Community

Family

tug'ishgan n relative, relation  
URUG' n seed Botanics
Life
    clan, family
  Siz qaysi urug'dansiz?
  What tribe do you belong to?
urug'dosh n of the same clan
urug'doshlik n clanic system
AYMOQ n relative, kin, clan  
  urug'-aymoq relatives, kith and kin  
NASL n blood lineage, tribe Society
Descendants
Life
  Qaysi nasldansiz?
  What tribe are you from?
    young generation, descendants
nasldosh n of the same lineage
nasldor n of high birth
xonadon n family Buildings
  Bu qishloqda 200 xonadon bor.
  There are 200 families in this village.
    dynasty
SULOLA n dynasty  
SHAJARA n genealogy  
QARINDOSH n sibling, relative  
  qarindoshlar the relatives
qarindoshlik n sibling relation
  qarindosh-urug' relatives, relations, kith and kin  
JIGAR n nearest and dearest Inner Body
OILA n family, household  
  Bola oila a'zosidir.
  The child is a member of the family.
  oila a'zolari members of the family
oilali adj having a family
oilaviy adj family
  oilaviy ahvol marital status
  oilaviy holat marital status
oilasiz adj having no family
UY n home, family Buildings
  uy bekasi housewife
RO'ZG'OR n household  
  uy-ro'zg'or household Housework
  uy-ro'zg'or ishlari housework, household duties
  uy-ro'zg'orli household
  uylarni yig'ishtir- do the housework, the household Housework
xonaki adj hand-made, home-made  
    domestic (animal)
AYOLMAND adj (of the) family  
FAMILIYA n surname, last name Language
       
AJDOD n forefathers, ancestors  
  Ajdodimizdan qolgan meros.
  The heritage left by our forefathers.
  ota-bobolar older generations, forefathers  
BOBO n grandfather  
BUVA n grandfather  
BIBI n grandmother  
BUVI n grandmother, granny  
  bobo va buvi grand parents  
OTA n father  
otalik n fatherhood, paternity
DADA n daddy, papa  
ADA n daddy  
ONA n mother  
onalik n motherhood, maternity
OYI n mummy  
AYA n mummy  
  ota-ona father and mother, parents  
  Ota-onam qo'lida tarbiyalandim.
  I was brought up by my father and mother.
ENAGA n wet nurse  
AMAKI n uncle (father's brother)  
TOG'A n uncle (mother's brother)  
AMMA n aunt (father's sister)  
XOLA n aunt (mother's sister)  
       
AKA n (elder) brother  
UKA n (younger) brother  
  aka-uka brothers  
  Bugun aka-ukalarim bilan uchrashdim.
  I met my brothers today.
OPA n (elder) sister  
SINGIL
(singl+i)
n (younger) sister  
  opa-singil sisters  
  aka-singil brother and sister  
EGIZAK n twin(s)  
amakivachcha n cousin (child of father's brother)  
tog'avachcha n cousin (child of mother's brother)  
ammavachcha n cousin (child of father's sister)  
xolavachcha n cousin (child of mother's sister)  
       
AVLOD n later generations, descendants  
NASL n young generation, descendants Family
Society
Life
  Yosh naslni tarbiyalash kerak.
  The young generation must be educated.
BOLA n child Children
Life
Clothing
  Bu bola onasining emchagini so'raypti.
  The baby is sucking his mother's breast.
  U bola seni chaqiryapti.
  That child is calling you.
  bola-chaqa children large and small
bolali adj having children
bolasiz adj childless
FARZAND n child  
farzandlik n state of being a child
  farzandlikka ol- adopt (as one's children)
farzandli adj having children
farzandsiz adj childless
O'G'IL
(o'g'l+i)
n boy Children
    son
  U mening o'g'lim.
  He is my son.
o'g'illik n state of being a son
o'g'illi adj | numX ~ having X sons
QIZ n girl, maiden Children
    daughter
  U qiz ko'rdi.
  She had a daughter.
qizlik n state of being a daughter
qizli adj | numX ~ having X daughters
KATTA adj big, large Size
Men & Women
Life
Organizations
    grand; eldest, elder
  U mendan katta.
  He is older than me.
kattakon adj huge, immense
    elder
KICHIK adj small, little Size
    younger
  katta-kichik young and old  
  Katta-kichik hammasi keldi.
  All came, old and young.
KENJA n, adj youngest (child), last born  
JIYAN n nephew  
  qiz jiyan niece
NEVARA n grandchild  
NABIRA n grandchild  
  o'g'il nabira grandson
  qiz nabira granddaughter
EVARA n great-grandchild  
CHEVARA n great-great-grandchild
ABIRA n great-grandchild  
       
SOVCHI n matchmaker  
sovchilik n matchmaking
uylan- v.int | NX+ga ~ marry X, get married to X (for a man)  
  Viktor yaqinda mening singlimga uylandi.
  Victor has married not long ago my sister.
uylantir- v.t marry (one's son)
  xotin ol- take a wife  
  xotin qo'y- divorce (for a man)
TURMUSH n marital life (for women) Social Life
Life
Spouses & In-laws
  turmush qur- get married (for a man or a woman)
  turmushga ber- marry (one's daughter)
  NX+ga turmushga chiq- get married to X (for a woman)
  erga qil- get married (for a woman)  
  NX+ga erga teg- get married to X, marry X (for a woman)
  Masha unga erga tegdi.
  Masha has married him.
  Qizingiz qachon erga tegdi?
  When did your daughter get married?
UZAT- NX+ni NY+ga ~+ib yubor- marry (one's daughter) Transfer
Exchange
Processes
Invitation
Motion with
     
     
     
     
NIKOH n marriage Gatherings
  Ular nikohdan o'tdilar.
  They have got married.
  nikoh to'yi wedding
nikohli adj married
nikohsiz adj unmarried, single
nikohlan- v.int | NX bilan ~ get betrothed to X, marry X
  U qarshilik qiz bilan nikohlandi.
  He is betrothed to a young girl from Karshi.
CHIMILDIQ n nuptial curtain  
QALIN n dowry (paid by the bridegroom's family)  
SEP n dowry  
KELIN n bride  
    daughter-in-law (son's husband)
  kelin dugona bride's witness
kelinlik n life as a daughter-in-law
KUYOV n bridegroom  
    son-in-law (daughter's husband)
    brother-in-law (younger sister's husband)
  kuyov jo'ra bridegroom's witness
ajral- v.int | NX bilan ~ separate from X, divorce X Groupings
Processes
Exchange
Identity & Difference
  ajralish separation, divorce, parting
  ajralgan divorced
  ajralmas inseparable
ajrash- v.int | NX bilan ~ separate from X, divorce X
  U odam xotini bilan ajrashdi.
  That man divorced his wife.
  Ular bir-birlaridan ajrashdilar.
  They separated.
TALOQ n repudiation  
  NX+ni ~ qo'y- repudiate X, divorce X
  U xotinini taloq qo'ydi.
  He divorced his wife.
  NX+ga ~ ber- repudiate X, divorce X
  U xotiniga taloq berdi.
  He divorced his wife.
  NX+ni taloq qil- repudiate X, divorce X
  erdan ajral- get divorced (of women)  
  erdan chiq- get divorced (of women)
BO'YDOQ adj single, unmarried (of men)  
bo'ydoqlik n state of being single, the life of a single man
  turmush qurmagan single, unmarried (esp. of women) Spouses & In-laws
  turmushga chiqmagan single, unmarried (of women)
TUL adj widow(ed)  
  tul erkak widower
  tul xotin widow
tullik n widowhood, widowerhood
BEVA n widow, widower  
  beva kishi widower
  beva xotin widow
bevalik n widowhood, widowerhood
  beva-bechora widows and orphans  
YETIM n orphan(ed)  
yetimlik n state of being an orphan
YESIR n widow  
  yetim-yesir widows and orphans  
ER n, adj man, male Men & Women
Courage
    husband, man
  Eringiz uydami?
  Is your husband at home?
erli adj married (of a woman)
ersiz adj unmarried (of a woman)
XO'JAYIN n husband Social Classes
Possession
Firms
     
