Forces and Motion

Motion

HARAKAT n movement, move Action
  Ishchilar harakati.
  The workers' movement.
    action
  harakatga kel- move, set off
  harakatga keltir- move, set in motion
harakatsiz adj motionless, immobile
harakatsizlik n immobility
harakatlan- v.int move, be in motion
harakatlantir- v.t move, set in motion
harakatchan adj moving, mobile
harakatchanlik n mobility
SILJI- v.int move, change place  
siljit- v.t move
QO'ZG'A- v.t arouse, stir up, give rise to, cause Undertaking
    move, shift
qo'zg'al- v.int move, surge, set off
QIMIRLA- v.int move (suddenly), sway, stir  
  Daraxtlar qimirlayapti.
  The trees are swaying.
  Qimirlamay turing!
  Don't move!
qimirlat- v.t move (suddenly), sway, stir; shake
  Qariya faqat boshini qimirlatib qo'ydi.
  The old man only shook his head.
SUR- v.t move, move on, change place; drive out, drive away Processes
  Kitobni oldinga suring!
  Move that book forward!
  U mollarni dalaga suryapti.
  He is driving the cattle to the pastures.
  NX+ni ~+ib qo'y- draw X up to Y, move X on Y
  Kitob shkafini devorga surib qo'y.
  Draw the bookcase up to the wall.
  NX+ni NY+ga yaqinroq sur- move up X to Y
  Nazira meva solingan vazani mehmonga yaqinroq surib qo'ydi.
  Nazira moved up the dish full of fruits to the guest.
suril- v.int be moved, move
  NX+ga yaqinroq suril- move to X
  Men stolga yaqinroq surildim.
  I moved to the table.
  g'ir-g'ir twirling around, all over the place  
SILKIT-
/ SILKI-
v.t shake, shake out  
  Olma daraxtini silkit, olma tushadi.
  Shake the apple tree, the apples will fall down.
  O'rikni silkidim.
  I shook the apricot tree.
  U bosh silkidi.
  He shook his head.
  v.t | NX+ning NY+ini ~ shake X by Y(=body part)
  U uzoq vaqt mening yelkamni silkitdi.
  He was shaking me for a long time by the shoulders.
  v.t | NX+ga NY+ini ~ wave one's Y to X
  U bizga uzoq vaqt qo'lini silkitdi.
  She waved long her hand to us.
silkin- v.int quake, vibrate
TITRA- v.int | NX+dan ~ shake, shiver with X  
  U qattiq sovuqdan titrar edi.
  He shivered with terrible cold.
  Kulgidan qizlar baland titrardi.
  The girls shooked with laughter.
  Bombaning portlashidan yer titrab ketdi.
  The earth shook from the bomb explosion.
titrat- v.t shake, cause to shiver
DIRILLA- v.int shake, tremble, flutter  
LARZA n shaking, trembling  
  NX+ni ~+ga kel- shake, tremble
larzangla- v.int shake, tremble
QALTIRA- v.int | NX+dan ~ shiver with X, tremble from X  
  Sovuqdan qaltirayapman.
  I am shivering with cold.
KO'CH- v.int move, migrate Housing
Evolution
Transfer
Release
Chronology
Language
Cunning
  Ular Berlindan Dresdenga ko'chdilar.
  They have moved from Berlin to Dresden.
  U bu uydan ko'chib ketgan.
  He has moved from this house.
  (boshqa) NX+ga ~ shift to (another) X, switch to X
ko'chir- v.t | NX+ni NY+ga ~ transfer, move, shift X to Y
  Ular Sibiriyaga ko'chirildilar.
  They were transferred to Siberia.
ko'chma adj mobile, on the move
YUR- v.int walk, stroll Bodily Motion
Evolution
Frequency
Forces
Motion with
    move (forward), go (forward)
  Do'stlar Xitoy devori bo'yicha yurdilar.
  The friends went along the Chinese wall.
  Avtomobil yuryapti.
  The car is going.
  Bu yo'ldan yuring!
  Go along this road!
  yurish walk, ride, drive
yurgiz- v.t set in motion, drive
yurgizuvchi n driver, operator
KEZ- v.int wander, roam, stroll  
       
KET- v.int go, leave Entities & Events
Change
Necessity
Entities & Events
  O'g'lim maktabga ketdi.
  My son has gone to school.
  Siz qachon ketasiz?
  When will you go?
  yo'q bo'lib ket- disappear, vanish
  v.int | NY uchun NX ~ need to take/spend X for Y
ketkaz- v.t drive out, chase away, send away
    remove
CHIQ- v.int go out, exit Involvement
Horizontal Motion
Vertical Motion
Entities & Events
Transport
Appraisal
    leave, set out, depart
  Bu uydan chiq!
  Leave this house!
  U ishdan chiqdi.
  He has left work.
  NX+dan NY+ga ~+ib ket- go out of X to Y, leave X and go to Y
JO'NA- v.int | NX+dan ~ depart from X, set out from X Transfer
  Shahardan soat beshda jo'nadim.
  I left the city at five.
    pull out, put out from X
  Poyezd 3-platformadan jo'naydi.
  The train pulls out from the platform number 3.
  Bu paroxod Odessadan qachon jo'naydi?
  When does the steamer put out from Odessa?
  NX+dan ~+b ket- depart, set out from X, leave X
  Biz Berlindan ertalab soat yettida jo'nab ketdik.
  We left Berlin at seven o'clock in the morning.
  jo'nab ketish departure
jo'nat- v.t send, send off
RAVONA ravona bo'l- set off, start out  
  yo'lga tush- set off Roads
ULOQ- v.int move away, go away  
ayril- v.int | NX+dan ~ leave X Processes
Exchange
    get separated from X, lose X
  NX+dan ayrilib ket- leave X
  Kinodan chiqqanimizdan so'ng Hasan bizdan ayrilib ketdi.
  Hasan left us after we came out of the cinema.
AJRA- v.int break up Groupings
Processes
Processes
Exchange
  v.int | NX+dan ~ leave X, separate from X
  U uylanganidan so'ng, ota-onasidan ajrab ketdi.
  After his marriage, he left his parents.
JIL- v.int | NX yonidan ~ move aside from X  
  U xolasining yonidan jildi.
  She moved aside from her aunt.
TASHLA- tashlab ket- leave Undertaking
Release
Exchange
Will
Clothing
  Cho'kayotgan kemani eng oxirgi bo'lib kapitan tashlab ketdi.
  The captain was the last man who left the going down ship.
  NX+ni tashlab chiqib ket- leave X
  Vrach xonani tezda tashlab chiqib ketdi.
  The doctor left quickly the room.
QOL- v.int remain, stay Acceptance & Pardon
Change
Opportunity
Chronology
  Bolalar bilan kim qoladi?
  Who stays with the children?
  Og'rig'ingiz qoldimi?
  Are you still in pain?
  U uyda qoldi.
  He remained at home.
  Yonimda yuz dollar pul qoldi.
  I have 100 dollars left.
  v.int | NX+dan ~ lose X(=opportunity, ability)
qoldir- v.t leave (behind), put aside, abandon
    defer, suspend, postpone
  NX+ni tushirib ~ leave X, put X aside, abandon X, throw X away
qoloq adj backward
qoldiq n rest, what is left
BO'L- v.int | NX+da ~ stay in X Entities & Events
Change
Ability
Evolution
  Delegatsiya bizning shahrimizda uch kun bo'ldi.
  The delegation stayed in our town for three days.
  U uyda bo'lsa kerak.
  Perhaps he is at home.
TO'XTA- v.int stop Evolution
Necessity
  To'xtang, men ham birga boraman.
  Wait, I will go with you.
    wait, stay, stop a while
  Bu yerda to'xtab turing!
  Wait here please!
to'xtat- v.t (cause to) stop, halt, interrupt
  Militsioner yuk mashinasini chorrahada to'xtatdi.
  The militiaman stopped the lorry at a cross-road.
  Biz o'z sayohatimizni to'xtatishimiz kerak edi.
  We had to interrupt our journey.
YO'NAL- v.int | NX+ga ~ advance towards X  
yo'nalish n direction, trend
yo'naltir- v.t guide, steer
yoqala- v.t walk along, go along Distance
TO'G'RI adj straight Truth
Shapes
Honesty
  adv straight away, directly
  to'g'ridan-to'g'ri straight away, directly
  U uyga to'g'ridan-to'g'ri keldi.
  He came straight home.
OQ- v.int flow Release
Politics
  Dunay Qora dengizga oqadi.
  The Danube flows into the Black Sea.
  Suv oqyapti.
  The water is flowing.
  oqib tush- get spilled
oqiz- v.t cause to flow, run; spill, upset
oqim n stream, flow, course
  Suv oqimiga qarab yuring.
  Follow the course of the river.
    current, trend (l/f)
  Zamonning oqimi shunday.
  Such are the times.
TOSH- v.int overflow, spill out Weather
  toshib ket- overflow, spill out
  Daryodan suv toshib ketdi.
  The river overflowed its banks.
  Qozondagi suv toshib ketdi.
  The water boiled over in the pot.
  NX+dan toshib chiq- overflow X, flow out X
  Suv toshqini sababli daryo qirg'oqlaridan toshib chiqdi.
  The river has overflowed its banks because of the flood.
toshqin n flood, flooding, swamping
  n | jo'sh ur- seethe, froth, foam (l/f)  
GIRDOB n whirlpool (l/f)  
ES- v.int blow (wind)  
YEL- v.int blow (wind), twirl around  
HILPIRA- v.int flap, blow (in the wind)  
tashlan- v.t | NX+ga ~ throw o.s. at/into X  
OG'- v.int | NX+ga ~ lean over X, incline to X  
  og'ish deviation
og'ish- v.int | NX+dan ~ deviate from X, diverge from X
og'ishtir- v.t | NX+ni NY+dan ~ deviate X from Y
  NX+dan chetga chiq- deviate from X  
  Qorong'ida biz yo'ldan chetga chiqib ketibmiz.
  In the darkness we have deviated from the way.
yuzlan- v.int | NX+ga ~ turn one's face to X, face X Head
AYLAN- v.int | NX atrofida ~ turn round; revolve round X, rotate Shapes
Change
Tourism
  Yer quyosh atrofida aylanadi.
  The earth revolves round the Sun.
  v.int | NX+ga ~ turn into X, change into X
  aylanib yur- go for a walk, for a stroll
  aylanib kel- go for a walk, for a stroll
aylana n circle
aylantir- v.t turn
aylanma adj circular
BUR- v.t | NX+ni NY+ga ~ turn X to Y Processes
  Aktrisa yuzini tomoshabinlarga burdi.
  The actress turned her face to the audience.
  Otni chapga burdim.
  I turned the horse to the left.
buril- v.int | NX+ga ~ turn to X, be turned, take a turn (to X)
  Yo'l bu yerda tog' orasiga buriladi.
  The way turns here the mountain.
  O'ngga buriling.
  Turn to the right.
bura- v.t twist, screw
burama adj spiral, twist
QAYIR- v.t twist, wring Processes
Shapes
    turn away
qayril- v.int turn
qayrilma n turning, corner
O'GIR- v.t turn  
o'giril- v.int turn around; be twisted
YUMALA- v.int roll Shapes
  Yerda yumalamoq.
  To roll on the ground.
yumalat- v.t roll
yumaloq adj round, circular
DUMALA- v.int roll (head over heels), somersault Shapes
dumalat- v.t roll
dumaloq adj round, circular
TO'NTAR- v.t turn over  
       
