Perception and Cognition

Perception

SEZ- v.t | N(gani)X+ni ~ feel X, have a feeling that X, sense X Character
  U juda qorni ochganligini sezdi.
  He felt very hungry.
  Menga ishonmasligingizni sezaman.
  I feel that you do not trust me.
    notice X, perceive X
  Uyga o'g'ri kirganini it sezib qoldi.
  The dog noticed the thief entering the house.
  o'z+ini yaxshi sez- feel good
  o'z+ini yomon sez- feel bad
sezil- v.int | NX+ga ~ be felt, noticed, perceived by X
sezgi n sense (for perception)
sezuvchan adj sensitive
sezuvchanlik n sensitiveness
sezgir adj sensitive
sezgirlik n sensitiveness
HIS n feeling (perception, sensation, impression) Health
  (o'z+ini) AX his qil- feel X
  NX+ni his qilish sense of X
  Unda hazilni his qilish yetishmaydi.
  He lacks a sense of humor.
HISSI adj perceptual
TUYG'U n sense perception, sensation, feeling Character
tuyg'uli adj sensitive (l/f)
tuyg'usiz adj insensitive (l/f)
  his-tuyg'u feelings  
KECHINMA n feeling Thought
    thought, dream
HUSH n consciousness Attention
  hush+idan ket- lose consciousness, faint
  hush+idan ketib qol- lose consciousness, faint
  U hushidan ketib qoldi.
  He lost consciousness.
  hush+iga kel- regain consciousness
  U hushiga keldi.
  He regained consciousness.
hushsiz adj unconscious
hushsizlan- v.int lose consciousness
behush adj unconscious
  behush bo'l- lose consciousness
HUSHYOR adj vigilant, attentive, watchful
  o'z+idan ket- lose consciousness  
ONG n mind; consciousness Intelligence
ongli adj conscious
onglilik n consciousness
ongsiz adj unconscious
       
KO'R- v.t | N(gani)X+ni ~ see X Visits & Greetings
Reflection
Undertaking
Authority
Tourism
Entities & Events
Identity & Difference
Meaning
Informing
    examine, look at
    see, meet
  ko'rib tur- observe, watch
  NX+ni ko'rib chiq- examine, look over, glance over, scan X
  Siz bugungi gazetalarni ko'rib chiqdingizmi?
  Have you already looked over the newspapers?
  ko'rib qol- notice
ko'rin- v.int be visible, appear, emerge
  ko'zga ko'rin- be visible
  ko'rinib tur- be visible
  Mening derazamdan bog' ko'rinib turardi.
  I have a view of the garden from the window.
ko'rgaz- v.t | NX+ni NY+ga ~ show X to Y
ko'rsat- v.t | NX+ni NY+ga ~ show X to Y, point X out to Y, demonstrate
  NX+ni NY+ga ~+ib ber- indicate X to Y, point X out to Y
  U mening ishimdagi xatolarni ko'rsatib berdi.
  He showed the mistakes in my work.
QARA- v.int | NX+ga ~ look at X, watch X, gaze at X; glance at X Utilization
Reflection
Attention
Identity & Difference
Behaviour
  U soatiga hayron bo'lib qaradi.
  He glanced at the clock with surprise.
  U sizga qarayapti.
  He is looking at you.
    look out for X
    look after X, take care of X, nurse X
    depend on X, relate to X, pertain to X
  NX+ga ~+b boq- have a look to X
  NX+ga ~+b tur- look after X, take care of X
  U o'zining kichik ukasiga qarab turishi kerak edi.
  He had to look after his little brother.
  Uyimga qarab turing!
  Look after my house, please!
  NX+ga qarab-qarab qo'y- look at X, glance at X
  U vaqt-vaqti bilan soatiga qarab-qarab qo'yardi.
  He looked from time to time at the clock.
  NX+ga bir qarab qo'y- look at X
  NX+ga o'girilib qara- glance one's look at X
  Ayol tezda bizga o'girilib qaradi.
  The woman glanced quickly her look at us.
NAZAR n glance, look Opinion
    opinion, view
  NX+ga ~ sol- glance at X
  NX+ga ~ tashla- glance at X
  NX+ga nazar tush- notice
  NX+ning nazar+iga tush- be noticed by X
  Yo'lda bir narsaga nazari tushdi.
  He noticed something in the road.
PAYQA- v.t notice, observe, perceive  
  Bu gaplarning tuzilishidagi farqni payqab oling.
  Notice the distinction in the forming of these sentences.
  NX+ga ko'z tashla- have a look on X, throw a glance at X, examine X Reflection
  Bu ishga ko'z tashladik.
  We examined this work.
  NX+ga ko'z tush- glance at X
  Yerda turgan kitobga ko'zim tushdi.
  I glanced at the book which was lying on the ground.
  NX+ni ko'zdan kechir- look through, examine
  Bu maktubni ko'zdan kechiring!
  Look through this letter please!
BOQ- v.int | NX+ga ~ look at X, watch X, gaze at X Attention
Vital Functions
Undertaking
  Menga boqing!
  Look at me!
  v.t take care of, bring up
MO'RALA- v.int | NX+ga ~ peep at X, watch X, look at X  
KUZAT- v.t observe, watch, survey, pay attention to Invitation
Motion with
Reflection
  Trener o'yinni diqqat bilan kuzatib turdi.
  The trainer watched the game attentively.
  O'n minglab tomoshabinlar bu qiziqarli musobaqani kuzatdilar.
  Ten thousands of spectators watched this interesting match.
  Biz quyosh chiqishini qiziqib kuzatdik.
  We observed with interest the sun.
kuzatuvchi n observer
tikil- v.int | NX+ga ~ stare at X Agriculture
  NX+ga tikilib qara- look fixely at X, stare at X
  Qiz menga tikilib qaradi.
  The girl looked fixely at me.
  ko'z+i o'tkir sharp-eyed  
KO'R n, adj blind Health
  Baxtsiz hodisa natijasida uning bir ko'zi ko'r bo'lib qoldi.
  In consequence of an accident she is blind of one eye.
  ko'r qil- blind
ko'rlik n blindness
       
ESHIT- v.t | N(gani)X+ni ~ hear X Informing
  Kechagi xabarni eshitdingizmi?
  Have you heard yesterday's news?
    listen to X
  Eshitasizmi?
  Are you listening?
eshitil- v.int be heard
eshituvchi n listener
TINGLA- v.t listen to  
  Ishchilardan biri gazetani ovoz chiqarib o'qir, boshqalari esa uni tinglar edilar.
  One of the workers was reading the newspaper, the others were listening to him.
  Biz kechqurunlari radio tinglaymiz.
  We listen to the radio in the evenings.
  Men u odamning so'zini tingladim.
  I listened to what that man said.
  NX+ga quloq sol- listen to X Authority
  U so'zimga quloq soldi.
  He listened to what I said.
    listen for X
    listen to X, obey X, take heed of X
  NX+ni quloq solib tingla- sound X
  Ayol vrach bemorning yuragini quloq solib tingladi.
  The doctor sounded the heart of a sick man.
KAR n, adj deaf Health
  Uning ikki qulog'i kar.
  He is deaf of two ears.
  kar qil- deafen
karlik n deafness
GARANG adj deaf Health
garanglik n deafness
       
HID n smell, odour; scent  
  Gulning hidi yoqimli.
  The scent of a flower is pleasant.
  (NY+dan) NX+ning ~+i kel- (X) smell, (Y) smell of X
  Xona ichidan o'tkir atir hidi kelardi.
  It smells of perfume in the room.
  Kuzda daraxtlardan qatron hidi keladi.
  In autumn the trees smell of resin.
  Bu uydan yomon hid kelyapti.
  There is a bad smell coming from this room.
  NX+ning ~+i tarat- (X) smell, (it) smell of X
  NX+ning ~+i sez- smell X (perceive an odour)
hidli adj scented, odorous
hidsiz adj scentless, odourless
hidla- v.t smell (perceive an odour)
  NX+ni ~+b ko'r- smell X
  Qiz sovg'a qilingan gulni hidlab ko'rdi.
  The girl smelled a rose given to her as a present.
IS n scent, smell  
  NX+ning ~+i kel- smell (X emanate an odour)
ISKA- v.t smell, sniff at
BO'Y n scent, smell  
xushbo'y adj fragrant, aromatic
  Atir xushbo'ydir.
  Perfume is fragrant.
  xushbo'y hid fragrance
ATIR n perfume, fragrance, scent Finery
SASI- v.int stink, smell Life
  Bu go'sht sasigan.
  This meat smells.
    get rotten, get putrid
  sasib qol- get rotten, get putrid
SASSIQ adj stinky, evil-smelling
  sassiq hid evil smell
  U uydan sassiq hid kelyapti.
  An evil smell is coming from that house.
sassiqlik n stink, stench
       
