Basic Concepts

Entities and Existence

NARSA n thing, object  
  Bu narsa nima?
  What is this (thing)?
  bir narsa some thing
  har narsa everything
  hech narsa nothing
BUYUM n thing(s), articles (for use), goods Tools
Economy
  Keng iste'mol buyumlari yetishmaydi.
  Consumer goods are in short supply.
  Mening buyumlarim qani?
  Where are my things?
PREDMET n object, thing  
ISH n matter, affair, business, thing Action
Work
  Ishingizni qiling!
  Mind your own business!
  Ishning ichida ish bor.
  There is something behind this.
    work, job, task
  NX+ning ~+i X's affair, business, job
  Bu mening ishim.
  That's my affair.
GAP n matter, affair (to talk about) Speach
Language
Informing
Speach
Informing
  hech gap yo'q nothing much, never mind, no problem
  katta gap big event
  nima gap? what has happened?
  Mahallada nima gaplar bor?
  What is there new in the district?
  O'zi nima gap?
  What is it all about?
BEKOR adj, n useless(ness), empty, emptiness Action
Undertaking
Meaning
  n nothing
     
BO'L- v.int be, come into being, happen Change
Motion
Ability
Evolution
  Bugun bo'ron qattiq bo'ldi.
  There was a terrible storm today.
  Nima bo'ldi?
  What's the matter?
  U kasal bo'ldi.
  He fell ill.
  v.int | NX+da ~ stay in X
  v.int | NX+ga ~ happen to X
  v.int | NX/AX ~ become X, get X
  NX/AX ~+ib qol- become X, get X
  v.int | NX ~+ib as (a) X
BOR adj existent, present Possession
  O'qishning nima ahamiyati bor?
  What is the use of learning?
  adj | NY+ning NX+i ~ (Y) have X (possession)
  adj | NY+da NX ~ (Y) have X (with it)
  bor bo'l- be present; exist
borlik n existence
YO'Q adj non-existent, absent Possession
  Sodiqov darsda yo'q.
  Sadikov is absent from the class.
  Uyda yo'q edim.
  I was not at home.
  NY+ning NX+i ~ (Y) have not X (possession)
  NY+da NX ~ (Y) have not X (with it)
  yo'q bo'l- disappear, vanish; lack
  U yo'q bo'lib ketdi.
  He vanished.
yo'qlik n non-existence, absence
MAVJUD adj existing, available  
  Mavjud kuchlardan to'la va unumli foydalanish kerak.
  Complete and profitable use of the available forces must be made.
  mavjud bo'l- exist, be available
  Yer yuzida ko'p narsalar mavjuddir.
  Many things exist on the face of the earth.
mavjudlik n existence, availability
mavjudot n nature, essence, being
PAYDO paydo bo'l- appear  
  Eski uylar o'rinda yangilari paydo bo'ldi.
  New houses have appeared in place of the old.
  paydo qil- produce
ko'rin- v.int be visible, appear, emerge Vision
Identity & Difference
     
  yuz ber- happen  
  Ikkinchi dunyo urushidan keyin ko'pgina milliy davlatlar yuz berdi.
  Many national governments appeared after the second World War.
BUNYOD bunyod bo'l- appear, be created Construction
  bunyod qil- make appear, create
CHIQ- v.int come out, appear, emerge Involvement
Motion
Horizontal Motion
Vertical Motion
Transport
Appraisal
  U bolaning oyog'iga yara chiqibdi.
  An ulcer has appeared on the child's leg.
  U ham Baxtiyorning uyiga chiqadi.
  He too will come to Bakhtiyar's room.
  kelib chiq- happen
  bunday kelib chiqadiki CX it follows that X
SODIR sodir bo'l- happen  
YO'QOL- v.int disappear, get lost  
  Kitobim yo'qoldi.
  My book has disappeared.
  Yo'qol!
  Get out!
KET- v.int go, leave Motion
Change
Necessity
  yo'q bo'lib ket- disappear, vanish
     
O'CH- v.int disappear, vanish Water & Air
Light & Colors
Appliances
Language
o'chir- v.t cause to vanish, erase
     
     
KUY- v.int get lost, get wasted Water & Air
Health
  Haqingizni ertaga olmasangiz, kuyadi.
  If you don't take your share tomorrow, it will be lost to you.
G'OYIB adj absent, invisible Reflection
  g'oyib bo'l- disappear, vanish
  g'oyib qil- cause to vanish, take away, remove
g'oyibona adv being invisible, secretly
ketkaz- v.t remove Motion
  Ayol ko'ylagidagi dog'ni ketkazdi.
  The woman removed a stain from her dress.
HODISA n event, incident, happening  
  Nima hodisa bo'ldi?
  What happened?
  baxtsiz ~ accident, mishap
  ko'ngilsiz ~ accident, mishap
halokat n accident, disaster, wreck Life
  halokatga uchra- meet with an accident
  Daryoda 15 kishi halokatga uchradi.
  15 people met with an accident on the river.
halokatli adj accidental, disastrous
VOQEA n event, incident  
  Bo'lib o'tgan voqealar meni rohatsiz qildi.
  Past events have disturbed me.
FAKT n fact  
JARAYON n process  
TASODIF n chance, fate  
tasodifiy adj accidental, casual
  Bu hodisa tasodifiy ravishda yuz berdi.
  This event happened by chance.
tasodifan adv by chance
MU'JIZA n miracle  
SARGUZASHT n adventure  
TAQDIR n fate, lot, future Circumstance & Causality
  Bu urushda vatanimizning taqdiri hal qilinadi.
  In this war the fate of our native land will be decided.
    event, case
FALAK n sky Nature & Cosmos
    fate
PESHANA
/ PESHONA
n fate, destiny Head
TOLE
(tole+i)
n luck, fortune, fate Fortune
QISMAT n fate (of sb)  
  Qismatingizda borini ko'rasiz.
  You will see what fate brings you.
       
IMKON n possibility Truth
Ability
Truth
Opportunity
  Daryodan o'tish uchun hech qanday imkon yo'q.
  There is no possibility at all of crossing the river.
imkoniyat n possibility, opportunity
imkonsiz adj impossible
MUMKIN adj possible
  Mumkin bo'lsa, kelarsiz.
  If it is possible, please come.
  adj | NX VY+ishi ~ (Y) be possible for X
  Kirish mumkin.
  You can come in.
  bo'lishi mumkin (bo'lgan) (whose existence is) possible
mumkinlik n possibility
nomumkin adj impossible
EHTIMOL ad probable(ly), possible(ly) Truth
  Ehtimol, u ham kelsa kerak.
  It is possible that he will come.
  n probability, possibility
  Har ehtimolga qarshi, bu maktubni sizga yozdim.
  In case of need, I wrote you this letter.
  har ehtimolga qarshi just in case
ehtimollik n probability
ANIQ ad clear(ly), obvious(ly) Truth
  Bu jumla aniq yozilgan emas.
  This sentence is not written clearly.
    precise(ly), exact(ly)
    definite(ly), absolute(ly)
  Aniq javob berdi.
  He gave a definite answer.
  Mening kelishim aniq.
  I will definitely come.
MUQARRAR adj certain, definite, inevitable Truth
belgila- v.t fix, define Meaning
  Dekanat imtihonlar muddatini belgiladi.
  The dean's office has fixed the date of the examinations.
       
AGAR conj if  
  Agar sog' bo'lsam ishga kelaman.
  If I am well, I will come to work.
  Agar yomg'ir yog'masa, men shaharga boraman.
  If it does not rain, I will go to the city.
MABODO conj if, in the event of  
TAQDIR CX+gan taqdirda in the event of X, in case of X Entities & Events
  Kitoblar ko'p bo'lgan taqdirda, bularni tezdan o'qib chiqish qiyin.
  In the event of there being many books, reading them through quickly will be difficult.
HOL n condition, state (of sb, sth)  
  U iljaygan holda uyga kirdi.
  He entered the room smiling.
    circumstances
  bu holda under the circumstances
  Bu holda siz bilan so'zlasha olmayman.
  Under the circumstances I am unable to talk to you.
  har holda whatever the circumstances
  Har holda men kelaman.
  Whatever happens I will come.
AHVOL n condition, state (of sth, esp. of sb)
  Ahvolingiz qalay?
  How are you?
  Uning ahvoli yana og'irlasha boshladi.
  His condition again began to grow serious.
HOLAT n condition(s), state, status
VAZIYAT n situation, position, condition  
  Vaziyatimiz og'irlashdi.
  Our situation worsened.
    circumstances
  Shunday bir vaziyatda ishlash mumkin emas.
  It is impossible to work in such circumstances.
MUHIT n environment, surroundings  
  Ular eng og'ir muhitda yashaydilar.
  They live in very difficult circumstances.
SHART n condition (necessary for sth) Necessity
  Universitetda o'qish shartini o'rgandim.
  I have learnt the conditions for studying at university.
  NX+ni shart qil- stipulate X, set the conditions for X
  Odamlar orasida o'zini tutish ma'lum qoidalarga rioya qilishni shart qilib qo'yadi.
  The conduct in the society is conditioned by definite rules.
basharti conj provided that, in the event of
SHAROIT n conditions (of, with sth); circumstances
  Bu yerdagi ish sharoitimiz yaxshi.
  Our conditions of work here are good.
  NX uchun shart-sharoit conditions, prerequisites for X
  O'zbekistonda talabalarga samarali o'qishlari uchun barcha shart-sharoitlar yaratilgan.
  In Uzbekistan all conditions have been created for fruitful studies to the students.
  bunday sharoitda under these conditions
  sharoitga qarab depending on the circumstances
UCHUN post | N(ish)X ~ for X (sake/purpose), in order to X Intention
  post | N(gani)X ~ for X (reason), because of X
  Shaharga borganim uchun, maktabga kela olmadim.
  Because I went to the city, I could not go to school.
  shuning uchun therefore, for that reason
TUFAYLI post | NX ~ because of X, thanks to X, on account of X  
  Havoning yomonligi tufayli ekinlar yaxshi o'smadi.
  Because of the bad weather the crops did not grow well.
SABAB n reason, cause  
  Nima sababdan kelmadingiz?
  Why didn't you come to work?
  N(ishi)X+ga ~ bo'l- cause, provoke X
  nima sababdan for what reason
  Nima sababdan keldingiz?
  Why did you come?
  shu sababdan for this reason
sababli adj | N(gani)X ~ for the reason of X, due to X
  Ahmad bemor bo'lganligi sababli ishga kelaolmadi.
  Ahmad was unable to come to work as he was ill.
sababsiz ad without reason
CHUNKI conj because  
  Siz majlisga borishingiz kerak, chunki u yerda odamlar sizni kutyaptilar.
  You must go to the meeting because people are expecting you there.
MODOMIKI conj since, as, considering that, because  
ZERO
/ ZEROKI
conj because, by reason that, since  
keltir- v.t bring about, cause, provoke Horizontal Motion
Transfer
Business
     
