
hamdard adj | NX+ga ~ sympathetic towards X Pain
hamdardlik n | NX+ga ~ sympathy towards X
ACHIN- v.int | N(gani)X+ga ~ pity X, take pity on X, feel sorry for X, sympathize with X Solicitude
  Ayol bemor kishiga achindi.
  The woman took pity on the sick man.
achinarli adj pitiful, piteous
       
RAHM n pity, mercy Politeness
Emotions
  NX+ga rahm qil- show mercy to X, have pity on X
  Unga rahm qiling!
  Have pity on him!
rahmsiz adj merciless, cruel, ruthless
rahmsizlik n cruelty, ruthlessness
berahm adj merciless, cruel, ruthless
RAHMDIL adj merciful, kindhearted
rahmdillik n benevolence
MARHAMAT n consideration, favour, grace
marhamatli adj merciful, kindhearted
marhamatsiz adj merciless, cruel, ruthless
SHAFQAT n mercy, compassion, kindness  
  Men uning shafqatini ko'rdim.
  I saw his compassion.
  NX+ga ~ ko'rsat- show mercy, compassion to X
  Unga shafqat ko'rsating.
  Show him mercy.
  NX+ga shafqat qil- show mercy, compassion to X
shafqatli adj merciful, compassionate, kind
shafqatsiz adj merciless, cruel, ruthless
shafqatsizlik n cruelty, ruthlessness
  rahm-shafqat mercy, pity, compassion  
AYA- v.t spare, pity Utilization
Business
     
  NX+ga mehr qil- show mercy to X  
  qattiq qo'l unfeeling, cold-blooded, cruel  
  qattiq qo'llik coldness, cruelty
sovuqlik n coldness, chilliness  
       
MINNATDOR adj | (NY uchun) NX+dan ~ grateful, obliged, indebted, thankful to X (for Y)  
  Menga qilgan hamma ishlaringiz uchun sizdan minnatdorman.
  I am grateful to you for all you have done for me.
  Men sizdan juda ham minnatdorman.
  I am much obliged to you.
minnatdorlik n thanks
minnatdorchilik n | NX uchun ~ gratitude, gratefulness, thankfulness for X, recognition of X
  U o'z harakatlari uchun minnatdorchilik belgisi sifatida hammaning hurmatiga sazovor bo'ldi.
  In recognition of his efforts he got universal acknowledgement.
  NX uchun NY+ga ~ bildir- express one's gratitude to Y for X, thank Y for X
  Delegatsiya rahbari taklif uchun hukumatga o'zini samimiy minnatdorchiligini bildirdi.
  The leader of the delegation gave his hearty thanks to the government for the invitation.
  Yordaminigiz uchun sizga minnatdorchilik bildiraman.
  I thank you for your help.
SHUKUR n thanks  
  Xudoga shukur aytaman.
  I will give thanks to God.
  NX+ga shukur qil- thank X
noshukur adj ungrateful
TASHAKKUR n thanks, gratitude
  Bu ishingiz uchun tashakkur.
  Thanks for this work of yours.
  NX uchun ~ ayt- thank, be grateful for X
  Maktubingiz uchun tashakkur aytaman.
  I thank you for your letter.
  NX uchun ~ bildir- thank, be grateful for X
RAHMAT n thank  
  NX uchun ~ ayt- thank for X
  Maktubingiz uchun rahmat aytaman.
  I thank you for your letter.
  NX uchun ~ bildir- thank for X
  (sizga) (katta) rahmat! thank you (very much)

Self-Image

KIBR n haughtiness, arrogance, airs  
kibrli adj haughty, arrogant
kibrlan- v.int put on airs
KEKKAY- v.int put on airs  
  kekkaygan stuck up
GERDAY- v.int put on airs  
TAKABBUR adj arrogant, conceited, proud  
takabburlik n arrogance, conceit, pride
takabburlan- v.int be/get arrogant, conceited
takabburona adv arrogantly, conceitedly
DIMOG' n mood, humour Head
Emotions
  adj arrogant, proud
dimog'dor adj arrogant, proud
G'URUR n pride, arrogance  
g'ururli adj proud, arrogant
MAG'RUR adj proud, arrogant
  Mag'rur odam.
  A haughty man..
mag'rurlik n pride, arrogance
mag'rurlan- v.int be/get arrogant
mag'rurona adv proudly, arrogantly
FAXR n pride  
  v.int | N(gani)X uchun faxr qil- be proud of X
faxriy adj honorary
faxrlan- v.int | N(gani)X bilan ~ be proud of X
  Shahar aholisi o'z istirohat bog'i bilan faxrlanadi.
  The inhabitants of the town are proud of their park.
IFTIXOR n pride
  NX bilan iftixor et- be proud of X
  Biz milliy madaniyatimiz bilan iftixor etamiz.
  We are proud of our national culture.
iftixorli adj proud
MANMAN adj self-important, boastful  
manmanlik n self-important, boasting, self-praise
maqtan- v.int | (NY+ga) NX bilan ~ boast (before Y) about X, pride o.s., brag, swagger about X Appraisal
  Qiz o'z dugonasiga o'qishda erishgan muvaffaqiyatlari bilan maqtandi.
  The girl boasted before her friend of her successes in studying.
  Yosh sportchi o'z muvaffaqiyatlari bilan maqtandi.
  The young sportsman swaggered about his successes.
maqtanchoq n braggart, boaster
maqtanchoqlik n boastfulness
  katta gapir- boast  
  Katta gapirmang!
  Don't boast!
  og'z+i katta boastful  
  burn+i ko'taril- be conceited  
  Uning burni ko'tarilgan.
  He is conceited.
BIL- v.t | NX bil- regard oneself as a X Ability
Knowledge
Opinion
     
     
shaxsiyat n personality, inner-self Generosity
Organizations
    self-esteem
NAFSONIYAT n self-esteem, vanity Hatred
shuhratparast adj avid of glory, ambitious Respect & Fame
shuhratparastlik n ambition (for glory)
tenglash- v.int | NX+ga ~ compare to X, emulate X Whole & Parts
  Men unga tenglashdim.
  I have emulated him.
SODDA adj simple, plain, naive Order & Composition
  Ahmadjon yuqori lavozimda ishlasa ham sodda va samimy edi.
  Even working in a high position, Ahmadjon was still simple and heartful.
soddalik n simplicity, plainness, naivety
SODDADIL adj simple, ingenuous, naive
KAMTAR adj modest, unassuming  
kamtarlik n modesty
kamtarona adv modestly, unassumingly
MO'MIN adj modest, unassuming Religion
       