     
XOTIN n woman Men & Women
    wife
  Xotinimdan maktub oldim.
  I received a letter from my wife.
xotinli adj married (of a man)
xotinsiz adj unmarried (of a man)
  er-xotin man and wife, married couple  
  er-xotinlik coupledom
RAFIQA n wife Friendship
Social Life
     
KUNDOSH n husband's second or former wife  
QAYIN adj -in-law  
QAYNATA n father-in-law  
QAYNANA n mother-in-law  
QAYNAG'A n brother-in-law (wife's or husband's elder brother)  
QAYNI
/ QAYNINI
n brother-in-law (wife's or husband's younger brother)  
QAYN'EGACHI n sister-in-law (wife's or husband's elder sister)  
QAYNSINGIL n sister-in-law (wife's or husband's younger sister)  
OVSIN n sister-in-law (wives of brothers in relation to each other)  
POCHCHA n brother-in-law (elder sister's husband or husband's elder brother)  
BOJA n brother-in-law (wife's sister's husband)  
YANGA n sister-in-law (elder brother's wife)  
KELINOYI n sister-in-law (elder brother's wife)  
QUDA n father/mother of son/daughter-in-law  
  quda taraf relations by marriage
QUDAG'AY n mother of son/daughter-in-law
O'GAY adj step-  
  o'gay bola stepchild
  o'gay o'g'il stepson
  o'gay ona stepmother
  o'gay ota stepfather
  o'gay qiz stepdaughter

Social Life

HAYOT n life (lived), livelihood Life
  Shoirning hayoti va faoliyati haqida so'zladim.
  I spoke about the life and work of the poet.
  U Parijda hayot kechiradi.
  He is living in Paris.
    life (existence)
hayotsiz adj lifeless, dull
TURMUSH n life (lived), livelihood Life
Spouses & In-laws
  Turmushim yomon emas.
  I am not doing badly.
tirikchilik n livelihood Life
KUN n day Nature & Cosmos
Time Units
Weather
Life
    time, days, life
  Kunimiz yomon emas.
  We don't live too badly.
  kun kechir- live, get along
       
TANI- v.t know, be acquainted with Knowledge
  Bu kishini taniysizmi?
  Do you know this man?
tanish n acquaintance
  tanishlar acquaintances
  adj | NX bilan ~ acquainted with X
  Mening opam u bilan yaxshi tanish.
  My sister is well acquainted with him.
  Men bu olimning so'nggi asarlari bilan tanishman.
  I am acquainted with the last works of this scientist.
  adj | NX+ga ~ familiar with X
notanish adj unknown, unfamiliar
tanish- v.int | NX bilan ~ get acquainted with X, get to know X; be well informed about X
  Bu bola bilan mening o'g'lim oromgohda tanishgan.
  My son got to know this boy in the camp.
  Turistlar shaharning diqqatga sazovor joylari bilan tanishdilar.
  The tourists got to know the sights of the town.
  U avval yangi metod bilan tanishmog'i kerak.
  At first he must be well informed about the new method.
  NX bilan ~+ib ol- get acquainted with X
tanishtir- v.t | NX+ni NY bilan ~ introduce X to Y
  Sizga janob M. ni tanishtirsam maylimi?
  May I introduce Mr. M. to you?
  o'z+ini ~ introduce o.s.
  U to'liq ismini aytib o'zini tanishtirdi.
  He introduced himself with his full name.
tanishuv n (process of) getting acquainted
  tanish-bilish acquaintance  
BEGONA adj unknown  
  begona kishi stranger, unknown person
  begona odam stranger, unknown person
  Oramizda begona odam yo'q so'zlay bering.
  You may go on talking, there are no strangers among us.
begonalik n strangeness
begonalash- v.int | NX+dan ~ become estranged from, grow away from X
O'ZGA adj strange, stranger Identity & Difference
ALOQA n | NX bilan ~ contact, communication with X Identity & Difference
Communication
  NX bilan ~ bog'la- link to X, connect with X
  NX bilan ~ ornat- set up relations with X
  NX bilan ~ uz- break off, lose contact with X
  Uning bilan aloqam uzilgan.
  I lost contact with him.
  NX bilan aloqa qil- be/keep in touch with X
  Men ko'p kishilar bilan aloqa qilib turaman.
  I am in touch with a lot of people.
MUNOSABAT n | NX bilan ~ relations, connections with X Behaviour
Identity & Difference
  Mening kitobxona xodimlari bilan munosabatim bor.
  I have some connection with the library workers.
  NX bilan ~ uz- break off relations with X
  Eron hukumati Angliya hukumati bilan o'zining diplomatik munosabatini uzdi.
  The government of Iran has broken off diplomatic relations with the British government.
  bordi-keldi contact, relationship  
JUDO adj | NX+dan ~ bo'l- be separated from X  
  NX+ni NY+dan judo qil- separate X from Y
SENSIRA- v.t use (familiar) 'sen' when speaking to  
SHERIK n partner Participation
    friend, comrade, companion
sherikchilik n partnership
    good-companionship
OSHNA n friend, acquaintance  
oshnalik n relationship, acquaintance
OG'AYNI n friend, pal  
  oshna-og'ayni friends and relations  
JO'RA n friend, pal  
O'RTOQ n companion, comrade, colleague, friend Politics
Friendship
o'rtoqlarcha ad friendly, in a friendly way
ULFAT n companion, friend Friendship
  NX+ni o'z+iga ulfat qil- be friendly with X
ulfatchilik n company, friendly relations
  ulfatchilik qil- keep company, have contact with
RAFIQ n (male) friend Friendship
Spouses & In-laws
    travelling companion, colleague
rafiqa n wife
    (female) friend
DO'ST n friend Friendship
  do'st bo'l- make friends
do'stlik n friendship
do'stlash- v.int | NX bilan ~ make friends with X
  Tez orada Mariya u bilan do'stlashdi.
  Soon Mary has made friends with him.
do'stona ad friendly
DUGONA n (female) friend  
SIRDOSH n close friend, special friend  
topish- v.int | NX bilan ~ get acquainted, make friends with X  
UZ- v.t cut off, break off, snap off (l/f) Processes
Prehension
  U o'zining yomon do'stlari bilan o'z munosabatlarini uzdi.
  He has broken his relations with his bad friends.
  U gapni uzdi.
  He closed the conversation.
  U odam bilan aloqani uzdim.
  I broke off contact with that man.
  NX+dan yuz o'gir- turn away from X Honesty
  U bu odamdan yuz o'girdi.
  He has turned away from this man.
  NX+dan yuz+ini o'gir- turn one's face away from X
YAQIN adj | NX+ga ~ intimate with X, close to X Whole & Parts
Distance
Time
Involvement
  Menga yaqin bo'lgan kishilar shahardan chiqib ketishdi.
  The people who were intimate with me have left the town.
  Yaqin do'stlar.
  Close friends.
  yaqinlar near ones, close relatives
  Mening yaqinlarim.
  My relations.
QO'SHNI n neighbour Distance
qo'shnichilik n neighbourhood
YOLG'IZ ad alone, solitary, single Identity & Difference
Whole & Parts
  U yolg'iz qoldi.
  He remained alone.
  Uzoq bir yerda yolg'iz bir uy turibdi.
  In the far distance stands a solitary house.
  yop-yolg'iz quite alone
yolg'izlik n loneliness, solitude
O'Z pro self, own  
  U o'z ixtiyori bilan keldi.
  He came of his own free will.
  o'z+i alone
  Bu yerga o'zim yolg'iz keldim.
  I myself came here alone.
  bir o'z+i alone
  yolg'iz o'z+i alone
TANHO ad alone, solitary  
tanholik n loneliness, solitude
YAKKA adj alone, individual  
  yakka-yakka alone, by oneself
  yakkama-yakka in private
yakkalik n isolation, solitude
yakkala- v.t isolate
       