     
  NX+ga olib kel- lead to X Transfer
ASL n origin; original  
MANBA
(manba+i)
n source, origin  
bog'liq adj | NX+ga ~ dependent (on X); depend on X Identity & Difference
  Bu menga bog'liq emas, unga bog'liq.
  It doesn't depend on me, it depends on him.
  Rejani bajarish mehnat unumdorligining oshirilishiga bog'liq.
  The fulfilment of the plan depends on the raising of the labour productivity.
  Hamma narsa ob-havoga bog'liq.
  Everything depends on the weather.
TA'SIR n | NX+ga ~ influence, effect on X; impression on X Feelings
  Uning unga ta'siri kuchli.
  She has a great influence on him.
  So'zlagan so'zingiz yaxshi ta'sir berdi.
  Your speech created a good impression.
  U bizning ta'sirimiz ostida.
  He is under our influence.
  NX+ga ~ ko'rsat- influence X, exert an influence on X, act upon X
  Uning xarakteriga yomon filmlar ta'sir ko'rsatdi.
  The worst films have influenced his character.
  U bu yigitga kuchli ta'sir ko'rsatadi.
  He exerts a potent influence on this youth.
  NX+ga ta'sir qil-/et- influence X, have an influence on X, affect X, move X, touch X
  Chekish sog'liqqa salbiy ta'sir qiladi.
  Smoking affects adversely the health.
  Uning ovozi menga tinchituvchan ta'sir qildi.
  His voice affected me quietenly.
  Uning so'zlari menga chuqur ta'sir qildi.
  His words have moved me deeply.
ta'sirli adj influential
ta'sirla- v.t influence, act upon
NATIJA n result; conclusion Results
  N(gani)X ~+sida as a result of X
  Yer qimirlash natijasida bir qancha uylar yakson bo'ldilar.
  As a result of the earthquake, several houses were destroyed.
  natija ber- have, yield a result
  Kechagi ishimiz hech qanday natija bermadi.
  Our yesterday's work had no result at all.
  natijada as a result
natijali ad effective(ly), with results
natijasiz ad ineffective(ly), without results
OQIBAT n result, end Results
oqibatli adj effective, with results
oqibatsiz adj vain, without results
MAHSUL n produce, product, result Production
mahsulot n output, production, yield, product
  Bu yil paxta maydonlaridan ko'p paxta mahsuloti oldik.
  We got a heavy yield of cotton from the cotton fields this year.
YAKUN n result, assessment; total Whole & Parts
yakunla- v.t assess; totalize
yakunlovchi n, adj final, conclusion
BINOAN post | NX+ga ~ in accordance with X, in consequence of X Utilization
BINOBARIN conj therefore, consequently
XULOSA n conclusion, summary, result Thought
  Bu kitobning xulosasini ayting.
  Give me a summary of this book.
  Bu o'yinning xulosasini bilishni istayman.
  I want to know the result of this game.

Relations

BILAN post | NX ~ with X, by means of X, and X Utilization
  Choyni qand bilan ichaman.
  I take tea with sugar.
  Qalam bilan yozaman.
  I will write with a pencil.
  U men bilan birga keldi.
  He came together with me.
  Uchquch bilan keldim.
  I came by plane.
  Yo'l bilan yur!
  Go by the highway!
BIRGA adv together  
  Biz birga keldik.
  We came together.
  adv | NX bilan ~ together with X
  Kitob o'qish bilan birga tushingan narsalarni ham yozib borish kerak.
  In addition to reading a book one must write down what one understands.
  U men bilan birga keldi.
  He came together with me.
birgalik n | NX bilan ~+da in connection with X, together with X
HUZUR n presence Position
  NX+ning ~+ida/dan/ga in presence of X
  Bir soatdan so'ng huzuringizda bo'laman.
  In an hour I shall be in your presence.
YOLG'IZ ad alone, solitary, single Social Life
Whole & Parts
  U yolg'iz qoldi.
  He remained alone.
  Uzoq bir yerda yolg'iz bir uy turibdi.
  In the far distance stands a solitary house.
DOIR post | NX+ga ~ concerning X, related to X, about X Meaning
  Bu menga doir ish.
  This matter concerns me.
  Qishloq xo'jaligiga va chorvachilikka doir kitoblar.
  Books about agriculture and animal husbandry.
OID post | NX+ga ~ pertaining to X, relating to X  
  Bu ishga oid narsalarni keltiring.
  Bring the things pertaining to this work.
  Bu kitob sizga oid.
  This book belongs to you.
JIHAT n aspect, side, field Position
QARA- v.int | NX+ga ~ depend on X, relate to X, pertain to X Utilization
Vision
Reflection
Attention
Behaviour
     
     
     
     
bog'liq adj | NX+ga ~ dependent (on X); depend on X Processes
Medicine
Circumstance & Causality
  Bu menga bog'liq emas, unga bog'liq.
  It doesn't depend on me, it depends on him.
  Rejani bajarish mehnat unumdorligining oshirilishiga bog'liq.
  The fulfilment of the plan depends on the raising of the labour productivity.
  Hamma narsa ob-havoga bog'liq.
  Everything depends on the weather.
bog'la- v.t tie, bind; fasten
  Menga galstukni bog'lab bering.
  Tie me the neck-tie.
  Otni bog'lab qo'y!
  Tether the horse!
bog'lam n bunch, bundle
bog'lan- v.int | NX bilan ~ be tied, be bound together, be associated with X
  Uning ismi urushga qarshi kurash bilan chambarchas bog'langan.
  His name is associated with the fight against the war.
  bog'lanish relation, link
ALOQA n | NX bilan ~ contact, communication with X Social Life
Communication
  NX bilan ~ bog'la- link to X, connect with X
aloqasiz adj unrelated
aloqador adj | NX+ga ~ related to X
MUNOSABAT n | NX bilan ~ relations, connections with X Behaviour
Social Life
  Mening kitobxona xodimlari bilan munosabatim bor.
  I have some connection with the library workers.
  n | NX+ga ~ attitude towards X, treatment of X
munosabatsiz adj | NX bilan ~ unrelated to X
munosabatdor adj | NX bilan ~ related to X
TAALLUQ n | NX+ga ~ relation to X, connection with X, relevance to X Possession
  n | NX NY+ga ~ bor X belong to Y, X pertain to Y
taalluqli adj | NX+ga ~ related to X, concerning X, applied to X
  Bu masala senga taalluqli.
  This question is applied to you.
  Uning mulohazalari sening ishinggagina emas, balki shaxsan sening o'zingga taalluqlidir.
  His remark doesn't concern only your work, but also concerns yourself.
o'zaro ad mutual(ly), reciprocal(ly)  
  Ular o'zaro yordam jamiyatini tuzdilar.
  They formed a mutual-help society among themselves.
  ikki tomonga qarashli mutual, reciprocal  
ARALASH adj mixed, composite Participation
ARALASH- v.int | NX+ga ~ get mixed up with X
  Butana - loyqa, qum, tuproq kabilar aralashgan suv.
  Butana is water mixed with such things as mud, sand, or soil.
  Bizning qo'yimiz qo'shinimizning qo'ylariga aralashib ketdi.
  Our sheep got mixed up with our neighbours'.
    take part in X, interfere in X, meddle with X
aralashtir- v.t | NX+ni NY+ga ~ mix X with Y
  v.t | NX+ni (bir-biriga) ~ mix up X (together)
  Oq va qizil gullarni bir-biriga aralashtir!
  Mix the red and white roses together!
aralashma n mixture
QORISH- v.int mix together, mingle Reflection
qorishtir- v.t | NX+ni NY bilan ~ mix X with Y, confuse X with Y
  NX+ni (bir-birlari bilan) ~ mix up X (with each other), confuse X
qorishma n mixture
adashtir- NX+ni NY bilan ~+ib yubor- confuse X with Y Truth
Reflection
  Uni men akasi bilan adashtirib yuboribman.
  I have confused him with his brother.
BIR NX (NY) ~ X (and Y) are one, the same Groupings
Whole & Parts
Numbers
Organizations
Frequency
     
     
     