TORTIN- v.int | N(ish)X+ga ~ be shy of X, be hesitant for X Courage
  U bu yerga kelishga tortindi.
  He was shy of coming here.
  v.int | NX+dan ~ be ill at ease with X
  Bu kishi yolg'on aytishdan ham tortinmaydi.
  This man will not hesitate to tell a lie.
tortinchoq adj shy, bashful
  U tortinchoq kishidir.
  She is a shy person.
tortinchoqlik n timidity, shyness
UYAT n shame, sense of shame Courage
  Uyat emasmi?
  Are you not ashamed?
  uyatga qol- be ashamed, humiliated
  U uyatga qoldi.
  He is ashamed.
uyatli adj shameful (behaviour, feeling)
uyatsiz adj shameless, impudent
uyatchang adj bashful, shy
uyatchanglik n timidity, shyness, sense of modesty
UYAL- v.int | N(ish)X+ga ~ be / feel shy of X
  U bu yerga kelishga uyaldi.
  He was shy of coming here.
  (NY uchun) NX+dan ~ be ashamed of Y (in front of X), feel shy, embarrassed before X
  Bola o'zining yomon qilig'i uchun o'z do'stlaridan uyaldi.
  The boy is ashamed of his bad action in front of his friends.
  Bu qiz hatto vrachdan ham uyaladi.
  This girl feels shy even in front of a doctor.
uyaltir- adj embarrass, make feel uncomfortable
UYATIR- v.t make ashamed
SHARM n bashfulness, modesty  
HAYO n bashfulness, shyness, sense of modesty  
  N(ish)X+dan hayo qil- be bashful about X, be / feel shy of X
hayoli adj bashful, shy
hayosiz adj shameless, impudent
  sharm-hayo bashfulness, modesty  
SIPO adj reserved, discreet, shy  
kamgap n reserved, taciturne  
MALOL n embarrassment, inconvenience  
  NX+ga ~ kel- be inconvenient, difficult for X
bemalol adj easily, freely, without trouble
IZZA n shame, embarrassment, confusion  
  izza bo'l- feel ashamed, be ill-at-ease
  izza tort- feel ashamed, be ill-at-ease
  izza qil- embarrass, abash
OR n sense of shame, shame  
  or+i yo'q (have) no shame
  Uning ori yo'q.
  He has no shame.
  or+i kel- feel ashamed
  Ori keldi.
  He was ashamed.
orsiz adj shameless, impudent
NOMUS n honour  
  Uning nomusi bor.
  He is honourable.
    sense of modesty, shame
  N(ish)X+ga nomus qil- be shy of X, bashful Xing
  Xotinlar yuvinib turgan uyga kirishga nomus qilaman.
  I am shy of entering a room where women wash.
nomusli adj with honour
nomussiz adj without honour
benomus adj without honour
    dishonest
  or-nomus sense of shame and honour  
  U or-nomusga ega.
  He has modesty and honour.
  izzati nafs self-respect  
  o'z+ini tuta bil- be reserved, sober, unassuming Behaviour
Will
     
IFFAT n chastity, virginity  
iffatli adj chaste, virgin
ISNOD n disgrace, shame  
  NX+ga ~ keltir- bring disgrace, shame to X, discredit X
  Sening bunday harakatlaring ishchi nomiga isnod keltiradi.
  Such actions of yours discredit the name of the workers.
  Sen bu harakating bilan hammamizga isnod keltirding.
  By this deed, you brought disgrace on us all.
SHARMANDA n, adj disgrace(ful), shame(ful)  
  NX+ning ~+sini chiqar- bring disgrace, shame to X
  sharmanda bo'l- be disgraced
  U sharmanda bo'ldi.
  He was disgracied.
sharmandalarcha adv disgracefully
OZOR n offence, insult  
  NX+ga ~ ber- ill-use X, offend X
  Bolaga ozor bermang!
  Don't ill-use the child!
  ozor ye- be offended
  ozor top- be offended
beozor adj inoffensive, harmless
XAFA adj | NX+dan ~ offended by X Emotions
  Men sizdan xafaman.
  You have offended me.
  NX+dan ~ bo'l- be(come) offended by X
  xafa qil- offend
  Meni kechiring, men sizni xafa qilmoqchi emas edim.
  Excuse me, I didn't want to offend you.
xafalik n offence (taken)
xafagarchilik
/ xafachilik
n offence (taken)
haqoratla- v.t insult, offend Politeness
haqoratlan- v.int take offence
o'pkala- v.int | NX+dan ~ take offence at X  
  NX+ni aybga ol- take offence at X  
  Bu so'zimni aybga olmang!
  Do not take offence at my words!
SURBET adj impudent, insolent, impertinent  
surbetlik n impudence, insolence, impertinence
surbetlarcha adv impudently, insolently, impertinently
yuzsiz adj insolent, impudent  
yuzsizlik n insolence, impudence