OG'RI- v.int be painful, hurt, be sore, ache Health
  v.int | NX+i ~ X(=part of body) hurt, ache
  Qaysi yeringinz og'riyapti?
  Where do you feel the pain?
og'rit- v.t cause to be painful
og'riq n pain, ache, soreness
  n | NX ~+i pain in X(=part of body), X ache
  Uning bosh og'rig'i bor.
  He has a headache.
  NX+ida ~ bor X(=part of body) hurt, ache
og'riqsiz adj painless
ZIRQIRA- v.int be painful, hurt, be sore, ache Health
  v.int | NX+i ~ X(=part of body) hurt, ache
zirqirat- v.t cause to be painful
DARD n suffering, trouble, pain, distress Health
Solicitude
dardli adj painful, distressing
hamdard adj | NX+ga ~ sympathetic towards X
AZOB n suffering Health
  Xastalik azobidan qutuldi.
  He has been released from his suffering.
  azob tort- suffer
  Ko'p azob tortayapman.
  I am suffering greatly.
  azob chek- suffer
  Jonim azob chekdi.
  I suffered.
  NX+ga ~ ber- torture X
  Unga azob bermang!
  Don't torture him!
azobla- v.t cause suffering, torment
azoblan- v.int | NX+dan ~ suffer from X, from torment
  Chol yuragining xastaligidan azoblanadi.
  The old man suffers from heart disease.
UQUBAT n suffering, hardship  
  uqubat ichida in suffering, in hardships
  uqubat ostida in suffering, in hardships
  azob-uqubat sufferings, hardships, distress  
  azob-uqubat tort- suffer
  azob-uqubat chek- suffer
  azob-uqubatli making suffer, hard, distressful
AZIYAT n suffering, hardship, torment  
  aziyat chek- suffer
QIYNA- v.t harass, torture, torment; haunt Difficulty
  Bu fikr meni doim qiynaydi.
  This thought haunts me constantly.
  Yozda uni issiq havo qiynadi.
  In summer he was tormented by hot weather.
  Uni turmada qiynadilar.
  He was tortured in prison.
qiynal- v.int | NX+dan ~ suffer torture, torment of X
qiynoq n harassment, torture, torment
JAFO n torture, suffering  
  jafo tort- suffer
  U jafo tortyapti.
  He is suffering.
  NX+ga ~ ko'rsat- torture, ill-treat
  NX+ga jafo et-/qil- torture, ill-treat
  U menga jafo qildi.
  He ill-treated me.
jafoli adj toilsome, hard

Mind

ONG n mind; consciousness Perception
IDROK n intelligence, sense, reason  
  idrok qil- perceive
idrokli adj sensible, intelligent
idroksiz adj unreasonable
MIYA n brain, marrow Head
    brain, mind
  Uning miyasi yaxshi ishlaydi.
  His brain works well.
  miya+si qot- be at a loss
TAMIZ n mind, reason  
betamiz adj silly, simple, stupid
ZEHN n mind, intellect Attention
  Uning zehni joyida.
  He is sane.
  Uning zehni o'tkir.
  He has a keen intellect.
zehnli adj clever, bright
zehniy adj intellectual
AQL n intelligence, mind Reflection
  Bu odamda aql bor.
  This man is intelligent.
  aql+i kam stupid, foolish
  aql+i adash- get muddled
  aql+i oz- go out of one's mind
  aql+ini yo'qotib qo'y- lose one's reason
aqlli adj intelligent, clever, wise
aqllilik n intelligence (in action), cleverness
aqliy adj intellectual
boaql adj intelligent, wise
aqlsiz adj stupid, silly
aqlsizlik n stupidity, silliness
  aql-idrok mind, intelligence  
ESLI adj intelligent, wise  
ZAKOVAT n intelligence, wisdom  
zakovatli adj intelligent, wise
DONO adj wise, learned, sagacious  
donolik n wisdom, learning, sagacity
DONISHMAND n wise man
donishmandlik n wisdom, learning
HIKMAT n wisdom, sapience  
hikmatli adj wise (of words)
behikmat adj without wisdom
FAHM n sharpness, sensibleness Reflection
fahmli adj sharp, sensible, quick-witted
befahm adj silly, simple, stupid
fahmla- v.t understand, grasp, guess
KALTAFAHM adj stupid, limited
kaltafahmlik n stupidity
uquv n understanding, ability Reflection
uquvli adj talented, intelligent
FAROSAT n ingenuity, shrewdness, penetration  
farosatli adj wise, shrewd
O'TKIR adj keen, clever, smart, alert Properties
  Ko'zi o'tkir odam.
  A sharp-eyed man.
ZIYRAK adj shrewd, witty, astute  
ziyraklik n shrewdness, astuteness
MUG'OMBIR adj sly, cunning Cunning
mug'ombirlik n sliness, cunning
  mug'ombirlik qil- use cunning, pretend
hiylagar adj sly, cunning Cunning
epchil adj clever, smart, ingenious  
epchillik n cleverness, smartness, ingenuity
ABJIR adj skilful, dexterous, deft  
abjirlik n skill, dexterity, deftness
CHAQQON ad quick(ly), skilful, nimble  
chaqqonlik n quickness, nimbleness
tezkor adj quick, deft, efficient, effective Speed
Transport
tezkorlik n quickness, deftness, efficiency, effectiveness
serharakat adj quick, deft, smart  
DAHO n genious  
GENIY n genious  
GENIAL adj of genious
AHMOQ adj stupid, foolish  
  Ahmoq odamlar bilan so'zlashmang!
  Don't talk to foolish people!
ahmoqlik n stupidity, foolishness
ahmoqona adj stupid, foolish (action, words)
TENTAK adj silly, stupid, foolish  
tentaklik n silliness, stupidness, foolishness
ABLAH n scoundrel, bastard Generosity
  adj foolish, stupid
ablahlarcha adv foolishly, stupidly
BEHUDA ad foolish(ly) Action
Meaning
  U behuda gapirdi.
  He spoke foolishly.
QO'POL adj coarse, vulgar Character
qo'pollik n coarseness, vulgarity
       
ES n memory Tourism
Meaning
    mind
  es+ida tut- keep in mind, bear in mind
  Gapingizni esda tutaman.
  I will keep your words in mind.
  es+ida saqla- keep in mind, bear in mind
  Bu so'zlaringizni esimda saqlayman.
  I will preserve your words in my memory.
  esga olib qo'y- memorize
  Bizni ham esga olib qo'ying!
  Remember us too!
  es+iga sol- remind (about)
  es+ida bor remember
  Esingizda bormi?
  Do you remember?
  es+ida yo'q do not remember
  Esimda yo'q.
  I don't remember.
  es+iga tush- remember, come to mind
  Ha, esimga tushdi.
  Ah, I remember.
  es+iga kel(di)- remember, come to mind
  es+idan chiq(ar)- forget
  Aytgan so'zlaringizni esimdan chiqardim.
  I have forgotten what you said.
  esdan chiqarib VX forget to X
  es+i ket- lose one's head
  Uning esi ketdi.
  He lost his head.
  NX+ni esda tikla- refresh X
  Takrorlash bilimlarni esda tiklaydi.
  Repetition refreshes the knowledge.
esdalik n keepsake, memento
  Buning sizga esdalik uchun keltirdim.
  I brought it for you as a keepsake.
esla- v.t | NX+ni ~ remember, recall, recollect X, think of X, bear X in mind
  Bizning do'stlarimiz Samarqandga qilgan sayohatlarini uzoq vaqt eslaydilar.
  Our friends shall think for a long time of their journey to Samarkand.
  Akbar o'z va'dasini esladi.
  Akbar thought of his promise.
  Men uning ismini eslay olmayman.
  I can't remember his name.
  NX+ni ~+b qol- memorize X
  Men bu ismni bir umrga eslab qoldim.
  I have memorized this name for all my life.
eslat- v.t | NX+ni NY+ga ~ remind Y of X
  Iltimos, darsning mavzusi va maqsadini menga eslating.
  Will you remind me of the subject and the objectives of the lesson.
  Men unga va'dasini eslatdim.
  I reminded him about his promise.
  v.t | NX+ga NY haqida ~ remind X about Y, awake X's reminiscence of Y
  Vrachga mana bu bemor haqida eslating.
  Remind the doctor of this sick man.
  Bu kitob kitobxonlarga 1941 yil haqida eslatadi.
  This book awakes the reader's reminiscences of the year 1941.
  NX haqida ~+ib ot- mention X
eslatma n notes, record
  n | NX uchun NY+dan ~ reminder to X of Y
  Bu uning uchun urush yillaridan eslatma edi.
  It was a reminder to him of the war years.
YOD n memory Knowledge
  yod+ida tut- keep in mind, bear in mind
  yod+ida saqla- keep in mind, bear in mind
  Sizning qilgan yaxshiligingizni yodimda saqlayman.
  I will remember your kindness.
  yod ol- learn by heart
  yod bil- know by heart
  O'quvchi she'rni yod biladi.
  The schoolboy knows the verse by heart.
  yod+iga tush- remember, come to mind
  Bu narsa yodimga tushdi.
  I have just remembered that.
  yod+iga kel- remember, come to mind
  yod+idan chiq- forget
  U narsa yodimdan chiqdi.
  I forgot that.
  yod qil- learn by heart
  She'rni yod qildim.
  I learnt the poem by heart.
yodla- v.t memorize
  NX+ni yodlab ol- learn X by heart
  Bu she'rni quyidagicha yodlab oling.
  Learn this poem by heart in the following way.
yodaki adv by heart
  Bu she'rni yodaki bilaman.
  I know this poem by heart.
yodgor
/ yodgorlik
n keepsake, souvenir
  Onamdan qolgan yodgorni bolamga qoldirdim.
  I left my mother's keepsake to my child.
ZIKR n remembrance, recollection Religion
  NX+da zikr qil- remember (about) X
  Sizning haqingizda zikr qildik.
  We remembered you.
XOTIRA n memory (as a capacity)  
  n | NX haqidagi xotiralar memories, recollection, remembrance of X
  O'sha kunlar haqidagi xotiralar shu bugungidek yodimizda.
  The recollection of those days are still fresh in our memory.
  Mening bolaligim haqidagi xotiralarim qishloq bilan bog'lik.
  My childhood memories are bound up with a village.
  NX+dan ~ sifatidan in memory of X
  Bizning sayohatimizdan xotira sifatida u menga o'z rasmini sovg'a qildi.
  In memory of our journey he offered me his photo.
  NX+ning ~+si uchun in memory of X
  xotira+sida remember
  Aytgan so'zlaringiz xotiramda.
  I remember what you said.
  xotira+si tut- memorize
  xotira+si saqla- memorize
  xotira+siga kel- remember, come to mind
  Aytgan so'zlaringiz xotiramga keldi.
  Your words came to my mind.
  xotira+sidan chiq- forget
  NX+idan ~+dan ko'taril- slip, escape one's memory
  Bu so'z mening xotiramdan ko'tarilibdi.
  This word slipped my memory.
  NX+ni xotira+sidan chiqar- forget X
  Bu so'zlarimni xotirangizdan chiqarmang!
  Don't forgot these words of mine!
  NX+ni nazarda tut- keep in mind X, consider X; presuppose X  
  Hamkorlik har ikkala tomonning xayrixohligini nazarda tutadi.
  The collaboration presupposes the good will of both sides.
  Bu masalani nazarda tutish kerak.
  This problem must be kept in mind.
  Yaxshi ishlaganingiz nazarda tutildi.
  Your good work has been taken into account.
  NX+ni nazarga ol- take X into account, into consideration
  U buning hammasini nazarga olmadi.
  He didn't fall to take all this into account.
  N(ish)X+ni ko'zda tut- keep X in mind, consider X, consider the interest of X  
  Bu masalani ko'zda tuting!
  Bear this problem in mind!
    anticipate, envisage X
  Reja mehnat unumdorligini ancha oshirishni ko'zda tutadi.
  The plan envisages a considerable raising in labour productivity.
QAYD n notation, mark, record  
  qayd et-/qil- note down, register
KONSPEKT n notes, abstract  
YOZ- yozib qo'y- write down, note down Litterature
Language
Medicine
     