     
  NX (NY) bir xil X (and Y) are the same  
  Bu kitoblarning hammasi bir xil.
  These books are all the same.
  bir xillik identity
BIRDAY ad identical(ly) Emotions
YA'NI conj that is to say, namely  
  Sizlarga yordam beramiz ya'ni pul va mashinalar ham beramiz.
  We will help you, that is to say, we will give you money and machines.
KABI post | NX ~ like X  
  Shuning kabi ishlarni qilmaslik kerak.
  Things like this must not be done.
  post | N(gani)X ~ as if X
  Uxlagan kabi ko'zini yumib yotdi.
  He lay with closed eyes, as if asleep.
SINGARI post | NX ~ similar to X  
  Buning singari ishlarni qilish kerak.
  Work like this has to be done.
YANGLIG' post | NX ~ like X  
O'XSHA- v.int | NX+ga ~ be, look like X, resemble X Truth
Preservation
  Bola ko'proq otasiga o'xshaydi.
  The boy looks more like his father.
  Bu kitob u kitobga o'xshaydi.
  This book is like that one.
  v.int | N(gani)X+ga ~ it seems/looks as if X
  NX+ga ~+b ket- have a resemblance to X
  U bir mashhur aktyorga juda o'xshab ketadi.
  He has a strong resemblance to one well-known actor.
o'xshash adj | NX+ga ~ similar to X, alike
o'xshashlik n | NX+ga ~ similarity to X
o'xshat- v.int | NX+ga ~ imitate X
  o'xshatish analogy, simulation
ko'rin- NX+dek bo'lib ko'rin- look like X Entities & Events
Vision
     
AYNI adj like, same, identical  
AYNAN adv exactly, identically
XUDDI adv exactely, precisely  
  Biz ishni xuddi soat beshda tugatamiz.
  We will finish work at exactly five o'clock.
    as if
  NX ~ NY (X) exactely like Y
  Mening otim xuddi siznikini o'zi.
  My horse is exactely like yours.
GO'YOKI
/ GO'YO
conj | ~ CX as if X  
MISOL n example Reflection
  Qilgan ishimiz uchun bu yaqqol misol bo'la oladi.
  This will be a clear example of the work we have done.
  misol ko'rsat- give an example
  Misol ko'rsatib o'ting!
  Give examples!
  misol keltir- give an example
  misol uchun for example, for instance
MASALAN adv for example, for instance
CHUNONCHI adv for example  
HAMDA conj as well as  
BOSHQA adj other, another Frequency
  Boshqa uyga kiramiz.
  We will go into the other room.
  adj | NX+dan ~ different from X
  post | NX+dan ~ apart from X
  Bundan boshqa pulim yo'q.
  Apart from this, I have no money.
boshqacha ad different(ly)
BOSHQATDAN adv again
TASHQARI n, adv exterior, outside Quantity
Position
  NX+dan ~ other than X, in addition to X, besides X
  Bu ishimizdan tashqari bo'lgan boshqa ishni qilmaymiz.
  We will not do any other work than this.
  Bu kitob o'qing, bundan tashqari bu kitob haqida o'z fikringizni yozing.
  Read this book and in addition, write your views about it.
G'AYRI adj other, alien  
  ~ AX not X, out of X's scope
ZIYODA post | NX+dan ~ other than X, more than X Quantity
O'ZGA adj other, another Social Life
Change
  adj | NX+dan ~ different from X (in nature)
O'ZGAR- v.int change, alter
  Sen yaxshi ma'noda juda ham o'zgaribsan.
  You have strongly changed for the better.
  NX+ga o'zgarish kirit- make alterations in X
  Yangi bitim shartnomaga o'zgarishlar kiritadi.
  The new agreement makes alterations in the contract.
o'zgart- v.t change, alter
o'zgartir- v.t change, alter
  Sen nima uchun o'z qaroringni o'zgartirding?
  Why have you changed your decision?
  Bu qonunni o'zgartirish kerak.
  This law must be changed.
    replace, substitute
QARSHI adj opposing, against Conflicts
Position
    opposite
  Qarshi tomon.
  Opposite side.
  post | NX+ga ~ against X, contrary to X
  U odam menga qarshi ish qilyapti.
  That man is working against me.
  Uning kutganiga qarshi.
  Contrary to his expectations.
  NX+ga qarshi qo'y- contrast with X
qarshilik n opposition
  qarama-qarshi opposite, opposing  
  U yerda qarama-qarshi harakat bor.
  There is an opposing movement here.
  qarama-qarshilik contrast
TESKARI adj | NX+ga ~ contrary to X Conflicts
Position
    opposed to X, against X
  ad inside out, upside down
  n contrary, opposite
  teskarisi(ga) on the contrary
AKS adj contrary, adverse, reverse, counter- Electromagnetism
aksincha conj on the contrary
ZID adj | bir-biriga ~ contrary, contradictory, conflicting Conflicts
  Bir-biriga zid ma'lumotlar.
  Conflicting evidence.
  adj | NX+ga ~ opposed to X
  NX+ga ~ kel- contradict X, come into conflict with X
  Bunday xatti-harakatlar Helsinki bitimining yakuniy aktiga zid keladi.
  Such actions contradict the final statements of arrangements of Helsinki.
ZIDDIYAT n contradiction
QAYTAGA adv to the contrary  
LEKIN conj but  
AMMO conj but  
  Men keldim ammo u kelmadi.
  I came but he didn't.
BIROQ conj but  
GARCHI conj | ~ CX+sa-da, CY although X, Y  
HOLBUKI conj | CX ~ CY X although Y, X whereas Y  
VAHOLANKI conj | CX ~ CY X although Y, X whereas Y  
FARQ n difference Reflection
Emotions
  n | NX bilan NY orasida ~ differences between X and Y
  Bu qalam bilan u qalam orasida farq yo'q.
  There is no difference between this pencil and that one.
  NX+ni NY bilan farq qil- distinguish X from Y
  NX+ni bir-biridan farq qil- distinguish Xs from each other
  NX+dan NY bilan farq qil- differ in Y from X
  Bu uy qo'shni uylardan hech nimasi bilan farq qilmaydi.
  This house differs in no way from the neighbour houses.
farqli adj different
farqla- v.t distinguish
farqlan- v.int differ
ajrat- NX+ni NY+dan ajrata bil- distinguish X from Y Groupings
Processes
Exchange
Processes
Reflection
  Sen bug'doyni javdardan ajrata bilasanmi?
  Can you distinguish the wheat from the rey?
     
     
TAFOVUT n difference  
ajral- NX bilan ~+ib tur- stand out for X Groupings
Processes
Exchange
Spouses & In-laws
  U tirishqoqligi bilan ajralib turadi.
  He stands out for his application.
  Bu qiz o'zining kamtarinligi bilan o'z dugonalari orasida ajralib turadi.
  This girl stands out for her modesty among her friends.
  NX+dan NY bilan ~+ib tur- differ from X in Y
  U o'z akasidan serxafsalaligi bilan ajralib turadi.
  He differs from his brother in perseverance.
qaraganda post | NX+ga ~ in comparison with X Utilization
Opinion
  Bu uy unisiga qaraganda kattaroq.
  This house is larger than that one.
  Bu yilgi yalpi mahsulot o'tgan yilga qaraganda ko'proq.
  The gross output for this year is greater than that of last year.
    according to X
  post | N(ishi)X+ga ~ considering X
KO'RA post | NX+dan ~ in comparison with X Utilization
Opinion
  Undan ko'ra bunisi yaxshi.
  This one is better than that one.
NISBIY adj relative Whole & Parts
NISBATAN post | NX+ga ~ compared with X
    with regard to X
SOLISHTIR- v.t | NX+ni NY bilan ~ compare X with Y Reflection
  Magnitofon o'z javobingizni original bilan solishtirish imkoniyatini beradi.
  The tape-recorder allows you to compare your response with the original.
  Bu qog'ozni u qog'oz bilan solishtirib ko'rdim.
  I tried to compare this paper with that one.
  NX+ni ~+ib ko'r- compare X
  Sifatni solishtirib ko'r.
  Compare the quality.
solishtirma adj comparative
CHOG'ISHTIR- v.t | NX+ni NY+ga ~ compare X with Y Reflection
  v.t | NX+larni bir-biriga ~ compare Xs with each other
TAQQOSLA- v.t | NX+ni NY+ga ~ compare X with Y Reflection
  NX+larni bir-biriga ~ compare Xs with each other
  Bu kitoblarni bir-biriga taqqoslang.
  Compare these books with one another.
  taqqoslab ko'r- compare
QIYOS n comparison Reflection
  NX+ni NY+ga qiyos et-/qil- compare X with Y
  Uni sizga qiyos qildim.
  I compared him with you.
qiyosiy adj comparative
qiyosla- v.t | NX+ni NY bilan ~ compare X with Y
  Inglizcha gap strukturasini nemis tili gap strukturasi bilan qiyoslang.
  Compare the structure of the English sentence with that of the German one.
       