UCHRA- v.int | NX+ga ~ meet X, run into X, hit upon X Fortune
Health
  Men idoraga uchradim.
  I called in at the office.
    experience X(=bad situation), fall ill with X(=illness)
uchrash- v.int | (NX bilan) ~ meet one another (with X), come across X
  Men bu odam bilan ba'zan uchrashib turaman.
  I come sometimes across this man.
  Men qarindoshlarim bilan tez-tez uchrashib turaman.
  I meet often with my relatives.
uchrashuv n appointment, rendez-vous, meeting
  NX+ga ~ belgila- make an appointment with X
uchrat- v.t meet, run into, hit upon
  Men uni teatrda uchratdim.
  I have met him in the theater.
  Yo'lda kimni uchratdingiz?
  Whom did you met on the way?
DUCH n encounter, meeting  
  NX+ga ~ kel- meet X, run into X
YO'LIQ- v.int | NX+ga ~ meet X, see X, run into X Fortune
    experience X(=bad situation, illness)
YUZ n face Head
Shapes
  yuzma-yuz face to face
  Men unga yuzma-yuz keldim.
  I came face to face with him.
yuzlash- v.int | NX bilan ~ meet with X
  betma-bet face to face  
  NX+ga N(ish)Y uchun murojaat qil-/et- address oneself to X, make a request to X, call upon X, appeal to X for Y Authority
Informing
Language
  NX+ga murojaat qil- accost X
  U unga xushmuomalalik bilan murojaat qildi.
  He accosted her friendly.
  U mana shu yosh kishiga murojaat qildi.
  She accosted this young man.
KO'R- v.t see, meet Reflection
Undertaking
Authority
Vision
Tourism
  Men ikkita bolani ko'rdim.
  I saw two children.
  NX+ni borib ~ visit X (social)
  NX+ni kelib ~ visit X (social)
  NX+ni ~+ishga bor- pay X a visit, call X on, visit X
  NX+ni ~+ishga kel- pay X a visit, call X on, visit X
  U kasalni ko'rib keldi.
  He visited the sick man.
ko'rish- v.int | (NX bilan) ~ see, meet one another (with X)
MULOQOT n appointment, rendez-vous, meeting  
ZIYORAT n pilgrimage Tourism
Religion
    visit
  ziyorat qil- visit
  Ertaga sizni ziyorat qilaman.
  I will visit you tomorrow.
YO'QLA- v.t call on, (pay a) visit (to)  
    remember, ask for (a person)
  Hozirgina sizni yo'qlab turgan edik.
  We had just been thinking about you.
  NX+ni yo'qlab kel- pay a visit to X
  Elchi vazirni atayin yo'qlab keldi.
  The ambassador payed a visit to the minister.
  Sizni yo'qlab keldik.
  We called to see you.
  NX+ni yo'qlab bor- pay a visit to X
yo'qlama n call, register
  yo'qlama qil- call the register (of X)
KIR- NX+ning old+iga kirib o't- call for X Horizontal Motion
Life
Organizations
Normality
  Ertaga mening oldimga kirib o't!
  Call for me tomorrow!
  NX+nikiga kirib o't- drop in on X
  Ishdan keyin menikiga kirib o't.
  Drop in on me after work.
SALOM NX+ga ~ greetings, salutation, regards to X  
  Ota-onangga salom ayt.
  My best regards to your parents.
  NX+ga ~ ber- greet X, salute X
  Men unga salom berdim.
  I greeted him.
  NX+ga NY+dan ~ ayt- give X Y's best regards
  Unga mendan salom ayting.
  Give him my best regards.
  NX+ga ~ bildir- extend greetings to X
  U sizga samimiy salom bildirdi.
  He sends you sincere greetings.
  salom! hello!
salomlash- v.int exchange greetings
so'rash- v.int | NX bilan ~ greet X, salute X  
  NX+ga bosh qimirlat- nod to X  
  U bizga bosh qimirlatdi va xonadan chiqib ketdi.
  She nodded to us and left the room.
TA'ZIM n respect, regard Respect & Fame
  Uning ta'zimi menga kerak emas.
  I do not need his esteem.
  NX+ga ~ ber- show respect to X, bow to X
  U menga ta'zim berdi.
  He showed me respect.
  NX+ga ~ ko'rsat- show respect to X, bow to X
  Unga ta'zim qildim.
  I showed him respect.
  NX+ga ta'zim qil- show respect to X, bow to X
  Artist tomoshabinlarga ta'zim qildi.
  The actor bowed to the public.
XAYR int goodbye!  
  Xayr, sog' boling!
  Goodbye!
  NX bilan xayr qil- take leave of X
xayrlash- v.int part, take leave one another
  v.int | NX bilan ~ part from X, take leave from X, say good-bye to X
  Kechqurun men o'zimning yangi do'stlarim bilan xayrlashdim.
  In the evening I took leave of my new friends.
xayrlashuv n | NX bilan ~ parting with X, farewell of X
  Do'stlar bilan xayrlashuv uzoqqa cho'zilmadi.
  The parting with the friends lasted not long.
ALVIDO n farewell  
VIDOLASH- v.int | (NX bilan) ~ take leave one another, pay homage to X
FIROQ n separation Emotions
    nostalgia
       
TAKLIF n suggestion, proposal, offer Authority
    invitation
  NX+ni N(ish)Y+ga taklif et-/qil- invite X to Y, offer X to (do) Y
  U meni tushlikka taklif etdi.
  He has invited me to dinner.
  O'quvchilar urush qatnashchilarini o'zlarining yig'inlariga taklif etdilar.
  The pupils invited the war veterans to their meeting.
  Sizni kinoga taklif qilaman.
  I invite you to come to the cinema.
  N(ish)X+ni NY+ga taklif et-/qil- propose X to Y
  U bizga bir chashka kofe ichishni taklif etdi.
  She proposed us a cup of coffee.
  N(ish)X+ga taklif qilin-/etil- be invited to X
  NX+ga NY+nikiga taklif etil-/qilin- receive an invitation to X at Y's place
  Men muhokamaga Petrnikiga taklif etildim.
  I have received an invitation to the discussion to Peter.
taklifnoma n invitation card
DA'VAT n invitation  
  NX+ni N(ish)Y+ga da'vat et-/qil- invite X to Y, call X for Y
  Kasaba uyushmasi port ishchilarini ish tashlashga da'vat etdi.
  The trade union has called the dockers for strike.
  Ularning oilalarini tijorat faoliyati bilan ifgullanishga da'vat etdi.
  She called upon their families to become involved in business ventures.
MEZBON n host  
MEHMON n guest  
  Uyimizga mehmon kelsa sevinamiz.
  If a guest comes to our house, we rejoice.
  mehmon bo'l- be invited
  mehmonda bo'l- be on a visite
  mehmonga bor- pay a visite
  mehmonga kel- pay a visite
  NX+ni ~+ga chiqar- invite X as a guest
  mehmon qil- entertain a guest
MEHMONDO'ST adj hospitable, welcoming
mehmondo'stlik n hospitality
keluvchi n guest, visitor  
  xush kelibsiz! welcome!  
  NX+ni qarshi ol- greet, welcome  
QUTLA- v.t congratulate Solicitude
Appraisal
    greet, express good wishes for
  Tug'ilgan kuningizni qutlayman.
  Happy birthday.
QABUL n reception Acceptance & Pardon
Rules & Contracts
Organizations
Reflection
Medicine
Exchange
  Sizning taklifingizni qabul qildim.
  I have accepted your proposal.
    acceptance
  qabul bo'l- be received, accepted
  qabul qil-/et- accept, admit
    receive
  Biz bugun o'qituvchilar delegatsiyasini qabul qilamiz.
  We receive today a delegation of teachers.
  Kelgan vaqillarni qabul qildilar.
  The representatives who arrived were received.
  qabul soatlari reception hours
KUT- v.t wait for Undertaking
Attention
Surprise
Opinion
    look after, receive, entertain (guests)
  U mehmonlarini yaxshi kutdi.
  He looked after his guests well.
  kutib ol- receive, entertain (guests)
    go and meet, pick up (sb somewhere)
  Men sizni stansiyada kutib olaman.
  I will meet you at the station.
kutil- v.int be entertained, be received
UZAT- NX+ni NY+ga ~+ib yubor- accompany, send off, see off Transfer
Exchange
Processes
Motion with
Spouses & In-laws
  Men do'stimni uyiga uzatdim.
  I accompanied my friend to his house.
     