     
UNUT- v.t | N(ish)X+ni ~ forget (to) X Learning
Attention
  Men sening iltimosingni unga eslatishni unutibman.
  I forgot to remind him about your request.
  Sizning nomingizni unutdim.
  I forgot your name.
    grow out of X
  v.int | NX haqida ~ forget about X
  Men bu haqda unutay debman.
  I forgot barely about it.
  NX+ni ~+ib qoldir- forget X
  Men kalitni uyda unutib qoldiribman.
  I forgot the key at home.
unutil- v.int be forgotten
  unutilmas unforgettable
unutuvchan adj absent-minded, inattentive
unutuvchanlik n absent-mindedness, inattention
       
KECHINMA n feeling Perception
    thought, dream
TUSH n dream  
  U tushimga kirdi.
  I dreamed about him.
  tush ko'r- dream
  U yaxshi tush ko'rdi.
  He had a pleasant dream.
  NX tush+iga kir- dream about X
BOSINQIRA- v.int rave, have nightmares  
  bosinqirash nightmare
XAYOL n imagination, fantasy, dream  
    thought, view
    memory
  xayol+ida in my thoughts
  Xayolimda, Turg'un kelmaydiganga o'xshaydi.
  In my view, it looks as if Turgun will not come.
  xayol+iga keltir- imagine, remember
  shirin xayol fond dream, fantasy
  xayol qil- imagine, dream
  Nima haqida xayol qilyapsiz?
  What are you dreaming about?
  xayol sur- imagine, dream
  xom xayol illusion, idle fancy, wild dream
xayoliy adj imaginary, utopic
xayolparast n dreamer
xayolchan adj dreamy, thoughtful
xayolkash n dreamer
TASAVVUR n imagination  
  NX haqida ~+ga ega imagine (something about) X, have an idea of X, have notion of X
  Mening otam bu haqda zarracha tasavvurga ega emas.
  My father hasn't the slightest idea of it.
  U san'at haqida tasavvurga emas.
  She has no notion of art.
  NX+ni tasavvur et-/qil- imagine, have an idea about X
O'Y n thought, thinking Opinion
  Bu o'yingiz to'g'ri emas.
  This thought of yours is incorrect.
o'yla- v.t think of, consider, have in mind
  v.int | NX haqida ~ think about X, of X
  Yigitcha o'z ota-onasini haqida faxrlanib o'yladi.
  The youth thought proudly about his parents.
  Qariya o'zining maktabda o'qigan yillari haqida ko'p o'ylar edi.
  The old man thought often about his school years.
  v.int | NX ustida ~ reflect on X, think over X
  U bu taklif ustida uzoq vaqt o'yladi.
  She has reflected long on this suggestion.
  o'ylab top- guess, find out
  o'ylab ko'r- think about
  o'ylab qo'y- think over
  NX+ni puxta o'yla- think out X
  Javob berishdan oldin hamma narsani puxta o'ylang.
  Think out everything carefully before you begin to answer.
o'ylan- v.int meditate
o'ylash- v.int consider together
o'ychan adj pensive, thoughtful
FIKR n | NX haqidagi / to'g'risidagi ~ thought of X, idea about X Opinion
Agreement
  Muvaffaqiyatsiz chiqqan tajriba haqidagi fikr laboratoriya xodimlarini qiynardi.
  The workers of the laboratory were tormented with the thought of the unsuccessful experiment.
  Bu fikr hammaga ma'qul tushdi.
  This idea pleased everybody.
  Bu yaxshi fikr.
  This is a good idea.
    opinion, view about X
  NX ustida ~ yurit- think deeply, reflect on X
  fikr qil- think
  NX ustida fikr+ini bir joyga to'pla- concentrate on X
  Sen o'z ishing ustida fikringni bir joyga to'plashing kerak.
  You must concentrate on your work.
fikrla- v.int think, reflect
fikrlash- v.int exchange points of view
TAFAKKUR n thought, reflection  
tushuncha n idea, notion, concept Reflection
  NX haqida ~+ga ega have an idea of X, have some notion of X
  Uning yangi ishi haqida men uncha tushunchaga ega emasman.
  I have almost no idea of his new work.
ta'limot n | NX haqida ~ teachings on X, doctrine of X Learning
  Kim yangi tipdagi maktab haqida ta'limot yaratdi?
  Who originated the doctrine of the school of the new type?
nazariy adj theoretical  
nazariya n theory
nazariyachi n theorician
amaliy adj practical Action
  Unga amaliy yordam kerak.
  He needs practical help.
amaliyot n practice
MAVHUM adj abstract  
KONKRET ad concrete(ly)  
SUBYEKTIV adj subjective  
OBYEKTIV adj objective  
MANTIQ n logic  
  So'zingizda mantiq yo'q.
  There is no logic in what you say.
mantiqiy adj logical
LOGIK adj logical  
logika n logic
ASOS n basis, foundation, ground Undertaking
Importance
  n | NX+ga ~ reason for X, basis for X
  Bu aytgan so'zingizga asos ko'rsating.
  Show what foundation you have for saying this.
MO'LJAL NX+ga qarab ~ ol- find one's bearings on X Intention
Military
  Dengizchilar yulduzlarga qarab mo'ljal oladilar.
  The sailors find their bearings on star.
CHAMA n estimation, reckoning, opinion Truth
  chama+sida in X's reckoning, in Xs opinion
  Chamamda bugun yomg'ir yog'adurganga o'xshaydi.
  In my opinion, it's going to rain today.
chamala- v.t estimate, guess
TUSMOL n guess, supposition  
tusmolla- v.int guess, suppose
  tusmollab VX do X tentatively, at random
TAXMIN n supposition, guess, assumption  
  VX+ishini taxmin qil- suppose, assume that X
  Uning bu yerga kelishini taxmin qilaman.
  I suppose he will come here.
taxminla- v.t suppose, assume
FARAZ n supposition, hypothesis  
  CX deb faraz qil- suppose X, make an assumption
faraziy adj hypothetical
farazan adv as a supposition
GIPOTEZA n hypothesis  
ISBOT n proof, evidence, demonstration  
  Bu aspirantning muvaffaqiyatlari uning ish metodi to'g'riligining yaxshi isbotdir.
  The success of this graduate is a good demonstration of the rightness of his working method.
  isbot bo'l- get proved
  isbot et-/qil- prove
  So'zingizni isbot qilaolasizmi?
  Can you prove what you have said?
isbotla- v.t prove, confirm
  Muhandis ularga o'z xulosalari to'g'riligini isbotladi.
  The engineer proved them the correctness of his conclusions.
  isbotlab ber- prove
DALIL n proof, evidence, demonstration Rules & Contracts
Justice Enforcement
  Mamlakatimiz erishgan yutuqlar prezidentimizning siyosati to'g'riligining dalilidir.
  The successes of our country are demonstration of the rightness of the policy of our president.
  NX+ga ~ bor there is a proof to X
  Bunga dalil bormi?
  Is there any proof?
  NX+ga ~ ko'rsat- prove X
  Bunga dalil ko'rsating!
  Prove it!
  NX+ga ~ keltir- produce evidence for X, prove X
  NX+ni ~ qilib ko'rsat- refer to X
dalilli adj proved
dalilsiz adj unproved
dalilla- v.t prove
DALOLAT n testimony, evidence
  NX+dan ~ ber- testify to X, give evidence of X, be indicative of X
  Uning faoliyati vatanga qizg'in muhabbatidan dalolat beradi.
  His activities are indicative of his great love for his motherland.
  Obro'-e'tibor yuqori ekanligidan dalolat beradi.
  This testifies to the high level of its authority.
XULOSA n conclusion, summary, result Circumstance & Causality
  Bu kitobning xulosasini ayting.
  Give me a summary of this book.
  Bu o'yinning xulosasini bilishni istayman.
  I want to know the result of this game.
  xulosa chiqar- draw a conclusion from
  xulosa qil- conclude, summarize
xulosala- v.t conclude, summarize
       
