Life and Humans

Vital Functions

YASHA- v.int live, live (swh) Housing
Business
  Men bu mamlakatda besh yil yashadim.
  I lived in this country for five years.
  v.int | NX+ga ~ live on X
  yashash life, existence
HAYOT n life (lived), livelihood Social Life
    life (existence)
  adj alive
hayotiy adj of life
hayotiylik n vitality
  hayot-mamot (matter of) life and death  
  Ular hayot-mamot uchun kurashmoqdalar.
  They are fighting to the death.
UMR n life-span, life  
  Umringiz uzoq bo'lsin!
  May you live long!
  Umringizda hech bir qiyinchilik ko'rganmisiz?
  Have you experienced any difficulties in your life?
  umr kechir- live (an amount of time)
  umr sur- live (an amount of time)
umrli adj of all one's life
kechir- v.t | N(gani)X+ni ~ go through, experience Acceptance & Pardon
Horizontal Motion
Social Life
  NX+ni boshdan kechir- go through X, experience X, endure X
  Bu odam og'ir kasallikni boshdan kechirdi.
  This man has had a painful illness.
  Ko'p qiyinchiklarni boshdan kechirdim.
  I have been through main difficulties.
  kun kechir- live, get along
TURMUSH n life (lived), livelihood Social Life
Spouses & In-laws
  Turmushim yomon emas.
  I am not doing badly.
TIRIK adj alive, living Social Life
tirikchilik n livelihood
TIRIL- v.int revive
tiriltir- v.t revive
JON n life, soul, spirit Spirit
Persons
Love
Will
Forces
  Jonini saqlamoq.
  To save one's soul.
jonli adj alive, living, vivid, full of vitality
jonsiz adj lifeless, spiritless
jonlan- v.int liven up, come to life, revive
jonlantir- v.t liven up, revive
nimjon adj weak, feeble
JONIVOR n creature
       
GEN n gene  
GENETIK adj genetic
ZOT n genus, race, lineage  
zotdor adj purebred
IRQ n race  
irqiy adj racial
JINS n sex, gender  
    species, race
  Bu jinsdagi hayvonlar quruqlikda yashaydi.
  Animals of this species live on dry land.
  erkak jinsi masculine gender
  xotin jinsi feminine gender
jinsiy adj sexual
  jinsiy aloqa sex
  jinsiy aloqalar sexual relations
  NX bilan jinsiy aloqa qil- have sex with X
  jinsiy aloqaga kir- have sex
  jinsiy a'zolar genitals
NASL n pedigree, race Family
Society
Descendants
  Bu molning nasli yaxshi.
  This cow has good pedigree.
naslli adj of fine breed
naslsiz adj sterile
  oy ko'r- menstruate  
  qon ko'r- menstruate
TUXUM n egg Food
  tuxum qil- lay egg(s)
URUG' n seed Family
Botanics
    eggs; spermatozoon
urug'don n testicle
BACHADON n womb, uterus  
PUSHT n embryo  
    generation
HOMILA n foetus  
homilador adj pregnant
homiladorlik n pregnancy
  bola tashla- abort  
TUG'- v.t give birth to, bear (children) Gatherings
  Bu ayol unga uchta bolani tug'ib berdi.
  That woman has borne him three children.
  Bu sig'ir tug'yapti.
  This cox is giving birth.
  O'g'il tug'moq.
  To give birth to a child.
tug'il- v.int be born
  tug'ilish birth
  tug'ilgan kun(+i) birthday
tug'ma adj innate, hereditary, inborn
  Uning kasali tug'madir.
  His illness is hereditary.
  dunyoga kel- come to the world  
  olamga kel- come to the world
  bola ko'r- get child(ren)  
  Men ikkita bola ko'rdim.
  I have two children.
bolala- v.int have youngs (of animals)  
O'S- v.int grow Quantity
Botanics
  Bu daraxtlar o'syapti.
  These trees are growing.
    grow out
  Qizimizga yangi ko'ylaklar kerak, u o'sib, bo'yi cho'zildi.
  Our daughter needs new dresses, she has grown out already of her dresses.
    rise, go up, ascend, increase
  o'sish growth
o'stir- v.t make grow
    increase
UN- v.int grow  
ULG'AY- v.int grow, grow up  
chiqar- v.t start to (of young children) Horizontal Motion
Processes
Firms
  oyoq chiqar- begin to walk
  til chiqar- start to talk
BOLA n child Descendants
Children
Clothing
  Bu bola onasining emchagini so'raypti.
  The baby is sucking his mother's breast.
  U bola seni chaqiryapti.
  That child is calling you.
    young (of animals)
  Itning bolasiga ovqat bering!
  Give some food to the puppy!
YOSH adj young Children
  U mendan yosh.
  He is younger than I.
  n age
  numX ~+da (bo'l-) be X years old
  U necha yoshda?
  How old is he?
  ~+i numX+da be X years old
  numX ~+ga kir- get X years old, enter in X (age)
  numX ~+ga to'l- get X years old (pass)
yoshlik n youth
yoshli adj | numX ~ aged X
  katta yoshli aged
yoshar- v.int feel / look younger
yoshart- v.t make look younger
CHALA adj unfinished, incomplete Value
    immature, premature
KATTA adj grown up Descendants
Size
Men & Women
Organizations
     
     
     
  bo'yga yetkan grown up Size
YASHNA- v.int flourish, bloom, be in one's prime (l/f)  
  yashnash blooming
VOYA n maturity, coming of age  
  voyaga yet- come of age
QARI adj old, aged Men & Women
  Qari onam bor.
  I have an aged mother.
qarilik n old age
QARI- v.int grow old
  qarib qol- grew old
KEKSA n, adj old, elderly; old, elderly man / person Men & Women
keksalik n old age
KIR- v.int | NX+ga ~ reach X, enter in X(=age) Horizontal Motion
Organizations
Normality
Visits & Greetings
  U aqlga kirdi.
  He has reached the age of reason.
  U oltmishga kirdi.
  He is 60 years old.
O'L- v.int | NX+dan ~ die from X Criminality
  U kecha o'ldi.
  He died yesterday.
o'lmas adj immortal
o'ldir- v.t kill, murder
  o'z o'z+ini o'ldir- commit suicide
o'ldiril- v.int get killed
o'lim n death
o'lik n corpse, dead body
    deceased
  Ular o'likni ko'myaptilar.
  They are burying the dead man.
  adj dead (l/f)
    lifeless, spiritless
VAFOT n death, decease  
  NX+dan vafot et-/qil- die of X, pass away
  Uning buvisi og'ir xastalikdan vafot etdi.
  His grandmother died of a painful illness.
AJAL n death, final hour  
  dunyodan o't- pass away  
  olamdan o't- pass away
MARHUM n, adj deceased, late  
HALOK halok bo'l- die, perish Entities & Events
  halok qil-/et- kill
halokat n accident, disaster, wreck
SO'Y- v.t slaughter  
CHIRI- v.int rot, decay, putrefy  
  Chirigan olmani yeb bo'lmas.
  One must not eat rotten apples.
chirit- v.t rot, decay, putrefy
chirik adj rotten, decayed, putrefied
SASI- v.int get rotten, get putrid Smell & Taste
  sasib qol- get rotten, get putrid
       
OCH adj hungry, starving  
  qorn+i och be hungry
  Uning qorni ochdi.
  He is hungry.
  och qoringa with an empty stomach
ochlik n hunger
ochiq- v.int get hungry
  U ochiqdi.
  He is hungry.
ISHTAHA n appetite  
  Uning ishtahasi yo'q.
  He has no appetite.
  ishtaha+si yo'qot- lose one's appetite
ishtahasiz ad without appetite
OCH- v.t whet, stimulate (appetite) Processes
Reflection
Undertaking
Processes
  Harakat ishtaha ochadi.
  Motion stimulates the appetite.
     