     
KUZAT- v.t see off, accompany, send off Motion with
Reflection
Vision
  U onasini vokzalga kuzatib bordi.
  He accompanied his mother to the railway station.
HAMROH NX+ga ~ bo'l- accompany X Travel
yo'lla- v.t direct, show the way, send off Rules & Contracts
yo'llanma n guidebook, directions, instructions
    permit, pass, authorization
       
o'tkaz- v.t hold, conduct (meeting, ceremony) Horizontal Motion
Transfer
Time
Undertaking
  Ular bugun majlis o'tkazishyapti.
  They hold the meeting today.
o'tkazil- v.int be held (meeting, ceremony)
QATNASH- v.int | NX+ga ~ take part, participate in X, attend, join in X Participation
  Bugungi yig'ilishga qatnashasizmi?
  Are you going to attend today's meeting?
  v.int | NX+da ~ attend X, be present at X
  Ko'p o'quvchilar internasional do'stlik mitingida qatnashdilar.
  Many pupils were present at the meeting of international friendship.
qatnashuv n | NX+da ~ participation, attendance at X
  Uning munozarada qatnashuvi zarur edi.
  His participation in the discussion was necessary.
ISHTIROK n | N(ish)X+da ~ participation, attendance to X Participation
  Bizning birgalashib qilayotgan ishimizda uning ishtiroki haqiqatan ham katta bo'ldi.
  His participation in our teamwork was really big.
  Maktab mudirlari va o'qituvchilarning ishtirokida yig'ilish bo'ldi.
  There was a meeting attended by head teachers and school teachers.
  N(ish)X+da ishtirok et-/qil- participate to X, attend X
  Kechagi yig'ilishga o'n kishi ishtirok etdi.
  Ten people attended yesterday's meeting.
BOR- NX+ga borib tur- (regularly) attend X Horizontal Motion
Evolution
     
MAJLIS n meeting, conference, assembly Administration
    parliament, assembly
  majlis chaqir- convene a meeting
  majlis och- open a meeting
  majlis yop- close a meeting
YIG'- v.t collect, gather Groupings
Business
yig'il- v.int gather, meet, assemble
yig'ilish n gathering, meeting
  Bugungi yig'ilishga oz odam keldi.
  Few people came to today's meeting.
yig'in n meeting, gathering
o'tirish n party, social gathering, meeting Immobility
  Kecha muallimlarning o'tirishi bo'ldi.
  Yesterday there was a meeting of teachers.
  o'tirish qil- have a party
  Kecha biz o'tirish qildik.
  Yesterday we had a party.
  tug'ilgan kun(+i) birthday Life
yillik n anniversary Time Units
  muchal to'yi birthday (every 12 years on Nowruz)  
ZIYOFAT n banquet, social entertainment Meals
  U ziyofatimiz bo'ldi.
  He was at our social.
  NX+ga ~ ber- entertain X, give hospitality to X
  NX+ni ziyofat qil- entertain X, give hospitality to X
  U besh kishini ziyofat qildi.
  He entertained five people.
BAZM n party, banquet  
  bazm qil- enjoy oneself at a party, banquet
TO'Y n celebration, feast (wedding, circumcision...) Spouses & In-laws
  beshik to'yi cradle feast
  nikoh to'yi wedding
  o'g'il to'yi circumcision feast
  qiz to'yi wedding
  sunnat to'yi circumcision feast
  to'y qil- hold a feast
  xatna to'yi circumcision feast
to'yona n wedding present (or for other feasts)
TO'YBOSHI n master of ceremonies
  to'y-tomosha feasting and merry-making  
sharbatnoma n account book for noting gifts received  
CHILLA n a period of 40 days (esp. after birth, wedding) Time Units
MAROSIM n ceremony, rite  
ko'rik n review, inspection  
  ko'rikdan o't- be reviewed
  Askarlar ko'rikdan o'tmoqdalar.
  The soldiers are being reviewed.
  ko'rikdan o'tkaz- review
  Bu otlar ko'rikdan o'tkazilishi kerak.
  These horses must be examined.
TANTANA n celebration, festivity, triumph  
  U tantana bilan kutib olindi.
  He was greeted with celebrations.
    solemnity
  tantana qil- celebrate, cheer
tantanali adj ceremonious, solemn
nishonla- v.t celebrate, commemorate Social Symbols
Meaning
  Bugun biz otamizning 50 yoshga to'lishini nishonlaymiz.
  Today we celebrate our father's fifthieth birthday.
nishonlan- v.int be commemorated, celebrated
TABRIK n congratulation, compliment, greetings Appraisal
  Undan tabrik telegrami keldi.
  A greetings telegram arrived from him.
tabrikla- v.t | N(gani)X bilan ~ congratulate on X, compliment on X
tabriknoma n greeting card
  To'qqizinchi may bayrami munosabati bilan u bizga o'z tabriknomasi yubordi.
  He sent us his congratulations on the ninth of May.
HAYIT n feast, festival  
  Bu hayitga kelasizmi?
  Are you coming to this festival?
  hayit qil- celebrate a festival
  Biz uch kun hayit qildik.
  We celebrated for three days.
BAYRAM n holiday, festival Leasure
Religion
  bayram kuni holidays
  Bayram kuni hamma kishilar yaxshi kiynadilar.
  On holidays everybody dresses well.
  bayram qil- celebrate a festival
  diniy bayram religious holiday
SAYIL n (traditional) festival  
NAVRO'Z n Nowruz, the day of new year, March 21st  
  qurbon bayram feast of the Sacrifice Religion
  qurbon hayit feast of the Sacrifice
  ro'za hayit end of the Ramadan Religion
  hosil bayrami the harvest festival  
PARAD n parade  
       
JANOZA n prayer for the dead Religion
DAFN n burial  
  dafn et-/qil- bury
KO'M- v.t bury (corpse) Processes
  ko'mish burial
ko'mil- v.int be buried (corpse)
  Marhum ko'mildi.
  The deceased was buried.
MOTAM n mourning  
  NX uchun ~ tut- mourn X
motamli adj mourning
motamdor n mourner
AZA n mourning  
  aza tut- be in mourning
azador n mourner
TA'ZIYA n condolence, sympathy  
  NX+ga NY bilan ~ bildir- gave one's condolence to X upon Y, condole with X upon Y
  Do'stingiz vafot etganligi munosabati bilan sizga chuqur ta'ziya bildiraman.
  I condole heart-felt with you upon the loss of your friend.