SIR n secret, mystery  
  sir saqla- keep a secret
  sir och- disclose, reveal a secret
  Majidning siri ochildi.
  Majit's secret came out.
  sir-siroat secrets
sirli adj secret, mysterious
YASHIR- v.t | NX+ni NY+dan ~ hide, conceal, keep X from Y Cunning
  U mendan xatni yashirdi.
  He has concealed the letter from me.
  U o'z tuyg'ularini boshqa odamlardan yashiradi.
  She keeps her feelings from other people.
  v.t | NX+ni NY bilan ~ mask X with Y
  U o'z niyatlarini chiroyli so'zlar bilan yashirmoqchi bo'ldi.
  He wanted to mask his veritable purposes with nice words.
  NX+ni NY+dan ~+ib qo'y- hide, conceal, keep X from Y
  Ona pichoqni bolalardan yashirib qo'ydi.
  The mother has hidden the knife from her children.
yashirin- v.int hide, take refuge
yashirin adj secret
  Bu yozuv yashirin.
  This letter is secret.
yashirincha adv secretly
g'oyibona adv being invisible, secretly Entities & Events
YOP- v.t cover up, hide Processes
  U o'z jinoyatini yopish uchun harakat qiladi.
  He is trying to hide his guilt.
  Ular uyning ustini yopyaptilar.
  They are putting the roof of the house
MAXFIY adj clandestine, secret  
o'g'rincha adv stealthily, secretly, covertly Criminality
BEKIN- v.int | NX+dan ~ hide (oneself) from X Processes
  U ta'qib qiluvchilardan bog'da bekindi.
  He has hidden himself from persecutors in the garden.
  Men eshikning arqasiga bekindim.
  I hid behind the door.
  Uchquchlar hujumidan bekinishga harakat qilingiz.
  Try and shelter from the air attack.
BEKIT- v.t shut, lock
  v.t | NX+ni NY+dan ~ hide X from Y, keep X from Y
  Sen bizdan ishlarning haqiqiy ahvolini bekitgansan.
  You have kept the veritable situation from us.
  Baland daraxtlar derazalarni o'tkinchilardan bekitib turadi.
  High trees hide the windows from the passers-by.
  Bu kitoblarni bekitib qo'y!
  Hide those books!
PIS- v.int hide (o.s.)  
  NX+ga ~+ib kel- steal up to X
  Sher ohularning yoniga pisib keldi.
  The lion stealed up to the antilops.
IZLA- v.t look for, search for (esp. sth lost)  
  Men kalitni uzoq izladim.
  I looked a long time for the key.
izlan- v.int be searched for
izlanish n research
QIDIR- v.t look for, search for, seek  
  Men bu kitobni qidirib butun shaharni aylanib chiqdim.
  I have run over the town in search of this book.
  Kishi yo'qolgan uzukni qidirmoqda.
  The man is searching for the lost ring.
  Do'stimni qidiryapman.
  I am looking for my friend.
  qidirish research
AXTAR- v.t look for, search for  
TINTI- v.t search  
tintuv n search
  tintuv qil- search, go through
TOP- v.t find, find out, discover, detect Exchange
Opinion
  Men uni uyidan topolmadim.
  I couldn't find him at home.
  Bir necha haftadan keyin men, nihoyat, xatni kitob javoni ichidan topdim.
  After a few weeks I have at last found out the letter in the bookcase.
  Yo'qotgan qalamimni topdim.
  I found the pencil which I had lost.
    gain, earn, get
    think, consider, find
  qidirib top- (search and) find
  izlab top- (search and) find
topil- v.int be found, discovered, earned
topildiq n find
KASHF n discovery, invention  
  NX+ni kashf et-/qil- discover, invent X
  Amerikani Kolumb kashf etgan.
  Colomb has discovered America.
  U elektrni kashf etgan.
  He discovered electricity.
kashfiyot n discovery, invention
OCH- v.t open Processes
Undertaking
Vital Functions
Processes
Trade
Weather
    uncover, discover, disclose, unveil
  Bu haykalni prezident ochdi.
  The president unveiled this monument.
  Kamchiliklarni ochib tashladi.
  He disclosed the errors.
  Yangi planeta ochdilar.
  They discovered a new planet.
  ochib yubor- uncover, disclose
ochil- v.int be disclosed, come out
  ochilish discovery
OSHKORA adj open, overt  
  adj | NX+ga ~ evident, clear to X
  Bu narsa hammaga oshkora.
  This thing is evident to everybody.
  oshkora bo'l- be revealed, disclosed, made public
  Uning siri oshkora bo'ldi.
  His secret has been revealed.
  oshkora qil- reveal, disclose, make public
  Bu maqolani oshkora qilish kerak.
  This article must be published.
oshkoralik n publicity
  fosh qil- reveal, expose, disclose  
  fosh qilin- be revealed, exposed, disclosed
  NX+ni ko'zdan kechir- look through, examine Vision
  Bu maktubni ko'zdan kechiring!
  Look through this letter please!
KO'R- v.t examine, look at Visits & Greetings
Undertaking
Authority
Vision
Tourism
  Bu masalani majlisda ko'ramiz.
  We will examine this problem at the meeting.
  Doktor kasalni ko'ryapti.
  The doctor is examining the patient.
QARA- v.int | NX+ga ~ look out for X Utilization
Vision
Attention
Identity & Difference
Behaviour
  NX+ni NY+dan ~+b ko'r- look up X, consult X in Y
  Bu yangi so'zni lug'atdan qarab ko'r.
  Look up this new word in the dictionary.
     