TO'Q adj full, replete Density
Wealth
Light & Colors
  Qornim to'q.
  I have had my fill.
    prosperous
  adj | NX bilan ~ satisfied with X, replete with X
  Men vegetarian ovqatlari bilan to'qman.
  I am satisfied with vegetarian dishes.
  qorn+i to'q have had one's fill
  Qornim to'q.
  I'm full up.
to'qlik n satiety
TO'Y- v.int have one's fill, be replete (l/f)  
  Qornim to'ydi.
  I have had my fill.
  to'yib ket- get full
  to'yguncha one's fill
  to'ymas insatiable
  qorn+i to'y- eat one's fill
  to'yib ovqat ye- eat one's fill
to'yg'az- v.t feed till replete
CHANQA- v.int get thirsty  
  U chanqadi.
  He is thirsty.
  chanqab ket- get, be thirsty
chanqoq adj thirsty
  chanqoqni bos- quench one's thirst
chanqoqlik n thirst
TASHNA adj | NX+ga ~ thirsty for X  
tashnalik n | NX+ga ~ thirst for X
suvsa- v.int get thirsty  
suvsira- v.int be thirsty
CHO'LLA- v.int get thirsty  
YE- v.t eat Food
Fortune
Agriculture
  U yong'oq yeyapti.
  He is eating nuts.
    suffer, endure (blow, attack)
yegiz- v.t force to / make eat
yem n fodder, food (for animals)
BOQ- v.t feed, pasture Vision
Attention
Undertaking
  Qizcha tovuqlarni boqdi.
  The girl fed the hens.
  Men mol boqaman.
  I will feed the cattle.
tishla- v.t bite, bite off Head
  It bolani tishladi.
  The dog bit the child.
  U non tishladi.
  He bit off a piece of bread.
QOP- v.t bite  
KEMIR- v.t gnaw  
G'AJI- v.t gnaw  
CHAYNA- v.t chew, masticate  
EM- v.t suck  
emiz- v.t cause to suck, breast-feed
SO'R- v.t suck  
YUT- v.t swallow  
  Cho'milish vaqtida u ko'p suv yutib yubordi.
  During bathing he has swallowed much water.
yutum n mouthful
HO'PLA- v.t swallow  
    gulp down, gobble up
  ho'plab-ho'plab ich- take little sips
ho'plam n gulp, sip
QULTUM n sip, gulp Food
ICH- v.t | NX+ni (NY+dan) ~ drink X (from Y) Food
  Bola limonadni butilkaning o'zidan ichmoqda edi.
  The boy was drinking the limonad direct from the bottle.
  U araq ichib mast bo'ldi.
  He got drunk on vodka.
ichir- v.t make drink
ichimli adj drinkable
SUG'OR- v.t water, irrigate Purity & Humidity
Water & Air
Agriculture
  Dehqon paxta maydonlarini sug'ormoqda.
  The farm-worker is irrigating the cotton fields.
    give water to
  U molni sug'oryapti.
  He is giving water to the cattle.
  NX+ga suv qo'y- water X
  Men gullarga suv qo'yishim kerak.
  I must water the flowers.
TUPUK n spit, spittle  
TUPLA- v.int spit
TUPUR- v.int spit
  U yerga tupurdi.
  He spat on the ground.
SO'LAK
/ SO'LAKAY
n saliva  
HAZM n digestion  
  hazm qil- digest
SING-
/ SINGI-
v.int be digested, assimilated (l/f) Release
Knowledge
  Yegan ovqati singmadi.
  His food disagreed with him.
  ~+ib ket- be digested, assimilated (l/f)
singdir- v.t digest, assimilate
SIY- v.int urinate, micurate  
siydik n urine
BO'Q n excrement, manure  
DAM n breath, rest, break Vital Functions
  Damim chiqmay qoldi.
  I could not breathe.
  dam chiqar- breathe
NAFAS n breath  
  U nafasini rostladi.
  He took a rest.
  nafas ol- breathe in, take a breathe
  Men toza havoda nafas olishni yaxshi ko'raman.
  I like to breathe the fresh air.
  nafas chiqar- breathe
OVOZ n voice Sound
Organizations
Speach
  Nomzodlar ovozga qo'yildi.
  The candidates were put up for election.
  ovoz(+ini) chiqar- sound, make noise, (be) aloud
SADO n voice, sound, echo Sound
TOVUSH n sound, voice Sound
  Ba'zi bir so'zlar unli tovushdan iboratdir.
  Some words consist of vowels.
  tovush chiqar- enunciate, (be) aloud
  U tovush chiqarib o'qiyapti.
  He is reading aloud.
UN n sound, voice Sound
  Nega un chiqarmay o'tiribsiz?
  Why are you sitting without a sound?
  Uning unini eshitdi.
  I heard his voice.
BALAND ad loud (voice) Whole & Parts
Position
Size
Sound
     
     
     
QICHQIR- v.int shout, call  
    crow
qichqiriq n shout, call
CHINQIR- v.int howl, yell, scream  
chinqiriq n shriek
BAQIR- v.int shout (loudly), yell, scream  
baqiriq n shout, yell, roar
baqiroq adj noisy, yelling
O'KIR- v.int howl Emotions
    cry loudly
FARYOD n shout, wailing  
UVLA- v.int howl, wail  
HUR- v.int bark, howl  
HUSHTAK n whistle  
  U mashhur kuyni hushtak bilan chaldi.
  He whistled a popular tune.
  hushtak chal- whistle
  Yigitcha itga hushtak chaldi.
  The boy whistled to the dog.
SHOVQIN n noise, clamour, shout Sound
  shovqin sol- make noise
  shovqin qil- make noise
  Bolalar shovqin qilyaptilar.
  The children are making noise.
shovqinli n noisy, uproarious
shovqinla- v.int be noisy, be in an uproar
SURON n loud noise, clamor Sound
  shovqin-suron big noise, din; hubbub, uproar Sound
SAYRA- v.int sing (of birds)  
YUM- v.t shut, close (eyes, mouth) Processes
TO'K- v.t shed Release
  U ko'z yoshi to'kdi.
  She shed tears.
  ko'z yoshi to'k- shed tears
  qon to'k- blood
  ter to'k- sweat
BO'ZAR- v.int grow pale Emotions
YOSH n tear(s)  
  Onangiz ko'p ko'z yoshi to'qdi.
  Your mother wept bitterly.
  ko'z yoshi tear(s)
YIG'LA- v.int weep, cry, sob Emotions
TER n sweat, perspiration  
terla- v.int sweat, perspire
  terlab ket- sweat
SOVQOT- v.int get cold, freeze, freeze over Temperature
  Qishda qo'llarim sovqotadi.
  My hands freeze in winter.
  Qo'lim sovqotdi.
  My hands are frozen.
  sovqotib ket- get, be cold
shamolla- v.int catch a cold Health
    cool off
salqinla- v.int freshen o.s (up), refresh o.s. Temperature
ISI- v.int get warm Temperature
  isib ket- get, be hot
  Kunlar isib ketdi.
  The weather has turned warm.
isin- v.int warm o.s. (up)
CHAQ- NX+ni ~+ib ol- sting, bite (of insects) Processes
  Asalari uning yuzini chaqib oldi.
  A bee stinged him on the cheek.
NAYZA n sting (of insects) Military
BO'G'- v.t choke, strangle Processes
bo'g'iq adj caught in one's throat (voice, ...)
bo'g'izla- v.t cut the throat of
       