BOR- v.int | NX+ga ~ reach X Gatherings
Evolution
  v.int go (and arrive)
  Kecha kinoga bordim.
  I went to the cinema yesterday.
  VX+ib ~ Xing, progressing uninterruptedly
boril- v.int | NX+ga ~ go to X (impersonal)
KEL- v.int come, approach, arrive (here) Evolution
Time
Authority
Will
Copy & Adaptation
Agreement
Participation
Transfer
Business
Circumstance & Causality
  Shaharga kelganimdan so'ng tez orada shu zavodda ishlay boshladim.
  Soon after my arrival in this town I began to work at this plant.
  Katta-kichik hammasi keldi.
  All came, old and young.
  Men o'tgan yili Londonga borib keldim.
  I went to London last year.
  Shahardan soat ikkida qaytib keldim.
  I returned from the city at two.
  NX+ning old+iga ~ come up to X, approach X
  U mening oldimga keldi.
  He came up to me.
  U uy oldiga keldi va eshik yonida to'xtadi.
  She approached the house and stopped at the door.
  NX+ning yon+iga ~ come up to X, approach X
  Ona tezda deraza yoniga keldi.
  The mother quickly came up to the window.
  kelish arrival, coming
kelish- v.int come together
  v.int | NX+ga ~ agree, reach an agreement on X
    be suitable, appropriate to X
keltir- v.t | NX+ni NY+ga ~ let X come to Y
    bring Y X, fetch X for Y
  v.t bring about, cause, provoke
  borish-kelish come and go, round trip Travel
YET- v.int | NX+ga ~ reach X, arrive to X(=location) Quantity
Numbers
Motion with
Results
Informing
Exchange
  Olmaga bo'yim yetmadi.
  I couldn't reach the apple.
  v.int | NX+ga kelib ~ arrive to X (here), arrive in X
  NX+ga ~+ib kel- arrive to X (here), arrive in X
  Delegatsiya Moskvaga yetib keldi.
  The delegation arrived in Moscow.
  Uyga kechasi soat ikkida yetib keldim.
  I arrived home at two in the morning.
  NX+ga ~+ib bor- get to X, reach X
  NX+ning orqa+sidan yetib bor- catch X up, overtake X
  NX+ga yetib ol- catch up with X
  Biz sekin yurar edik, u bizga yetib oldi.
  We walked slowly, and she could catch up with us.
  v.int | NX+ga (NY+ga) ~ be enough, be sufficient for X (for Y), suffice for X (for Y)
  v.int | N(ish)X uchun ~ be enough, be sufficient for X, suffice for X
yetish- v.int | NX+ga ~ attain X, catch up with X
yetkaz- v.t | NX+ni NY+ga ~ transmit, pass on, convey, hand over, deliver, furnish X to Y (l/f)
ULGUR- v.int | NX+ga ~ get to X, reach X in time, be in time for X Results
  Men oxirgi poyezdga ulgurdim.
  I was in time for the last train.
TO'QNASH- v.int | NX+ga ~ run into X, collide with X (l/f) Conflicts
chetla- v.t near the limits, boundaries of Numbers
Opportunity
  chetlab o't- flee; evade, elude
QAYT- v.int | NX+ga ~ return, turn back Will
Evolution
Frequency
Exchange
  qaytib kel- come back
  Uyga qaytib keldim.
  I returned home.
  qaytib ket- go back
  qaytish return
  v.int | NX+dan ~ refrain from X
  v.int decline, fade
qaytar- v.t cause to go back, turn back
    send back, return
    repeat
O'T- v.int pass Time
Results
Learning
Undertaking
Travel
Transfer
Gatherings
  Kema dengizning u tomoniga o'tyapti.
  The ship is passing through that part of the sea.
  v.int | NX+dan ~ pass through X, cross X
  Ko'chadan faqat ko'k chiroq yongandagina o'ting.
  Cross the road only by green light.
  U daryodan o'tdi.
  He crossed the river.
  NX+ning yon+ida ~ pass by X, go past X
  Maktabga ketayotganda biz bolalar bog'chasi yonidan o'tamiz.
  On the way to school we pass by a kindergarten.
  Bolalar o'qituvchi yonidan o'tdilar va u bilan salomlashdilar.
  The children went past the teacher and greeted him.
  o'tib ket- pass, cross
  o'tib kel- pass, cross
  kesib o't- cross
  o'tish joyi passage
o'tkaz- v.t pass, transmit
  v.t | NX+ni NY+dan ~ make X pass through Y
  o'tkazib qo'y- make / let pass
  o'tkazib yubor- make / let pass
KECH- v.int | NX+dan ~ cross X, step on X, tread on X Acceptance & Pardon
Exchange
Life
    forgive X
    give up X, abandon X
  NX+dan kechib o't- cross X, pass through X
  Suvdan kechib o'tdim.
  I crossed the water.
kechir- v.t | N(gani)X+ni ~ go through, experience
kechik n passage
KIR- v.int | NX+ga ~ enter X, come into X, go into X Life
Organizations
Normality
Visits & Greetings
Release
Whole & Parts
Buildings
Undertaking
Evolution
  Ota o'z o'g'li bilan oshxonaga kirdi.
  The father came into the dining-room with his son.
  Kiring!
  Come in!
  U sinfga kirdi.
  He entered the classroom.
    come, begin
  Qish kirdi.
  Winter came.
  v.int | NX+ga ~ reach X, enter in X(=age)
    enter X, join X(=organization)
kirish n entrance, entry
kirish- v.int enter together
kirgiz- v.t bring in, lead into, draw into, introduce
kirit- v.t | NX+ni NY+ga ~ let enter X into Y, bring in X; enter X in Y
  O'qituvchi baholarni jurnalga kiritdi.
  The teacher entered the marks in the class register.
CHIQ- v.int go out, exit Involvement
Motion
Vertical Motion
Entities & Events
Transport
Appraisal
Life
Processes
Firms
Buildings
  U eshikka chiqdi.
  He went out into the yard.
    leave, set out, depart
    come out, appear, emerge
  v.int | NX+ga ~ go up, rise, climb up, ascend X
  NX+dan NY+ga ~+ib ket- go out of X to Y, leave X and go to Y
  NX+dan NY+ga ~+ib kel- go out of X to Y, leave X and go to Y
  To'satdan u qorong'ilikdan men tomonga chiqib keldi.
  Suddenly he went out of the darkness.
chiqish n exit, way out
chiqar- v.t take out, get out, emit, exhale
  v.t | NX+ni NY+dan ~ take out, pull out, put out X from Y
  chiqarib ol- take out, extract
       