Authority

E'TIBOR n authority Attention
  NX+ning ~+i bor have authority
  Uning e'tibori bor.
  He has authority.
  e'tibor top- obtain authority
e'tiborli adj with authority
e'tiborsiz adj without authority
OBRO'
/ OBRO'Y
n authority, influence; reputation, prestige  
  Uning obro'yi hammaga ma'lum.
  His authority is known to all.
obro'li adj influential; reputable, prestigious
obro'siz adj without authority, prestige
obro'sizlan- v.int get discredited
obro'sizlantir- v.t discredit
       
qaram adj dependent  
  NX+ga ~ bo'l- get dependent on X
  qaram qil- make dependent, bring to subjection
qaramlik n dependence
mustaqillik n independence Necessity
  bosh ko'tar- lift / keep one's head up Conflicts
  Bu dunyoda bosh ko'tarib yurish qiyin.
  It is difficult to keep one's head up in this world.
BUYUR- v.t | NY+ga N(ish)X+ni ~ order Y to X, command Y to X Business
  Buni o'qituvchi buyurdi.
  The teacher has ordered it.
  Bu ishning qilishini menga buyurdi.
  He ordered me to do this.
buyruq n | (N(ish)X haqida) ~ order (to X), command
  Nihoyat biz yo'lga chiqish haqida buyruq oldik.
  At last we received the marching order.
  Buyruq ijro etildi.
  The order was carried out.
  buyruq ber- give an order
  buyruq ol- receive an order
  buyruq qil- give an order
buyruqboz n authoritarian
buyruqbozlik n authoritarianism
FARMON n order, command, decree  
  Hukumatning ajnabiylar haqidagi farmonini o'qidim.
  I read the government decree about foreigners.
FARMOYISH n order, decree, measures
AMR n order, instruct, request  
CHAQIR- v.t call X, send for X, summon X Informing
Administration
  Sizni direktor chaqiryapti.
  The director has sent for you.
  v.t | NX+ni NY+ga ~ call X to Y
  Men sizni tartibga chaqirishim kerak.
  I have to call you to order.
  Men uni yordamga chaqirdim.
  I summoned him to help.
  NX+ni VY+ish uchun ~ call out X to Y
  O'qituvchi talabani she'r o'qish uchun chaqirdi?
  The teacher called out the student to recite the poem?
chaqiriq n | NX+ga ~ call to X, appeal for X, summons
  Prezidentning yoshlarga chaqirig'ini hamma joyda ishtiyoq bilan kutib olishdi.
  The call of the President to the youth was welcome everywhere with enthusiasm.
  Kitob tinchlikka chaqiradi.
  The book contains an appeal to peace.
SO'RA- v.t | N(ish)X+ni NY+dan ~ ask X from Y, inquire after X from Y Informing
    ask Y for X, request X from Y
  U mendan yordam berishimni so'radi.
  She asked me for help.
  U mendan kitob so'radi.
  He asked me for a book.
  U meni so'ramadimi?
  Didn't he ask after me?
so'roqsiz ad without permission
DE- v.t | NY+ga CX ~ say X to Y, tell Y X, ask Y to X (X in direct speech, esp. imperative) Speach
Language
Intention
  Ertaga kelaman deb aytdi.
  He said he would come tomorrow.
  Ko'ring dedim.
  I told him to come.
  U kishiga o'tiring deng.
  Please ask that man to sit down.
DA'VO n claim, claiming  
  da'vo qil- claim, demand
da'volash- v.int claim, demand
TALAB n | NX+dan ~ demand on X, request to X Necessity
Necessity
Rules & Contracts
  Sizdan bir talabim bor.
  I have a request to make to you.
  n | NX+ga ~ demand for X
  N(ish)X+ni NY+dan talab qil- demand, require, request, want X from Y
  U mendan bajarib bo'lmaydigan narsani talab qildi.
  He demanded of me something impracticable.
  Siz bizdan nima talab qilasiz?
  What do you want from us?
  Sizdan kitobimni talab qilaman.
  I demand my book from you.
  NX uchun talab qil- require, need for X
  N(ish)X+ni qattiq turib talab qil- press for X
  U o'z talablari bajarilishini qattiq turib talab qildi.
  He has pressed for the fulfilment of his claims.
talabchan adj | NX+ga ~ demanding, strict with X
  Ota bolalariga talabchan.
  The father is strict with his children.
talabchanlik n strictness
talabnoma n request, petition
  n | NX uchun ~ application for X
ILTIMOS n | NX+dan ~ request to X  
  Uning sizdan iltimosi bor.
  He has a request to make of you.
  N(ish)X+ini NY+dan iltimos qil- beg Y to X, ask X from Y, make Y a request for X
  U mendan yordam ko'rsatishimni iltimos qildi.
  He made me a request for help.
  Menga tezdan xabar berishingizni sizdan iltimos qilaman.
  I beg you to let me know quickly.
iltimosnoma n | NX haqidagi ~ petition, request, application for X
  Sizning Polshaga borish haqidagi iltimosnoma qoldirildi.
  Your application for entry into Poland has been satisfied.
O'TIN- v.t | N(ish)X+ini NY+dan ~ implore Y to X, beg Y to X  
o'tinch n request, plea
ZOR n complaint, plea Necessity
zorlan- v.int beg, implore, beseech
YALIN- v.int | N(ish)Y uchun NX+ga ~ beg X to Y, plead X with Y  
YOLVOR- v.int | NX+ga ~ beg X, plead X  
  NX+ga N(ish)Y uchun murojaat qil-/et- address oneself to X, make a request to X, call upon X, appeal to X for Y Visits & Greetings
Informing
Language
  Shoh olijanoblariga murojaat qildik.
  We addressed ourselves to his highness the Shah.
  NX+ga N(ish)Y+ni so'rab murojaat qil-/et- address oneself to X, make a request to X, call upon X, appeal to X (for Y)
  Men sizga yordam ko'rsatishingizni so'rab murojaat qilaman.
  I appeal to you for aid.
ko'rsatma n instruction(s)  
  yo'l-yo'riq directions, instructions  
  yo'l-yo'riq ko'rsat- show directions, give instructions
  Yo'l-yo'riq ko'rsatildi.
  He was given instructions.
qarat- v.t | NX+ga ~ direct (attention) to X Intention
qaratil- N(ish)X+ga ~ be directed at X
  Bu muzokalar janjalli masalalari tinch yo'l bilan hal qilishga qaratilgan.
  These negociations are directed at the peaceful resolution of contentious issues.
  NX+ga rioya qil- observe, respect X, comply with X, keep to X, stick to X(=rules)  
  Siz o'quv rejasiga rioya qilishingiz kerak.
  You must stick to the curriculum.
  Bizning qonunlarimiz fuqarolar manfaatlariga rioya qiladi.
  Our rules observe the interests of the citizens.
  Korxona rejaga rioya qilishi kerak.
  The enterprise must keep the target.
  Har bir odam ko'cha harakati qoidalariga rioya qilishi kerak.
  Everyone must keep strictly to the rules of the street traffic.
rioyali adj disciplined
rioyasiz adj undisciplined
rioyagarchilik n leniency
INTIZOM n discipline  
  Boshqarma xodimlari o'rtasida mehnat intizomi bo'sh.
  The discipline of work among the workers in the department is poor.
intizomli adj disciplined
intizomsiz adj undisciplined
intizomsizlik n indiscipline
TARTIB n discipline Order & Composition
Housework
tartibli adj well-disciplined
tartibsiz adj ill-disciplined, undisciplined
bebosh adj ill-disciplined, undisciplined  
    uncontrolled
BO'YSUN- v.int | NX+ga ~ obey X, submit to X, be obedient to X Will
  U birovlarning irodasiga bo'ysundi.
  He has submitted to a strange will.
  U idora boshlig'iga bo'ysunishi lozim.
  He must obey the manager.
bo'ysundir- v.t submit
ITOAT n obedience, submission  
  NX+ga itoat et-/qil- obey X, submit to X
  Qonunga itoat qilish kerak.
  The law must be obeyed.
itoatsiz adj disobedient
itoatsizlik n disobedience
  itoatsizlik qil- disobey
itoatkor n obedient person
  NX+ga quloq os- listen to X, obey X, take heed of X Hearing
  NX+ga quloq sol- listen to X, obey X, take heed of X
  NX+ga bo'yin eg- obey X  
  Men unga bo'yin egmayman.
  I will not obey him.
  bosh eg- submit to X  
  Men hech kimga bosh egmayman.
  I do not submit to anybody.
  NX+ga yon ber- give in to X  
  NX+ning gap+iga kir- listen to X, obey X Agreement
    agree with X
  Mening gapimga kirsangiz xursand bo'laman.
  I will be very pleased if you agree with me.
  NX+ning so'z+iga kir- obey X, heed X
  Bola ota-onasining so'ziga kiradi.
  The boy heeds his parents.
KEL- NX+ning yon+iga ~ report to X Horizontal Motion
Evolution
Time
Will
  Bir necha kundan keyin men professorimiz oldiga kelishim kerak.
  In a few days I have to report to our professor.
     