CHARCHA- v.int | N(ish)X+dan ~ get, be tired of X, get weary, exhausted  
  Siz safardan charchadingizmi?
  Are you tired of the trip?
  U yurishdan charchadi.
  She is tired of walking.
  Men buni takrorlashdan charchamayman.
  I am not tired to repeat it.
  Men og'ir yuk ko'tarishdan tez charchayman.
  I get quickly tired of heavy burden.
  charchab ket- get, be tired
  charchagan tired, weary
charchat- v.t tire, make tired
charchoq n tiredness, weariness
  charchoqdan yiqil- be deadtired
TOLIQ- v.int grow tired  
HORI- v.int get tired, weary, exhausted  
  Men horidim.
  I am tired.
  horigan tired, weary
horiganlik n weariness, tiredness
HORDIQ n fatigue
  hordiq chiqar- rest
HORG'IN adj tired, weary (appearance)
ESNA- v.int yawn  
DAM n breath, rest, break Leasure
Vital Functions
  Damim chiqmay qoldi.
  I could not breathe.
  NX+ga ~ ber- give X a rest
  Ho'kizlarga dam bering!
  Give the oxen a rest!
  dam ol- take a breath, have a rest
  dam olish holiday, vacation, leave
OROM n rest; peace, quietness Character
  orom ol- have a rest
ROHAT n comfort, peace, rest Leasure
Emotions
  Rohatimni buzmang!
  Don't spoil my rest!
ISTIROHAT n rest, holiday
  istirohat qil- rest
FAROG'AT n rest, relaxation, peace, quietness  
  farog'at qil- rest, relax
tinim n rest, relaxation, quietness Evolution
tinimsiz adv without respite, continuously, incessantly
TANAFFUS n break, interval  
  Teatrda tanaffus boshlandi.
  The interval has started in the theatre.
  tanaffus qil- to have a break, break off
  Talabalar tanaffus qilyaptilar.
  The students are having a break.
UYQU n sleep, sleepiness  
  U bolani uyqu bosdi.
  This child is overcome with sleep.
  uyqu+si kel- get sleepy
  uyquga ket- go to sleep, fall asleep
  uyqu+si qoch- can not sleep
  uyqu+si o't- can not sleep
uyqusiz ad without sleep
uyqusizlik n insomnia
uyqusira- v.int feel sleepy
UXLA- v.int sleep, go to bed  
  U uxlayapti.
  He is sleeping.
  uxlab qol- fall asleep; oversleep
  Karim uxlab qolib nonushta qilolmadi.
  Karim has overslept the breakfast.
uxlamaslik n wakefulness
uxlat- v.t send to sleep
  o'rn+iga yot- go to bed  
  o'rn+iga yotqiz- put to bed
XURRAK n snore, snoring  
  xurrak ot- snore
  xurrak tort- snore
UYG'OQ adj awake, alert  
uyg'oqlik n wakefulness
UYG'ON- v.int | NX+dan ~ wake up with X
  U otilgan o'q ovozidan uyg'ondi.
  He awoke up with a shot.
  O'g'lingiz uyg'ondi.
  Your son has woken up.
  Uyqumdan sachrab uyg'ondim.
  I woke up with a start.
  uyg'onish awakening (l/f)
UYG'OT- v.t wake (up), awake
  Ona o'zining kichik o'g'lini uyg'otdi.
  The mother awoke her small son.
  Meni soat ikkida uyg'oting!
  Wake me up at 2 o'clock please!
  uyg'otib qo'y- wake (up), awake
BEDOR n wakefulness  
  bedor bo'l- be awake, step up
bedorlik n wakefulness

Body

ANATOMIYA n anatomy  
TAN n body  
BADAN n body; physique, physical  
JISMONIY adj physical  
  (qora) kuch physical strength  
AZAMAT adj vigorous, sturdy  
azamatlik n vigour, sturdiness
CHAYIR adj muscular, with staying power  
ZABARDAST n strong, stout  
PAHLAVON
/ POLVON
n strong man, wrestler Sport
GAVDA n figure, stature  
  Uning kelishgan gavdasi bor.
  He has a well-proportioned figure.
  inson gavdasi the human body
gavdali adj tall, stout
JUSSA n stature  
jussali adj stout, large
BO'Y n size, length, height Size
Waters
  NX+ning ~+i baland tall
  NX+ning ~+i uzun tall
  Uning bo'yi uzun.
  He is tall.
  NX+ning ~+i past short
bo'yli adj tall, with a given size
  baland bo'yli tall
  past bo'yli short
bo'ychan adj tall
bo'ydor adj tall
NOVCHA adj tall  
SEMIZ adj fat, corpulent, stout, obese  
  Bu qo'y semiz.
  This sheep is fat.
semizlik n fatness, stoutness, obesity
SEMIR- v.int get fat, put on weight
YO'G'ON adj thick, stout, fat, big Size
yo'g'onlik n thickness, stoutness, fatness
OZ- v.int get thin, lose weight  
  v.t lose X(=weight)
  Kasalligi tufayli mening otam 10 kilo ozdi.
  Through illness my father lost 10 kilos.
ozg'in adj thin, slim, skinny
INGICHKA adj thin, slender Size
  Uning beli ingichka.
  Her waist is slender.
ORIQ adj thin, slim, emaciated  
  Bu q'o'y oriq.
  This sheep is thin.
oriqla- v.int get thin, lose weight
RANG n complexion, facial appearance Light & Colors
Tools & Furnitures
  Uning rangi o'chdi.
  He grew pale with anger.
  N(gani)Y+dan NX+ning rang+i o'ch- X be pale, turn pale with Y
  Hayajonlanganidan uning rangi o'chgan edi.
  She was pale with emotion.
HUJAYRA n cell  
       
BOSH n head Evolution
Position
Importance
Organizations
Animals
Whole & Parts
    beginning, source
  n, adj head, chief, top, main
  bosh suyagi skull
     
     
KALLA n head  
MIYA n brain, marrow Intelligence
    brain, mind
  bosh miya brain
ENSA n nape of the neck, back of the head  
PESHANA
/ PESHONA
n forehead Entities & Events
MANGLAY n brow, forehead  
CHAKKA n temple(s) (of head)  
YUZ n face Visits & Greetings
Shapes
Motion
    surface, face
yuzlan- v.int | NX+ga ~ turn one's face to X, face X
yuzlash- v.int | NX bilan ~ meet with X
CHEHRA n face, appearance  
BASHARA n appearance, face  
AFT n appearance, face  
BET n face, cheeks Shapes
Stationary
    surface, face
AJIN n wrinkle(s)  
YONOQ n cheek  
QOSH n eyebrows Position
CHIMIR- v.t raise (the eyebrows)  
KO'Z n eye  
  ko'z qorachig'i pupil
QOVOQ n eyelid  
KIPRIK n eyelash(es)  
BURUN
(burn+i)
n nose  
  burun qoq- blow one's nose
  burun tort- sniff
  Har yerda ham burun tortish mumkin emas.
  One must not sniff anywhere.
DIMOG' n nose Pride
Emotions
    mood, humour
QULOQ n ear Appliances
    handle (of pots,...)
JAG' n jaw, chin  
IYAK n chin  
OG'IZ
(og'z+i)
n mouth Shapes
Food
Speach
  Ular og'izlarini ochdilar.
  They opened their mouth.
    mouth, opening, aperture
  meas mouthful
  adj oral
LAB n lip(s) Distance
    bank, ridge, edge
DUDOQ n lip(s)  
TISH n tooth Vital Functions
  aql tishi wisdom tooth
  kurak tish incisor
  oziq tish molar tooth
  qoziq tish canine
  sut tishlari milk teeth
tishli adj toothed
tishla- v.t bite, bite off
MILK n gum  
TIL n tongue Language
    language, tongue
TANGLAY n palate  
TUMSHUQ n beak  
TOMOQ n throat  
bo'g'iz
(bo'g'z+i)
n throat Appliances
    neck (of a bottle)
KEKIRDAK n throat, larynx  
JIG'ILDON n throat, gullet  
BO'YIN
(bo'yn+i)
n neck  
GARDAN n neck, nape of the neck  
       