KUZAT- v.t observe, watch, survey, pay attention to Invitation
Motion with
Vision
  Trener o'yinni diqqat bilan kuzatib turdi.
  The trainer watched the game attentively.
  O'n minglab tomoshabinlar bu qiziqarli musobaqani kuzatdilar.
  Ten thousands of spectators watched this interesting match.
  Biz quyosh chiqishini qiziqib kuzatdik.
  We observed with interest the sun.
kuzatuvchi n observer
TEKSHIR- v.t examine, test, check, verify  
  Provodnik biletlarni tekshiryapti.
  The conductor verifies the tickets.
  Bu idora ishlarining boruvini tekshirish kerak.
  The running of this office must be checked.
    research, investigate, explore
  Har yili yangi ekspeditsiya Antarktidani tekshiradi.
  Every year a new expedition explores the Antarctica.
  Vrach kasallik sabablarini tekshirdi.
  The doctor investigated the reasons of the illness.
  tekshirib ko'r- examine, check, verify
  Vrach bemorni diqqat bilan tekshirib ko'rdi.
  The doctor examined the patient attentively.
tekshirish n examination, research, inspection
  tekshirish qil- examine, check, investigate
tekshiril- v.int be examined, investigated
tekshiruvchi n inspector, tester, investigator
TERGA- v.t question, investigate, cross-examine  
tergov n inquiry, investigation
  tergov qil- inquire, investigate
SURISHTIR- v.t investigate, trace, cross-examine Informing
SINA- v.t try, experiment, test; examine Learning
Knowledge
  Talabalar sinashdan o'tyaptilar.
  The students are sitting their exams.
  sinab ko'r- try, test
sinal- v.int be tried, tested, examined
  sinalgan tested, examined
    reliable, experienced
sinov n trial, experiment, examination, test
  U sinovga kirdi.
  He entered for an examination.
  sinovdan o'tkaz- test, experiment
TAJRIBA n experiment, test Knowledge
    experience
  NX ustida ~ experiment, test on X
  tajriba qil- experiment, test
  Ular atom bombasini tajriba qilmoqdalar.
  They are testing the atom bomb.
SOLISHTIR- v.t | NX+ni NY bilan ~ compare X with Y Identity & Difference
  Magnitofon o'z javobingizni original bilan solishtirish imkoniyatini beradi.
  The tape-recorder allows you to compare your response with the original.
  Bu qog'ozni u qog'oz bilan solishtirib ko'rdim.
  I tried to compare this paper with that one.
  NX+ni ~+ib ko'r- compare X
  Sifatni solishtirib ko'r.
  Compare the quality.
solishtirma adj comparative
CHOG'ISHTIR- v.t | NX+ni NY+ga ~ compare X with Y Identity & Difference
  v.t | NX+larni bir-biriga ~ compare Xs with each other
TAQQOSLA- v.t | NX+ni NY+ga ~ compare X with Y Identity & Difference
  NX+larni bir-biriga ~+b ko'r- compare Xs with each other
QIYOS n comparison Identity & Difference
  NX+ni NY+ga qiyos et-/qil- compare X with Y
  Uni sizga qiyos qildim.
  I compared him with you.
qiyosiy adj comparative
qiyosla- v.t | NX+ni NY bilan ~ compare X with Y
  Inglizcha gap strukturasini nemis tili gap strukturasi bilan qiyoslang.
  Compare the structure of the English sentence with that of the German one.
FARQ n | NX bilan NY orasida ~ differences between X and Y Identity & Difference
Emotions
  Bu qalam bilan u qalam orasida farq yo'q.
  There is no difference between this pencil and that one.
  NX+ni bir-biridan farq qil- distinguish Xs from each other
farqla- v.t distinguish
ajrat- NX+ni NY+dan ajrata bil- distinguish X from Y Groupings
Processes
Exchange
Processes
Identity & Difference
  Sen bug'doyni javdardan ajrata bilasanmi?
  Can you distinguish the wheat from the rey?
     
     
QORISH- v.int mix together, mingle Identity & Difference
qorishtir- v.t | NX+ni NY bilan ~ mix X with Y, confuse X with Y
  NX+ni (bir-birlari bilan) ~ mix up X (with each other), confuse X
adashtir- NX+ni NY bilan ~+ib yubor- confuse X with Y Truth
Identity & Difference
  Uni men akasi bilan adashtirib yuboribman.
  I have confused him with his brother.
TAHLIL n analysis  
  tahlil qil-/et- analyze
MASALA n problem, question  
  Milliy masala Xitoyda ayricha o'rin oladi.
  National problems have a special place in China.
  masala qo'y- raise a problem
MISOL n (mathematics) problem Identity & Difference
MUAMMO n enigma; problem  
muammoli adj enigmatic
JUMBOQ n enigma, problem  
topishmoq n riddle  
tomonlama adj sided, sidedly Distance
HAL hal bo'l- be solved, settled  
  hal qil-/et- solve, settle
  Sizning masalangizni hal qilamiz.
  We will solve your problem.
YECH- v.t resolve (problems) Processes
Clothing
  Majlisda sug'urta masalasi yechildi.
  Insurance problems were resolved at the meeting.
yechim n solution
  haqiqat qil- elucidate, clear up  
  Bu masalani haqiqat qilish kerak.
  This question must be cleared up.
haqiqatla- v.t clarify, clear up
oydinlash- v.int get explained, get clear  
oydinlashtir-
/ oydinlat-
v.t make clear, resolve
TUSHUN- v.t understand, grasp Thought
Informing
Learning
  Men buni tushuna olmayman.
  I cannot understand it.
  Bu masalani tushundim.
  I understood this problem.
  NX+ni yaxshi tushun- have a good understanding of X
  U matematikani yaxshi tushunadi.
  He has a good understanding of mathematics.
tushuntir- v.t | NX+ni NY+ga ~ explain X to Y, expound, illustrate, elucidate X to Y
  O'qituvchi talabalarga yangi so'zning ma'nolarini tushuntirdi.
  The teacher explained to the students the meanings of the new word.
  Sizlarga haqiqiy ahvolni tushuntirib berishga menga ijozat beringlar.
  May I expound the veritable situation to you?
tushuncha n idea, notion, concept
    understanding, comprehension
  Uning tushunchasi yaxshi.
  His comprehension is good.
tushunarli adj | NX+ga ~ easy to understand, intelligible, clear to X
  Qizining nima demoqchi ekanligi onasiga tushunarli edi.
  What wanted to say her daughter was clear to her mother.
tushunarsiz adj incomprehensible
tushunmovchilik n misunderstanding
ANGLA- v.t understand Informing
anglashilmovchilik n misunderstanding
fahmla- v.t understand, grasp, guess Intelligence
  Sveta ham sababini fahmlagan edi.
  Sveta had also guessed the reason.
  NX+ni NY bo'yicha ~+b ol- guess, get, catch X from Y
  O'ylaymanki, siz hikoya ma'nosini fahmlab oldingiz.
  I hope you've got the gist of the story.
  Kontekst bo'yicha so'z ma'nolarini fahmlab oling.
  Guess the meaning of the words from the context.
UQ- v.t understand Intelligence
uqtir- v.t make understand, explain
uquv n understanding, ability
  qabul qil-/et- interpret Acceptance & Pardon
Invitation
Rules & Contracts
Organizations
Medicine
Exchange
  Kitobxonlar yangi romanni turlicha qabul qiladilar.
  The readers interpret differently the new novel.
     
     
     
AQL aql+i adash- get muddled Intelligence
  Aqlimdan adashdim.
  I got muddled.
CHALG'I- v.int get muddled, lose the train of thought, be distracted  
  v.int | NX+dan ~ disgress from X
  U ko'pincha mavzudan chalg'ib ketardi.
  He disgresses often from the subject.
chalg'it- v.t muddle up, let into error
  Bu xat uni chalg'itdi.
  This letter has led him into error.
  v.t | NX+ni NY+dan ~ distract, divert X from Y, attract X away from Y
  Bu bizni mavzudan chalg'itadi.
  This attracts us away from the subject.
  NX+ni oldindan sez- sense, foresee, anticipate X, have a presentiment about X  
  Hayvonlar xavfni oldindan sezadilar.
  The animals have a presentiment of danger.
BASHORAT n prediction, prophecy Religion