CHIQ- v.int go out, exit Involvement
Motion
Horizontal Motion
Entities & Events
Transport
Appraisal
  v.int | NX+ga ~ go up, rise, climb up, ascend X
  Turistlar minoraga chiqishdi.
  The tourists climbed the tower.
  Toqqa chiqdi.
  He went up the hill.
    get into X, get on X(=vehicle)
  balandga chiq- climb up
  yuqoriga chiq- climb up
  Yuqoriga chiqing!
  Go upstairs!
OSH- v.int | NX+dan ~ go over X, climb over X Quantity
  Devordan oshib o'tdim.
  I climbed over the wall.
ko'taril- v.int rise, ascend (l/f) Quantity
Prehension
Conflicts
  v.int | NX+ga ~ go upward to X, climb X
  Alpinistlar Pomirning eng baland tog'iga ko'tarildilar.
  The mountaineers climbed the highest mountain of Pamir.
  v.int | NX+dan ~ get up from X
  U stuldan sekin ko'tarildi.
  He got up slowly from the chair.
YUKSAL- v.int rise, ascend (l/f) Quantity
Spirit
  Uning harorati yuksalyapti.
  His temperature is rising.
  Xalq xo'jaligi yuksalyapti.
  The national economy is improving.
  yuksalish elevation, development
yuksaltir- v.t raise (l/f)
TUSH- v.int go down, descend Transport
Evolution
Fortune
Release
    fall, drop
  Olma yerga tushdi.
  The apple fell to the ground.
  U suvga tushdi.
  He fell in the water.
  tushib ket- go down
  tushib kel- come down
  v.int | NX+dan ~ come down X
  U zinapoyadan sekin-asta tusha boshladi.
  She came slowly down the steps.
    get off X(=vehicle)
  NX+dan tushib ket- slip out of X
  Tarelka uning qo'lidan tushib ketdi.
  The plate has slipped out of her hands.
  v.int | NX+ga ~ get in X, board X, take X(=vehicle)
    land on X
  Turistlar orolga tushishdi.
  The tourists landed on an island.
  NX+ga ~(+ib qol-) fall in/on/into X(=bad situation)
tushir- v.t cause to descend, (cause to) drop
    let down, put down, lay down
  tushirib qo'y- let fall down
  tushirib yubor- let fall down
QO'N- v.int | NX+ga ~ alight on X (birds), land at X (planes) Travel
  Aeroportga Moskvadan kelgan samolyot qo'ndi.
  The plane from Moscow landed at the airport.
  Qush daraxtga qo'nib turibdi.
  The bird is perching in the tree.
YIQIL- v.int fall down, tumble down  
    collapse, be defeated
  Uy yiqildi.
  The house collapsed.
  v.int | NX+dan ~ fall from X
  Qizcha velosipeddan yiqilib tushdi.
  The girl fell from the bicycle.
    be thrown down by X
  U otdan yiqildi.
  He was thrown by the horse.
  NX+dan ~+ib tush- fall from X, fall down, fall over
  Yiqilib tushdim.
  I fell down.
YIQIT- v.t throw down, cause to fall down
  Bu daraxtni yiqiting!
  Pull this tree down!
    topple, defeat
QULA- v.int fall, collapse  
qoqil- v.int | NX+ga ~ stumble over X Processes
  U toshga qoqilib ketdi.
  She has stumbled over a stone.
       
TUR- v.int stand Evolution
Frequency
Location
Housing
Character
Money
  Xosiyat deraza yonida turibdi.
  Khasiyat is standing near the window.
    stay, stop, be (swh), stay (at)
    dwell, settle down, live (swh), stay (at)
  v.int | NX+dan ~ stand up, get up, rise from X
  Milliy gimni yangraganida hamma o'z o'rnidan turdi.
  When the national anthem began to resound, all people stood up from their seats.
  O'qituvchi sinfga kirganda hamma o'quvchilar o'z joylaridan turdilar.
  When the teacher came into the class, all the students rose to their feet.
turg'iz- v.t lift, make rise
O'TIR- v.int sit, sit down Transport
Frequency
Gatherings
  Har bir o'quvchi o'zining odatdagi joyida o'tirishi kerak.
  Each pupil has to sit at his usual desk.
  O'z yeringda o'tir!
  Sit down at your place!
o'tirish n party, social gathering, meeting
o'tirish- v.int sit together
O'TQAZ-
/ O'TQIZ-
v.t let sit down
  n | chordana qur- sit cross-legged  
  tiz cho'k- kneel (down) Body & Members
tizzala- v.int be kneeling
ENGASH- v.int bend forward, stoop  
engashtir- v.t | NX+ni NY+ga ~ lean, bend X on Y
  U boshini mening yelkamga engashtirdi.
  She leaned her head on my shoulder.
YOT- v.int lie, lie down Housing
Evolution
Shapes
Processes
  U so'risida yotibdi.
  He is lying in bed.
  U so'risiga yotdi.
  He went to bed.
    settle down, stay (for some nights)
yotqiz- v.t lay down
    lay out, spread out
yotiq adj horizontal; leaning to one side, fallen
CHALQANCHA adv on one's back  
  chalqanchasiga on one's back
       
YUR- v.int walk, stroll Motion
Evolution
Frequency
Forces
Motion with
  Bola yuryapti.
  The child is walking.
     
     
PIYODA adv on foot Transport
  Bu yerga piyoda keldim.
  I came here on foot.
  piyoda yur- go on foot
YAYOV adv on foot Transport
QADAM n step, pace  
  Mening qadamim unikiga qaraganda uzunroq.
  My stride is longer than his.
  qadam bos- step forward
  qadam qo'y- step forward
ODIM n step, pace, stride  
odimla- v.int step forward
MARSH n march  
  marsh qil- march
  Bolalar qo'shiqlar aytib oromgohga marsh qilib ketdilar.
  The children marched singing to the camp.
BOS- v.t press, push down, push Processes
Prints
Anxiety
Peace
Criminality
Victory & Defeat
Prehension
Exchange
Processes
    tread on, run over
  U yerda yotgan kitobimni ko'rmasdan bosib oldi.
  He trod on my book which was on the ground, without seeing it.
  Uni arava bosdi.
  A cart ran over him.
  olg'a bos- step forward, march forward
     
     
  oyoq ost+i underfoot  
  NX+ni oyoq osti qil- tread on X
  Bir qalamni oyoq osti qildi.
  He trod on a pencil.
YUGUR- v.int run Sport
  U bola tez yuguryapti.
  That child is running fast.
  NX+ning old+iga ~+ib kel- run up to X
  Bolalar o'z o'qituvchilari oldiga yugurib keldilar.
  The children ran up to their teacher.
  Yigitcha keksa kishining oldiga yugurib keldi.
  The youth has run up to the old man.
  NX+ning old+iga ~+ib ket- run up to X
  Bola onasining oldiga yugurib ketdi.
  The child run to his mother.
  yugurish running, race
yugurtir- v.t make run, make run around
CHOP- v.int gallop, run  
  Chopib keling!
  Come quickly!
chopqir adj swift, fleet-footed
SAKRA- v.int jump, leap  
  NX+dan sakrab o't- jump over X
  Ariqdan sakrab o'tdim.
  I jumped over the ditch.
  NX+dan sakrab tush- jump off from X
  Har kim yurib turgan tramvaydan sakrab tushishi mumkin emas.
  Nobody may jump off from the tram on the way.
  sakrash jump, leap
IRG'I- v.int jump, throw o.s.  
HATLA- v.int jump  
  NX+dan hatlab o't- jump over X
SAPCHI- v.int throw o.s., leap forward; skip  
TIRMASH- v.int | NX+ga ~ climb X, clamber up X  
  tirmashib chiq- climb up X
O'RMALA- v.int crawl, slither  
  NX+ga ~+b chiq- climb up X
  Maymun daraxtga o'rmalab chiqdi.
  The monkey climbed up a tree.
SIRG'AN- v.int slip, slide down  
  sirg'anib ket- slip, slide down
TOY- v.int slip  
  toyib ket- slip
SUZ- v.int swim Transport
  Daryoning u tomoniga suzib o'tdim.
  I swam across to the far side of the river.
    sail, navigate
  suzib yur- swim
  suzish swimming
suzuvchi n swimmer
SHO'NG'I- v.int dive  
UCH- v.int fly Vehicles
  U uchib keldi.
  He came by air.
  uchish flight
  NX+dan ~+ib ket- fly away, take off from X
  Yarim tunda biz Toshkentdan uchib ketdik.
  Late at night we took off from Tashkent.
  U qush uchib ketdi.
  That bird flew away.
uchir- v.t let fly, launch
uchqich n (aero)plane
PARVOZ n flight  
  parvoz qil- fly
HAYDA- v.t drive (vehicle) Transport
Occupations
    drive ahead, drive away, expel
  Bola g'ozlarni daryo tomonga haydadi.
  The boy was driving the gooses to the river.
  Podachi mollarni dalaga haydayapti.
  The cowherd is driving the cattle to the fields.
    plough
  Dehqonlar paxta yerlarini haydayaptilar.
  The peasants are ploughing the cotton fields.
haydovchi n driver
       
  yo'l(ni) ko'rsat- show the way  
  yo'l(ni) ko'rsatib bor- guide
KUZAT- v.t see off, accompany, send off Invitation
Reflection
Vision
  U onasini vokzalga kuzatib bordi.
  He accompanied his mother to the railway station.
  kuzatib qo'y- see off, accompany, send off
  Do'stimni kuzatib qo'ydim.
  I saw my friend off.
kuzatil- v.int be accompanied
UZAT- NX+ni NY+ga ~+ib yubor- accompany, send off, see off Transfer
Exchange
Processes
Invitation
Spouses & In-laws
  Men do'stimni uyiga uzatdim.
  I accompanied my friend to his house.
uzatil- v.int be accompanied
     
ERGASH- v.int | NX+ga ~ follow X Evolution
ergashuvchi n follower
  NX+ning ket+idan bor- follow X  
  Mehmonlar agronomning ketidan bordilar.
  The visitors followed the agronomist.
  Men sizning ketingizdan boraman.
  I'll follow you.
  NX+ning orqa+sidan bor- follow X Evolution
IZ n track, trace, footprint, spoor Processes
Evolution
  NX+ning ~+idan bor- follow X
  NX+ning ~+iga tush- follow the tracks of X, pursue X
  Ahmad uning iziga tushdi.
  Ahmad is following him.
YUR- NX+ning ket+idan ~+ib bor- go after X Motion
Bodily Motion
Evolution
Frequency
Forces
  Biz velosipedchining ketidan tez yurib bordik.
  We went quickly after the cyclist.
     