TANA n trunk, torso Botanics
KO'KRAK n chest, breast  
  U ko'kragini keryapti.
  He is sticking his chest out.
KO'KS n chest, breast  
EMCHAK n breast  
QORIN
(qorn+i)
n belly, stomach  
QURSOQ n stomach, belly  
YELKA n shoulder(s), back  
  yelka qis- shrug the shoulders
  yelkama-yelka shoulder to shoulder
QO'LTIQ n underarm, arm-pit  
YONBOSH n side Distance
yonboshla- v.int lie on one's side
ORQA n back, back part Evolution
Position
  Orqangizda nima bor?
  What have you got on your back?
BEL n waist, small of the back  
A'ZO n limb Organizations
  qo'l-ayoq the limbs  
QO'L n, adj hand(s), arm(s), wrist(s); hand Rules & Contracts
TIRSAK n elbow  
BILAK n wrist, arm, forearm  
KAFT n palm  
  meas handful
HOVUCH meas handful  
MUSHT
/ MUSHTUM
n fist Fighting
BARMOQ n finger  
  oyoq barmog'i toe
  bosh barmoq thumb
  ko'rsatkich barmoq fore-finger
  o'rta barmoq middle finger
JIMJILOQ n the little finger  
CHANGAL n hand, paw, talon  
  meas handful
PANJA n palm and fingers, hand  
    paw
CHIMDIN meas pinch  
OYOQ n foot, leg Tools & Furnitures
Evolution
Shapes
     
     
TOVON n heel  
TO'PIQ n ankle  
BOLDIR n calf (of leg)  
TIZZA
/ TIZ
n knee(s) Immobility
  tiz cho'k- kneel (down)
tizzala- v.int be kneeling
SON n thigh  
DUMBA n fat tail (of a sheep)  
    buttocks
KET n back, back part Position
    buttocks
  U ketimdan keldi.
  He came after me.
QANOT n wing(s) Vehicles
  qanot qoq- flap wings
QUYRUQ n tail  
DUM n tail  
       
TERI n skin, leather Fabrics & Sewing
  adj leather
PO'ST n skin, peel, bark Botanics
XOL n mole, birthmark  
TUK n (body) hair, fluff, wool  
tukli adj hairy
QIL n hair, horsehair  
MO'YNA n fur Fabrics & Sewing
JUN n wool Fabrics & Sewing
SOCH n hair Toilet
  soch ol- cut hair
  soch+ini oldir- have a haircut
JINGALAK adj curly, wavy  
KAL adj bald, mangy  
SOQOL n beard Toilet
  soqol ol- shave
  soqol qir- shave
  soqol qo'y- grow a beard
  U soqol qo'ygan.
  He grew a beard.
  soqol+ini oldir- get shaved
soqolli adj bearded
soqolsiz adj beardless
MO'YLOV n moustache  
  mo'ylov qo'y- have a moustache
  Mo'ylov qo'ydim.
  I have a moustache.
PAT n feather  
TIRNOQ n (finger/toe) nail(s), claw(s) Toilet
  tirnoq ol- cut one's nails
TUYOQ n hoof Animals
SHOX n horn(s)  
shoxli adj horned
MUGUZ n horn(s)  
CHIG'ANOQ n shell  
PO'CHOQ n rind, peel; shell  
       
SUYAK n bone  
suyakli adj bony
SKELET n skeleton  
UMURTQA n spine, vertebral column  
MUSKUL n muscle  
muskulli adj muscular
PAY n, adj sinew; sinewy, stringy  
NERV n nerve  
ASAB n nerves Character
asabiy adj nervous
QON n blood  
  qon bosim+i blood pressure
  Uning qon bosimi yuqori.
  He has high blood pressure.
qonli adj bloody
qona- v.int bleed
qonxo'r adj bloodthirsty
TOMIR n vein, artery Botanics
  tomir+ini tepishi pulse
  tomir+ini urishi pulse
VENA n vein  
YURAK n heart Courage
    courage
O'PKA n lung(s)  
OSHQOZON n stomach  
ME'DA n stomach  
ICHAK n intestines, bowels  
JIGAR n liver Family
BUYRAK n kidney(s)  
BEZ n gland  

Plants

O'S- v.int grow Quantity
Life
  Bu daraxtlar o'syapti.
  These trees are growing.
o'stir- v.t make grow
o'simlik n plant
  Dalada har turli o'simliklar ko'p.
  There are many different kinds of plants in the field.
  o'simliklarga oid vegetal
TUP n, meas plant, bush (still growing)  
PISH- v.int get ripe (l/f) Cooking
Knowledge
Character
  Qovunlar pishdi.
  The melons are ripe.
    get cooked
    get mature, experienced
pishir- v.t ripen
pishiq adj ripe
    strong, solid
  n harvest season, time of reaping
yetil- v.int ripen, grow Men & Women
XOM adj raw, uncooked Cooking
Production
    unripe
  Bu qovun xom.
  This melon is not ripe.
    raw
G'O'RA n unripe fruit  
G'O'R
/ G'O'RA
adj unripe, green (of fruit)
QOVJIRA- v.int fade, wither, wilt, dry up  
qovjiroq adj faded, withered, wilted, dried up
URUG' n seed Family
Life
  U beda urug'larini keltirdi.
  He brought some clover seed.
urug'li adj reserved for sowing
DON n corn, grain (of cereals)  
donli adj grain
G'ALLA n corn, grain (seed of cereals)  
DANAK n stone (of a fruit)  
MAG'IZ
(mag'z+i)
n kernel Characteristics
BOSHOQ n spike, head, ear  
boshoqli adj with ear, cereal
ILDIZ n root(s)  
TOMIR n root(s) Inner Body
POYA n stem, stalk  
TANA n trunk, bole Body & Members
SHOX n branch  
shoxli adj branchy
BUTOQ n branch, ramification  
butoqli adj branchy, ramified
butoqla- v.int ramify
NOVDA n shoot, young branch  
TIKAN n thorn, prickle, splinter  
tikanli adj thorny, prickly
ZIRAPCHA n splinter  
PO'ST n skin, peel, bark Outer Body
po'stloq n bark
YAPROQ n leaf Stationary
Processes
  n, meas sheet (of paper)
    slice, round
BARG n leaf  
KURTAK n bud  
G'UNCHA n bud  
CHECHAK n flower  
  Bahorda chechaklar gullaydilar.
  Flowers will bloom in the spring.
chechakla- v.int blossom
GUL n flower, blossom Urbanism
Trade
Wealth
  Menga bir dasta gul bering!
  Give me a bunch of flowers please!
  adj with flowers, for flowers
  gul do'koni florist
gulla- v.int blossom, flourish (l/f)
MEVA n fruit Food
  meva-cheva all kinds of fruit
mevali adj fruit, with fruit
mevala- v.int bear fruit
SHINGIL n, meas bunch  
       