Knowledge

BIL- v.t | NX+ni (NY haqida) (NZ+dan) ~ know X (about Y), have learned X (from Z), comprehend X Ability
Opinion
Pride
Informing
  Chol odamlarni yaxshi biladi.
  The old man knows the people well.
  Men buni gazetadan bildim.
  I have learned it from the newspaper.
  Farobiy ko'pgina xorijiy tillarni bilgan.
  Farabi knew many foreign languages.
  O'qish boshlandimi? Bilmadim.
  Has the lecture started? I don't know.
  NX haqida NY+dan bilib ol- hear from Y about X
  Yosh ishchining qahramonona harakati haqida biz undan bilib oldik.
  We heard from him about the heroic action of this young worker.
  VX+ishni ~ know how to X
  Suzishni bilasizmi?
  Can you swim?
  VX+ganini ~ know that X
  bilmay / bilmasdan unknowingly
  Bilmay sizning kitobingizni olib qo'yibman.
  I took your book unknowingly.
  bilar-bilmas without being sure, hastily
  bilish know-how
  bilish+icha to one's knowledge
bilmaslik n ignorance
bilin- v.int reveal itself, be known
bildir- v.t | N(ishi)X+ni NY+ga ~ make X known to Y, inform Y of X
  Do'stim o'zining kelishini menga bildirdi.
  My friend informed me of his coming.
    express X to Y
  v.t betray
  U chet ellik, talaffuzi uning kimligini bildirib turibdi.
  He is a foreigner, his pronunciation betrays him.
  bildirmasdan secretly
bilarmon n educated, skilled
bilim n knowledge, education
  Yoshlarning bilimini oshirish kerak.
  The standard of education of the young people must be raised.
bilimli adj learned
bilimsiz adj ignorant
bilimsizlik n ignorance
bilimdon adj of great learning
MA'LUM adj | NX+ga ~ known to Informing
  Bu narsa hammaga ma'lum.
  This matter is known to everybody.
  U sizga ma'lum?
  Do you know him?
    certain (known but not specified)
  Bu kitoblarning ma'lum bir qismasi meniki.
  A certain number of these books is mine.
  NX+ga ~ ki CY (X) know that Y
  Sizga ma'lumki mening iqtisodiy vaziyatim og'irdir.
  It is known to you that my economic situation is serious.
  NX+ni NY+ga ma'lum qil- inform Y of X, make X known to Y, let Y into X
  U hamma vaqt menga o'z rejalarini ma'lum qiladi.
  He always lets me into his plans.
  Bu xabarni otangizga ma'lum qiling!
  Give your father this news!
ma'lumot n knowledge, learning, education
  Uning oliy ma'lumoti bor.
  He has a higher education.
  n | NX haqida ~ information, news, report about X; data on X
ma'lumotli adj well-educated, well-read
ma'lumotsiz adj without much learning
noma'lum adj unknown
TANI- v.t know, be acquainted with Social Life
  Bu kishini taniysizmi?
  Do you know this man?
  v.t | (NX+dan) ~ recognize, know (from X)
  Men do'stimni ovozidan tanidim.
  I recognized my friend by his voice.
  tanishga o'xsha- look/sound familiar
tanish n acquaintance
  tanishlar acquaintances
  adj | NX bilan ~ acquainted with X
  Mening opam u bilan yaxshi tanish.
  My sister is well acquainted with him.
  Men bu olimning so'nggi asarlari bilan tanishman.
  I am acquainted with the last works of this scientist.
  adj | NX+ga ~ familiar with X
notanish adj unknown, unfamiliar
tanil- v.int be known
    be recognized
  tanilmagan unknown
tanish- v.int | NX bilan ~ get acquainted with X, get to know X; be well informed about X
  Bu bola bilan mening o'g'lim oromgohda tanishgan.
  My son got to know this boy in the camp.
  Turistlar shaharning diqqatga sazovor joylari bilan tanishdilar.
  The tourists got to know the sights of the town.
  U avval yangi metod bilan tanishmog'i kerak.
  At first he must be well informed about the new method.
  NX bilan ~+ib chiq- make oneself familiar with X
  Ishchilar reja bilan tanishib chiqdilar.
  The workers made themselves familiar with the plan.
tanishtir- v.t | NX+ni NY bilan ~ acquaint X with Y
  Men sizlarni ko'cha harakatning yangi qoidalari bilan tanishtiraman.
  I shall acquaint you with the new traffic rules.
taniqli adj | NX bilan ~ well-known, famous for X
  yod qil- learn by heart Memory
  She'rni yod qildim.
  I learnt the poem by heart.
  yod(dan) ayt- recite
  yod(dan) bil- know by heart
yodla- NX+ni yodlab ol- learn X by heart
  Bu she'rni quyidagicha yodlab oling.
  Learn this poem by heart in the following way.
SING-
/ SINGI-
v.int be digested, assimilated (l/f) Release
Vital Functions
  Yegan ovqati singmadi.
  His food disagreed with him.
  ~+ib ket- be digested, assimilated (l/f)
singdir- v.t digest, assimilate
G'AFLAT n ignorance  
  g'aflatda qol- remain in ignorance
JAHOLAT n ignorance  
YOT adj | NX+ga ~ unknown to X, alien to X  
  Bunday fikrlar unga yot edi.
  Such thoughts were alien to him.
NODON adj ignorant, fool  
nodonlik n ignorance
nodonlarcha adv out of ignorance
JOHIL adj ignorant, unrefined  
johillik n ignorance, lack of refinement
TAJRIBA n experiment, test Reflection
    experience
  Bu lug'atning tuzish vaqtida olgan tajribangizni so'zlab bering.
  Tell us about your experience in compiling this dictionary.
tajribali adj experienced
tajribasiz adj inexperienced
sinal- sinalgan tested, examined Learning
Reflection
    reliable, experienced
  Bu odam sinalgan.
  This man is reliable.
PISH- v.int get mature, experienced Botanics
Cooking
Character
pishiq adj experienced, strong
pishiqla- v.t review, prepare
MASHHUR adj | NX bilan ~ famous, well-known for X Respect & Fame
  Shahar o'zining yodgarliklari bilan mashhur.
  The city is famous for its monuments.
  Shekspir mashhur shoirdir.
  Shakespear is a famous poet.
SHUHRAT n fame, glory
  U xalq orasida shuhrat qozongan.
  He has won fame among the people.
OTOQLI adj famous, well-known Language
  NX+ning ot+i chiq- become famous
  Uning oti chiqqan.
  He became famous.
  nom chiqar- become famous Language
  U o'zining san'ati bilan nom chiqargan.
  He became famous through his art.
DONG n fame, prestige Respect & Fame
dongdor adj famous, prestigious
DOVRUQ n fame, glory Respect & Fame
OVOZA n fame, (good) reputation Respect & Fame
badnom n, adj dishonour(able), (with) bad reputation  
       
ALBATTA adv certainly, definitely, of course  
  Ertaga albatta kelaman.
  I will definitely come tomorrow.
  Ertaga kelasizmi? Albatta kelaman.
  Will you come tomorrow? Yes, certainly.
  Modomiki shu ishni qilishimiz kerak ekan, albatta, qilamiz.
  As we have to do this work, we will do it without fail.
MUMKIN adj possible Probability
Ability
Opportunity
  Mumkin bo'lsa, kelarsiz.
  If it is possible, please come.
  adj | NX VY+ishi ~ (Y) be possible for X
  Kirish mumkin.
  You can come in.
  bo'lishi mumkin (bo'lgan) (whose existence is) possible
mumkinlik n possibility
nomumkin adj impossible
IMKON n possibility
  Daryodan o'tish uchun hech qanday imkon yo'q.
  There is no possibility at all of crossing the river.
imkoniyat n possibility, opportunity
imkonsiz adj impossible
EHTIMOL ad probable(ly), possible(ly) Probability
  Ehtimol, u ham kelsa kerak.
  It is possible that he will come.
  n probability, possibility
  Har ehtimolga qarshi, bu maktubni sizga yozdim.
  In case of need, I wrote you this letter.
  har ehtimolga qarshi just in case
ehtimollik n probability
O'XSHA- v.int | NX+ga ~ be, look like X, resemble X Identity & Difference
  v.int | N(gani)X+ga ~ it seems/looks as if X
  O'rtog'ingiz kelmaydiganga o'xshaydi.
  It looks as if your comrade will not come.
CHAMA chamasi CX it seems that X Thought
  Chamasi kelmaydi.
  It seems he will not come.
SHEKILLI adv | CX ~ apparently X, it seems/looks as if X  
KERAK adj | VX+sa ~ probably, might, perhaps Necessity
  Shaharni ko'rmagan bo'lsa kerak.
  Maybe he didn't see the city.
  U kelsa kerak.
  He will probably come.
  U uyda bo'lsa kerak.
  Perhaps he is at home.
ANIQ ad clear(ly), obvious(ly) Probability
  Bu jumla aniq yozilgan emas.
  This sentence is not written clearly.
    precise(ly), exact(ly)
    definite(ly), absolute(ly)
  Aniq javob berdi.
  He gave a definite answer.
  Mening kelishim aniq.
  I will definitely come.
aniqlik n clarity
    precision
aniqsiz adj unclear
    imprecise, vague
noaniq adj unclear, imprecise
    vague
noaniqlik n obscurity, imprecision
    vagueness
aniqla- v.t clarify, clear up, make sure; define
  Fe'l zamonini aniqlang.
  Define the tense of the verb.
  Biz uning ishga kech qolganligi sababini aniqladik.
  We have cleared up the cause of her coming late for work.
  v.int | NX+ni NY+dan ~ clear X with Y
  Men bu masalani boshlig'imdan aniqlashim kerak.
  I must clear this question with my leader.
  NX bilan ko'zga tashlan- be conspicuous by X  
  Qiz o'zining kiyimi bilan ko'ga tashlanib turardi.
  The girl was conspicuous by her cloths.
YAQQOL adj clear, obvious, distinct  
MUQARRAR ad certain(ly), definite(ly), inevitable(y) Probability
  turgan gap definite, certain  
TAYIN adj fixed, determined, arranged Involvement
  G'oyibning bu yerga kelish vaqti tayin.
  The time when Ghaib is to come here is fixed.
betayin adj unclear, imprecise, vague
    untidy, muddle-headed
betayinlik n imprecision, vagueness
    untidiness
RAVSHAN ad clear(ly), clear-cut Electromagnetism
ravshanlan- v.int become clearer
TA'KID n obviousness, evidence Informing
ta'kidla- v.t state a fact, make clear, stress
MUJMAL adj indeterminate, vague, indefinite  
mujmallik n vagueness, indefiniteness
BALKI
/ BALKIM
adv perhaps, maybe  
  Balki u kelib qolar.
  Perhaps he will come.
SHUBHA n | NX haqidagi ~ doubt, suspicion about X Honesty
  Uning fikrlarining to'g'riligi haqida shubha unda ortib bordi.
  In her increased the doubt about the truthfulness of his assertions.
  Uning haqida hech bir shubham yo'q.
  I have no doubts about him.
  NX+ga shubha qil- doubt X(=fact); doubt about X, suspect X(=person)
  Biz uning so'zlari to'g'riligiga shubha qilmaymiz.
  We don't doubt the truthfulness of his words.
  Men unga shubha qilmayman.
  I don't doubt about him.
shubhali adj dubious, suspicious (facts, people)
shubhasiz adj beyond doubt, sure (facts, people)
  adv surely, no doubt
shubhala- v.t doubt, suspect
shubhalan- v.int | NX+dan ~ be doubtful, be suspicious about X
shubhalantir- v.t | NX NY+ni ~ (Y) have doubts about X
GUMON n suspicion, doubt (about people) Honesty
  NY+dan NX+ning ~+i bor (X) be suspicious of Y
  Bu odamdan gumonim bor.
  I am suspicious of this man.
  NX+dan gumon qil- suspect X, doubt X
  U mendan gumon qiladi.
  He suspects me.
dargumon adj doubtful, suspect
gumondor adj | NX+dan ~ suspicious, dubious about X
gumonsira- v.int | NX+dan ~ be suspicious, be doubtful about X
TO'G'RI adj straight Motion
Shapes
Honesty
Copy & Adaptation
Necessity
Value
Preservation
    right, correct, true
  Bu gapingiz to'g'ri.
  You are right.
    honest, sincere, upright (man or words)
  to'ppa-to'g'ri perfectly right, correct
  N(ish)X+ga to'g'ri kel- correspond to X, coincide with X
  Bu faktlarga to'g'ri kelmaydi.
  That doesn't correspond to the facts.
    it is suitable to X; it is necessary to X
to'g'rilik n rightness, correctness
noto'g'ri adj wrong, incorrect, false
to'g'rila- v.t correct, put right
DURUST adj good, regular, fair Value
Kindness
    proper, correct, accurate
  Durust soat.
  Accurate watch.
durustla- v.t regulate, tune, put right
HAQ n truth, reality Justice
Business
Meaning
Value
  U haq so'zni so'zladi.
  He spoke the truth.
  Xudo haqida bu so'zni so'zladim.
  Truly I did say this.
    right(s)
haqli haqli bo'l- be right
  haqli emas be wrong
HAQIQAT n truth, reality
  Haqiqat hamma vaqt yutib chiqadi.
  Truth always win.
  Haqiqatda u aybdordir.
  He is indeed a guilty man.
  haqiqatdan in truth, indeed
  haqiqatdan aytganda to tell the truth
haqiqatan adv in truth, indeed
darhaqiqat adv as a matter of fact
HAQIQIY adj true, real
HAQQONIY adj just, appropriate
ROST ad true(ly), real(ly), factual  
  rostini aytganda to tell the truth
  rostmi? rost! really? really!
  Qurbonning kelgani rostmi? Rost!
  Is it true that Qurban has come? Yes!
rostdan adv really, indeed
  Rostdan ham vaqtingiz yo'qmi?
  Haven't you really got time?
  Rostdanmi?
  Is that so?
rostlik n truth, reality, facts
  rost gap the truth
REAL adj real  
    practicable, workable
NAHOTKI adv | ~ CX? really, X?  
XATO n error, mistake, fault  
  Bu yozuvda ko'p xato bor.
  There are many mistakes in this manuscript.
  adj wrong, faulty, false, erroneous
  xato qil- make a mistake
xatolik n error, mistake, faulse
xatosiz adj without error / mistake, faultless
bexato adj without error / mistake, faultless
ADASH- v.int | NX+dan ~ lose X(= path l/f) Identity & Difference
Reflection
  Yo'limdan adashdim.
  I lost my way.
    err, be mistaken about X
  Aqlimdan adashdim.
  I lost my train of thought.
  adashib qol- get lost
adashtir- v.t mislead, lead astray
  NX+ni NY bilan ~+ib yubor- confuse X with Y
YANGLISH adj incorrect, wrong, erroneous  
yanglishsiz adj without error, correct
YANGLISH- v.int | NX+da ~ be mistaken in X, be wrong about X
  Sen bu masalada yanglishasan.
  You are wrong about this question.
  Men bu odamda yanglishdim.
  I am mistaken in him.
  Sen kvartira nomerida yanglishgansan.
  You were mistaken in the number of the flat.
  v.int | NX+dan ~ be mistaken about X
  Yo'ldan yanglishdim.
  I lost my way.
YOLG'ON n lie, falsehood Cunning
Informing
  Uning so'zi yolg'onga chiqarildi.
  His words proved to be lies.
  NX+ga ~ gapir- lie, tell lies to X
  Bola ota-onasiga yolg'on gapirmaydi.
  The child doesn't lie to his parents.
  yolg'on so'zla- lie, tell lies
  yolg'on-yashiq pack of lies, nonsense
  Yolg'on-yashiq gaplarni gapira bermang!
  Don't talk nonsense!
yolg'onchi n liar
YOLG'ONDAKAM adj untrue, false
       