Society

jamiyat n society  
    association, society, union
  Jamiyat a'zolari majlisga to'plandilar.
  The members of the society got together for a meeting.
JAMOA n community, group
JAMOAT n, adj (the) public, (the) people, common
jamoatchilik n community
    social participation
hamjamiyatlik n community
IJTIMOIY adj social
  Ijtimoiy ishlarga e'tibor berish kerak.
  Attention must be given to social work.
  ijtimoiy ahvol social condition
SOTSIAL n social  
AHOLI n population, inhabitants  
  Bu qishloq aholisi yer qimirlash ofatiga uchradi.
  The inhabitants of this village experienced the misfortune of an earthquake.
  numX aholisi population of X (inhabitants)
  Toshkentning uch million aholisi bor.
  The population of Tashkent is three millions.
QABILA n tribe  
qabilaviy adj tribal
QAVM n tribe, clan  
NASL n blood lineage, tribe Family
Descendants
Life
  Qaysi nasldansiz?
  What tribe are you from?
    young generation, descendants
TOIFA n tribe, race Categories
Travel
  Siz qaysi toifadansiz?
  What is your nationality?
  NX+dan kelib chiq- come from X, originate from X  
  U ishchi oilasidan kelib chiqqan.
  He comes from a worker family.
       
EL n country, land  
    people, population
ELAT n race, tribe
YURT n native place, homeland  
    people, population
yurtlik n inhabitant
yurtdosh n fellow villager, townsman, provincial
  el-yurt peoples, populations  
XALQ n people, masses, nation  
  Fransiya xalqi ozodlikni sevadi.
  The people of France love freedom.
xalqchil adj folk, popular
xalqaro adj international
UMUMXALQ adj national (of property)  
MILLAT n nation Politics
  mayda millat minority (ethnic) group
millatchi n nationalist
millatdosh adj compatriot
millatparvar n person taking care of the nation
MILLIY adj national, ethnic
  Bu bizning milliy siyosatimiz.
  This is our national policy.
milliylik n national characteristics
VATAN n fatherland, homeland  
vatandosh n compatriot
vatanparvar n patriot
vatanparvarlik n patriotism
MAMLAKAT n country, nation  
mamlakatlararo ad international(ly)
GRAJDAN n citizen  
grajdanlik n citizenship
FUQARO n people, inhabitant  
  Bu mamlakatning 50 millionga yaqin fuqarosi bor.
  There are about 50 millions inhabitants in this country.
    national, citizen
  Bu odam Angliya fuqarosi.
  This man is a British subject.
    common people, ordinary people
fuqarolik n nationality
CHET adj foreign Numbers
  Chet davlatlardan yordam kutamiz.
  We are expecting help from foreign countries.
  chet el foreign country
  chet el(lar)da abroad
  chet elli foreign
  U chet ellidir.
  He is foreign.
  chet ellik foreigner
AJNABIY adj foreign  
  n foreigner
XORIJ n abroad, foreign countries  
xorijiy adj foreign (e.g books)
TASHQI adj foreign Position
  Bizning tashqi siyosatimizning negizi hammaga ma'lum.
  The basis of our foreign policy is known to all.
HIJRAT n emigration Religion
  hijrat qil- emigrate
MUHOJIR n migrant, exilee, refugee
SURGUN n exile, deportation  
  surgun qil- exile, deport
       
SINF n class (social, school, transport) Travel
Learning
  Ikkinchi sinf o'quvchisi.
  Pupil in the second class.
  Ishchilar sinfi.
  Working class.
  Men poyezdning ikkinchi sinfida keldi.
  I travelled second class on the train.
sinfiy adj class (social)
sinfsiz adj classless
XO'JA n descendant of the first four caliphs Economy
Agriculture
Possession
Firms
Spouses & In-laws
    lord, master
  Uy xo'jasi bilan so'zlashdim.
  I spoke with the owner of the house.
xo'jalik n economy
XO'JAYIN n master, owner
    boss
SAYID n descendant of Muhammad Religion
OLIJANOB n sir, nobleman, majesty Generosity
  NX olijanoblari His Majesty the X
  Shoh olijanoblariga murojaat qildik.
  We addressed ourselves to His Majesty the Shah.
BEK n nobleman, prince  
beka n noblewoman
OQSUYAK n nobleman, aristocrat  
JANOB n gentleman  
    Sir, Mister
    Excellency
  X janoblari His Excellency X
  Ahmadboy janoblari keldilar.
  His Excellency Ahmadbay has come.
XONIM n lady, woman  
  Faqat xonimlargina bilaguzuk taqadilar.
  Only women wear bracelets.
    Madam
BURJUA n bourgeois  
burjuaziya n bourgeoisie
BURJUY adj bourgeois
PROLETAR n proletarian  
proletariat n proletariat
QUL n slave  
qullik n slavery
qullarcha ad slavish(ly)
quldor n slave owner
CHO'RI n female slave  
ko'chmanchi n, adj nomad; nomadic  
ko'chmanchilik n nomadism
DEHQON n farmer, peasant, farm-worker Agriculture
  shahar kishisi city dweller Urbanism
shaharlik n city dweller
       
UMUM n everybody, the public Normality
  U umum oldida uyatli bo'ldi.
  He was shy in front of the public.
umumiy adj general, common, public, universal
umumiylik n universality
umumlashtir- v.t generalize, collectivize
OLOMON n crowd(s), the masses  
  Olomonning ichida qoldim.
  I stayed with the crowd.
  Shaharni olomon bosdi.
  Crowds invaded the city.
GAVJUM adj crowded, full of people  
XALOYIQ n the public, everybody  
OMMA n the masses, people  
  Omma ko'zg'aldi.
  The masses revolted.
ommaviy adj mass, people's, common
ommalashtir- v.t popularize
ommabop adj popular, common
ommaboplik n popularity
KISHI kishilar people Persons
ODAM odamlar people Persons
ko'pchilik n majority Quantity
    everybody, many people
ozchilik n minority Quantity
KENG adj broad, wide, vast, spacious Size
    extensive, wide-spread
  Bu masalani unga keng suratda tushintiring.
  Explain this problem to him in detail.
XOS adj personel, private Characteristics
  hammaga xos public
XUSUSIY adj personal, private
shaxsiy adj individual, private Persons
Generosity
Pride
shaxsiyat n personality, inner-self
     