QO'ZIQORIN
(qo'ziqorn+i)
n mushroom (edible) Food
GIYOH n plant, herb  
O'T n grass Lands
Agriculture
  Bu bog'da o'tlar ko'p.
  There is plenty of grass in this garden.
o'tzor n meadow
o'tloq n meadow
    pasture, range
MAYSA n greenery, young grass  
XASHAK n dry grass, hay, straw  
SOMON n straw, chaff  
DO'LANA n hawthorn  
ATIRGUL n rose  
  qizil gul red rose  
CHINNIGUL n carnation  
BINAFSHA n violet  
LOLA n tulip  
MOYCHECHAK n marguerite  
DASTORGUL n daisy  
KUNGABOQAR n sunflower  
KO'KNOR n poppy  
    opium
NILUFAR n water lily  
DARAXT n tree  
  Ariq bo'ylariga daraxt ekilgan.
  Trees have been planted along the banks of the canal.
KO'CHAT n young tree, sapling  
BUTA n bush, shrub, plant  
QARAG'AY n pine tree  
QORAQARAG'AY n fir tree  
ARCHA n fir tree, juniper, spruce  
TOL n willow  
TERAK n poplar  
QAYIN n birch  
EMAN n oak  
CHINOR n plane tree  
TUT n mulberry tree Food
Fruits
     
QAMISH n reed, rush  
       
  boshoqli o'simliklar cereals  
  don ekinlari cereals  
BUG'DOY n wheat Food
ARPA n barley Food
MAKKAJO'XORI
/ MAKKA
n maize, corn Food
SHOLI n rice (in the husk)  
GURUCH
/ GURUNCH
n rice (husked) Food
ZIG'IR n flax; linseed  
G'O'ZA n cotton (plant)  
  G'o'zalarimiz o'smoqdalar.
  Our cotton is growing.
CHIGIT n cotton seed  
PAXTA n cotton Fabrics & Sewing
  oq oltin cotton Agriculture
KUNJUT n sesame  
       
KO'K n greens, vegetables Light & Colors
Nature & Cosmos
Food
KO'KAT ko'katlar greens, greenery
  Bu yerda ko'katlar ko'p.
  There are plenty of greens here.
  n grass
  Bolalar ko'katlar ustida yotishibdi.
  The children are lying on the grass.
    greens, greenery
SABZA n greens, green vegetables Food
sabzavot n vegetables, greens
SABZI n carrot Food
SHOLG'OM n turnip Food
REDISKA n radish Food
TURP n horse-radish, radish Food
QOVOQ n pumpkin (inedible) Food
Appliances
    hollow gourd (dish)
  osh qovoq pumpkin (edible), squash
BAQLAJON n egg-plant Food
POMIDOR n tomatoe Food
BODRING n cucumber Food
KARAM n cabbage Food
KARTOSHKA n potatoe Food
LAVLAGI n beetroot Food
QIZILCHA n beetroot Food
MOSH n peas, beans, lentil Food
NO'XAT n peas Food
YASMIQ n lentil Food
BURCHOQ n garden peas Food
LOVIYA n haricot beans Food
ISMALOQ n spinach Food
SELDEREY n celery Food
SALAT n lettuce Food
PETRUSHKA n parsley Food
PIYOZ n onion Food
SARIMSOQ n garlic Food
MURCH n (black) pepper Food
GARMDORI n (cayenne) pepper Food
QALAMPIR n (red) pepper Food
  murch-qalampir pepper Food
XANTAL n mustard Food
ZAYTUN n olive Food
BEDA n clover Food
ZIRA n caraway Food
SHIVIT n dill Food
RAYHON n basil Food
YALPIZ n mint Food
       
QOVUN n melon Food
XAMAK n small or unripe melon Food
HANDALAK n small, early ripening melon Food
TARVUZ n water-melon Food
SHAFTOLI n peach Food
O'RIK n apricot Food
OLMA n apple Food
NOK n pear Food
ANOR n pomegranate Food
ANJIR n fig Food
BEHI n quince Food
JIYDA n date Food
XURMO n date-palm, date Food
OLXO'RI n plum Food
OLCHA n cherry Food
GILOS n sweet cherry Food
TOK n vine, grapevine  
UZUM n grapes Food
QULUPNAY n strawberry Food
TUT n mulberry Plants
Food
     
SHOTUT n black mulberry Food
APELSIN n orange Food
PO'RTAHOL n orange Food
LIMON n lemon Food
BANAN n banana Food
YONG'OQ n nut, walnut Food
  o'rmon yong'og'i hazelnut
  yer yong'oq peanut
KASHTAN n chestnut Food
BODOM n almond Food
PISTA n pistachio nut Food

Animals

HAYVON n animal, beast Urbanism
  uy hayvoni domestic animal
hayvonot n animal
  hayvonot bog'i zoo
hayvoniy adj animal
YOVVOYI adj wild, not domesticated  
  Afrika o'rmonlarida yovvoyi hayvonlar ko'p.
  There are many wild animals in the forests of Africa.
PODA n | NX ~+si herd, flock of Xs  
  Podachi podani haydayapti.
  The cowherd is driving the herd.
GALA n | NX ~+si flock, herd of Xs(= wild animals)  
TO'DA n | NX+lar ~+si flock, swarm of Xs Groupings
Organizations
  Bir to'da zag'cha.
  A flock of jackdaws.
YILQI n horse herd  
MOL n cattle, livestock Economy
Possession
  Mol boqar mollarni o'tlashishga haydab ketdi.
  The cowherd drove the cattle to pasture.
  Mollarimiz dalada.
  Our cattle are in the field.
    property, possessions, belongings
    commodity, goods, articles, produce
QORAMOL n (horned) cattle  
BOSH meas head (cattle) Head
Evolution
Position
Importance
Organizations
Whole & Parts
     
     
     
     
     
TUYOQ meas head (cattle) Outer Body
       
SIGIR n cow  
BUQA n bull, ox  
HO'KIZ n bullock, ox  
BUZOQ n calf  
OT n horse  
BIYA n mare  
BAYTAL n mare  
  ayg'ir ot stallion  
TOY
/ TOYCHA
n foal, yearling  
QULUN n foal, yearling  
XACHIR n mule  
ESHAK n donkey, ass  
XO'TIK n ass's foal  
QO'Y n sheep  
QO'CHQOR n ram  
SOVLIQ n ewe  
QO'ZI n lamb  
qo'zichoq n lamb
ECHKI n goat  
TAKA n billy-goat  
ULOQ n kid (goat)  
TUYA n camel  
  tuya o'rkachi hump (of camel)
CHO'CHQA n pig  
QOBON n wild boar  
IT n dog  
KUCHUK n puppy, dog  
MUSHUK n cat  
QUYON n rabbit, hare  
TOVUSHQON n hare  
OLMAXON n squirrel  
SICHQON n mouse  
KALAMUSH n rat  
KO'RSICHQON n mole  
TIPRATIKAN n hedgehog  
SHER n lion  
ARSLON n lion  
YO'LBARS n tiger  
AYIQ n bear  
BO'RI n wolf  
TULKI n fox  
BUG'U n deer  
KIYIK n deer, gazelle  
MAYMUN n monkey  
FIL n elephant  
       
QUSH n bird  
PARRANDA n bird  
TOVUQ n hen, chicken  
XO'ROZ n cock, rooster  
JO'JA n chick  
O'RDAK n duck  
G'OZ n goose  
KURKA n turkey  
INDYUK
/ INDUK
n turkey  
KAKLIK n partridge  
BEDANA n quail  
BURGUT n eagle  
LOCHIN n falcon  
BOYO'G'LI
/ BOYQUSH
n owl  
TOVUS n peacock  
OQQUSH n swan  
TURNA n crane  
LAYLAK n stork  
BULBUL n nightingale  
KAPTAR
/ KABUTAR
n dove, pigeon  
QALDIRG'OCH n swallow  
CHUMCHUQ n sparrow  
HAKKA n magpie  
ZAG'IZG'ON n magpie  
KAKKU n cuckoo  
QARG'A n crow  
BALIQ n fish Food
ILON n snake  
  ilon-chayon reptiles  
KALTAKESAK n lizard  
QURBAQA
/ BAQA
n frog  
CHO'LBAQA n toad  
TOSHBAQA n turtle, tortoise  
TIMSOH n crocodile  
AJDAR n dragon  
       