TAKLIF n suggestion, proposal, offer Invitation
  Keyingi yillarda Markaziy Osiyo mamlakatlari xalqaro vaziyatni yumshatishga doir bir qancha takliflar kiritdilar.
  For the last years, Central Asian countries have made a great number of offers on reduction of international tension.
  Mening bir taklifim bor.
  I have a suggestion.
    invitation
  NX+ni N(ish)Y+ga taklif et-/qil- invite X to Y, offer X to (do) Y
  U meni tushlikka taklif etdi.
  He has invited me to dinner.
  O'quvchilar urush qatnashchilarini o'zlarining yig'inlariga taklif etdilar.
  The pupils invited the war veterans to their meeting.
  Sizni kinoga taklif qilaman.
  I invite you to come to the cinema.
  N(ish)X+ni NY+ga taklif et-/qil- propose X to Y
  U bizga bir chashka kofe ichishni taklif etdi.
  She proposed us a cup of coffee.
RUXSAT n | N(ish)X+ga ~ permission for/to X, leave Learning
  n | N(ish)X uchun ~ permission for/to X, leave
  NX+ga N(ish)Y+ga ~ ber- allow X to Y, permit X to Y, give permission to X to do Y
  Ona bolalariga bog'da o'ynashga ruxsat berdi.
  The mother allowed her children to play in the garden.
    grant leave to X, let X go to Y
  Mashg'ulotlardan keyin o'qituvchi talabalarga uyga ruxsat berdi.
  After the lectures the teacher let the students go home.
  N(ish)X+ga ~ ol- get, receive permission for/to X
  N(ish)X uchun ~ ol- get, receive permission for/to X
  Angliyaga kelish uchun ruxsat oldim.
  I got permission to come to England.
  N(ish)X+ga ~ so'ra- ask permission for X
  NX+ga ruxsat qil-/et- give permission to X, permit, grant leave
  NX uchun NY+ga ruxsat etil- let Y be admited to X(= exam)
  Imtihon topshirish uchun kimlarga ruxsat etilishini komissiya hal qiladi.
  The commission decides who will be admited to the examination.
  ruxsat bor have permission
  ruxsat yo'q not have permission
  ruxsatingiz bilan with your permission
ruxsatsiz adj without permission
IJOZAT n | N(ish)X uchun ~ permission for/to X  
  N(ish)X+ga ~ ber- give permission for/to X
  Uyga kirishga ijozat bersangiz.
  Allow me to enter the house.
  ijozat ol- get, receive permission for/to X
  ijozat bor have permission
  Bu mamlakatga kelish uchun ijozatingiz bormi?
  Have you permission to come to this country?
  ijozat yo'q not have permission
  ijozat so'ra- ask permission
  NY+ning VX+ishi uchun yo'l qo'y- allow Y to X  
  Bu ishni qilishga yo'l qo'ying.
  Please allow this work to be done.
  Uning bu uyga kirishi uchun yo'l qo'ying!
  Please allow him to enter this room!
JAVOB N(ish)X+ga ~ ber- give permission for X Informing
  Ketishga javob bersangiz!
  Please give me leave to go!
LOYIQ N(ish)X+ni NY+ga ~ top- vouchsafe X to Y, grant X to Y Appraisal
Copy & Adaptation
Value
  U unga javob qilishni loyiq topmadi.
  She vouchsafed him no answer.
TAQIQ adj | VX+ishga ~ forbidden to X, taboo  
  Bu yerga kirish taqiqdir.
  It is forbidden to enter here.
  taqiq qil- ban, forbid
  VX+ish taqiq qilin- X be forbidden
  Bu kitoblar taqiq qilingan.
  These books are banned.
taqiqla- v.t | VX+ishni ~ forbid X
  taqiqlab qo'y- forbid, ban
taqiqlan- v.int be forbidden, be banned
  N(ish)X+ni man et-/qil- forbid X, prohibit X, ban X  
  N(ish)X+ni NY+ga man et-/qil- forbid Y to X(=action)
  Vrach unga chekishni man qildi.
  The doctor has forbidden him to smoke.
  man etil-/qilin- be forbidden
  Uning bu yerda kelishi man qilindi.
  He has been forbidden to come here.
HAROM adj forbidden (by religion) Religion
  harom et-/qil- forbid (by religion)
  harom etil-/qilin- be forbidden (by religion)
KO'R- VX+a ko'rma- do not X (imperative) Visits & Greetings
Reflection
Undertaking
Vision
Tourism
  Eshikni ocha ko'rmang!
  Don't attempt to open the door.
     