ODAT n habit Normality
Traditions
  Bizdagi hashar odati yaxshi odat edi.
  Our custom of mutual assistance was a good one.
    custom, usage
  NX ~+ini tashla- get out of X, grow out of X(=habit)
  Sen yolg'onchilik odatingni tashlashing kerak.
  You must quit that habit of lying.
odatlan- v.int | N(ish)X+ga ~ get used to X, make a habit of X
odatlantir- v.t | N(ish)X+ga ~ accustom to X, get used to X
KO'NIK- v.int | N(ish)X+ga ~ get used to X, get accustomed to X, put up with X  
ko'niktir- v.t | N(ish)X+ga ~ accustom to X, get used to X
ko'nikma n habit
UNUT- v.t | N(ish)X+ni ~ grow out of X Memory
  Men shahar hayotini butunlay unutib yubordim.
  I grew absolutely out of city life.
o'zlashtir- v.t master, assimilate, acquire Exchange
  O'quvchilar darslarni yaxshi o'zlashtirayotirlar.
  The pupils are mastering the lessons well.
o'zlashtiril- v.int be acquired
O'RGAN- v.t | N(ish)X+ni ~ learn X, study X Love
  Ular turk tilini o'rganadilar.
  They are learning Turkish.
  v.t | NX+ni NY+dan ~ learn X from Y
  Mehnatni sevishni men otamdan o'rgandim.
  I have learned diligence from my father.
  Men o'zbek tilini undan o'rgandim.
  I learned Uzbek from him.
  v.int | N(ish)X+ga ~ get used to X, accustomed to X
  Ko'zimiz asta-sekin qorong'ilikka o'rgandi.
  Our eyes got gradually accustomed to the darkness.
  U bolaligidan erta turishga o'rgangan.
  He has become accustomed from childhood to get up early.
  Bu yerning iqlimiga o'rgandim.
  I got used to the climate of this place.
  o'rganish learning, studies
  NX+ni ~+ib ol- study X
  Aktyorlar yangi pyesani o'rganmoqdalar.
  The actors are studying the new play.
  NX+ga ~+ib qol- get used to X, accustomed to X
  Bola erta turishga o'rganib qolgan.
  The child is accustomed to get up early.
  Tezda men unga o'rganib qoldim.
  Soon I got accustomed to him.
O'RGAT- v.t | NX+ni N(ish)Y+ga ~ teach, instruct X to (do) Y
  Ota o'g'lini skripka chalishga o'rgatadi.
  The father teaches his son to play the violin.
  Muallim bolalarga badan tarbiya o'rgatyapti.
  The teacher is teaching the children physical education.
    train X to Y
  Men uni intizomga o'rgataman.
  I shall train him to discipline.
MASHQ n | NX+dan ~ (X) exercise, practice  
  (NX ko'rib) mashq qil- train, exercise (for X)
  U olimpiya o'yinlariga tayyorgarlik ko'rib mashq qilmoqda.
  He is training for the Olympic Games.
  Askarlar mashq qilmoqyaptilar.
  The soldiers are exercising.
  N(ish)X+ni mashq qil- train in X, practice in X
  Sen o'qishni mashq qilishing kerak.
  You must practice in reading.
  Yigitcha suvda suzishni har kuni mashq qilar edi.
  The youth trained every day in swimming.
  mashq qildir- train, exercise
takroriy adj revision Frequency
takrorla- v.t repeat
    review, revise (lessons)
  Talabalar o'tilgan materialni takrorlamoqdalar.
  The students are reviewing the past material.
O'QI- v.t read, read out Language
Learning
Occupations
Learning
    study, read
  U universitetda o'qiydi.
  He is studying at the University.
  Ular ijtimoiyot o'qiydilar.
  They are reading sociology.
  N(ish)X+ga ~ learn X
  U ashula aytishga o'qimoqda.
  She is learning singing.
o'qish n reading
    studies, lessons
o'qit- NX+ni NY+ga ~ teach
  Men o'quvchilarga rus tilini o'qitaman.
  I teach Russian to the pupils.
  Bu professor bir necha yildan beri Navoiy nomidagi universitetda tarix o'qitadi.
  This professor has taught history at the Navoi university for many years.
o'qitil- v.int be taught
o'qituvchi n teacher, lecturer
o'quv n study, education, training
o'quvchi n pupil
o'qimishlik n learning, knowledge
o'qimishli adj learned, well-read
mashg'ulot n task, operation Undertaking
    studies; classes
  U adabiyot mashg'ulotidan mamnuniyat his etadi.
  He finds satisfaction in pursuit with literature.
  Professor tarix bo'yicha mashg'ulot o'tkazyapti.
  The professor is giving a history lecture.
TA'LIM n teaching, education, guidance Thought
  Uning ta'limi yo'q.
  He has no education.
  NX+ga ~ ber- teach X, instruct X
  Bolalarga ta'lim berilmoqda.
  The children are being taught.
  ta'lim ko'r- receive education, instruction
  Talabalar ta'lim ko'radilar.
  The students are receiving an education.
ta'limot n | NX haqida ~ teachings on X, doctrine of X
  Kim yangi tipdagi maktab haqida ta'limot yaratdi?
  Who originated the doctrine of the school of the new type?
TARBIYA n upbringing, education, training  
  Bolaning ota-onasini uning tarbiyasi uchun javobgar.
  A child's parent are responsible for its upbringing.
tarbiyali adj brought up, educated
tarbiyaviy n educational, training
tarbiyasiz adj uneducated
tarbiyala- v.t | NX+ni NY qilib ~ bring up X to Y, educate, train X
  Ota-ona o'z o'g'lini yaxshi inson qilib tarbiyalashni istaydi.
  The parents want to bring up their son so that he becomes a good man.
tarbiyachi n instructor, trainer, educator
  ta'lim-tarbiya training, education  
yetishtir- v.t bring up (children); breed, raise (animals) Production
yetishtiril- v.int be brought up (children); be bred, raised (animals)
PRAKTIKA n training period, training course  
MAORIF n education  
  Maorif xalq uchun zarur.
  Education is essential for the masses.
maorifchi n educationist, educator
MA'RIFAT n learning, scholarship, enlightenment
ma'rifatparvarlik n enlightening
PEDAGOG n pedagogue  
pedagogik adj pedagogical
pedagogiya n pedagogy
  boshlang'ich ma'lumot primary education  
  o'rta ma'lumot secondary education
  oliy ma'lumot higher education
tushuntir- v.t | NX+ni NY+ga ~ explain X to Y, expound, illustrate, elucidate X to Y Reflection
  O'qituvchi talabalarga yangi so'zning ma'nolarini tushuntirdi.
  The teacher explained to the students the meanings of the new word.
  Sizlarga haqiqiy ahvolni tushuntirib berishga menga ijozat beringlar.
  May I expound the veritable situation to you?
  NX bo'yicha tushuntirish explanation of X, directions for X
  Professor jahon adabiyotining barcha masalalari bo'yicha tushuntirish berdi.
  The professor gave us an explanation of all the questions of the world litterature.
tushuntiril- v.int be explained
DARS n lesson, class  
  Chet tili darsi o'ninchi auditoriyada bo'ladi.
  The lesson in the foreign language will take place in auditorium ten.
  U darsga ketdi.
  He went to his lesson/class.
  dars ol- have lessons
  Men har haftada ikki soat dars olaman.
  I have two hours of lessons every week.
  NX+dan ~ ber- teach X(=subject)
darslik n testbook
SABOQ n lesson (l/f)  
  saboq ol- have a lesson, learn
  Achchiq tajribadan saboq olmoq.
  To learn by bitter experience.
  Bolalar saboq olyaptilar.
  The children are having a lesson.
  saboq ber- teach
saboqdosh n classmate, fellow student
DIKTANT n dictation Language
LEKSIYA n | NX ~ lecture on X  
  Biz matematika leksiyalariga jon-dilimiz bilan qatnashamiz.
  We attend the lectures on mathematics gladly.
  Ular leksiya eshityaptilar.
  They are listening to the lecture.
  uy ishi homework  
  uy vazifasi homework
MATERIAL n material(s) (physical / documents) Production
Matter
     