NAMUNA n, adj model, example Preservation
Social Symbols
    sample
namunali adj model, exemplary
O'RNAK n example, model Preservation
NUSXA n, meas copy, sample, model  
  Bir nusxasini bering!
  Give me a copy please!
  asl nusxa original copy
KOPIYA n copy  
  kopiya ol- copy
TAQLID n copy, imitation Preservation
  NX+ga taqlid qil- copy X, imitate X
  Bu bola hayvonlar ovoziga ustalik bilan taqlid qiladi.
  This boy imitates skillfully the voices of animals.
taqlidiy adj imitative
taqlidchi n imitator
  N(ish)X+ga to'g'ri kel- correspond to X, coincide with X Truth
Necessity
Value
  Bu faktlarga to'g'ri kelmaydi.
  That doesn't correspond to the facts.
    it is suitable to X; it is necessary to X
  Ko'p ishlashga to'g'ri keldi.
  A lot of work had to be done.
  Uning bilan to'g'ri kelgan joyda so'zlashaman.
  I will talk to him wherever I can get hold of him.
MUNOSIB adj | N(ish)X+ga ~ (bo'l-) (be) relevant to X, suitable for X, matching X Value
Appraisal
  Bu to'n sizga munosib.
  This coat suits you.
  U bayramga munosib sovg'a berdi.
  He gave a worthy gift for the festival.
MUVOFIQ adj | NX+ga ~ suitable for X, reasonable Value
  post | NX+ga ~ in accordance with X
  Yozuvingizga muvofiq bu yerga keldim.
  I came here in accordance with your letter.
  NX+ga ~ kel- correspond to X, fit to X
  Uning so'zlari doimo ishiga muvofiq keladi.
  His words correspond always to his deeds.
muvofiqlik n suitability
muvofiqlash- v.int adapt
muvofiqlashtir- v.t adapt
LOYIQ adj | N(ish)X+ga ~ (bo'l-) suitable for X, fit X; deserving X Appraisal
Value
Authority
  Bu ot bizga loyiq.
  This horse suits us.
  N(ish)X+ga ~ kel- suitable for X, fit X; deserving X
  Bu tufli menga loyiq keldi.
  This shoes fit me.
YARA- v.int | NX+ga ~ be fit for X, suit X, be appropriate, good for X Value
Utilization
  U oshpazlikka butunlay yaramaydi.
  He is absolutely not suited for being a cook.
  Bu ishga yaramaydi.
  He doesn't fit for this job.
  Men endi hech narsaga yaramayman.
  I am already good for nothing.
    be useful, helpful for X
yarash- v.int | NX+ga ~ suit X, befit X
  Bu to'n sizga yarashdi.
  This coat suits you.
yaroqli adj | NX+ga ~ well-suited, suitable; useful for X
yaroqsiz adj unsuitable; of no use, useless
YOQ- v.int | NX+ga ~ suit X, be satisfying to X Friendship
Emotions
     
tegishli adj | NX+ga ~ appropriate to X, relevant to X Possession
  Arizangizni tegishli idoraga yubordim.
  I sent your statement to the appropriate office.
  Jinoyatchiga tegishli chora ko'rildi.
  Appropriate action was taken against the criminal.
    belonging to X
kelish- v.int come together Horizontal Motion
Agreement
Participation
  v.int | NX+ga ~ be suitable, appropriate to X
  kelishgan shapely, well-proportioned
  U xonimning gavdasi kelishgan.
  That woman's figure is shapely.
BOP adj suitable, appropriate Value
nobop adj unsuitable, inappropriate
MOS n match, harmony  
  adj | NX+ga ~ matching X, harmonizing with X
  v.int | NX+ga ~ kel- match X, suit X, fit X
  Bu kiyim sizga mos keladi.
  This dress suits you.
mosla- v.t | NX+ni NY+ga ~ fit X to Y
  Ayol yangi ko'ylakni o'zining gavdasiga moslamoqda.
  The woman is fitting her new dress to her body.
moslash- v.int | NX+ga ~ adapt o.s. to X, accomodate o.s. to X
  U yangi vaziyatga yaxshi moslashdi.
  He has well adapted himself to the new situation.
moslashtirish- v.t adapt
SIG'- v.int | NX+ga ~ fit into X Whole & Parts
sig'dir- v.t | NX+ni NY+ga ~ make X fit into Y, fill Y with X

Category and Order

TARTIB n order Authority
Housework
  NX tartibga keltir- put X into order
  NX tartibga sol- put X into order
  Bu qog'ozlarni tartibga solish kerak.
  These papers must be put in order.
  tartibni buz- disorganize
tartibli adj in order
  NX+ni tartibli tur- keep X in order
  Ona kvartirani tartibli turadi.
  The mother keeps the flat in order.
tartibsiz adj disorderly
tartibsizlik n disorderliness
betartib adj disorderly
  ag'dar-to'ntar messy  
TORTIB post | NX+dan ~ starting from X  
  U eng katta shaharlardan tortib kichik qishloqlargacha boradi.
  He will go from the largest cities to the smallest villages.
TUZ- v.t draw up, form, make, construct Construction
Organizations
  U gapni noto'g'ri tuzgan.
  He constructed the sentence wrongly.
  Davlat tuzish uchun kurashamiz.
  We are fighting to form a government.
  Ish planini tuzish kerak.
  A plan of work must be drawn up.
tuzilish n composition, making up, structure
tuzum n system, structure
  Mamlakatning ijtimoiy tuzumida o'zgarish bo'ldi.
  There was a change in the social structure of the country.
SISTEMA n system  
sistematik adj systematic
QUR- v.t build, construct (l/f) Construction
Buildings & Works
quril- v.int | NX+dan ~ be constituted, composed, made up of X
qurilma n structure, composition
TARKIB n structure, make-up, composition  
  NX ~+ida NY bor X is composed of Y
tarkibiy adj structural, constituent, component
TASHKIL tashkil bo'l- be composed, be made up Organizations
  tashkil top- be composed, be made up
  tashkil qil-/et- organize, found, establish
    form, make up
TARMOQ n branch, network Science
    branch, domain
tarmoqla- v.t branch out
IBORAT adj | NX+dan ~ consisting of X, composed of X  
  Roman besh bobdan iborat.
  The novel consists of five chapters.
  Bu tashkilotning a'zolari quyidagilardan iboratdir.
  Members of this organization consist of those listed below.
  NX+dan ~ bo'l- consist of X, be composed of X
MURAKKAB adj complex, complicated  
  Bu murakkab ish.
  This is a complicated matter.
  adj | NX+dan ~ consisting of X, composed of X
  Har bir kimyoviy modda bir necha moddalardan murakkab.
  Every chemical substance is composed of several elements.
murakkablik n complexity
murakkablash- v.int get complicated
murakkablashtir- v.t complexify, complicate
SODDA adj simple Pride
  Sodda masala.
  Simple problem.
    simple, plain, naive
soddalash- v.int get simple
soddalashtir- v.t simplify
       
BUTUN adj whole, entire, all Whole & Parts
  Butun kuchni paxta terishga safarbar qilish kerak.
  All forces must be mobilized for cotton gathering.
  U butun dunyoga mashhur.
  He is famous throughout the whole world.
butunlik n entirety, integrity
butunlay adv completely, wholly, absolutely
  Ayrim kunlarda butunlay o'qishga bormayman.
  Some days I don't go to school at all.
  Bu daraxt butunlay qurib qolgan.
  This tree dried up completely.
BIR num one Whole & Parts
Numbers
Organizations
Frequency
Identity & Difference
    a
birlik n unity
  Kuch birlikda.
  Strength in unity.
    unit
birlash- v.int | (NX+ga) ~ unite (to X), join together
  Dehqonlar kooperativlarga birlashdilar.
  Many peasants have united to cooperatives.
birlashtir- v.t | NX+ni (NY+ga) ~ unite, combine X (to Y), assemble, put together X
  Yosh bolalar harflarni so'zga birlashtirdilar.
  The small children united the letters to words..
birlashma n alliance, union
BIRIK- v.int unite
biriktir- v.t unite
birikma n combination, compound
TO'P n, meas group, flock, heap Organizations
  Bir to'p qo'y.
  A flock of sheep.
  Bir to'p tosh.
  A heap of stones.
  Ko'chada bir to'p odam turibdi.
  A group of people are standing in the street.
to'pla- v.t collect, gather, group
  O'qituvchi o'z o'quvchilarini maktab oldiga to'pladi.
  The teacher gathered his pupils in front of the school building.
to'plam n collection, gathering, group
  Bugun bizning to'plamimiz bor.
  We have a meeting today.
to'plan- v.int be gathered, be groupped
to'plash- v.int gather, group
YIG'- v.t collect, gather Gatherings
Business
Housework
  v.t | NX+ni NY+ga ~ save up X for Y
  yig'ib ol- collect, gather
  Dars oxirida o'qituvchi daftarlarni yig'ib oldi.
  At the end of the lesson the teacher collected the notebooks.
  Dehqonlar ekinlarni yig'ib oladilar.
  The farm-workers are gathering the crops.
yig'indi n collection, compilation, corpus
yig'ishtir- v.t gather up, tidy up, put in order, clean up
  yig'ishtirib ol- gather up, pick up
  Kuzda dehqonlar hosilni yig'ishtirib oladilar.
  In autumn the peasants gather the harvest.
yig'im n collection, gathering
KOLLEKSIYA n collection  
QO'SH- v.t | NX+ni NY+ga ~ add X to Y Whole & Parts
Tools & Furnitures
Organizations
Agreement
  Arpani bug'doyga qo'shdim.
  I added the barley to the wheat.
  Ikkini uchga qo'shdim.
  I added two to three.
  NX+ni NY+ga ~+ib qo'y- include X to Y, enclose X within Y
  Biz posilkaga xat qo'shib qo'ydi.
  We enclosed a letter within the parcel.
qo'shil- v.int | NX+ga ~ be added to X, be included to X
    join X, join with X, participate to X
  v.int | NY+da NX+ga ~ agree to X, support X, concur with X in Y
qo'shma adj united, compound
JAM n addition, plus, total Whole & Parts
  jam qil- add, collect, gather together
  Odamlarni bir yerga jam qiling!
  Gather the people together in one place!
jamla- v.t gather, collect
TO'DA n | NX+lar ~+si group of Xs, gang of Xs Organizations
Animals
  Bizning to'damizda o'n kishi bor.
  There are ten people in our group.
    flock, swarm of Xs
    heap, pile of Xs
  Bir to'da qog'oz.
  A pile of papers.
to'dalash- v.int group
GRUPPA n, meas group Organizations
gruppala- v.t group
MANSUB adj | NX+ga ~ belonging to X, being one of X  
  U mening eng yaxshi do'stlarim qatoriga mansub.
  He is one of my best friends.
  Flor galogenlarga mansub element.
  Fluorine is an element which belongs to the halogens.
QISM n part (of a whole/ a group), portion  
  Bu kitoblarning bir qismi ukamnikidir.
  Some of these books belong to my young brother.
  Kitob ikki qismdan iborat.
  The book consists of two parts.
qisman ad partial(ly)
BO'L- v.t separate Whole & Parts
Processes
Exchange
Buildings
  v.t | NX+ni numY+ga ~ divide X in Y
  Nonni ikkiga bo'ling!
  Divide the loaf in half!
  v.int | NX+ni numY NZ+ga ~ divide X in Y Z
  Buvi tortni besh bo'lakka bo'ldi.
  The grandmother has divided the cake in five pieces.
bo'lin- v.int | NX+ga ~ be separated; be divided, subdivided into X
  O'zbekiston Qoraqalpog'iston Respublikasi va o'n ikkita viloyatga bo'lingan.
  Uzbekistan is subdivided into Republic of Karakalpakistan and twelve regions.
bo'lma n room
    section, part, partition
bo'lak n part
  Bu yerning bir bo'lagi meniki.
  A part of this land is mine.
  ~ NX piece of X
  n | NX ~+i piece of X
bo'lakcha n small part, small piece
  butun va bo'laklar whole and parts  
AYIR- v.t | NX+ni NY+dan ~ remove, take away X from Y, separate X from Y Processes
  Men molimni ayiraman.
  I will remove my belongings.
  O'glingizni bizdan ayirmang.
  Do not take your son away from us.
ayricha adj special, separate
  Hukumat a'zolari ayricha imtiyozga egadirlar.
  Members of the government have special privileges.
  adv separately, apart, specially
  Bu kitoblarni ayricha qo'ying!
  Put these books separately!
  Men bu yangilikni sizga ayricha yozdim.
  I wrote this news only to you.
ayrim adj special, particular
    certain, some
ayirma n particularity, difference
AJRA- v.int break up Motion
Processes
Processes
Exchange
Spouses & In-laws
Identity & Difference
Identity & Difference
Reflection
ajral- v.int divide, split, break up
  Palyon ikkiga ajralib ketdi.
  The log split in two.
ajrat- v.t divide, split
    dispatch
  v.t | NX+ni NY+ga ~ break up X into Y
  Bu so'zni bo'ginlarga ajrating.
  Break up this word into syllables.
  v.t | NX+ni NY+dan ~ isolate, separate X from Y
  NX+ni NY+dan ajratib tur- separate X from Y
  Daryo dalani o'rmondan ajratib turadi.
  The river separates the field from the forest.
ALOHIDA ad separate(ly), apart Characteristics
       