DAYDI adj stray, wandering  
SAYOQ adj, n vagrant, tramp  
DOIRA n circle, sphere, limits Position
Shapes
  Shahar doirasiga yashovchi odamlarni ro'yxatga olish kerak.
  People living within the city must be registered.
  U odamni o'z doiramizga olishimiz kerak.
  We must accept that man into our circle.
qarindoshchilik n nepotism  
  qarindosh-urug'chilik family network (and its use)  
  tanish-bilishchilik acquaintance's network (and its use)  
GAP n regular gathering held by a group of friends  
JO'RABOSHI n leader in a gap  
  bibi seshanba women's gathering  
TO'P n, meas group, flock, heap Groupings
  Bir to'p qo'y.
  A flock of sheep.
  Bir to'p tosh.
  A heap of stones.
  Ko'chada bir to'p odam turibdi.
  A group of people are standing in the street.
to'plash- v.int gather, group
GURUH n group  
  Bizni guruhlarga bo'ldilar.
  They divided us up into group.
TO'DA n | NX+lar ~+si group of Xs, gang of Xs Groupings
Animals
  Bizning to'damizda o'n kishi bor.
  There are ten people in our group.
GRUPPA n, meas group Groupings
tuzum n system, structure Order & Composition
  Mamlakatning ijtimoiy tuzumida o'zgarish bo'ldi.
  There was a change in the social structure of the country.
KOMANDA n team, crew Sport
  Futbolchilar komandasi.
  Football team.
  Kreyser komandasi.
  Crew of a cruiser.
BRIGADA n team, brigade  
  tashkil qil-/et- organize, found, establish Order & Composition
  Biz bir jamiyat tashkil qildik.
  We have organized a society.
    form, make up
tashkilot n organization
  Tashkilotingiz qachon tashkil etgan?
  When was your organization founded?
tashkilotchi n organizer
tashkiliy adj organized
tashkillan- v.int organize
O'RNAT- v.t establish, found Location
TA'SIS n establishment, foundation  
  ta'sis et-/qil- establish, found
UYUSH- v.int unite, ally  
uyushtir- v.t unite, ally
    organize, form
uyushma n union, federation, association
BIR num one Groupings
Whole & Parts
Numbers
Frequency
Identity & Difference
birlik n unity
  Kuch birlikda.
  Strength in unity.
birlash- v.int | (NX+ga) ~ unite (to X), join together
  Dehqonlar kooperativlarga birlashdilar.
  Many peasants have united to cooperatives.
birlashtir- v.t | NX+ni (NY+ga) ~ unite, combine X (to Y), assemble, put together X
  Yosh bolalar harflarni so'zga birlashtirdilar.
  The small children united the letters to words..
birlashma n alliance, union
BIRDAM adj unanimous, standing together
birdamlik n unanimity, solidarity
BIRIK- v.int unite
biriktir- v.t unite
ITTIFOQ n union, alliance  
ittifoqsizlik n disunity
ittifoqlash- v.int unite, become allied
ittifoqdosh n ally
hamjihat adj (being) together, joint, united  
hamjihatlik n solidarity, union
tanlov n competition, selection Necessity
  tanlov ko'rigi competition, (competitive) examination
NOMZOD n candidate Undertaking
  Bu kishi bizning nomzoddir.
  This man is our candidate.
nomzodlik n application
KANDIDAT n candidate  
qo'shil- v.int | NX+ga ~ be added to X, be included to X Groupings
Whole & Parts
Agreement
    join X, join with X, participate to X
  Biz turistlar guruhiga qo'shildik.
  We joined a group of tourists.
  U delegatsiyaga Moskvada qo'shildi.
  He joined with this delegation in Moscow.
KIR- v.int | NX+ga ~ enter X, join X(=organization) Horizontal Motion
Life
Normality
Visits & Greetings
  O'rta maktabni bitirgandan keyin u universitetga kirdi.
  After finishing the middle school he entered the university.
  U yaqinda shu tashkilotga kirdi.
  He has joined this organization not long ago.
  NX+ga kirish entry into X
  O'zbekistonning Birlashgan Millatlar Tashkilotiga kirishi 1993 yilda sodiq bo'ldi.
  The entry of Uzbekistan into UNO took place in 1993.
  qabul qil-/et- admit (in an organization) Acceptance & Pardon
Invitation
Rules & Contracts
Reflection
Medicine
Exchange
  NX+ga qabul qilin- be admitted to X
  U institutga qabul qilindi.
  He has been admitted to the institute.
     
     
A'ZO n member Body & Members
  NX+ga ~ bo'l- join X
  Yaqinda u "Paxtakor" sport jamiyatga a'zo bo'ldi.
  Not long ago he joined the "Pakhtakor" sport club.
  U partiyaga a'zo bo'ldi.
  He joined the party.
  partiya a'zosi Party member
a'zolik n membership
KLUB n club  
       
MARKAZ n centre (location and organization) Position
  Men shaharning markazida turaman.
  I live in the centre of the city.
markaziy adj central
markazlashtir- v.t centralize, concentrate
OLIY adj high, highest, supreme Importance
MAS'UL n person in charge Participation
mas'ulli adj in charge, responsible
mas'uliyat n | N(ish)X ~+i responsibility of X
  Idorani boshqarish mas'uliyati mening ustimda.
  The responsability of running the office lies with me.
mas'ulsiz adj not in charge, not responsible
KATTA n senior, chief, head Descendants
Size
Men & Women
Life
  Bu yerning kattasi kim?
  Who is the manager of this place?
     
BOSH n, adj head, chief, top, main Head
Evolution
Position
Importance
Animals
Whole & Parts
boshliq n chief, leader
boshchilik n direction, leadership
  boshchilik qil- chair, lead
     
     
RAHBAR n leader  
rahbarlik n leadership
  rahbarlik qil- lead, rule
DOHIY n leader  
dohiylik n leadership
YO'LBOSHCHI n leader  
yo'lboshchilik n leadership
SARKARDA n leader, commander-in-chief Military
RAIS n president; chairman, director, leader the State
  Bu majlisning raisi kim?
  Who is the chairman of this meeting?
  Hukumat raisi idorada emas.
  The president is not in the office.
raislik n presidency; leadership
HUKM hukm sur- reign over Justice Enforcement
Administration
Justice Enforcement
  Zalda sukunat hukm suradi.
  Silence reigned in the hall.
hukmdor n in power, ruling
HOKIM n local ruler, judge
    ruler
  NX+ning ust+idan ~ bo'l- rule over X, dominate X
  Ular bizning ustimizdan hokim bo'lish harakatdadirlar.
  They are trying to dominate us.
hokimlik n ruling, dominant position
  hokimlik qil- rule over, dominate
hokimiyat n power, rule, domination, regime
HUKMRON adj in power, ruling
  oq soqol white-beard, chief, leader (traditional)  
TOBE
(tobe+i)
n subject, subordinate  
  NX+ga ~ bo'l- become subject to X
  NX+ni NY+ga tobe qil- (Y) make X subject, submit X, conquer X
tobelik n subordination, dependence
SEKRETAR n secretary  
sekretariat n secretariat
SAYLA- v.t | NX+ni NY qilib ~ elect, vote for, choose X as Y Necessity
  Keksa professorni majlis raisi qilib sayladilar.
  The old professor was elected chairman of the meeting.
  Men sizni saylayman.
  I will vote for you.
saylan- v.int | NX+ga ~ be elected to X(=office)
  Bugungi yig'ilishda akam raislikka saylandi.
  My elder brother was elected president at today's meeting.
saylov n election
  Bugun saylov kuni.
  Today is election day.
  NX+ga saylovlar elections to X
  O'zbekiston Oliy Majlisiga saylovlar har 4 yilda o'tkaziladi.
  The elections to the Oliy Majlis of Uzbekistan take place every 4 years.
  saylov qutisi ballot box
saylovchi n voter, elector
OVOZ n vote, voice Vital Functions
Sound
  bir ovozdan unanimously
  NX+ga ovoz ber- vote for X
  Men unga ovoz berdim.
  I have voted for him.
  Kelinglar shu taklifga ovoz beramiz.
  Let us vote for this proposal.
  Nomzodlarga ovoz berildi.
  The candidates were elected.
  NX bo'yicha ovoz berish voting for X
  Ushbu masala bo'yicha ovoz berishda 35 deputat betaraf qoldi.
  35 delegates have abstained from voting for this question.
KO'TAR- v.t elect, promote Prehension
Character
  Xotin-qizlarni rahbarlik lavozimlarga dadil ko'tarish kerak.
  It is necessary to actively promote women to positions of leadership.
  Xon ko'tardilar.
  They elected a Khan.
QASAM NX+ga ~ ber- swear X in Honesty
ONT NX+ga ~ ber- swear X in Honesty
  Unga ont berish kerak.
  He must be sworn in.
  NX+ga ~ ichir- swear X in
AYB aybga qol- fall into disgrace Justice
Criticism
     
KAMPANIYA n campaign  
       
ODAT n habit Normality
Learning
    custom, usage
  odatda habitually, customarily, usually
ODDIY adj ordinary, usual, regular
  U oddiy ishchi.
  He is an ordinary worker.
URF n custom(s)  
  urf-odat custom(s)  
RASM n custom, tradition, habit  
AN'ANA n tradition  
an'anaviy adj traditional
TRADITSION adj traditional  
TRADITSIYA n tradition
FOLKLOR n folklore  
       