QURT n worm, grub, caterpillar  
  qurt-qumursqa insects  
CHUVALCHANG n earthworm, worm  
HASHAROT n insect  
  ipak qurti silkworm Fabrics & Sewing
PILLA n cocoon (of silkworm)  
PASHSHA n fly  
CHIVIN n mosquito  
    fly
ARI n wasp, bee  
  ari uyasi wasp's nest
ASALARI n (honey)bee  
CHUMOLI n ant  
QUMURSQA n (small) ant  
TERMIT n termit  
KAPALAK n butterfly  
CHIGIRTKA n locust, grasshopper  
QO'NG'IZ n beetle  
SUVARAK n cockroach  
TARAKAN n cockroach  
BURGA n flea  
BIT n louse  
KANA n tick  
QANDALA n bug  
O'RGIMCHAK n spider  
CHAYON n scorpion  
  shilliq qurt snail  
MIKROB n microbe  
BAKTERIYA n bacteria  
VIRUS n virus  
       
UYA n nest; lair; (spider)web  
IN n (mouse) hole; nest; lair  

Humans

KISHI n person, people, fellow Organizations
  Qancha kishi keldi? O'n kishi.
  How many people came to the meeting? Ten.
  er kishi man
  xotin kishi woman
  bir kishi somebody, anybody
  Bu yerda bir kishi keldimi?
  Did anybody come here?
  biror kishi somebody, anybody (unspecified)
  Biror kishi ham kelmadi.
  Nobody came.
  Biror kishi kelib qolar.
  Somebody may come.
kishilik adj human
    share, portion (for someone)
  adj | numX ~ NY a Y (set up, room) of/for X persons
ODAM n man, person, human being Organizations
Kindness
  Nechta odam keldi?
  How many people came?
  Shaharda odam oz.
  There are few people in the city.
  U odil odam.
  He is a just man.
odamiy adj humane
odamgarchilik n humaneness, humanity
ODAMZOD n human kind, human beings
INSON n human being, person Politics
  Insonlarga har doim insonlarcha muomala qilish kerak.
  One must always treat people humanely.
  Qanday insonsan?
  What sort of person are you?
insoniy adj human
insoniyat n mankind, humanity
insonparvar n humanist
BIROV n somebody  
JON n people, soul (counted) Life
Spirit
Love
Will
  Biz besh jonimiz.
  There are five of us.
  Qaramog'ingizda necha jon bor?
  How many people are there in your charge?
NAFAR meas person, people  
SHAXS n individual, person Involvement
Organizations
  Bu shaxsni taniysizmi?
  Do you know this person?
shaxsiy adj individual, private
shaxsan adv personally
       
CHAQALOQ n baby, infant  
  Chaqaloqqa sut bering!
  Give the baby some milk!
GO'DAK n baby, infant, toddler  
  go'dak bola baby
go'daklik n infancy
BOLA n child Descendants
Life
Clothing
Character
  Bu bola onasining emchagini so'raypti.
  The baby is sucking his mother's breast.
  U bola seni chaqiryapti.
  That child is calling you.
    young (of animals)
bolalik n childhood
  bolalik davri childhood (time of)
bolalarcha ad childish(ly)
O'G'IL
(o'g'l+i)
n boy Descendants
  O'g'ilmi, qizmi?
  Is it a boy or a girl?
  adj boy, male (child)
  o'g'il bola boy
  U o'g'il bola.
  He is a male.
  o'g'il bolalik manliness
KICHKINTOY n little boy, kid  
QIZ n girl, maiden Descendants
  U go'zal qiz.
  She is a beautiful girl.
    daughter
  qiz bola girl (child)
qizcha n little girl
O'SPIRIN n youth, teenager  
o'spirinlik n teens, adolescent years
O'SMIR n youth, adolescent  
o'smirlik n adolescent years
YIGIT n young man, young fellow  
  Ko'p yigitlarimiz harbiy xizmatda.
  Many of our young men are doing military service.
yigitlik n youth
YOSH n young person, youngster Life
  Yoshlarni vatanga sodiq kishilar qilib tarbiyalash kerak.
  The young people must be brought up to be faithful to their country.
  yoshlar young people
yoshlik n youth
  yosh-yalanglar young people  
       
KATTA adj grown up Descendants
Size
Life
Organizations
     
     
     
BALOG'AT n come of age, majority  
  balog'atga yet- come of age, attain one's majority
  balog'atga yetgan odam adult
yetil- v.int ripen, grow Botanics
    grow, come of age
YETUK adj mature, forward  
yetuklik n maturity
ER n, adj man, male Spouses & In-laws
Courage
    husband, man
ERKAK n, adj man, male Clothing
erkaklik
/ erkakchilik
n virility, manliness
erkakcha adj virile, manly
AYOL n, adj woman, female Clothing
  Ayollar yig'ilishi.
  Women's meeting
XOTIN n woman Spouses & In-laws
Love
  Xotinlarning majlisi bo'lmoqda.
  A women's meeting is in progress.
    wife
xotinparast n womanizer
  erkak-ayol men and women  
JUVON n young (married) woman  
  xotin-qiz women  
QARI n old, aged person Life
qarilik n old age
qariya n elderly person
  qari-qartang old people  
keksalik n old age Life
keksay- v.int grow old, get old
  keksaygan old people
BOBOY n old man  
CHOL n old man  
MO'YSAFID n old man  
KAMPIR n old woman  