QATOR n row, line, column Shapes
  Qator turgan askarlarni ko'rdingizmi?
  Did you see the soldiers standing in line?
    set, group
  bir qator NX a (whole) series of X
  Bir qator tashkilotlar yomon ishlaydilar.
  A group of organizations is working badly.
  NX+ni qator qo'y- align X
qatorla- v.t align
qatorlash- v.int line up, stand side by side
SAF n row, line Shapes
Politics
    rank, front
XONA n place, column (in a table) Buildings
  Bu chiziqlarning birinchi xonasida vaqt ko'rsatilgan.
  The time is shown in the first column.
UY- v.t pile up, put together  
uyum n pile, heap
G'ARAM n stack, pile, heap  
  g'aram qil- stack, pile up, heap up
g'aramla- v.t pile up, heap up
RO'YXAT n list, register Rules & Contracts
  v.b. (va boshqalar) etc. (et cetera)  
  v.h.q. (va hoqazo) and so on
  v.sh.k. (va shu kabilar) and so on
       
TABIAT n nature, Nature Nature & Cosmos
    nature, character
  Bu odamning tabiati yomon.
  This man has an evil character.
TABIIY adj natural
  Bizning mamlakatda tabiiy boyliklar ko'p.
  There is much natural wealth in our country.
SUN'IY adj artificial, man-made  
yasama adj man-made, artificial, false Construction
XARAKTER n character Character
xarakterli adj characteristic, typical
xarakterla- v.t characterize
xarakteristik n characteristic
MAZMUN n sense Meaning
    content, essence, point
  Gapingizning mazmuniga tushunmadim.
  I did not see the point of what you said.
mazmunan adv in essence, essentially
mazmundor adj substantial
MAG'IZ
(mag'z+i)
n essence, gist Botanics
  Gapning mag'zini tushundim.
  I understood the gist of the conversation.
  NX+ning ~+ini chaq- understand X's meaning
MOHIYAT n point, essence  
MUJASSAM adj embodied  
mujassamlashtir- v.t embody, incarnate
  NX+ni o'z+ida ~ combine X, X be embodied in o.s.
  Bu talaba xarakterning ko'pgina ijobiy xususiyatlarini o'zida mujassamlashtirgan.
  This student combines many positive streaks of character.
SHAKL n form, shape Method
Shapes
  Bu odamning shakli chiroyli.
  This man's figure is good.
  Shaklimni oynakda ko'rdim.
  I saw my figure in the mirror.
    manner, way
shakllan- v.int form, take shape
shakllantir- v.t form, shape
shaklan adv in shape
  shaklan va mazmunan in content and form  
FORMA n form Clothing
ko'rinish n | (tashqi) ~ appearance, exterior, looks  
    scene, scenery, view
  Bu tog'ning ko'rinishi sizga yoqadimi?
  Do you like the view of this mountain?
QIYOFA n appearance, face  
  Bu odamning qiyofasi o'zgardi.
  This man's appearance has changed.
  Yangi uylar qurilib, shaharning qiyofasi ancha o'zgardi.
  The face of the town has been somewhat changed by the building of new houses.
SIRT n exterior, appearance, surface Position
TURUQ n appearance, expression  
TUS n appearance, manner Light & Colors
USUL n | VX+ish ~+i method (of Xing), manner (of X), way of (Xing), procedure Method
    form, style
XOS adj particular, unique Organizations
  NX+(ning o'z+i)ga ~ specific to X
  Bu shaharning o'ziga xos go'zalligi bor.
  This city has its own particular beauty.
xosiyat n character, quality, significance
  Samarqand shahari bizning tariximizda ayricha xosiyatga egadir.
  The town of Samarkand has a special significance in our history.
MAXSUS adj special, particular
  Bu kitobni maxsus bir yerda saqlash kerak.
  This book must be kept in a special place.
XUSUSAN adv especially, particularly
XUSUSIY adj personal, private
xususiyat n characteristics, peculiarities
  Har bir narsaning o'ziga xos xususiyati bor.
  Everything has its own particular characteristics.
XISLAT n character, characteristics  
SIFAT n characteristic Value
Language
  Nafsoniyat odamning yaxshi sifati emas.
  Egoism is not a good characteristic in man.
    quality
  Bu gazlamaning sifati yaxshi.
  The quality of this cloth is good.
  NX ~+ida bo'lib as X
sifatli adj qualitative
    high grade, high quality
sifatsiz adj low grade, poor quality
ALOHIDA ad separate(ly), apart Groupings
    special(ly), particular(ly)
  Bu kitobni olib ketish uchun alohida kelaman.
  I will come specially to take this book.
  Bu mamlakatning alohida ahamiyati bor.
  This country has a special significance.
AYNIQSA adv | ~ NX especially X, particularly X  
  Ayniqsa kecha ko'p yomg'ir yog'di.
  It rained a lot, especially yesterday.
YAGONA adj unique, the only one  
       
DARAJA n degree Whole & Parts
Temperature
Value
Travel
  Mening isitmam 40 darajaga chiqdi.
  My temperature rose to 40 degrees.
    level
  Ish sifatini yuqori darajaga ko'tarish kerak.
  The quality of work must be greatly improved.
darajali adj | NX/AX ~ up to X's standard
SAVIYA n level, standard  
  Maktabda o'tkazilyotgan darslarning saviyasi juda ham past.
  The standard of the lessons given at the schools is very low.
BOSQICH n level, degree Evolution
    stage, phase
YUQORI n top, highest part Position
  adj high (fig.)
  Yuqori hosil olish uchun kurashmoqdalar.
  They are struggling to obtain a high yield of cotton.
  Yuqori idoralarga murojaat qiling!
  Apply to the highest institutions!
YUKSAK adj high (l/f) Position
yuksaklik n height
       
XIL n kind, sort, type  
  num/pronY ~ NX Y kind of X, sort of X, type of X
  har ~ NX+lar all kinds of X
  Yozda har xil sabzavotlar mo'l bo'ladi.
  The choice of vegetables in summer is very rich.
  Bog'imizda har xil mevalar bor.
  There are different kinds of fruit in our garden.
  xilma-xil all kinds, various
  xilma-xillik variety
TUR n kind, sort  
  bir turli same
turli adj different, various, diverse
  Bugun turli xildagi mevalar yedim.
  I ate different kinds of fruit today.
  har ~ NX+lar all kinds of X
  Mening har turli kitoblarim bor.
  I have various books.
  turli-tuman diverse
  turli-tumanlik diversity
turla- v.t sort
turdosh adj uniform, similar
NAV n sort, kind  
  num/pronY ~ NX Y sort of X, kind of X
  Mamlakatimizda har nav mevalar bor.
  There are all kinds of fruit in our country.
  NX navlarga ajrat- sort X
  Bu gazlamalarni navlarga ajrating.
  Sort these materials out please.
SORT n sort  
sortla- v.t sort
TOIFA n tribe, race Society
Travel
    class, category, set
       