     
QUV- v.t follow, chase Fighting
  quvib yet- catch up
  quvib o'tib ket- overtake, pass
quvla- v.t chase, pursue
  Bo'rini quvladik.
  We chased the wolf.
  O'g'rini tutish uchun uning orqasidan quvladim.
  I pursued the thief in order to catch him.
  quvlab yet- overtake, pass
O'Z- v.int | NX+dan ~ overtake X  
  NX+dan ~+ib ket- overtake X, get ahead of X
YET- NX+ga ~+ib bor- catch X up, overtake X Quantity
Horizontal Motion
Numbers
  Arqasidan yetib bordim.
  I caught him up.
QOCH- v.int | N(ish)X+dan ~ flee X, run away from X Opportunity
Fighting
  Ular qochdilar.
  They fled.
  NX+dan ~+ib ket- escape X, evade X
       
OL- v.t take Ability
Prehension
Exchange
Toilet
Media
Interest
Undertaking
Circumstance & Causality
  v.t | NX+ni NY+dan ~ receive
  Men hozirgina opamdan xat oldim.
  I have just received a letter from my sister.
  v.t | NX+ni NY orqali ol- take in X by Y
  Men bu jurnalni pochta orqali olaman.
  I take in this magazine by post.
  NX+ni olib bor- take X, take X away, take X to
  Bu kitobni olib boring!
  Take this book away!
  NX+ni NY+ga olib kel- bring, bring back X to Y, fetch X for Y
  U menga lug'at olib keldi.
  He brought me a dictionary.
  Bu kitobni sizga olib keldim.
  I brought this book for you.
  NX+ni o'z+i bilan o'lib kel- bring X along
  Keyingi safar kelganingda, akangni o'zing bilan birga olib kel.
  When you come the next time, bring your brother along.
  NX+ga o'z+i bilan NY+ni o'lib kel- take Y along to X
  Maktabga o'zing bilan lug'at olib kel.
  Take a dictionary along with you to the school.
  NX+ni olib ket- take X, take X away
boshla- NX+ga ~+b bor- take, take to X Evolution
keltir- v.t | NX+ni NY+ga ~ bring Y X, fetch X for Y Horizontal Motion
Business
Circumstance & Causality
  Men g'isht teruvchiga g'ishtlarni keltirib turdim.
  I have brought bricks to the bricklayer.
  Molning bosh bog'ini keltiring.
  Fetch the cow's halter.
TASHI- v.t | NX+ni NY+ga ~ carry, transport, bring X to Y Release
  Dehqonlar donni omborlarga tashimoqdalar.
  The peasants are bringing the corn to the barns.
  U suv tashiyapti.
  He is carrying water.
    transfer, move across
  Yuk tashiyapman.
  I am transferring the luggage.
  tashib keltir- carry, bring
  tashib ket- carry away
tashil- v.int be carried, transported, transfered
ELT- v.t carry, take, contain  
ko'chir- v.t | NX+ni NY+ga ~ transfer, move, shift X to Y Motion
Release
Chronology
Language
Cunning
  Ular Sibiriyaga ko'chirildilar.
  They were transferred to Siberia.
  v.t copy (writing)
ko'chiruvchilik n transportation, deportation
UZAT- v.t | NX+ni NY+ga ~ pass, hand over, give X to Y Exchange
Processes
Invitation
Motion with
Spouses & In-laws
  U narvonda turardi, xotini esa unga asbobni uzatardi.
  He was standing on the ladder, and his wife was handing him the instrument.
     
     
o'tkaz- v.t pass, transmit Horizontal Motion
Gatherings
Time
Undertaking
     
     
     
YUBOR- v.t | NX+ni NY+ga ~ send X to Y Undertaking
  Biz o'z o'qituvchimizga tabrik telegrammasini yubordik.
  We sent a telegram of congratulation to our teacher.
  Ona o'g'lini gastronomga yubordi.
  The mother sent her son to a grocery.
  Men xatlarni sizga qaysi adresga yuborishim kerak?
  Where do I have to address the letters to you?
jo'nat- v.t send, send off Motion
  Sen bu xatni bugunoq jo'natishing kerak.
  You must send off this letter today.

Forces and Effects

KUCH n strength, power,force Ability
  Bu uyni olishga kuchim yetmaydi.
  I am not in a position to buy this house.
  Bu yukni ko'tarishga kuchim yetmaydi.
  I haven't the strength to lift this case.
  NX+ga kuch+i yet- be in one's power to X
kuchli adj strong, powerful
kuchlilik n strength
kuchsiz adj weak, powerless
kuchsizlik n weakness
kuchsizlan- v.int | N(ish)X+dan ~ weaken, get weaker, feeble of X
  Odamlar uzoq yugurishdan butunlay kuchsizlangan edilar.
  The people were weakened because of a long running.
kuchsizlantir- v.t weaken
kuchay- v.int gain strength
kuchaytir- v.t strengthen, intensify
kuchan- v.int strain
  kuchanish tension, strain, stress
QUVVAT n power, strength  
  U xastaxonadan chiqqanidan beri quvvatga kirib qoldi.
  Since leaving the hospital he has gained strength.
quvvatli adj powerful, strong
baquvvat adj strong, robust
quvvatsiz adj powerless, weak
bequvvat adj powerless, weak
kamquvvat adj weak, not very powerful
quvvatla- v.t strengthen
  kuch-quvvat power, strength  
  NX+ni kuch-quvvatdan qoldir- weaken X
  Xastalik uni juda kuch-quvvatdan qoldirdi.
  The illness has greatly weakened him.
QUDRAT n power, might  
qudratli adj powerful, mighty
ZO'R n force, might, strength Difficulty
  adj forceful, strong, intense, weighty
  Ahmad Hoshimdan zo'r chiqdi.
  Ahmad proved to be stronger than Hashim.
  Zo'r pahlavon.
  A strong athlete.
zo'ray- v.int strengthen, intensify
ZAIF adj weak, feeble (l/f)  
zaiflik n weakness, feebleness
zaiflash- v.int get weaker, more feeble
nimjon adj weak, feeble Life
ENERGIYA n energy  
VATT meas watt  
KILOVATT meas kilowatt
bosil- v.int be pressed, covered, oppressed Processes
Peace
bosim n pressure
QATTIQ adj solid, firm Properties
Whole & Parts
    hard (l/f)
    strong, intense
  Unga qarshi qattiq harakat qilish kerak.
  Firm action must be taken against him.
  Uning bilan qattiq aloqasi bor.
  He is in close contact with him.
qattiqla- v.t intensify
SHIDDAT n intensity, fierceness Whole & Parts
  Shiddat bilan ishlang!
  Work intensively!
shiddatli adj intense, fierce
keskin adj tense, sharp, fierce (l/f) Fortune
keskinlik n sharpness, tension (l/f)
REAKSIYA n reaction  
MUVOZANAT n balance, equilibrium  
SUYA- v.t prop up, support Solicitude
  NY+ni NX+ga suyab qo'y- lean Y on/against X
suyan- v.int | NX+ga ~ lean on/against X (l/f); rely on X
  U daraxtga suyandi.
  He leaned against a tree.
suyanch n support (of action)
  ko'tarib tur- prop up, support  
TAYA- v.t | NX+ni NY+ga ~ lean X on/against Y Utilization
Solicitude
tayan- v.int | NX+ga ~ lean on/against X
  Bemor yurganida hassaga tayanishi kerak.
  The sick man must lean by walking on a stick.
  U hassasiga tuyanib turyapti.
  He is standing leaning on his stick.
    rely on X, rest on X
tayanch n support (of action)
TIRA- v.t prop up, support  
  Bu toklarni tirash kerak.
  These vines must be supported.
  NX+ni NY+ga tirab qo'y- lean X on/against Y
  Biz narvonni devorga tirab qo'ydik.
  We leaned the ladder against the wall.
TIRGOVUCH n prop, support, stake
ishla- v.int function, work Action
Work
Trade
Production
  ishlab tur- (keep) function(ing), work(ing)
     