     
       
MA'QUL adj agreeable, reasonable, suitable Agreement
Emotions
    agreed!, very fine!
  NX+ga ~ bo'l- agree with X
  O'g'lining so'zi otasiga ma'qul bo'lmadi.
  The father did not agree with what his son said.
ma'qullik n approval
ma'qulla- v.t agree with, approve of, confirm
  Parlament kecha qonun loyihasini ma'qulladi.
  The parliament approved yesterday the project of law.
  Men sizning xatti-harakatingizni ma'qullay olmayman.
  I cannot approve your way of acting.
MAYLI int all right!, OK!  
  Mayli borsin!
  Well, let him go!
  Mayli men kelay!
  All right, I'll come.
  CX+sa, ~ it does not matter if X
  U kelmasa mayli.
  It doesn't matter if he doesn't come.
QOL- v.int remain, stay Motion
Change
Opportunity
  v.int | VX+a ~ OK with X, let X
  Pulingiz bo'lmasa, birovdan qarz ola qoling.
  If you have no money, borrow from someone.
QABUL n reception Invitation
Rules & Contracts
Organizations
Reflection
Medicine
Exchange
    acceptance
  qabul bo'l- be received, accepted
  qabul qil-/et- accept, admit
    receive
     
ROZI adj | N(ish)X+ga ~ (bo'l-) agree to X; reconcile o.s. to X Emotions
Agreement
  Anvar do'stlarining bu taklifiga rozi bo'ldi.
  Anvar agreed with this proposal of his friends.
  Men bunga butunlay rozi bo'ldim.
  I have fully reconciled myself to it.
  Men bunga roziman.
  I agree to this.
  Moliya ministrligi bu bankni ochishga rozi bo'ldi.
  The Ministry of Finance agreed to the opening of this bank.
  rozi bo'lmaslik refusal
rozilik n consent, permission, agreement, blessing, leave
  N(ish)X+ga ~ ber- give leave/permission to X, consent to X, allow X
  Ota-onasi uning safarga borishga rozilik berdilar.
  His parents gave their consent to his journey.
  Bu ishni qilishga rozilik berasizmi?
  Will you give leave for this work to be done?
  NX+dan ~ ol- receive blessing from X
rozichilik n mutual agreement
TASDIQ n approval, ratification Informing
Rules & Contracts
  tasdiq qil- approve, ratify, sanction
tasdiqla- v.t approve, ratify, sanction
tasdiqlan- v.int be approved, ratified
UNA- v.int | N(ish)X+ga ~ agree to X  
unamaslik n refusal
unash- v.int come to an agreement
unat- v.t | N(ish)X+ga ~ persuade to X
AHD n agreement, treaty, pledge Rules & Contracts
  N(ish)X+ga ahd qil- agree to X, pledge to X, decide to X
RAD n rejection, denial Informing
  rad javobi refusal
  N(ish)X+ni rad qil-/et- reject X, turn down X, deny X
  U mening iltimosimni rad qildi.
  She denied me my request.
  Uning talabi rad qilindi.
  His request was turned down.
    deny X, refute X
  NX+ni rad qilish rejection of X, renounciation of X
  Sayohatni rad qilish unga oson bo'lmadi.
  The renounciation of the travel came to him not easy.
  N(ish)X+dan bosh tort- refuse X  
  U sovg'ani olishdan bosh tortdi.
  He refused the present.
  U ishdan bosh tortdi.
  He refused to work.
  CX deb tarang qil- refuse X from capriciousness  
  bo'yn+iga ol- admit, acknowledge  
  U o'z aybini bo'yniga olishni istamaydi.
  He didn't want to acknowledge his guilt.
IQROR n | NX+ga ~ bo'l- admit, acknowledge X  
  v.int | tan ol- admit, acknowledge  
  NX+ni e'tirof et-/qil- acknowledge, admit, recognize X Agreement
  Uning xalqimiz oldidagi xizmatlarini hamma e'tirof etadi.
  All people recognize his contributions to our people.
  Men sizning xizmatingizni e'tirof qilaman.
  I acknowledge your services.
KECH- v.int | NX+dan ~ forgive X Horizontal Motion
Exchange
Life
kechir- v.t | N(gani)X+ni ~ forgive X; excuse X
  U o'z akasi nohaq xafa qilganini kechirdi.
  He has forgiven his brother that offence.
  Mening talaffuzim yomonligini kechiring.
  Excuse my bad pronunciation.
  kechirish forgiveness, pardon
  kechirasiz! excuse me!
  kechiring! excuse me!
kechirim n pardon
  N(gani)X uchun NY+dan ~ so'ra- beg Y's pardon, apologize to Y for X
  Kech qolganim uchun sizdan kechirim so'rayman.
  I must apologize to your for coming late.
AVF n apology  
  avf so'ra- apologize
  NX uchun avf et- forgive, excuse
UZR n apology  
  N(gani)X uchun NY+dan ~ so'ra- apologize to Y for X, ask Y forgiveness for X
  Men sizdan uzr so'rashim kerak.
  I have to apologize to you.
  Iltimos, tog'angizdan men uchun uzr so'rab qo'ying.
  Please, present my apologies to your uncle.
  O'z vaqtida kelabilmaganim uchun sizdan uzr so'rayman.
  I apologize that I was not able to come at the right time.
  uzr ayt- apologize