ASOS n basis, foundation, ground Undertaking
Thought
Utilization
Seriousness
  Tinch-totuv yashash prinsiplari mamlakatimiz tashqi siyosatining asosdir.
  The principles of peaceful coexistence are the basis of the foreign policy of our country.
  n | NX+ga ~ reason for X, basis for X
  Bu aytgan so'zingizga asos ko'rsating.
  Show what foundation you have for saying this.
  NX+ga ~ sol- lay the foundations of X
asosiy adj basic, fundamental; main, principal
asosan adv in principle, basically
  Asosan bu ishni qilmasligingiz kerak edi.
  In principle you should not have done this work.
  post | NX+ga ~ in accordance with X, according to X
NEGIZ n base, basis, foundation  
PRINSIP n principle  
TAG n bottom, lowest part Position
    root, basis, substance, essence
  Bu gapning tagi yo'q.
  There is no sense in this conversation.
TAFSIL n detail  
  tafsil qil- detail
  tafsil qilib in detail
  U menga o'zining boshidan o'tkazganlarini tafsil qilib so'zlab berdi.
  He told me in detail what he had experienced.
tafsilot n detail
tafsilli adj detailed
tafsiliy ad in detail, detailed
batafsil ad in detail, detailed
MUHIM adj important Seriousness
  Bu muhim asardir.
  This is an important work.
  muhim bo'l- import
muhimlik n importance
AHAMIYAT n significance, importance Seriousness
  Bu lug'atning katta ahamiyati bor.
  This dictionary is very important.
  N(ish)X+ga ~ ber- attach importance to X, pay heed to X
  Hukumat bu qurilishga katta ahamiyat beradi.
  The government attaches great importance to this construction.
  ahamiyati yo'q it does not matter
ahamiyatli adj significant, important
ahamiyatsiz adj insignificant, unimportant
OLIY adj high, highest, supreme Organizations
BOSH n, adj head, chief, top, main Head
Evolution
Position
Organizations
Animals
Whole & Parts
     
     
     
     
     
  ikkinchi orindagi secondary Seriousness
       
UMUM n everybody, the public Organizations
  adj whole, all, public
  Umum aholini ro'yxatga olindi.
  A census was taken of the whole population.
  Umum xalq boyligi.
  Public wealth.
umumiy adj general, common, public, universal
umumiylik n universality
umumlashtir- v.t generalize, collectivize
umuman adv in general, basically
  umuman aytganda in short
ODAT n habit Traditions
Learning
    custom, usage
  odatda habitually, customarily, usually
  odatdagi ordinary, common, normal
  odatdagidek as usual
  odatdan tashqari rare, uncommon
odatlan- v.int | N(ish)X+ga ~ get used to X, make a habit of X
ODDIY adj ordinary, usual, regular
  U oddiy ishchi.
  He is an ordinary worker.
  g'ayri oddiy extraordinary
oddiylik n ordinariness, simplicity
QOIDA n rule, regulation Rules & Contracts
  Tashkilot qoidasiga bo'ysunish kerak.
  One must bow to the rules of the organization.
qonuniyat n law (regular pattern) Justice Enforcement
MUNTAZAM adj regular, systematic Rules & Contracts
    regular, official
muntazamlik n regularity
NORMA n norm  
NORMAL adj normal
ISTISNO n exception  
  istisno qil- exclude
  Istisno qilganda.
  With the exception of.
istisnosiz adj without exception
MUSTASNO n exception, exclusion
  Bundan mustasno sizga boshqa masala haqida ham yozgan edim.
  I wrote to you about another problem apart from this.
  mustasno qil- exclude
  bundan mustasno apart from this
KIR- NX+ga kirma- X excluded Horizontal Motion
Life
Organizations
Visits & Greetings
     
     
     
NODIR adj rare, outstanding  
NOYOB adj rare, unique  
SIYRAK ad sparse(ly) Distance
    rare(ly), seldom
siyraklik n rarity
siyraklash- v.int rarefy
G'ALATI adj strange, peculiar  
  Men g'alati bir tush ko'rdim.
  I had a strange dream.
g'alatilik n strangeness, peculiarity
G'AROYIB adj extraordinary, strange, curious  
FAVQULODDA ad extraordinary(ly), unusual(ly)  
HATTO adv | ~ NX even X  

Quantity and Numbers

MIQDOR n quantity, amount  
  Sanoatga sarflanadigan kapital miqdori 1998-2003 yillardagiga nisbatan ikki marta oshirildi.
  The amount of capital to be spent on industry has been increased to twice the amount spent in 1998-2003.
  katta miqdorda in large quantities
KO'P adj many, plenty, a lot of Frequency
Numbers
Organizations
  O'tgan yil buromadimiz ko'p bo'ldi.
  Our expenditure was high last year.
  Qog'ozdan ko'proq bering!
  Please give me some paper!
  Yig'ilishga ko'p odam keldi.
  Many people came to the meeting.
  adv very, very much
  Men ko'p charchadim.
  I am very tired.
  U ko'p aqilli odam.
  He is a very clever man.
  U ko'p yaxshi ishladi.
  He worked very well.
  n a great deal
  ko'p sonli numerous
  ko'pdan-ko'p very many, very much
  juda ko'p plenty of
  ko'p deganda at most
ko'plik n abundance, large quantity
ko'pay- v.int increase, grow, multiply
  ko'payish increase, growth
ko'paytir- v.t increase, raise, multiply
ko'paytirish n multiplication (arithm. operation)
ko'pchilik n majority
    everybody, many people
ko'pgina adv a fair amount / number
ANCHA adj (mostly with neg.) many, quite a lot of Time
  adv (rather) much, greatly
  Talabalarning soni bu yil o'gan yilga qaraganda ancha ko'paydi.
  Compared with last year, the number of students this year has increased greatly.
  ancha-muncha (with neg.) (not) very much  
AKSAR n most, majority  
aksari adv mostly, usually
aksariyat n main part, majority
MO'L adj abundant, plentiful, rich Wealth
  mo'l bo'l- be abundant
mo'llik
/ mo'lchilik
n abundance, profusion
SEROB adj abundant, plentiful Wealth
  serob bo'l- be abundant
serobgarchilik n abundance, profusion
OZ adj few, small (quantity) Time
Organizations
  Qishloqda odam oz.
  There are few people in the village.
  oz-moz a little, a bit, slightly
  oz deganda at least
ozlik n small quantity
ozay- v.int decrease, grow less, diminish
  Shaharda odamlar ozaydi.
  The number of people in the town has decreased.
ozayt-
/ ozaytir-
v.t reduce, lessen, diminish
ozchilik n minority
ozmuncha adv a little, a while
ozgina adv a little, a bit
  ozmi-ko'pmi more or less, to a certain degree  
LOAQAL adv | ~ numX at least X  
  ~ numX ham (with neg.) not even X
YANA adv again Frequency
    more, another
  Bu ko'prik yonida yana bir osma ko'prik ham qurilmoqda.
  Another suspension bridge is being built alongside this one.
  Mana shu siyoqli kitoblardan yana bormi?
  Are there any more books like these?
  Menga yana ikki dona qalam bering!
  Give me two more pencils please!
ORT- v.int increase Value
    be left over, surplus
orttir- v.t increase
  orttirib yubor- exaggerate
ortiq adj extra, in excess
  Uning bir panjasi ortiq.
  I cannot wait for you any more.
  numX+dan ~ more than X
  Bu yerga ottuzdan ortiq kishi keldi.
  More than 30 people came.
  NX+dan ~ ortiq bo'l- surpass X, exceed X
  Natija men kutgandan ortiq bo'lib chiqdi.
  The result has surpassed all my expectations.
  adv more, too much
  Menga bergan pulingiz ortiq keldi.
  You gave me too much money.
  Sizni ortiq kuta olmayman.
  I cannot wait for you any more.
ortiqlik n superiority, advantage
ortiqcha adj in excess
OSH- v.int rise, increase Vertical Motion
  Narxlar oshib ketdi.
  Prices have risen.
  Uning g'ayrati oshdi.
  His energy has increased.
oshiq adj excessive, too much
  adj | numX+dan ~ more than X
ko'taril- v.int rise, ascend (l/f) Vertical Motion
Prehension
Conflicts
     