QOIDA n rule, regulation Normality
  Tashkilot qoidasiga bo'ysunish kerak.
  One must bow to the rules of the organization.
qoidalashtir- v.t regularize
NIZOM n regulations, statute  
QONUN n law Justice Enforcement
  Fransiya qonunlarini bilasizmi?
  Do you know the laws of France?
qonuniy adj legal, lawful
qonuniylik n legality, lawfulness
qonunsiz adj lawless
    illegal
qonunsizlik n lawlessness
    illegality
qonunlash- v.int be legalized
qonunlashtir- v.t legalize
rasmiylashtiril- v.int get officialized, formalized; get registered  
  Bu aeroportda bagaj qayerda rasmiylashtiriladi?
  Where is the luggage registered in this airport?
RASMIY adj official
  Hukumat terrorchilik masalasida o'z fikrini rasmiy ravishda bildirdi.
  The government gave its official view on the problem of terrorism.
rasmiyat n procedures, formalities
rasmiyatchi n formalist
rasmiyatchilik n formalism
rasmiylash- v.int get officialized
rasmiylashtir- v.t officialize, formalize; register
MUNTAZAM adj regular, official Normality
  ZAGS bo'limi registry office  
  qabul qil-/et- adopt, pass Acceptance & Pardon
Invitation
Organizations
Reflection
Medicine
Exchange
  O'zbekiston Oliy Majlisi sessiyasi yangi konstitutsiya qabul qildi.
  The Oliy Majlis of Uzbekistan adopted the new constitution.
  Parlament ko'pchilik ovoz bilan qonun qabul qildi.
  The parliament passed the law with a large majority.
     
QOG'OZ n paper Organic Matter
  qog'ozlar documents, papers
  Avval qog'ozlaringizni keltiring!
  First bring your documents!
qog'ozboz n burocrat
qog'ozbozlik n burocracy, red tape
HUJJAT n document, paper  
    (attesting) document
  Men hujjatlarimni yo'qotib qo'ydim.
  I have lost my documents.
  hujjatlar documents, papers
    (attesting) documents
hujjatli adj with document attached
    documentary
DOKUMENT n document  
guvohnoma n attestation, certificate Justice Enforcement
  haydovchi guvohnomasi driving licence
PRAVO n driving licence  
PASPORT n passport  
VIZA n visa  
BLANK
/ BLANKA
n form  
VARAQA n form Politics
RO'YXAT n list, register Items
  NX+ni ro'yxatga ol- register X
  Aholi to'la ravishda ro'yxatga olindi.
  A complete census of the population was made.
  ro'yxatdan o't- register, check in
  ro'yxatdan o'tkaz- get registered
yozil- NX+ga ~+ib qo'y- register, enroll into X, make an appointment with X Language
  U terapevtga kirish uchun yozilib qo'ydi.
  She has made an appointment with the therapeutist.
REGISTRATSIYA n registration  
BITIM n contract, agreement, treaty  
  bitim tuz- sign a contract, make an agreement
  Angliya bilan Fransiya orasida savdo bitimi tuzildi.
  A trade agreement was made between England and France.
shartnoma n | (NX haqidagi) ~ (written) contract, agreement, treaty, pact (for X)  
  Hamkorlik haqidagi shartnoma 10 yil davomida kuchga ega.
  The cooperation pact acts within 10 years.
  shartnoma tuz- sign a treaty, a pact
AHD n agreement, treaty, pledge Acceptance & Pardon
  ahd tuz- make an agreement, sign a treaty
ahdlash- v.int come to an agreement
ahdnoma n treaty, pact
TASDIQ n approval, ratification Informing
Acceptance & Pardon
  tasdiq qil- approve, ratify, sanction
tasdiqla- v.t approve, ratify, sanction
tasdiqlan- v.int be approved, ratified
QO'L n, adj signature Body & Members
  Bu mening qo'lim.
  This is my signature.
  NX+ga qo'l qo'y- sign X
  NX haqida qo'l qo'y- sign for X
  Men oylik olganim haqida qo'l qo'ydim.
  I have signed for my salary.
IMZO n signature  
  NX+ga ~ chek- sign X
  Bunga imzo cheking!
  Sign this please!
imzosiz adj anonymous
imzola- v.t sign
imzolan- v.int be signed
ATTESTAT n certificate, testimonial  
DALIL NX+ni ~ qilib ko'rsat- refer to X Thought
  Sen direktor bilan gaplashganingda meni dalil qilib ko'rsatishing mumkin.
  You can refer in your conversation with the director to me.
SHAHODAT n evidence, testimony, reference  
  shahodat ber- give a testimonial, reference
  shahodat qil- give a testimonial, reference
shahodatnoma n certificate, testimonial
KAFIL n | N(ish)X+ga ~ witness, guarantor for X  
  Men ishning sifati yaxshiligiga kafilman.
  I vouch for a good quality of the work.
  U odamga kafil bo'ldim.
  I was a witness for that man.
  NX uchun ~ bo'l- vouch for X, act as a guarantor for X
  Mening do'stim men uchun kafil bo'ladi.
  My friend vouches for me.
  NX+ga N(ish)Y+ga ~ bo'l- guarantee Y to X
  Men sizga bu ish muvaffaqiyatli bo'lishiga kafil bo'lolmayman.
  I cannot guarantee you the success of this work.
kafillik n guarantee
  NX+ga ~ ber- five X a guarantee
KAFOLAT n guarantee
GARANTIYA n guarantee  
  NX+ga ~ ber- five X a guarantee
garantiyalan- v.int be guaranteed
talabnoma n | NX uchun ~ application for X Authority
  Siz qurilish materiallari uchun talabnoma tuzdingizmi?
  Have you made the application for building materials?
  ruxsat qog'ozi permit  
ruxsatnoma n permit
yo'llanma n permit, pass, authorization Invitation
IMTIYOZ n (special) privilege  
imtiyozli adj having privilege
imtiyozsiz adj without special privilege
       
NAMUNA n, adj model, example Preservation
Copy & Adaptation
     
NISHON n distinction, decoration Intention
Meaning
Gatherings
  Menga nishon berildi.
  I was given a decoration.
nishonla- v.t celebrate, commemorate
SOVRIN n prize  
TAMG'A n brand, stamp, trade-mark; coat-of-arms  
  NX+ga ~ bos- stamp, seal, place a seal on X
  Bu qog'ozga tamg'a bosing!
  Stamp this paper please!
tamg'ali adj branded, stamped
tamg'ala- v.t brand, stamp
  Ferma ishchilari bu yil tug'ilgan buzoqlarni tamg'alashdi.
  The workers of the farm have branded the year-old calfs.
MUHR n seal, stamp  
  NX+ga ~ bos- stamp, seal, place a seal on X
muhrla- v.t stamp, seal
BAYROQ n flag, standard  
bayroqdor n standard-bearer (l/f)
GIMN n hymn, anthem  