     
YUR- v.int function, work Motion
Bodily Motion
Evolution
Frequency
Motion with
  yurib tur- (keep) function(ing), work(ing)
     
     
     

Processes

TUT- v.t hold, keep (l/f) Preservation
Location
    catch, seize, grab, grasp
  O'g'rini tutish kerak.
  The thief must be caught.
    touch, use, move
    occupy (place, location)
    hold to, carry through
  Qattiq siyosat tutish kerak.
  A firm policy must be carried through.
  tutib ol- catch, take
  Bizning mushugimiz sichqonni tutib oldi.
  Our cat has caught a mouse.
  Bola koptokni yaxshi tutib oladi.
  The boy catches the ball well.
  tutib tur- hold, keep
tutil- v.int be caught, be held
USHLA- v.t | NX+ni NY+dan ~ hold, seize, grasp, take X by Y Medicine
Necessity
  U meni qo'limdan ushladi.
  She took me by the hand.
  Qo'lidan ushlang!
  Hold him by the hand!
  v.t | NX+ni NY bilan ~ hold on with Y to X
  Qo'llaringiz bilan zinapoya panjarasini ushlang.
  Hold on with the hands to the rails.
  NX+ni (NY+dan) ~+b ol- catch, grab, grip, seize X (by Y), hold on to X
  U meni qo'limdan ushlab oldi.
  She gripped my arm.
  Ehtiyot bo'l! Meni ushlab ol.
  Be careful! Hold on to me.
  NX+ning NY+idan ~+b tort- pull X by Y
  Qiz dugonasining yengidan ushlab tortdi.
  The girl pulled her friend by the sleeve.
  ushlab tur- hold, sustain, support
ushlan- v.int hold (up), be seized
  ushlanib tut- hold
ILIN- v.int get caught  
OL- v.t take Ability
Transfer
Exchange
Toilet
Media
Interest
  Bu kitobni oling!
  Take this book!
    obtain, get, acquire
  qo'lga ol- seize, grab
olin- v.int | NX+dan ~ be taken, obtained, extracted from X
  Shakar qand davlagidan olinadi.
  Sugar is extracted from sugar-beet.
oldir- v.t | NY+ga NX+ni ~ cause Y to take / get X
BOS- bosib ol- grab, seize, capture, conquer Bodily Motion
Processes
Prints
Anxiety
Peace
Criminality
Victory & Defeat
Exchange
Processes
  Mening pulimni bosib oldi.
  He grabbed my money.
     
     
     
     
     
     
TER- v.t pick up, pick, collect  
  Dalada dehqonlar paxta terardilar.
  The peasants were picking up cotton in the fields.
  U non ushog'ini teryapti.
  She is picking up the crumbs.
  terib ol- pick up
teril- v.int be picked up
terim n picking, gathering
UZ- v.t pick (and break the stem), tear off Social Life
Processes
  Tramvayda mening paltomdagi tugmani uzib yuborishdi.
  In the tram I have been teared off a button from my coat.
  U olma uzyapti.
  He is picking apples.
KO'TAR- v.t lift, raise, pick up Character
Organizations
Quantity
Vertical Motion
Conflicts
Shapes
  Maktabda bolalar, agar ular bir narsa demoqchi bo'lsalar, qo'llarini ko'taradilar.
  In the school, the children raise their hands when they want to say something
  Bu yukni ko'taring!
  Pick up this luggage!
  Qopni yelkamga ko'tardim.
  I lifted the sack on to my shoulder.
    bear, endure, stand
  ko'tarib yur- bear, carry
ko'taril- v.int rise, ascend (l/f)
ko'tarma adj rising, steep
yukla- v.t | NX+ni NY+ga ~ load, ship X on to Y; overload Y with X Appliances
Participation
  Paxtalarni avtomobilga yuklash kerak.
  The cotton must be loaded on to the lorry.
  v.t | N(ish)X+ni NY+ga ~ entrust Y with X
yuklan- v.int | NX+ga ~ be loaded on to X; be overloaded with X
ORT- v.t | NX+ni NY+ga ~ load X on Y, load Y with X  
  Ishchilar mebelni yuk mashinasiga ortmoqdalar.
  The workers are loading the furniture on the lorry.
  Ikkita dehqon aravaga pichan ortmoqda edi.
  Two peasants were loading the cart with hay.
       
ko'chir- v.t | NX+ni NY+ga ~ transfer, move, shift X to Y Motion
Transfer
Chronology
Language
Cunning
  Ular Sibiriyaga ko'chirildilar.
  They were transferred to Siberia.
     
     
TASHI- v.t | NX+ni NY+ga ~ carry, transport, bring X to Y Transfer
  Dehqonlar donni omborlarga tashimoqdalar.
  The peasants are bringing the corn to the barns.
  U suv tashiyapti.
  He is carrying water.
tashil- v.int be carried, transported, transfered
TASHLA- v.t throw, throw away Undertaking
Exchange
Will
Clothing
Motion
  Bola unga koptokni tashladi.
  The boy threw the ball to her.
  U qalamini tashladi.
  He threw away his pen.
    abandon, cast aside
  olib tashla- remove
  NX+ga ~ throw o.s. at/into X
OT- v.t throw, cast, fling Military
  Bu toshni ot!
  Throw this stone!
  v.int | NX+ga ~ fire (weapon) at X, shoot X
otil- v.int be thrown, be cast
uloqtir- v.t throw, cast  
irg'it- v.t throw off, cast off  
QO'Y- v.t put, set Exchange
Exchange
Undertaking
Appliances
  Qopni yerga qo'ying.
  Put the sack on the ground.
    put forward, give
  NX+ni NY+ga ~ lay X on Y, put X into Y
  U o'z qo'lini mening yelkamga qo'ydi.
  He laid his hand on my shoulder.
  Ayol pirogni duxovkaning ichiga qo'ydi.
  The woman put the pie into the oven.
  NX+ni NY+dan olib qo'y- put down, set down, lay down, take down, take off X from Y
  U suratni devordan olib qo'ydi.
  He took down the picture from the wall.
  Kirlarni arqondan olib qo'ying.
  Take off the washing from the cloth-line.
  qo'yib yubor- drop
SOL- v.t | NX+ni NY+ga ~ put, place, fix X into Y, lay X on Y  
  Oynachi derazaga oyna solmoqda.
  The glass-cutter is fixing the glass into the window.
  Olmalarni savatga soling!
  Put the apples in the basket please!
joyla- v.t | NX+ni NY+ga ~ place, install, pack X into Y Location
  U narsalarini chamadonga joyladi.
  He packed his things into a trunk.
joylashtir- v.t | NX+ni NY+ga ~ find a place for X in Y, put X in Y
  joylashtirib qo'y- install, place
o'rnashtir- v.t | NX+ni NY+ga ~ find a place for X in Y, put X in Y Location
tushir- v.t cause to descend, (cause to) drop Vertical Motion
Transport
    let down, put down, lay down
  NX+ni NY+dan tushir- unload X from Y
  Ular yuk mashinasidan yashiklarni tushirardilar.
  They were unloading the cases from a lorry.
  qo'lga tushir- catch
QUY- v.t | NX+ni NY+ga ~ pour X into Y, pour out  
  Ayol piyolaga sut quydi.
  The woman poured the milk into a cup
  Qozonga suv quyyapti.
  She is pouring water into the saucepan.
    pour X for Y
  U mehmonlarga choy quyib berdi.
  She poured tea for the guests.
  Hamshira bemorga dori quyyapti.
  The nurse is pouring medicine to the patient.
TO'K- v.t pour out; empty Vital Functions
  Suv to'kyapman.
  I am pouring some water.
  v.t | NX+ni NY+ga ~ spill X on Y
  U kofeni dasturxon ustiga to'kdi.
  He spilled coffee on the table-cloth.
  to'kib yubor- shed
to'kil- v.int spill, get spilled
  Urushda kon ko'p to'kiladi.
  Much blood is shed in war.
OQ- oqib tush- get spilled Motion
SING-
/ SINGI-
v.int be absorbed, soaked up Vital Functions
Knowledge
    be digested, assimilated (l/f)
  ~+ib ket- be absorbed, soaked up
  Suv qumga singib ketdi.
  The water soaked away into the sand.
singdir- v.t absorb, soak up
SHIM- v.t absorb, soak up  
AG'DAR- v.t turn over, upset  
ag'darma adj inside out, upside down
OS- v.t | NX+ni NY+ga ~ hang (up) X on Y, suspend X on Y  
  Kecha biz derazaga yangi parda osdik.
  Yesterday we hung the new curtains on the window.
  To'ningizni bu yerga osing.
  Hang your coat over here.
  NX+ni NY+ga osib qo'y- hang (up) X on Y
  To'nni mixga osib qo'ying.
  Hang the coat on the nail.
osil- v.int | NX+ga ~ hang (up) on X
  U dorga osildi.
  He was hanged.
  NX+ga osilib tur- hang (up) on X
osma adj hanging, suspended
osig'lik adj hanging, suspended
IL- v.t | NX+ni NY+ga ~ hang (up) X on Y  
  NX+ni NY+ga ilib qo'y- hang (up) X on Y
BOT- v.int | NX+ga ~ sink in X, go down Purity & Humidity
  Avto loyga botib qoldi.
  The car sank in the mud.
botir- v.t | NX+ni NY+ga ~ sink X into Y, soak X in Y
CHO'K- v.int | NX+ga ~ sink in X Feelings
  U suvga cho'kyapti.
  He is sinking in the water.
  v.int kneel down, squat down
  U tiz cho'kdi.
  He knelt down.
  NX+ga ~+ib ket- be deep in X, be lost in X(=thoughts)
cho'ktir-
/ cho'kir-
v.t drown
    lower
kirgiz- v.t bring in, lead into, draw into, introduce Horizontal Motion
Whole & Parts
     
       
chiqar- v.t | NX+ni NY+dan ~ take out, pull out, put out X from Y Horizontal Motion
Life
Firms
  Narsalarni jomadondan chiqarmang.
  Don't pull out the things from the trunk.
  chiqarib ol- take out, extract
chiqaril- v.int be taken out, be extracted
OCH- NX+ni NY+ni ochib ol- take X out of Y Processes
Reflection
Undertaking
Vital Functions
  U narsalarni ryukzakni ochib oldi.
  She took her things out of the rucksack.
     