Appraisal

MAQTA- v.t | NX+ni NY uchun ~ praise, commend, compliment X for Y Pride
  Qariya bolani jasurligi uchun maqtadi.
  The old man commended the boy for his boldness.
  Men uni maqtadim.
  I praised him.
  maqtab yubor- highly praise, glorify, commend
maqtan- v.int | (NY+ga) NX bilan ~ boast (before Y) about X, pride o.s., brag, swagger about X
  Qiz o'z dugonasiga o'qishda erishgan muvaffaqiyatlari bilan maqtandi.
  The girl boasted before her friend of her successes in studying.
  Yosh sportchi o'z muvaffaqiyatlari bilan maqtandi.
  The young sportsman swaggered about his successes.
maqtov n | NX uchun ~ praise, commend of X
  Bu - teatr uchun eng yaxshi maqtov.
  That is the best praise for the theater.
  taqdir et-/qil- appraise, evaluate  
  Shoirning buyuk xizmati taqdir etildi.
  The great merit of the poet was appraised.
taqdirla- v.t appraise, praise, commend
MADH n praise, apology  
OLQISH n applause, acclamation  
  olqishlar applause, acclamations
olqishla- v.t applaud, acclaim
QARSAK n applause, clapping  
  qarsak chal- applaud, clap
  Majlisdan so'ng qarsak chalindi.
  There was applause after the meeting.
  qarsak ur- applaud, clap
CHAPAK n clapping, applause Processes
  (NX+ni) ~ chal- clap, applaud (to X)
  Tomoshabinlar yosh sozandani chapak chalib olqishladilar.
  The public applauded to the young musician.
TABRIK n congratulation, compliment, greetings Gatherings
  Undan tabrik telegrami keldi.
  A greetings telegram arrived from him.
tabrikla- v.t | N(gani)X bilan ~ congratulate on X, compliment on X
tabriklan- v.int be congratulated, complimented
tabriklash- v.int congratulate, compliment one another
tabriknoma n greeting card
  To'qqizinchi may bayrami munosabati bilan u bizga o'z tabriknomasi yubordi.
  He sent us his congratulations on the ninth of May.
QUTLA- v.t greet, express good wishes for Solicitude
Invitation
  v.t | NX+ni NY bilan ~ congratulate X on the occasion of Y
  Bayram munosabati bilan sizni qutlayman.
  I greet you on the occasion of the festival.
  Yutug'ingiz bilan qutlayman.
  I congratulate you on your success.
XUSHOMAD n compliment, flattery  
  NX+ga xushomad qil- pay a compliment to X, flatter X
XUSHOMADGO'Y adj flattering
  ko'klarga ko'tar- praise to the skies  
  yashang! well-done!  
MUKOFOT n reward, award  
  NX+ga NY ~ ber- give X a reward of Y
  Karimga yuz ming dollar mukofot berildi.
  Karim was given a reward of 100 dollars.
  mukofot ol- receive a reward
mukofotla- v.t | NX+ni NY bilan ~ award X Y, reward, recompense X with Y
  Hukumat uni orden bilan mukofotladi.
  The government awarded him the Order.
mukofotlan- v.int be awarded, rewarded
MUNOSIB adj | N(ish)X+ga ~ (bo'l-) deserving X Copy & Adaptation
Value
munosiblik n merit
LOYIQ adj | N(ish)X+ga ~ (bo'l-) suitable for X, fit X; deserving X Copy & Adaptation
Value
Authority
  Bu ot bizga loyiq.
  This horse suits us.
  N(ish)X+ga ~ kel- suitable for X, fit X; deserving X
  Bu tufli menga loyiq keldi.
  This shoes fit me.
SAZOVOR adj | N(ish)X+ga ~ (bo'l-) (be) worthy of X, deserv(ing) X, merit(ing) X  
  Sportchi ayol bu yuksak mufokotga sazovor bo'ldi.
  The sportswoman has merited this high award.
  U hurmatga sazovor odam.
  He is a man worthy of respect.
qo'lla- v.t support, back, stand up for Utilization
  Bu ishning bajarishida uni ham qo'llang.
  Encourage him to carry out this task.
CHIQ- v.int | N(ish)X uchun ~ come out, stand up for X Involvement
Motion
Horizontal Motion
Vertical Motion
Entities & Events
Transport
  Butun dunyodagi xalqlar yalpi qurolsizlanish uchun chiqmoqdalar.
  The peoples in the whole world come out for an universal disarmament.
  v.int | N(ish)X+ga qarshi ~ come out against X
  Kapitalistik mamlakatlarning agressiv kuchlari yangi muzokalarga qarshi chiqmoqda.
  The aggressive forces of the capitalistic countries come out new negociations.
YOQLA- v.t defend, argue in favour of, protect  
  NX+ni ~+b chiq- come out, stand up for X
  Demokratik partiyalar o'z xalqlarning manfaatlarini yoqlab chiqadilar.
  The democratic parties stand up for the interests of their nations.
HOMIY n protector, defender, intercessor  
homiylik n protection, defense, intercession
  homiylik qil- protect, defend, intercede, take under one's wing
oqla- v.t | NX+ni NY+dan ~ absolve, clear, acquite X from Y Light & Colors
  Sud uni barcha gunohlaridan oqladi.
  The jury has acquited him of all guilts.
  o'z+ini oqla- justify o.s., clear o.s.
  U o'zini oqladi.
  He justified himself.
oqlan- v.int be proved innocent
       