State and Politics

DAVLAT n state, government; state, national  
davlatlararo adj between states
JUMHURIYAT n republic  
RESPUBLIKA n republic  
PODSHOH
/ PODSHO
n padishah, king  
  Bizning mamlakatimizga Daniya podshohi keldi.
  The King of Denmark came to our country.
podshohlik
/ podsholik
n kingdom; reign; royal
  podsho(h)lik qil- reign, rule
SHOH n shah Value
SHAHZODA n (crown) prince
SULTON n sultan  
SALTANAT n reign, rule; empire
XON n khan  
xonlik n khanat
xonli adj khan, monarchical
AMIR n emir  
amirlik n emirate
QIROL n king  
qirollik n kingdom
qirolicha n queen (reigning queen or king's wife)
MALIKA n princess  
IMPERIYA n empire  
IMPERATOR n emperor
RAIS n president; chairman, director, leader Organizations
  Bu majlisning raisi kim?
  Who is the chairman of this meeting?
  Hukumat raisi idorada emas.
  The president is not in the office.
raislik n presidency; leadership
raisxona n presidential residence
PREZIDENT n president  
  Prezident sofirlarni qabul qildi.
  The president received the ambassadors.
prezidentlik n presidency
VAZIR n minister  
  bosh vazir prime minister
vazirlik n ministry
MINISTR n minister  
ministrlik n ministry
  davlat arbobi statesman  
  shahar boshlig'i mayor  
       
HUDUD n frontier (of a territory)  
hududiy adj territorial
O'LKA n territory, region, district, country, land  
VILOYAT n province, region  
OBLAST n province, region  
RAYON n district, region, area  
TUMAN n district, region  
POYTAXT n capital (city)  
MUSTAMLAKA n colony  
mustamlakachilik n colonialism
       
KONSTITUTSIYA n constitution  
HUKUMAT n government  
  Hukumat yangi qonun doyihasini tuzdi.
  The Government has put forward a proposal for a new law.
  hukumat boshlig'i prime minister
KABINET n cabinet Buildings
O'RDA n horde Urbanism
    (turk, mongol) palace, court
MAJLIS n meeting, conference, assembly Gatherings
    parliament, assembly
  Oliy Majlis the National Parliament
PARLAMENT n parliament  
parlamentar n member of Parliament
ASSAMBLEYA n assembly  
QURULTOY n congress  
KONGRESS n congress  
SESSIYA n session  
SHO'RO n council  
KENGASH n council, conference Participation
KONFERENSIYA n conference  
ANJUMAN n conference, association, society  
FORUM n forum  
KOMITET n committee  
HAY'AT n presidium, board  
KOMISSIYA n commission  
VAKIL n representative, delegate, deputy  
  NX+ning ~+i bo'l- represent X
  Konferensiyada u qaysi oliy o'quv yurtining vakili bo'lib qatnashadi?
  What higher educational institution does he represent at the conference?
  Hukumatning vakili bo'lib bordim.
  I went as a representative of the government.
  NX+ni NY+ga vakil qil- empower X to Y
  Hukumat uni shu muzokalarga vakil qildi.
  The government has empowered him to this negociations.
vakillik n delegation
VAKOLAT n plenary powers, mandate
DELEGATSIYA n delegation  
DEPUTAT n deputy, representative  
O'RIN
(o'rn+i)
n place to sit, seat, place to sleep Housing
Location
Tools & Furnitures
Preservation
Change
Necessity
     
     
     
     
     
hokimiyat n power, rule, domination, regime Organizations
  shahar hokimiyati municipality
DEVON n council, chancellery  
devonxona n house of council
amaldor n official, civil servant Firms
Occupations
     
CHINOVNIK n senior official, apparatchik  
MA'MUR n official, administrator Occupations
ma'murlik n administrative position
ma'muriy adj administrative
ma'muriyat n administration (public services)
MANSAB n official position, post, rank Firms
  Qanday mansabingiz bor?
  What is your job?
mansabparast n careerist
mansabdor n official
UNVON n title, rank  
DIPLOMAT n diplomat  
diplomatik adj diplomatic
diplomatiya n diplomacy
ELCHI n ambassador Urbanism
  Londonga Turkiya elchisi keldi.
  The Turkish ambassador came to London.
elchixona n embassy
KONSUL n consul Urbanism
konsulxona n consulate
CHAQIR- NX+ni ~+ib ol- recall X Authority
Informing
  Hukumat o'z diplomatik vakilini chaqirib oldi.
  The government has recalled its diplomatic representative.
       
MAFKURA n ideology  
mafkuraviy adj ideological
IDEOLOGIK adj ideological  
IDEOLOGIYA n ideology
SIYOSAT n policy, politics  
siyosatchi n statesman
siyosatboz n politician
SIYOSIY adj political
  Siyosiy ishlarimizga ayricha e'tibor berishimiz kerak.
  We must pay special attention to our political activities.
PARTIYA n party  
partiyaviy adj party, inner-party
partiyasiz adj outside the party, independent
oqim n current, trend (l/f) Motion
  Zamonning oqimi shunday.
  Such are the times.
millatchi n nationalist People & Nation
millatchilik n nationalism
milliylashtir- v.t nationalize
  milliy ma'naviyat national spirituality  
irqchi n racist  
JAHONGIR n conqueror; imperialist Victory & Defeat
jahongirlik n imperialism
IMPERIALIST n imperialist  
imperialistik adj imperialist
IMPERIALIZM n imperialism
podshohparast
/ podshoparast
n monarchist  
respublikachi n republican  
DEMOKRAT n democrat  
demokratlash- v.int democratize
demokratlashtir- v.t democratize
  Biz o'z turmushimizni demokratlashtirishni istaymiz.
  We want to democratize our life.
demokratik adj democratic
demokratiya n democracy
DIKTATOR n dictator  
DIKTATURA n dictatorship
LIBERAL n liberal  
liberalizm n liberalism
kapitalist n capitalist Economy
kapitalistik adj capitalist
kapitalizm n capitalism
sotsialist n socialist  
sotsialistik adj socialist
sotsializm n socialism
KOMMUNIST n communist  
kommunistik adj communist
KOMMUNIZM n communism
SOVET n Soviet  
ANARXIST n anarchist  
ANARXIYA n anarchy
ANARXIZM n anarchism
SO'L adj left-wing Position
so'llik
/ so'lchilik
n leftism
O'NG n right-wing Position
o'nglik
/ o'ngchilik
n rightism
SAF n rank, front Items
Shapes
safdosh n companion-in-arms
O'RTOQ n | ~ NX comrade X Social Life
insonparvar n humanist Persons
insonparvarlik n humanism
ISLOH n reform  
  isloh qil- reform
islohot n reform
  Mamlakatda yer islohoti o'tkazildi.
  Land reform was carried out in the country.
islohotchi n reformist
islohotchilik n reformism
REFORMA n reform  
reformator n reformer
REFORMIST n reformist
REFORMIZM n reformism
JADID n jadid, reform  
jadidchilik n jadidism
INQILOB n revolution, uprising  
  inqilob qil- revolt, carry the revolution
inqilobiy adj revolutionary
inqilobiylashtir- v.int revolutionize
inqilobchi n revolutionary
REVOLUTSION adj revolutionary  
revolutsionlashtir- v.t revolutionize
revolutsioner n revolutionary
REVOLUTSIYA n revolution
to'ntarilish n revolution, overthrow  
  davlat to'ntarilishi coup d'etat, putsch
NAMOYISH n demonstration, march  
  Ishchilar namoyishga chiqdilar.
  The workers demonstrated.
  namoyish qil- demonstrate, march
  Aholi hukumatning siyosatiga qarshi namoyish qilmoqda.
  The people are demonstrating against the policy of the government.
namoyishchi n demonstrator, protester
TASHVIQOT n agitation, propaganda  
  NX+ni tashviqot qil- campaigning for X
tashviqotchi n agitator, propagandist
TARG'IBOT n propaganda  
targ'ibotchi n propagandist
PROPAGANDA n propaganda  
  propaganda qil- spread propaganda
  propaganda olib bor- carry on propaganda
  Bu tashkilotning asosiy vazifasi - chekishga qarshi propaganda olib borishdir.
  The main task of this organization is to carry on propaganda against smoking.
PROPAGANDIST n propagandist
VARAQA n leaflet Rules & Contracts
SHIOR n slogan  
SENZOR n censor  
SENZURA n censorship