TORT- v.t pull, drag Emotions
Processes
Numbers
Density
Tools & Furnitures
  U ipni tortyapti.
  She is pulling the thread.
    attract, draw (l/f)
  tortib ol- extract, take out
  tortib chiqar- pull out, draw out
  Uni chuqurdan tortib chiqardim.
  I pulled him out of the pit.
tortma n drawer
SUG'UR- v.t extract, pull out, draw out  
YUL- v.t pull out, pull up; tear out  
  NX+ni NY+dan ~ snatch X out of Y
  Opasi xatni ukasining qo'lidan yulib oldi.
  The sister snatched the letter out of her brother's hands.
SUDRA- v.t drag  
sudral- v.int be dragged, drag o.s.
ITAR- v.t push  
  Avtomobilni itaring!
  Push the car!
  Uni itarib yubordim.
  I gave him a push.
    push away, repel
TURT- v.t nudge, give a push, shove, jog  
  U meni tirsagi bilan turtdi.
  She joged me with the elbow.
turtki n push, impulse, impetus
PAYPASLA-
/ PIYPASLA-
v.t grope, feel  
TEG- v.int | NX+ga ~ touch X, come into contact with X Results
Possession
  Hech narsaga tegmang!
  Don't touch anything!
  Bu kitoblarga tegmang!
  Don't touch these books!
    hit X, hit (and wound X)
  Unga o'q tegdi.
  He was hit by an arrow.
  NX+ga ~+may qol- miss X
  v.int | NY+ga NX ~ (Y) receive X, (Y) get X
tegiz-
/ tekkiz-
v.t | NY+ga NX+ni ~ let X touch Y, allow X to touch Y
  NX+ga qo'l tekkiz- touch X
  Qiz vazaga astagina qo'lini tekkizdi.
  The girl touched the vase.
UR- v.t beat, strike Fighting
  Ahmad Toshmatni urdi.
  Ahmad beat Tashmat.
  Bizning askarlar dushman askarlarini urdilar.
  Our soldiers have struck at the enemy.
    hit, knock
uril- v.int | NX+ga ~ bump into X, bang o.s, strike against X
  U yashikning chekkasiga urilib ketdi.
  He struck against the edge of a case.
TEP- v.t kick  
  v.int beat
tepkila- v.t kick out, give a beating
ZARB
/ ZARBA
n blow, strike Fighting
  Portlagan bombalarning zarbasidan yerlar larzanglab ketdi.
  The earth trembled with the shock of exploding bombs.
  NX+ga ~ ber- strike a blow at X
  Dushmanga zarba berdik.
  We struck a blow at the enemy.
  zarba ye- be struck (a blow)
TAQILLA- v.int be knocked (smoothly)  
taqillat- v.t knock (smoothly), beat against
  Yomg'ir tomni taqillatardi.
  The rain was beating against the roof.
  Kimdir eshikni sekin taqillatdi.
  Somebody knocked gently at the door.
SHARAQ n rattle  
sharaqla- v.t rattle
SAVA- v.t beat, lash, scutch  
savala- v.t beat, whip
QOQ- v.t knock (door), beat (drum), pat Vertical Motion
  U eshikni qoqyapti.
  He is knocking at the door.
    hammer, drive in
    shake off, shake out, flap
  U o'rik qoqyapti.
  He is shaking down the apricots.
  U qush qanot qoqyapti.
  That bird is flapping its wing.
  qoqib kirgiz- drive in
  NX+ni NY+ga ~+ib qo'y- hammer X in Y
  U mixni devorga qiyshiq qoqib qo'ydi.
  He has hammered a nail in the wall.
qoqil- v.int be knocked, beaten, shaken
QADA- v.t | NX+ni NY+ga ~ knock X, hammer X into Y Fabrics & Sewing
  U devorga mix qadayapti.
  He is knocking a nail into the wall.
    press X to Y, press X against Y
  Uni devorga qadadim.
  I pressed him to the wall.
    sew X(=button) on Y
  To'nimga tugma qadab bering.
  Please sew a button on my coat.
SHAPALOQ n slap (in the face)  
  shapaloq ur- struck a slap in the face
  Uni bir shapaloq urdim.
  I struck him in the face.
  shapaloq ye- get a slap in the face
CHAPAK n clapping, applause Appraisal
  (NX+ni) ~ chal- clap, applaud (to X)
  Tomoshabinlar yosh sozandani chapak chalib olqishladilar.
  The public applauded to the young musician.
BOS- v.t press, push down, push Bodily Motion
Prints
Anxiety
Peace
Criminality
Victory & Defeat
Prehension
Exchange
Processes
Forces
  Knopkani sekin bosing.
  Push carefully the button.
    print
    pile up, stack
  Aravaga o'tni bosmoq.
  Stack firewood on to a cart.
    tread on, run over
    cover, spread over
  Badanini sovuq ter bosdi.
  Cold water spread over his body.
  Yo'llarni qor bosdi.
  Snow covered the roads.
    oppress, overcome
    calm down, quiet down
  bosib tashla- crush, flatten
  NX NY+ni ~+ib ket- (Y) be overgrown with X
  Ko'lning qirg'oqlarini qalin o't bosib ketgan.
  The bank of the lake was overgrown with grass.
bosil- v.int be pressed, covered, oppressed
bosim n pressure
IZ n track, trace, footprint, spoor Motion with
Evolution
  Bu temir yo'lning izi.
  This is railway track.
EZ- v.t crush, squeeze Conflicts
  Bu toshni ezing!
  Crush this stone!
  Olmani ezing!
  Squeeze the apple!
    oppress, repress
  NX+ni ~+ib NY+ni chiqar- squeeze Y from X
  U limonni ezib suvini chiqardi.
  She squeered juice from a lemon.
ezil- v.int be crushed, be squeezed
QIS- v.t press, pinch, squeeze  
qisil- v.int be pressed, be squeezed
SIQ- v.t squeeze, grip tightly, wring out  
  U oramizdan siqib chiqarildi.
  He was forced out of our midst.
JIPS ad close(ly), tight(ly) Distance
jipsla- v.t squeeze, grip tightly
jipslash- v.int squeeze up, merge
OLG'IR adj grasping, gripping  
CHAQ- v.t crack Vital Functions
QIRSILLA- v.int crackle, crunch  
bura- v.t twist, screw Motion
Shapes
  U qo'limni buradi.
  He twisted my arm.
    wind up
  U soatini buradi.
  He wound up his watch.
bural- v.int get twisted
burma n fold
QAYIR- v.t twist, wring Motion
TAX n fold  
taxla- v.t fold
G'IJIM adj crumpled, creased  
g'ijimla- v.t crumple, crease
EG- v.t bend, bow Shapes
Properties
  Mexanik simni bir oz egdi.
  The mechanician has slightly bent the wire.
  Past eshikdan chiqish uchun, boshini egdi.
  He bent his head to go through the low door.
egil- v.int bend, bow
  egilmaydigan rigid, stiff
egiluvchan adj flexible, pliable
EGRI adj bent, crooked
  egri-bugri crooked, twisted Shapes
BUK- v.t bend; fold Properties
bukil- v.int bend, be folded
bukiluvchan adj supple, pliable
bukla- v.t fold
bukim n fold
ESH- v.t twist (thread)  
UZAT- NX+ni NY+ga ~+ib yubor- pass X to Y, hand X to Y Transfer
Exchange
Invitation
Motion with
Spouses & In-laws
  Iltimos, menga tuzni uzatib yuboring!
  Please hand me the salt.
  O'sha qalamni menga uzatib yuboring!
  Pass me that pencil please!
INTIL- v.int | NX+ga ~ reach out for X, stretch for X Undertaking
Will
  Kitobni olish uchun intildim.
  I stretched forward to take the book.
  Olmaga intildim.
  I reached out for the apple.
CHO'Z- v.t stretch out, draw out Chronology
Speach
Properties
  U qo'lini cho'zdi.
  He stretched out his hand.
    stretch, prolong
  v.t | NX+ni (NY+ga) ~ prolong, extend, delay X (for Y)
cho'zil- v.int stretch, stretch out
cho'ziluvchan adj elastic
cho'ziq adj stretched out, elongated
TARANG adj tight, taut  
BO'SH adj weak, without substance; loose Properties
  Maktabda o'qituv ishlari bo'sh.
  The teaching in the school is weak.
bo'shash- v.int soften, lose strength
bo'shashtir- v.t soften
bo'shat- v.t relax, slacken, loosen
  bo'shatib yubor- slacken, loosen
SHISH- v.int swell  
  shishib ket- swell
  Molning qorni shishib ketdi.
  The cow's belly has swollen.
shishir- v.t swell
BO'RT- v.int swell  
  bo'rtib ket- swell
bo'rttir- v.t swell
yotqiz- v.t lay down Immobility
    lay out, spread out
YOY- v.t spread out, spread (l/f) Informing
  Mustaqil davlatlar o'z hamkorliklarini fanning yangi sohalariga yoymoqdalar.
  The independent countries spread their collaboration to new fields of science.
  Bu fikrni keng yoyish kerak.
  This idea must be spread widely.
  Paxtalarni quritish uchun yoyib qo'ydik.
  We spread the cotton out to dry.
    hang out (laundry)
  U kir yoyyapti.
  She is hanging out the washing.
yoyil- v.int be spread out, be spread
yoyiq adj spread, strewed
YOZ- v.t spread, spread out, lay  
  NX+ni yozib qo'y- unfold
  Ofitser general oldiga kartani yozib qo'ydi.
  The officer unfolded the map before the general.
SURKA- v.t rub, wipe, smear  
    polish
  U eshikni surkayapti.
  She is polishing the door.
  v.t | NX+ni NY+ga ~ spread X on Y, smear X on Y
  U yog'ni nonga surkayapti.
  She is spreading butter on bread.
  U yuziga upa surkadi.
  She powdered her face.
SURT- v.t | NX+ni NY+ga ~ spread, smear X on Y; wipe, polish Y with X, rub X in Y  
  Nonga moy surtib.
  Spread butter on bread.
  Aravaning g'ildiragiga moy surtdim.
  I have wiped the wheels of the cart with oil.
  NX+ni NY+ga surtib singdir- rub X in Y
  Ayol yuziga krem surtib singdirmoqda.
  The woman is rubbing cream in her face.
SUR- v.t move, move on, change place; drive out, drive away Motion
  NX+ni NY ust+iga ~ spread X on Y, smear X on Y
  Oyi, iltimos, bir burda non ustiga yog' surib bering.
  Mum, please spread butter on a piece of bread.
ISHQALA- v.t rub  
ishqalan- v.int rub o.s.
QASHLA- v.t scratch  
qashlan- v.int scratch (o.s.)
QAYRA- v.t grind, sharpen  
  Chol pichoqni qayramoqda.
  The old man is grinding the knife.
o'tkirla- v.t sharpen Properties
uchla- v.t sharpen Shapes
SANCH- v.t stab, prick  
sanchil- v.int get stabbed, get pricked
TESH- v.t drill, make hole  
teshil- v.int get a hole
teshik n hole, opening
  Qopning teshigi.
  Hole in a sack.
KAVAK n hole, cavity, crack  
KAVLA- v.t dig, stir
CHUQUR n pit, hole Size
  chuqur qazi- dig a hole, a pit
  chuqur kavla- dig a hole, a pit
chuqurlik n pit
O'Y- v.t dig deeper, drill, engrave  
o'yma n carving, engraving
QAZI- v.t dig, excavate  
  Kim birovga chuqur qazisa, bu chuqurga o'zi yiqiladi.
  Who digs a hole for others is going to fall into it.
  U yer qaziyapti.
  He is digging.
  qazib chiqar- extract, eject
KO'M- v.t bury, plant Funerals
    bury (corpse)
    cover
ko'mil- v.int be buried, covered
       