     
YUKSAL- v.int rise, ascend (l/f) Vertical Motion
Spirit
  Uning harorati yuksalyapti.
  His temperature is rising.
  Xalq xo'jaligi yuksalyapti.
  The national economy is improving.
  yuksalish elevation, development
yuksaltir- v.t raise (l/f)
TASHQARI n, adv exterior, outside Identity & Difference
Position
  NX+dan ~ other than X, in addition to X, besides X
  Bu ishimizdan tashqari bo'lgan boshqa ishni qilmaymiz.
  We will not do any other work than this.
  Bu kitob o'qing, bundan tashqari bu kitob haqida o'z fikringizni yozing.
  Read this book and in addition, write your views about it.
UST NX+ning ~+ida/dan/ga on (top of) X Position
Meaning
    in addition to X
  U kelmadi, buning ustiga xabar ham bermadi.
  He didn't come and in addition to that, didn't even send a message.
ZIYOD adv more Identity & Difference
ziyoda post | NX+dan ~ other than X, more than X
O'S- v.int grow Botanics
Life
    rise, go up, ascend, increase
o'stir- v.t increase
KAM adj few, small, little (quantity) Value
  Bugun shaharda odam kam.
  There are few people in the city today.
    short, lacking
  Pul kam-ku.
  The money is short.
  adv little, not enough
  Bu yil yomg'ir kam yog'di.
  It has rained little this year.
  Kam tajribali odam.
  A worker of little experience.
  kam bo'l- seldom
  juda kam too few
  kamdan-kam rare
  U odamni kamdan-kam ko'raman.
  I seldom see that man.
  kamdan-kam uchraydigan lack, be not enough
kamlik n lack, shortage
  kamlik qil- lack
kamay- v.int decrease, get less
  Daryoda suv kamaydi.
  The level of the river has decreased.
kamaytir- v.t decrease, reduce
kamchilik n default, shortcoming
  NX+dan ~ tort- lack X
YET- v.int | NX+ga ~ reach X, arrive to X(=location) Horizontal Motion
Numbers
Motion with
Results
  v.int | NX+ga (NY+ga) ~ be enough, be sufficient for X (for Y), suffice for X (for Y)
  Bu go'sht bizga ikki kunga yetadi.
  The meat will suffice for us for two days.
  Vaqt yetmadi.
  There wasn't enough time.
  v.int | N(ish)X uchun ~ be enough, be sufficient for X, suffice for X
  Bu uyni sotib olish uchun pulim yetmaydi.
  My money is not sufficient to buy this house.
yetish- v.int | NX+ga ~ attain X, catch up with X
    be sufficient
yetishmaslik n insufficiency
yetarli adj | NX+ga ~ sufficient, enough, adequate for X
  Menga shuning o'zi yetarli.
  This is enough for me.
  yetarli bo'l- be sufficient
KIFOYA adj | NX+ga ~ enough, sufficient for X  
  NX+ga kifoya qil- be enough, be sufficient for X
kifoyalan- v.int be enough, be sufficient
NECHA pro how much, how many  
  bir necha several, some
  Bu yerga bir necha kishilar keldi.
  Several people came here.
QANCHA pro how much, how many  
  bir qancha several
  Bir qancha kitobim bor.
  I have several books.
MUNCHA pro this much  
  bir muncha several, some
    somewhat, a little
TALAY adv much, many  
  bir talay a fair amount, a fair number
  bir oz / biroz a little, a bit  
  Bir oz kechikib qoldim.
  I am a little late.
QITTAK adj a little, some  
       
JAM n addition, plus, total Groupings
  jam qil- add, collect, gather together
  Odamlarni bir yerga jam qiling!
  Gather the people together in one place!
jami adv in total
jamla- v.t gather, collect
jamiki adj every
QO'SH- v.t | NX+ni NY+ga ~ add X to Y Groupings
Tools & Furnitures
Organizations
Agreement
Language
Numbers
  Arpani bug'doyga qo'shdim.
  I added the barley to the wheat.
  Ikkini uchga qo'shdim.
  I added two to three.
  NX+ni NY+ga ~+ib qo'y- include X to Y, enclose X within Y
  Biz posilkaga xat qo'shib qo'ydi.
  We enclosed a letter within the parcel.
qo'shish n addition (arithm. operation)
qo'shil- v.int | NX+ga ~ be added to X, be included to X
qo'shimcha adj additional, supplementary
  Bu ishim ustiga yana qo'shimcha ravishda boshqa bir ish oldim.
  I took on additional work.
qo'shuv n addition (operation)
qo'shma adj united, compound
YAKUN n result, assessment; total Circumstance & Causality
yakunla- v.t assess; totalize
SIG'- v.int | NX+ga ~ fit into X Copy & Adaptation
sig'dir- v.t | NX+ni NY+ga ~ make X fit into Y, fill Y with X
sig'im n capacity
kirgiz- v.t | NX+ni NY+ga ~ include Y into X Horizontal Motion
Release
     
TAQSIM n distribution Exchange
Utilization
  NX+ni NY+ga taqsim qil- distribute X to Y, divide X by Y
  Bu kitoblarni besh kishiga taqsim qilib bering.
  Distribute these books to five people.
taqsimla- v.t | NX+ni NY+ga ~ distribute X to Y, divide X by Y
taqsimlan- v.int | NX+ga ~ be distributed among X
BO'L- v.t separate Groupings
Processes
Exchange
Numbers
  v.t | NX+ni numY+ga ~ divide X in Y
  Nonni ikkiga bo'ling!
  Divide the loaf in half!
  v.int | NX+ni numY NZ+ga ~ divide X in Y Z
  Buvi tortni besh bo'lakka bo'ldi.
  The grandmother has divided the cake in five pieces.
bo'lish n division (arithm. operation)
bo'lin- v.int | NX+ga ~ be separated; be divided, subdivided into X
  O'zbekiston Qoraqalpog'iston Respublikasi va o'n ikkita viloyatga bo'lingan.
  Uzbekistan is subdivided into Republic of Karakalpakistan and twelve regions.
bo'lak n part
  ~ NX piece of X
  n | NX ~+i piece of X
bo'lakcha n small part, small piece
PARCHA n | ~ NX piece of X, splinter of X, scrap Processes
  Bir parcha non bering!
  Give me a piece of bread please!
  n | NX ~+si piece of X, splinter of X, scrap
  Oyna parchasi.
  Splinter of glass.
parchala- v.t split, break up, crumble
BURDA n | ~ NX piece of X, bit of X Processes
  NX+ni burda-burda qil- slice X
burdala- v.t break up, tear to pieces
CHAQMOQ n piece, lump  
HISSA n share, portion  
DONA meas piece, item  
BIR num one Groupings
Numbers
Organizations
Frequency
Identity & Difference
  Menga bitta kitob kerak.
  I need one book.
    a
  Menga bir kitob kerak.
  I need a book.
  bitta-bitta one by one, separately
  bittalab one by one, separately
  birdan-bir only (adj)
  birma-bir one by one, one after another
birlik n unity
  Kuch birlikda.
  Strength in unity.
    unit
  O'lchov birligi.
  Unit of measure.
BIROR adj some (unspecified), one (about one)
  Biror chora topish kerak.
  Some remedy must be found.
  Biror soat kutub turing.
  Wait about an hour.
BIRON
/ BIRONTA
adj some (unspecified), any
  birin-ketin one by one, one after another
BUTUN adj whole, entire, all Groupings
  Butun kuchni paxta terishga safarbar qilish kerak.
  All forces must be mobilized for cotton gathering.
  U butun dunyoga mashhur.
  He is famous throughout the whole world.
butunlik n entirety, integrity
butunlay adv completely, wholly, absolutely
  Ayrim kunlarda butunlay o'qishga bormayman.
  Some days I don't go to school at all.
  Bu daraxt butunlay qurib qolgan.
  This tree dried up completely.
to'la adj | NX bilan ~ full of X Density
  Bu zal odamlar bilan to'p-to'la.
  This hall is completely filled with people.
  To'la huquqqa ega bo'lish uchun ishlamoqdamiz.
  We are working to have full rights.
  adv fully, completely, totally
  Xalqning ehtiyojini to'la ta'min etish kerak.
  The demands of the people must be fully met.
to'liq ad full(y), sufficient(ly), ample, complete(ly)
to'liqla- v.t supplement, complement
MUTLAQ adj absolute, complete  
mutlaqo adv absolutely, completely; quite
ROSA adv absolutely, totally, completely, exactly  
  gir-gir completely, all around  
TAMOM n end, finish Evolution
Learning
tamomiyla adv completely, utterly
batamom adv completely, totally
tamoman adv completely, totally
YOPPASI n totality  
  yoppasiga complete(ly), total(ly)
HAMMA adj all  
  Hamma ishchilar fabrikalarda ishlaydilar.
  All the workers are working in the factories.
  NX+ning ~+si the totality of X, whole X
BARCHA adj all  
  Barcha xodimlarni yig'ilishga chaqirish kerak.
  All official must be called to the meeting.
BARI n everything, everybody  
BA'ZI adj some, certain  
  Ba'zi kunlarda oftob chiqadi.
  Some days the sun shines.
FALON adj some, some ... or other  
  falon-pismadon this or that
  falon-tugan this or that
HECH adj no  
YOLG'IZ ad only, solely, merely Identity & Difference
Social Life
  Yolg'iz bir kishi keldi.
  Only one man came.
FAQAT adv | ~ NX+gina only X  
  Faqat xonimlargina bilaguzuk taqadilar.
  Only women wear bracelets.
  adv | ~ numX NY only X Y
  Majlisga faqat o'n kishi keldi.
  Only ten people came to the meeting.
NUQUL adv only  
XOLOS adv only, that's it  
JUDA adv | ~ AX very; too  
  Bu yerda juda ko'p odam keldi.
  Very many people came here.
  Maktabda o'quvchilar juda oz.
  There are very few pupils at the school.
  juda ham AX very much; too much
  U juda ham xursand.
  He is very pleased indeed.
G'OYAT adv | ~ AX extremely, to a high degree  
  Bu daraxt g'oyat kattadir.
  This tree is extremely large.
  G'oyat boy tajribaga ega bo'ldik.
  We have had very great experience.
nihoyatda adv extremely Numbers
YOMON ad extremely, terribly, severely Value
Kindness
  Yomon yaxshi.
  Very good.
  uchiga chiqqan extremely, utterly  
  U uchiga chiqqan ikki yuzlama odam.
  He is an utterly two-faced man.
ENG adv most (superlative)  
  Bu kitob eng yaxshi kitoblardan birisi.
  This is one of the best books.
O'TA adv excessively, to excess, too much, very  
QADAR n amount, quantity Evolution
Position
  bir qadar to a certain degree, relatively
  Paxta hosili bir qadar ko'paydi.
  The cotton harvest has increased a small amount.
  shu / bu / u qadar so, to such an extent
XIYLA
/ XILA
adv relatively  
    greatly, much
  Havo xila yaxshilandi.
  The weather has greatly improved.
NISBIY adj relative Identity & Difference
DARAJA n degree Degree
Temperature
Value
Travel
  Mening isitmam 40 darajaga chiqdi.
  My temperature rose to 40 degrees.
    level
  Ish sifatini yuqori darajaga ko'tarish kerak.
  The quality of work must be greatly improved.
darajali adj | NX/AX ~ up to X's standard
SAL adv | ~ AX(+roq) a little, somewhat, slightly X  
  Sal nariroq turing!
  Stand a little further off.
  adv | ~ VX a little, somewhat, slightly X
  Bu yerga sal kechikib keldim.
  I came here a little late.
  VX+ishiga sal nearly X, almost X
  Yiqilib ketishimga sal qoldi.
  I nearly fell.
  sal kam numX nearly X, almost X
  Qo'ylarning soni sal kam uch marta oshdi.
  The number of sheep increased nearly threefolds.
  salgina a little bit
  sal-pal a little, slightly  
  Oyog'i sal-pal oqsaydi.
  He has a slight limp.
PICHA adv a little, a bit  
JINDAK adv a little bit  
DEYARLI
/ DEYARLIK
ad almost, nearly  
  Paxtalarni deyarlik ravishda terib oldik.
  We have collected nearly all the cotton.
  U deyarlik tuzalib qoldi.
  He has nearly recovered.
TENG adj | NX+ga ~ equal to X Pride
  adv equally
tenglik n equality
tengla- v.t equalize
tenglash- v.int | NX bilan NY ~ (X and Y) be equal
  v.int | NX+ga ~ compare to X, emulate X
BARAVAR adj equal, same  
  Ularning bo'yi baravar.
  They are of the same height.
  adv together, at the same time
  Yugurish musobaqasida baravar keldik.
  We came in together in the race.
BABBARAVAR ad equal, same
    at the same time
ATROF n | NX+ning ~+ida/dan/ga around X Distance
    around X, about X
  Besh kilogramm atrofida.
  About five kilometers.
atrofli adj all-round
YAQIN adj | NX+ga ~ near by X, close to X Distance
Time
Social Life
Involvement
  adj | numX+ga ~ close to X, about X, approximately X
  Bu mamlakatning 50 millionga yaqin fuqarosi bor.
  There are about 50 million people in this country.
  Bu yil bir million dollarga yaqin daromad oldik.
  This year we got a profit close on a million dollars.
taxminiy adj rough, approximate, estimated  
taxminan adv | ~ numX about X, roughly X, approximately X
QARIYB adv | ~ numX nearly X, around X, approximately X  
QATTIQ adj strong, intense Forces
Properties
  Unga qarshi qattiq harakat qilish kerak.
  Firm action must be taken against him.
  Uning bilan qattiq aloqasi bor.
  He is in close contact with him.
qattiqla- v.t intensify
SHIDDAT n intensity, fierceness Forces
  Shiddat bilan ishlang!
  Work intensively!
shiddatli adj intense, fierce
BALAND ad high Position
Size
Vital Functions
Sound
  Bemorning issig'i baland.
  The patient's temperature is high.
  Bu devorlar baland.
  These walls are high.
  Samolyot juda baland ko'tarildi.
  The plane rose very high.
  Uning baland iqboli bor.
  He is a great success.
PAST adj low Value
Position
Size
Generosity
  Bu past uy.
  This is low house.
  Turkistonda bir qancha past tekisliklar bor.
  There are many low-lying plains in Turkestan.
o'rtacha ad (in) average, medium Numbers
Position
     