Health and Medicine

SOG' adj healthy Value
  Do'stim so'g bo'lib qoldi.
  My friend has recovered.
  Sog' bo'ling!
  Bless you!
sog'lik n health
sog'ay- v.int | NX+dan ~ recover from X, get better
  Mening akam kasaldan sog'aydi.
  My brother has recovered from his sickness.
  NX+dan ~+ib ket- recover from X, get better
  Bir oydan so'ng u og'ir kasaldan sog'ayib ketdi.
  After a month he had recovered from his painful sickness.
sog'ayt-
/ sog'aytir-
v.t cure, make better
SOG'LOM adj healthy, robust, well
    good, sound
sog'lomlik n health
sog'lomlash- v.int get healthier
sog'lomlashtir- v.t strengthen, perfect
SALOMAT adj well, healthy  
  Bola-chaqalaringiz salomatmi?
  Is your family well?
salomatlik n health, good shape
  sog'-salomat safe and sound  
  Sog'-salomat keldingizmi?
  Did you arrive safe and sound?
SIHAT n health  
  sihat top- recover
  hifzi sihat hygiene
  sihat-salomatlik health  
GIGIYENA n hygiene  
GIGIYENIK adj hygienic
tuzal- v.int recover (from an illness) Preservation
Fabrics & Sewing
  tuzalib qol- recover (from an illness)
  Otangiz tuzalib qoldimi?
  Has your father recovered?
tuzat- v.t heal
QUTUL- v.int | NX+dan ~ recover from X Necessity
  U xastalikdan qutuldi.
  He recovered from his illness.
KASAL n illness, sickness, disease, ailment  
    sick person, patient
  U kasalni ko'rib keldi.
  He visited the sick person.
  adj sick, ill
  kasal bo'lib qol- fall ill, fall sick
  Bir odam kasal bo'lib qoldi.
  One man fell ill.
kasallik n illness, disease
kasallan- v.int fall ill, fall sick
UCHRA- v.int | NX+ga ~ experience X(=bad situation), fall ill with X(=illness) Fortune
Visits & Greetings
  Bu qishloq aholisi yer qimirlash ofatiga uchradi.
  The inhabitants of this village experienced the misfortune of an earthquake.
  U bola bo'g'ma kasaliga uchradi.
  That child has contracted diphteria.
TOB n health, well-being  
betob adj sick, unwell
betoblik n sickness, indisposition
betoblan- v.int fall sick
BEMOR n sick person, patient  
  Bemorga qarang.
  Look after the patient.
  adj sick, ill, unwell
  Ahmad bemor bo'lganligi sababli ishga kelaolmadi.
  Ahmad was unable to come to work as he was ill.
XASTA adj ill, sick  
xastalik n illness, sickness
YUQ- v.int be catching, contagious Processes
yuqtir- v.t cause to be infected
  Men hech kimdan kasal yuqtirmadim.
  I haven't got any infection from anybody.
yuqumli adj contagious, infectious
yuqumsiz adj non-contagious
EPIDEMIK adj epidemic  
EPIDEMIYA n epidemic
ASORAT n symptom  
    complication
YARA n wound, boil, ulcer, sore  
  U bolaning chap qo'liga yara chiqibdi.
  A boil has come up on the child's left hand.
yarala- v.t wound
yaralan- v.int get wounded
yarador n wounded
  yarador bo'l- get wounded
  yarador qil- wound
JAROHAT n wound  
  jarohat ko'r- be injured, be wounded
jarohatli adj wounded
jarohatla- v.t wound
jarohatlan- v.int get wounded
  lat ye- get hurt  
  lat yetkaz- hurt, cause hurt to
SHIKAST adj damaged, broken, injured, hurt Destruction
shikastla- v.t damage, break, injure
YIRING n pus  
  yiring bos- turn septic, become infected
yiringli adj septic, infected
yiringla- v.int turn septic, become infected
G'URRA n bump, bruise  
CHANDIQ n scar  
SHISH n swelling  
CHIPQON n abscess, boil  
AMPULA n ampule  
toshma n rash  
KUY- kuyish burn; sunburn Water & Air
Entities & Events
  kuyib qol- burn oneself
  NX+ni oftob ur- X have sunstroke  
  oftob urish sunstroke
YALLIG' n heal, fever Water & Air
yallig'lan-
/ yallig'la-
v.int become inflamed
GAZAK n | gazak ol- become inflamed Meals
OG'RI- v.int be painful, hurt, be sore, ache Pain
    be sick, be ill
  v.int | NX+i ~ X(=part of body) hurt, ache
  Qaysi yeringinz og'riyapti?
  Where do you feel the pain?
  v.int | NX bilan ~ be ill of X(= illness)
  U zotiljam kasali bilan og'riyapti.
  He is ill of pneumonia.
  NX bilan ~+ib qol- fall ill with X
  Bizning o'qituvchimiz gripp bilan og'rib qoldi.
  Our teacher fell ill with grippe.
  Men og'rib qoldim.
  I fell ill.
og'rit- v.t cause to be painful
og'riq n pain, ache, soreness
  n | NX ~+i pain in X(=part of body), X ache
  Uning bosh og'rig'i bor.
  He has a headache.
  NX+ida ~ bor X(=part of body) hurt, ache
  kuchli og'riq sharp pain
  og'riq sez- have a pain
og'riqsiz adj painless
  og'riqsizlantirish anesthesia
ZIRQIRA- v.int be painful, hurt, be sore, ache Pain
  v.int | NX+i ~ X(=part of body) hurt, ache
zirqirat- v.t cause to be painful
DARD n sickness, illness Pain
  Nima dardingiz bor?
  What sickness are you suffering from?
    suffering, trouble, pain, distress
dardli adj suffering, sickly
    painful, distressing
AZOB n suffering Pain
  Xastalik azobidan qutuldi.
  He has been released from his suffering.
  azob tort- suffer
  Ko'p azob tortayapman.
  I am suffering greatly.
  azob chek- suffer
  Jonim azob chekdi.
  I suffered.
  his qil- feel, sense (perception,sensation,impression) Perception
  o'z+ini yomon his qil- feel bad
  Men o'zimni yomon his qilyapman.
  I feel ill.
  o'z+ini yaxshi his qil- feel well
  maza+si qoch- do not feel well Emotions
  Mazam qochdi.
  I don't feel well.
  maza+si yo'q do not feel well
  tob+i qoch- do not feel well  
  tob+i yo'q do not feel well
  bosh+i aylan- be dizzy  
  ko'ngl+i ayni- feel ill (vomit, nausea), be nauseous  
  me'da+si buzil- have an indigestion  
QUS- v.int vomit, be sick  
ICH n stomach, belly (subjective) Position
Time
Density
  Ichim og'riydi.
  I have a stomach-ache.
  ich+i og'ri- have a stomach-ache
  ich+i ket- have diarrhea
  Uning ichi ketyapti.
  He has diarrhoea.
  ich+i o't- have diarrhea
  ich+i qotib qol- have constipation
QABZIYAT n constipation  
SURGI n laxative  
isitma n temperature, fever  
  Uning isitmasi qancha?
  What is his temperature?
  isitma+si bor have a fever
  isitma+si chiq- have a fever
  sovuq qot- get very cold  
TUMOV n cold  
  adj having a cold
  U tumov bo'libdi.
  He has caught cold.
  tumov bo'lib qol- catch a cold
shamolla- v.int catch a cold Vital Functions
  U yo'lda qattiq shamollab qoldi.
  He caught a bad cold on the way.
  shamollash cold
  NX+ga sovuq teg- (X) catch a cold  
  Unga sovuq tegdi.
  He caught a cold.
YO'TAL n cough  
YO'TAL- v.int cough
aksir- v.int sneeze  
GRIPP n flu, influenza  
QIZAMIQ n measles  
KO'KYO'TAL n whooping-cough  
ZOTILJAM n pneumonia  
INFEKSIYA n infection  
  sariq kasalligi hepatitis  
DIFTERIYA n diphteria  
BO'GMA n diphteria  
QUTUR- v.int get rabies, be mad  
  quturish rabies
BEZGAK n malaria  
VABO n cholera  
  qand kasalligi diabetes  
RAK n cancer  
SPID n AIDS  
INFARKT n heart attack  
FALAJ n paralysis  
  falaj bo'lib qol- get paralyzed
  Qo'li falaj bo'lib qolibdi.
  His hand became paralyzed.
KARAXT n numb  
  karaxt qil- make numb
karaxtlik n numbness
QICHI- v.int itch  
  v.int | NX+i ~ X(=part of body) itch
qichish- v.int feel itchy
  qichishish itch
ALLERGIYA n allergy  
  NX+ga (qarshi) ~+si bor be allergic to X
araqxo'r n alcoholic, drunkard Food
araqxo'rlik n alcoholism
       