SIN- v.int break, be fractured Finance
  Mening qalamim sinib qoldi.
  My pencil has broken.
sindir- v.t break, fracture, shatter
  Qizcha hozirgina piyolani sindirdi.
  The girl has just broken a cup.
  Bolalar oynani koptok bilan sindirdilar.
  The boys broke the window with a ball.
  U chap oyog'ini sindirdi.
  He broke his left leg.
siniq adj broken, shattered
  n fragment
siniqlik n fragment
BUZ- v.t break, destroy, demolish, ruin Destruction
Criminality
Emotions
Morality
  Bu eski uyni buzaman.
  I will demolish the old house.
    spoil, corrupt
    upset
  buzib qo'y- spoil, break, demolish
  Radioga tegma, buzib qo'yasan!
  Don't touch the radio, you'll break it!
buzil- v.int be broken, destroyed, ruined, out of order
    be spoilt, corrupted
buzuq adj broken, spoilt, out of order
    unprincipled, dissolute, licentious
parchala- v.t split, break up, crumble Whole & Parts
parchalan- v.int split, disintegrate
burdala- v.t break up, tear to pieces Whole & Parts
BOS- bosib qol- collapse, crumble, fall Bodily Motion
Processes
Prints
Anxiety
Peace
Criminality
Victory & Defeat
Prehension
Exchange
  Uy bosib qoldi.
  The house collapsed.
     
     
     
     
     
     
USHAT- v.t break off, break into pieces Money
  Menga bir burda non ushatib bering.
  Break me off a piece of bread.
  Nonni ushating!
  Break the bread into pieces please!
    change (small money)
  NX+ni NY qilib ~ break X in Y
  U shokoladni ikki bo'lak qilib ushatib qo'ydi.
  She broke the chocolate in two pieces.
AJRA- v.int break up Groupings
Motion
Processes
Exchange
Spouses & In-laws
Identity & Difference
Identity & Difference
Reflection
ajral- v.int divide, split, break up
  Palyon ikkiga ajralib ketdi.
  The log split in two.
  v.int | NX+dan ~ get separated from X, lose X
  v.int | NX bilan ~ separate from X, divorce X
  ajralmas inseparable
ajrat- v.t divide, split
    dispatch
  v.t | NX+ni NY+ga ~ break up X into Y
  Bu so'zni bo'ginlarga ajrating.
  Break up this word into syllables.
  NX+ni NY+dan ajratib tur- separate X from Y
  Daryo dalani o'rmondan ajratib turadi.
  The river separates the field from the forest.
KES- v.t cut, chop, cut down  
  Daraxtni kesing!
  Cut the tree down!
    cut off, cut out
  Daraxtning shohini kesing!
  Cut the branches off the tree!
  kesib ol- cut (o.s)
  Men barmog'imni kesib oldim.
  I have cut my finger.
  Gazetadagi suratni kesib oldim.
  I cut the picture out of the paper.
  kesib qo'y- cut
  Ona nonushtaga go'sht kesib qo'ydi.
  The mother has cut the meat for breakfast.
kesil- v.int be cut, get cut down
kesim n slice
QIY- v.t cut out, cut (into)  
  Kichkinagina qizcha otkritkani qaychi bilan qiydi.
  The small girl has cut the postcard with scissors.
  Paqir qo'limni qiydi.
  The bucket has cut into my hand.
  U gazlama qiyyapti.
  She is cutting the cloth.
TIL- v.t cut (lengthways), slice  
tilin- v.int be cut, sliced
tilim n slice
TO'G'RA- v.t shred, chop finely, cut  
ARCHI- v.t peel, skin  
QIR- v.t grate, scrape Toilet
  U oshqovoqni qiryapti.
  She is grating the pumpkin.
    shave
  U soqolini qiryapti.
  He is shaving.
QIRQ- v.t cut off, chop
  U o'tni qirqyapti.
  He is chopping firewood.
    shear
  U qo'ylarning junini qirqyapti.
  He is shearing sheep.
  v.t | NX+ni NY+ga ~ cut X to Y
  U qog'ozini kichik bo'laklarga qirqib bo'ldi.
  He cut the paper to small pieces.
  qirqib ol- cut off, shear
QIRTISHLA- v.t scrape clean  
CHOP- v.t chop  
  U go'sht chopyapti.
  He is chopping up the meat.
UZ- v.t cut off, break off, snap off (l/f) Social Life
Prehension
Evolution
  U o'zining yomon do'stlari bilan o'z munosabatlarini uzdi.
  He has broken his relations with his bad friends.
  U gapni uzdi.
  He closed the conversation.
  U odam bilan aloqani uzdim.
  I broke off contact with that man.
    pick (and break the stem), tear off
uzil- v.int cut, break, snap
  Ip uzilib ketdi.
  The thread broke.
UZLUKSIZ ad continuous(ly), uninterrupted(ly)
YOR- v.t split, cut open Fighting
  Men o'tni yormoqchiman.
  I want to split the logs.
  yorib o't- break through
yoril- v.int crack, explode
YAPROQ n, meas slice, round Botanics
Stationary
     