BOSH NX+ning boshiga numY NZ an average of Y Z per X Head
Evolution
Position
Importance
Organizations
Animals
  Odam boshiga 2000 so'mdan bering.
  Hand out 2,000 som per person.
     
     
     
       
SON n number, numeral  
  Qo'ylarning soni sal kam uch marta oshdi.
  The number of sheep increased nearly threefolds.
sonli adj numeric
SANA- v.t count Opinion
  Bu yerga kelgan odamlarni sanash kerak.
  The people who came here must be counted.
  CX deb ~ at last X, consider that X
sanat- v.t | NX+ni ~ have X counted
sanoq n enumeration, counting
  adj cardinal
sanoqli adj countable
  son-sanoqsiz countless, innumerable  
  Bu yerda son-sanoqsiz kitoblar bor.
  There are countless books here.
NOMER n number  
nomerli adj numbered
nomerla- v.t number
RAQAM n numeral, digit, figure  
NOL num zero  
BIR num one Groupings
Whole & Parts
Organizations
Frequency
Identity & Difference
  Menga bitta kitob kerak.
  I need one book.
     
     
IKKI num two  
UCH num three  
TO'RT num four  
BESH num five  
OLTI num six  
YETTI num seven  
SAKKIZ num eight  
TO'QQIZ num nine  
O'N num ten  
o'nli adj decimal
YIGIRMA num twenty  
O'TTIZ num thirty  
QIRQ num fourty  
ELLIK num fifty  
OLTMISH num sixty  
YETMISH num seventy  
SAKSON num eighty  
TO'QSON num ninety  
YUZ num hundred  
MING num thousand  
MILLION num million  
MILLIARD num milliard, billion  
JUFT n, meas pair, couple  
  Bizning bir juft otimiz bor.
  We have a pair of horses.
  Uch juft paypok.
  Three pairs of stockings.
  adj even (number)
juftla- v.t merge
DYUJINA meas dozen  
TOQ adj odd, uneven  
KASR n fraction  
kasrli adj fractional
YARIM
(yarm+i)
num half  
  Men yarim soatdan keyin kelaman.
  I will come in half an hour.
  n | NX yarmi half X
  numX ~ X and a half
  Bir yarim soat ishladik.
  We worked for an hour and a half.
yarimta n half
yarimla- v.int divide in half
  yarimlab qol- (whose) half remain
  yarimlab ket- take half
CHORAK n quarter  
nimchorak n eighth
FOIZ n per cent  
  n | NX+ning numY ~+i Y per cent of X
  Ishning to'qsan foizini bajardik.
  We have completed ninety per cent of the work.
PROTSENT n per cent, percentage  
qo'sha adj double, paired  
qo'shaloq n double, couple
HISOB n arithmetic, calculation, computation Finance
Business
Sport
Informing
Opinion
  Bolalar hisob darsini o'qiyaptilar.
  The children are learning arithmetic.
    account, count, score
  Hisob necha bo'ldi?
  What is the score?
  U kitoblarni hisobga olyapti.
  He is counting the books.
hisobli adj can be counted on one's fingers
hisobsiz adj countless
behisob adj countless
hisobla- v.t calculate
  v.t | CX deb ~ at last X, consider that X
qo'shish n addition (arithm. operation) Whole & Parts
ayirish n subtraction (arithm. operation)  
ko'paytir- v.t | NX+ni NY+ga ~ multiply X by Y Quantity
  Ikkini ikkiga ko'paytiring.
  Multiply two by two.
ko'paytirish n multiplication (arithm. operation)
bo'lish n division (arithm. operation) Whole & Parts
OLUV n minus  
YET- v.int | NX+ga ~ reach X(=quantity) Quantity
Horizontal Motion
Motion with
  Qizimning yoshi o'nga yetdi.
  My daughter is now ten.
CHEK n limit, boundary, limitation Position
  U chekdan tashqarida.
  He is outside the limits.
  U o'zining chek yerida ishlayapti.
  He is working his own plot.
chekli adj limited, finite
cheksiz adj unlimited, infinite
chekla- v.t restrict, limit, confine
  v.t | NX+ni NY+dan ~ limit, stint X in Y
  Men o'zimni xarajatlardan cheklayman.
  I stint myself in expenses.
  v.t | NX+ni NY+ga ~ limit, restrict X to Y, curtail X on Y
  Siz so'zlash vaqtingizni 10 minutga cheklashingiz kerak.
  You must curtail your time for speaking to 10 minutes.
cheklan- v.int be limited
CHET n side, limit, outskirts People & Nation
Horizontal Motion
Opportunity
  Men shahar chetida turaman.
  I live on the outskirts of the town.
chetla- v.t near the limits, boundaries of
HAD
(had+di)
n limit, bound Seriousness
  haddan oshib ket- overstep the limits
  U haddan oshib ketdi.
  He overstepped the limits.
behad adj unlimited, infinite
  haddi-hisobsiz countless  
NIHOYAT n limit, end Whole & Parts
nihoyatda adv extremely
benihoyat
/ benihoya
ad endless(ly), extremely
O'RTA n, adj centre, middle; central Value
Position
Whole & Parts
o'rtacha ad (in) average, medium
     
MIYONA adj middle, average  
O'LCHA- v.t measure  
  Hamshira bemorning haroratini o'lchamoqda.
  The nurse is taking the temperature of the sick man.
  v.t | NX+ni NY+lar bilan ~ measure X on Y
  Biz uzunlikni metrlar bilan o'lchaymiz.
  We measure the length on metres.
o'lchan- v.int be measured
  Bu maydonlar o'lchanyapti.
  These squares are being measured.
o'lcham n standard; measure unit
o'lchov n measurement, measure
  Bizga o'lchov asboblari kerak.
  We need measuring tools.
o'lchagich n gauge, measure instrument
TORT- v.t | NX+ni (tarozida) ~ weigh X Processes
Emotions
Processes
Density
  Bu unni tarozida tortish kerak.
  This flour must be weighed on the scales.
     
TAROZI n scales Tools & Furnitures
TERMOMETR n thermometer Tools & Furnitures
GRADUSNIK n thermometer Temperature
BAROMETR n barometer Tools & Furnitures
MATEMATIKA n mathematics Science
GEOMETRIYA n geometry Science
ALGEBRA n algebra Science