TANBEH n warning, remonstrance  
  NX+ga ~ ber- warn X, remonstrate
  Unga tanbeh berildi.
  He was warned.
  NX+ning ~+ini ye- be warned by X
tanbehla- v.t warn, remonstrate
NASIHAT n advice, lecture, sermon Participation
  nasihat qil- advise, sermonize
TA'NA n reproach  
  Achchiq ta'na.
  Bitter reproach.
  Bizning xalq ta'na so'zlarni yaxshi ko'rmayman.
  Our people do not like reproaches.
  NY+ning N(ish)X+ini ta'na qil- reproach Y for X , reprove for X
  O'rtoqlari uning qo'rqoqligini ta'na qildilar.
  The comrades reproached him with his cowardice.
  Qilgan yaxshiligingizni ta'na qilmang.
  Don't keep reproaching us with your good deeds.
  ta'na eshit- suffer reproach
ta'nali adj reproachful
XO'MRAY- v.int | NX+ga ~ frown at X  
  Ona o'g'liga xo'mrayib qaradi.
  The mother frowned at her son.
KOYI- v.int | NX+dan ~ scold, rebuke, reprove X  
  Qariya to'polon qilayotgan bolalarni koyidi.
  The old man scolded the noising children.
  Ona o'g'lini dangasaligi uchun koyidi.
  The mother scolded her son for his laziness.
  NX+ni baqirib ~ shout at X
  Bola o'zining kichkina ukasini baqirib koyidi.
  The boy shouted at his little brother.
KOYIN- v.int | NX+dan ~ complain about X, gripe about X
TANQID n criticism  
  NX+ni NY uchun tanqid qil-/et- criticize X for Y
  Gazeta bu filmni yomon ssenariyasi uchun qattiq tanqid qildi.
  The newspaper sharply criticized this film for its bad script.
  Majlisda Po'lat meni tanqid qildi.
  Polat criticized me at the meeting.
tanqidiy adj critical
tanqidla- v.t criticize
tanqidchi n critic
AYB NX+ga ~ qo'yish accusation against X Justice
Organizations
  Sening unga ayb qo'yishing asossiz.
  Your accusations against him are groundless.
aybla- v.int | NX+ni NY+da ~ accuse X of Y, blame X for Y, put the blame on X, find faults with X
  U o'z akasini ehtiyotsizlikda aybladi.
  He accused his brother of carelessness.
  Uni yolg'onchilikda aybladilar.
  He was blamed for a fraud.
ayblan- v.int get blamed
aybdor adj | NX+da ~ bo'l- be to blame for X
  Bunda mening do'stim aybdor.
  My friend is to blame for this.
SHIKOYAT n complaint, protest Justice
  NX+dan shikoyat qil- complain of X(=misfortune)
  Bemor qattiq bosh og'rig'idan shikoyat qildi.
  The sick man complained of a bad headache.
  N(ish)X haqida NY+ga shikoyat qil- complain to Y about X, protest against X(=person, action)
  Ayol pochta orqali yuboriladigan pullar o'z vaqtida yetkazmasligi haqida pochta xodimiga shikoyat qildi.
  The woman complained to the post employee of the late delivery of her postal order.
  Men bu asbobning sifati yomonligi haqida shikoyat qilmoqchiman.
  I want to complain about the inferior quality of this apparatus.
  Nima uchun mening ustimdan idoraga noto'g'ri shikoyat qildingiz?
  Why did you make an unfair complaint about me at the office?
ARZ n complaint, plea, request Justice
  NX+ga NY+ning ust+idan arz qil- complain to X of Y
  U otamga mening ustimdan arz qildi.
  She has complained to my father.
DOD n complaint, wailing Justice
Participation
  U dodini aytdi.
  He made a complaint.
dodla- v.int complain, wail
JAVRA-
/ JOVRA-
v.int | NX+ga ~ grumble, grouse at X  
  Chol doim o'g'liga javraydi.
  The old man grumbles always at his son.
  NX+ni yuz+iga sol- blame X  
qorala- v.t accuse, denounce, criticize  
  Hamma do'stlari uning yengiltakligini qoralaydilar.
  All his friends criticize him for lightness.
qoralan- v.int be accused
  NX+dan gap ye- be told off by X  
CHAQIM n denouncement, informing; slander Informing
chaqimchi n informer, telltale; slanderer
       