DARMON n strength  
    remedy
OJIZ adj weak, helpless, handicapped; blind Ability
  NX+i ojiz X(=part of body) be weak
ojizlik n weakness
ojizona ad helpless(ly), powerless(ly)
MADOR n strength  
  mador+i yo'q have no strength
bemador adj weak
holsiz adj weak, out of shape  
holsizlan- v.int | N(ish)X+dan ~ weaken, grow weak from X
  Alpinistlar toqqa qilingan qiyin ko'tarilishdan holsizlangan edilar.
  The mountaineers grew weak from the difficult ascent of the mountain.
behol adj weak, weakened
REVMATIZM n rheumatism  
NOGIRON n, adj disabled, handicapped (person)  
  nogironlar aravachasi wheelchair
nogironlik n handicap
MAYIB adj crippled  
  mayib bo'l- get crippled
  mayib qil- cripple
CHO'LOQ n cripple  
  adj lame, maimed
cho'loqlan- v.int limp, walk with a limp
OQSA- (NX+iga) osqa- lame (in X)  
  U bir oyog'iga oqsab yuradi.
  He lames in one lamb.
oqsoq adj lame
oqsoqlan- v.int limp
BUKRI adj humpbacked, hunchbacked  
KO'R n, adj blind Vision
  Baxtsiz hodisa natijasida uning bir ko'zi ko'r bo'lib qoldi.
  In consequence of an accident she is blind of one eye.
  ko'r qil- blind
ko'rlik n blindness
G'ILAY adj squinting, squint-eyed  
KAR n, adj deaf Hearing
  Uning ikki qulog'i kar.
  He is deaf of two ears.
  kar qil- deafen
karlik n deafness
GARANG adj deaf Hearing
garanglik n deafness
SOQOV n, adj dumb, mute Speach
soqovlik n dumbness
  kar-soqov deaf mute  
DUDUQ n stammerer Speach
duduqlik n stammering
duduqlan- v.int stammer
  ruhiy kasallik mental illness  
JINNI n, adj mad; madman Character
  Jinni keldi.
  The madman has come.
  jinni bo'l- get crazy, behave stupidly
jinnilik n madness, insanity
TELBA adj crazy, abnormal, senseless Character
Attention
  telba odam madman
  yarim telba a little touched
telbalik n crude and rash action, madness
telbalan- v.int get mad
telbalarcha adv madly, crudely and rashly
DEVONA n, adj feeble, mad, crazy; madman Wealth
devonalik n feebleness, madness
devonavor adv madly
       
  kasal ko'r- conduct a medical consultation  
USHLA- NX+ni ~+b ko'r- (hold and) feel X Prehension
Necessity
  Vrach do'stimning singan qo'lini ushlab ko'r-
  The doctor felt the broken arm of my friend.
DAVO n cure, remedy, medicine  
  Dardimiz bir bo'lgani kabi uning davosi ham birdir.
  As our trouble is the same, the cure is the same.
  NX+ga davo top- find a remedy, a cure for X(=illness)
  U dardiga davo topdi.
  He found a cure for her illness.
  davo ber- give medicine
  Doktor menga davo berdi.
  The doctor gave me some medicine.
  davo ol- take medicine
bedavo adj incurable
davola- v.t | NX+ni NY+dan ~ treat, cure, heal X from Y
  Vrach meni revmatizmdan davolaydi.
  The doctor treats me from rheumatism.
  NX+ni NY+dan ~+ib tuzat- cure, heal X from Y
  Vrach qizni zotiljam kasalidan davolab tuzatdi.
  The doctor cured the girl of pneumonia.
  davolash treatment
davolovchi n healer
davolan- v.int | NX+da ~ be treated, be healed by X, be under treatment by X
  Men doktor Hoshimovda davolanaman.
  I am under treatment by doctor Hashimov.
  davolamoq va tuzatmoq cure and heal  
SHIFO n recovery, curing; cure, remedy Medicine
Occupations
  NX+ga shifo top- find a remedy for X(=illness), cure X
  Doktor uning kasaliga shifo topish uchun harakatda.
  The doctor is seeking some cure for his illness.
shifokor n doctor; healer
YOZ- NX+ga NY+ni yozib ber- prescribe Y to X Litterature
Language
Memory
  Vrach bemorga dori yozib berdi.
  The doctor prescribed the sick man a medicine.
RETSEPT n prescription Cooking
  qabul qil-/et- take (medicine) Acceptance & Pardon
Invitation
Rules & Contracts
Organizations
Reflection
Exchange
  Bu dorini kuniga uch marta qabul qiling.
  Take the medicine three times a day.
     
     
     
DORI n medicine, drug Military
Occupations
Taste
  Dorixonadan dori oldim.
  I got some medicine from the chemist's.
    poison
  Unga dori berilib o'ldirilgan.
  He was killed by poisoning.
    (gun)powder
  n | NX+ga qarshi ~ medicine against X(=illness)
  n | NX uchun ~ medicine for X(=part of body)
  suyuq dori syrup
  dori qog'ozi prescription
dorigar n pharmacist, chemist
dorivor adj medicinal
  n medecine ingredient
  dorivor o'simlik (medicinal) herb
  dori-darmon all sorts of medicine  
  og'riq qoldiruvchi painkiller, anesthetic  
  tinchlantiruvchi dori sedative  
  uyqu dori sleeping pill  
VITAMIN n vitamin  
ASPIRIN n aspirin  
ANTIBIOTIK n antibiotics  
ZAHAR n poison  
  zahar ich- take poison
  NX+ga zahar ber- poison X(=person)
  NX+ni zahar qil- poison X, spoil X(=food)
  Yegan ovqatimni da zahar qildi.
  He even spoilt my meal.
zaharli adj poisonous, poisoned
zaharla- v.t poison (person)
zaharlan- v.int | NX+dan ~ get poisoned by X(=food)
OG'U n poison, toxic  
og'uli adj poisonous, toxic
TABLETKA n pill  
EMLA- v.t inject, vaccinate, treat (a patient)  
  emlash injection, vaccination, shot
  igna ber- give an injection  
UKOL n injection  
  ukol qil- give an injection
  qon quyish transfusion  
SHPRITS n syringe  
RENTGEN n X-rays Electromagnetism
  rentgendan o't- be X-rayed
RENTGENOGRAMMA n radiograph
PARHEZ n avoidance of food; diet Food
  parhez tut- diet
  parhez qil- diet
  U parhez qilyapti.
  He is dieting.
  sanitariya salfyetka sanitary towel  
PREZERVATIV n condom  
KONTRASEPSIYA n contraception  
OPERATSIYA n operation  
  operatsiya qil- operate
  operatsiya qildir- have an operation
BINT n bandage  
bog'la- v.t bandage, dress Identity & Difference
Processes
  Hamshira yarani bog'lab qo'ydi.
  The nurse dressed the wound.
PLOMBA n fillings  
KORONKA n crown  
MEDITSINA n, adj medicine; medical Science
TABIB n doctor (traditional medicine) Occupations
Science
tabiblik n medical work, medicine
TIBBIY adj medical
  Aholiga tibbiy yordam berilmoqda.
  Medical help is being given to the population.
tibbiyot n medicine
shifokor n doctor; healer Medicine
Occupations
  tish shifokori dentist
DOKTOR n doctor Science
Occupations
  ko'z doktori occulist
  mol doktori veterinarian
  tish doktori dentist
HAKIM n doctor Science
VRACH n doctor Occupations
JARROH n surgeon Occupations
jarrohlik n surgery
XIRURG n surgeon Occupations
xirurgiya n surgery
HAMSHIRA n nurse Occupations
SANITAR n medical orderly Occupations
sanitariya n sanitation
kasalxona n hospital Urbanism
POLIKLINIKA
/ KLINIKA
n (poly)clinic Urbanism
shifoxona n dispensary, clinic Urbanism
  meditsina punkti first-aide post, clinic Urbanism
TUG'RUQXONA n maternity home/clinic Urbanism
dorixona n chemist's, pharmacy Urbanism
APTEKA n pharmacy Occupations
aptekachi n pharmacist, chemist
  tez tibbiy yordam emergency medical service Participation
  tez yordam first aid
  tez yordam mashinasi ambulance
  tibbiy sug'urta medical insurance