YIRT- v.t tear, tear up, tear off, rip  
  U alamidan xatni mayda-mayda qilib yirtdi.
  Out of malice he teared the letter to small pieces.
  U qog'ozni yirtdi.
  He tore up the paper.
  yirtib qo'y- tear, tear up, tear off, rip
  Kuchuk bolaning ishtonini yirtib qo'ydi.
  The dog teared the bo's trousers.
yirtil- v.int get torn
yirtiq adj torn, torn up
YANCH- v.t pound  
    thresh
TUY- v.t pound  
PUFLA- v.t blow  
  puflab o'chir- blow out
  U chiroqni puflab o'chirdi.
  She blew out the lamp.
  NX+ni NY+dan ~+b tashla- blow X off from Y
  U stol ustidan changni puflab tashladi.
  He blew the dust off from the table.
PORTLA- v.int explode Military
  Bombalar portladilar.
  The bombs exploded.
  portlash explosion
portlat- v.t explode, blow out
portlovchi adj explosive
  portlovchi moddalar explosive
TORT- v.t grind Processes
Emotions
Numbers
Density
     
     
     
maydala- v.t break to bits, grind  
       
OCH- v.t open Reflection
Undertaking
Vital Functions
Processes
Trade
Weather
Honesty
  Eshikni ochdi.
  He opened the door.
    uncover, discover, disclose, unveil
  ochib qo'y- open
  ochib yubor- uncover, disclose
ochil- v.int open, open out, be open
ochiq adj open
  Eshik ochiq.
  The door is open.
  adv openly, clearly, frankly
YOP- v.t close, shut Reflection
Trade
Processes
  Eshikni yoping!
  Shut the door!
  Og'ingni yop!
  Shut up!
    cover up, hide
  NX+ni ~+ib qo'y- close X, shut X
  Sovuq bo'lyapti, derazani yopib qo'ying.
  It's getting cold, close the window.
yopil- v.int close, be closed, be shut
yopish- v.int | NX+ga ~ stick to X, adhere to X
yopiq adj closed, shut
yopiqliq
/ yopiqli
adj closed, shut, covered
YUM- v.t shut, close (eyes, mouth) Vital Functions
BERK adj closed, shut  
QAMA- v.t shut up; surround, encircle Justice Enforcement
  Dushman askarlarini qamab oldik.
  We surrounded the enemy soldiers.
BEKIL- v.int be shut, be locked Reflection
BEKIT- v.t shut, lock
  Eshikni bekiting!
  Shut the door!
  v.t | NX+ni NY+dan ~ hide X from Y, keep X from Y
  bekitib qo'y- lock
  Qorovul ish kuni tugagach, darvozani bekitib qo'ydi.
  The watchman locked the gate after the working day.
    block (up), fill
  Ota barcha tirqishlarni sement bilan bekitib qo'ydi.
  The father has filled all the holes with cement.
TO'S- v.t bar, block  
to'siq n barrier, obstacle
  NX+ga ~ bo'l- hinder X, create an obstacle to X
  U ishimizga to'siq bo'ladi.
  He is hindering our work.
  to'siq qo'y- put obstacle in the way
BO'G'- v.t tie up, dam up, block Vital Functions
G'OV n fence, barrier, obstacle  
  Bog'ning atrofiga g'ov quryapmiz.
  We are putting a fence round the garden.
  Bu g'ovni buzing!
  Break this fence down!
  g'ov bo'l- create an obstacle
  Yo'limga g'ov bo'lmang!
  Don't put obstacles in my way.
  g'ov sol- put up a fence / barrier
QOP n, meas sack, bag Appliances
qopla- v.t | NX+ni NY bilan ~ cover, overlay X with Y
  Ishchilar polning ustini linoleum bilan qopladilar.
  The workers overlayed the floor with linoleum.
qopla- v.t put in sacks
qoplan- v.int | NX bilan ~ be covered with X
  Osmon bulut bilan qoplangan edi.
  The sky was covered with clouds.
  Yerning usti qor bilan qoplanadi.
  The ground is covered with snow.
  NX+ni NY bilan pana qil- shelter; cover X with Y Urbanism
  Qiz yuzini ikki qo'li bilan pana qildi.
  The girl covered her face with both hands.
O'RA- v.t wrap up, roll up Distance
    spin, weave
  O'rgimchak uyasi o'rayapti.
  The spider is spinning his web.
  v.t | NX+ni NY+ga ~ wind X on Y
  Bu iplarning hammasini bu naychaga o'rash kerak.
  All this thread must be wound on the shuttle.
  NX bilan ~+b ol- surround, encircle with X
  o'rab tur- surround, encircle
o'ral- v.int | NX+ga ~ be wrapped with X
    wind on X
BOG' n, meas bundle, bunch Tools & Furnitures
Identity & Difference
Medicine
bog'la- v.t tie, bind; fasten
  Menga galstukni bog'lab bering.
  Tie me the neck-tie.
  Otni bog'lab qo'y!
  Tether the horse!
  NX+ni NY+ga bog'lab qo'y- tie, bind, tether X to Y
  Qizcha echkini ustunga bog'lab qo'ydi.
  The girl tethered the goat to a pole.
  Bolaning boshini bog'la!
  Bandage up the child's head!
bog'lan- v.int | NX bilan ~ be tied, be bound together, be associated with X
  Uning ismi urushga qarshi kurash bilan chambarchas bog'langan.
  His name is associated with the fight against the war.
  bog'lanish relation, link
ULA- v.t | (bir-biriga) NX+ni ~ join, tie together, connect  
ulan- v.int be joined, be tied, be connected
TUG- v.t knot, tie Tools & Furnitures
Appliances
tugil- v.int get knotted, tied
TUGUN n knot
YECH- v.t untie, undo Clothing
Reflection
  Men tugunni yechishga muvaffaq bo'ldim.
  I succeeded in undoing a knot.
  U tugunni yechdi.
  He untied the knot.
    take off (clothes)
    resolve (problems)
CHOK n seam, joint Fabrics & Sewing
  chok et- tear, tear off
TIQ- v.t stick, block Tools
tiqil- v.int get stuck, get blocked
yopish- v.int | NX+ga ~ stick to X, adhere to X Processes
  Nam qum botinkalarga yopishib qoladi.
  The wet sand adheres to the shoes.
  G'ildiraklarga loy yopishib qoldi.
  Mud stuck to the wheels.
yopishtir- v.t | NX+ni NY+ga ~ stick X to Y, on Y
  Men konvertga marka yopishtirdim.
  I stuck a stamp on an envelope.
  Devorga qog'oz yopishtirilmasin!
  Stick no posters!
yopishqoq adj sticky
yopishqoqlik n stickiness
YELIM n glue, gum Liquids
yelimla- v.t stick, glue
  yelimlab qo'y- stick
YUQ- v.int stick, stain Health
yuqtir- v.t soil, dirty
BO'L- v.t separate Groupings
Whole & Parts
Exchange
  v.t | NX+ni numY+ga ~ divide X in Y
  NX+ni NY+ga bo'lib ber- distribute X to Y, share X among Y
bo'lin- v.int | NX+ga ~ be separated; be divided, subdivided into X
  O'zbekiston Qoraqalpog'iston Respublikasi va o'n ikkita viloyatga bo'lingan.
  Uzbekistan is subdivided into Republic of Karakalpakistan and twelve regions.
AYIR- v.t | NX+ni NY+dan ~ remove, take away X from Y, separate X from Y Groupings
Motion
Exchange
  Men molimni ayiraman.
  I will remove my belongings.
  O'glingizni bizdan ayirmang.
  Do not take your son away from us.
ayril- v.int | NX+dan ~ leave X
AJRA- v.int break up Groupings
Motion
Processes
Exchange
Identity & Difference
Reflection
  v.int | NX+dan ~ leave X, separate from X
  U uylanganidan so'ng, ota-onasidan ajrab ketdi.
  After his marriage, he left his parents.
    get separated from X, lose X
ajrat- v.t | NX+ni NY+dan ~ isolate, separate X from Y
TARQA-
/ TARQAL-
v.int disperse, scatter Exchange
  Majlisdan keyin uyimizga tarqalib ketdik.
  After the meeting we dispersed to our homes.
tarqat- v.t disperse, scatter, spread, spread out
  Radio va televideniye bu xabarni bugun tarqatdi.
  Radio and television have spread this news today.
  v.t | NX+ni NY+ga ~ distribute X to Y, hand X among Y
tarqalash- v.int disperse, scatter
tarqoq adj scattered
TARAL-
/ TARA-
v.int disperse, scatter Exchange
tarash- v.int disperse, scatter
tarat- v.t scatter, disperse, spread out
  v.t | NX+ni NY+ga ~ distribute X to Y
SOCH- v.t scatter, sprinkle, spread, send out Agriculture
sochil- v.int be scattered, sprinkled, spread, sent out
SEP- v.t spray, splash  
  Bu yerga suv sep!
  Spray some water over here!
    scatter
  Tovuqlarga don sep!
  Scatter some corn for the chickens!
  v.t | NX+ni NY ust+iga ~ powder Y with X
  Mening opam pirog ustiga shakar sepdi.
  My sister has powdered the cake with sugar.
sepil- v.int be sprayed, splashed
    be scattered