MAZAX n mockery, fun Emotions
  NX+ni mazax qil- poke fun at X, make fun of X
  NX+ni mazax qilib kul- have a laugh at X's expense
mazaxla- v.t poke fun at, make fun of
mazaxchi n mocker
MASXARA n mockery, scoffing, sneer  
  masxara bo'l- be mocked, be scoffed at
  NX+ni masxara qil- mock at X, scoff at X, sneer at X
  U meni masxara qildi.
  He mocked me.
  NX+ning ust+ida masxara qil- mock at X, scoff at X, sneer at X
  Qizlar uning ustida masxara qilib kulishdi.
  The girls mocked at him.
masxarali adj mocking, scoffing, sneering
masxarala- v.t mock, scoff at, sneer at
masxaralan- v.int be mocked, be scoffed at
masxaraboz n entertainer, clown
masxarabozlik n foolery, jesting
MAYNA mayna bo'l- be ridiculed, be scoffed at  
  NX+ni mayna qil- ridicule X, scoff at X
KALAKA n mockery, scoffing  
  kalaka bo'l- be mocked, be scoffed at
  kalaka qil- mock, scoff
KUL- v.int | NX+dan ~ laugh at X Emotions
Emotions
Emotions
  v.int | NX+ning ust+idan ~ have a laugh at X's expense
  kulgiga qol- be laughed at, make a fool of o.s.
kulgili adj making one laugh, ridiculous
  kulgili bo'l- get ridiculous
KINOYA n irony Informing
  kinoya qil- be ironic
kinoyali adj ironic
kesat- v.int be ironic, gibe with sarcastic language  
ISTEHZO n irony  
istehzoli adj ironic
SHAMA n irony, hint  
SATIRA n | NX+ga ~ satire on X  
  Bu novella - eski jamiyatga qaratilgan keskin satiradir.
  This novel is a biting satire of the old society.
KAMSIT- v.t humiliate, belittle  
XO'R adj humiliated  
  xo'r bo'l- be humiliated
  xo'r qil- humiliate
       
HURMAT n | NX+ga respect for X, honour  
  NX+ga ~ bilan qara- respect X, have respect for X, honour X
  NX+ni hurmat qil- respect X, have respect for X, honour X
  Men uning ota-onasini hurmat qilaman.
  I respect his parents.
  Men mard kishilarni hurmat qilaman.
  I have respect for daring people.
  Men sizni hurmat qilaman.
  I respect you.
hurmatli adj respected, respectable, honourable
hurmatsiz adj disrespectful
hurmatla- v.t respect, have respect for, honour, revere
  Biz bu xalq bilan do'stligimizni hurmatlaymiz.
  We honour our friendship with this people.
  Bizning mamlakatimiz boshqa mamlakatlar mustaqilligini hurmatlaydi.
  Our country respects the sovereignity of other countries.
IZZAT n respect, esteem  
  izzat qil- respect, have respect for, hold in esteem
izzatli adj respected, held in esteem
izzatla- v.t respect, have respect for, hold in esteem
EHTIROM n respect, honour  
MUHTARAM adj dear, respected, honoured
TA'ZIM n respect, regard Visits & Greetings
  Uning ta'zimi menga kerak emas.
  I do not need his esteem.
  NX+ga ~ ber- show respect to X, bow to X
  U menga ta'zim berdi.
  He showed me respect.
  NX+ga ~ ko'rsat- show respect to X, bow to X
  Unga ta'zim qildim.
  I showed him respect.
  NX+ga ta'zim qil- show respect to X, bow to X
  Artist tomoshabinlarga ta'zim qildi.
  The actor bowed to the public.
SIYLA- v.t respect, pay homage to  
QADR n honour, value Friendship
Value
  qadr qil- honour, esteem, regard
qadrli adj dear, esteemed; held in esteem
  qadr-qimmat honour and dignity  
SHA'N n self-respect, dignity, honour  
QOYIL NX+ga ~ bo'l- admire X Value
  NX+ga ~ qol- admire X; worship X
  Men uning o'yiniga qoyil qolaman.
  I admire his acting.
  Professorimizning aqliga doim qoyil qolar edik.
  We always admired the wisdom of our professor.
  NX+ni qoyil qil- do X admirably, wonderfully
  Oshni qoyil qilaman.
  I will make a wonderful pilau.
SHON n glory, honour  
shonli adj glorious, honourable
  shon-shuhrat fame and glory  
SHARAF n honour  
  Unda sharaf bor.
  He is honourable.
  NX+ning ~+i uchun in X's honour
  Sizning sharafingiz uchun!
  In your honour!
  NX+ning ~+iga in X's honour
  Bobosi sharafiga birinchi o'gliga uning ismi berildi.
  The first son was named in honour of his grandfather.
sharafli adj honourable, honorific
sharafla- v.t honor, glorify
  Shoir o'z poemasida mehnatni sharaflagan.
  The poet has glorified the labour in his poem.
  shon-sharaf honour and glory  
ARBOB n | NX/AX ~+i noteworthy, famous people in X(=realm)  
  Cherchil Angliyaning otoqli davlat arbobidir.
  Churchill is a famous English stateman.
SIYMO n figure, personality  
OVOZA n fame, (good) reputation Knowledge
MASHHUR adj | NX bilan ~ famous, well-known for X Knowledge
Pride
  Shahar o'zining yodgarliklari bilan mashhur.
  The city is famous for its monuments.
  Shekspir mashhur shoirdir.
  Shakespear is a famous poet.
  adj | NX+da ~ popular by X
  Bu qo'shiqchi bizda juda mashhur.
  This singer is very popular by us.
  mashhur qil- glorify
mashhurlik n fame, glory
SHUHRAT n fame, glory
  U xalq orasida shuhrat qozongan.
  He has won fame among the people.
shuhratli adj famous, glorious
shuhratparast adj avid of glory, ambitious
DONG n fame, prestige Knowledge
dongdor adj famous, prestigious
DOVRUQ n fame, glory Knowledge
ulug'la- v.t glorify, venerate Value