IZOH n postscript, footnote  
izohot n explanation, commentary
  NY+ga NX haqida ~ ber- explain X to Y, give explanation
izohla- v.t explain, comment, interpret
SHARH n commentary, interpretation, explanation  
  sharh qil- give a commentary on, explain
sharhla- v.t give a commentary on, explain
sharhlovchi n commentator, interpreter
ESKARTMA n footnote, note, comment  
  bolalar bog'chasi kindergarten  
MAKTAB n school, elementary school Urbanism
  boshlang'ich maktab elementary school
  o'rta maktab secondary school
  oliy maktab university
  maktabga bor- go to school, attend school
  maktabga kir- start, enter school
maktabdosh n alumnus, alumna
KOLLEJ n middle school, junior high school  
LITSEY n secondary school, high school  
texnikum n technical college  
  bilim yurti institution of higher learning, technical college  
UNIVERSITET n university Urbanism
DORILFUNUN n university  
FAKULTET n faculty  
KAFEDRA n (academic) chair  
  Bu professor universitetda fizika kafedrasini oldi.
  The professor got the chair for physics at the university.
INSTITUT n institute  
  o'quv yurti educational establishment, learning institution  
AKADEMIK n academic  
AKADEMIYA n academy
tajribaxona n laboratory Urbanism
LABORATORIYA n laboratory Urbanism
RASADXONA n observatory Urbanism
OBSERVATORIYA n observatory Urbanism
SINF n class (social, school, transport) Social Classes
Travel
  Ikkinchi sinf o'quvchisi.
  Pupil in the second class.
  Ishchilar sinfi.
  Working class.
  Men poyezdning ikkinchi sinfida keldi.
  I travelled second class on the train.
    classroom
sinfdosh n classmate
sinfxona n classroom
o'quvxona n classroom  
STIPENDIYA n scholarship (money), grant  
KURS n course, school year Money
kursdosh n schoolmate, fellow student
IMTIHON n | NX+dan ~ examination in X  
  Grammatikadan imtihon ertaga bo'ladi.
  The examination in grammar will take place tomorrow.
  U imtihonga kirdi.
  He entered for an examination.
  kirish imtihonlari entrance examinations
  bitirish imtihonlari graduation examinations
  imtihon topshir- take an examination
  imtihon ber- take an examination
  NX+dan ~ ol- examine X(=student)
  imtihondan o't- pass an exam
  U imtihondan o'taolmadi.
  He failed the examination.
  imtihondan yiqil- fail one's exam, fait at the examination
  U imtihondan yiqildi.
  He has failed at the examination.
  U imtihondan yiqildi.
  He failed his examination.
imtihonsiz adj without examination
  kontrol ish test, assessment  
  yozma ish written test  
O'T- v.int | NX+dan ~ pass X(=exams, tests) Horizontal Motion
Time
Results
Undertaking
Travel
  Anvar bitirish imtihondan o'tdi.
  Anvar has passed the school-leaving examination.
  NX+dan o'ta ol- pass X(=exams, tests)
  Hakim imtihondan yaxshi o'ta oldi.
  Hakim has passed the examination perfectly.
  NX uchun NY+ga ruxsat etil- let Y be admited to X(= exam) Authority
  Imtihon topshirish uchun kimlarga ruxsat etilishini komissiya hal qiladi.
  The commission decides who will be admited to the examination.
SINA- v.t try, experiment, test; examine Reflection
Knowledge
  Talabalar sinashdan o'tyaptilar.
  The students are sitting their exams.
sinal- v.int be tried, tested, examined
sinov n trial, experiment, examination, test
  U sinovga kirdi.
  He entered for an examination.
tugat- v.t finish, complete, put an end to Results
Evolution
    graduate from, finish (school)
bitir- v.t finish, complete Evolution
    graduate from, finish school
  Uning akasi bu yil universitetni bitirdi.
  His brother graduated from University this year.
TAMOM n end, finish Whole & Parts
Evolution
  tamom qil- graduate
  U oliy maktabni tamom qilgan.
  He finished high school.
tamomla- v.t graduate from, finish (school)
DIPLOM n diploma, degree  
o'quvchi n pupil Learning
Occupations
o'qituvchi n teacher, lecturer
TOLIB n student  
TALABA n student (mainly traditional)
MUALLIM n teacher Occupations
  Muallim bolalarga dars beradi.
  The teacher is teaching the children.
muallima n teacher (female)
STUDENT n student  
studentka n student (female)
ASPIRANT n post-graduate student  
aspirantura n post-graduate study
PROFESSOR n professor Occupations
DOMLA n professor, teacher, master Occupations
MURABBIY n tutor  
murabbiya n governess
USTOZ n tutor, teacher  
ustozlik NY+ga NX+da ~ qil- be Y's teacher in X
SHOGIRD n apprentice Work
  Usta shogirdlariga ta'lim beryapti.
  The craftsman is training his pupils.
shogirdlik n apprenticeship
USTA n foreman, master worker Work
Ability
  adj | NX+ga ~ expert in X, skilled in X
  G'affor shaxmatga usta.
  Ghaffar is an expert at chess.
ustalik n mastery, skills
IXTISOS n speciality  
  ixtisos ol- specialize
ixtisosli adj specialized
ixtisoslan- v.int | NX+da ~ specialize in X
MUTAXASSIS n | NX bo'yicha ~ expert, specialist in X
  Biz sanoat mutaxassislariga muhtojimiz.
  We need specialists for industry.
mutaxassislik n expertise
SAVOD n literacy  
savodli adj literate
savodsiz adj illiterate
savodsizlik n illiteracy
savodxon n literate man
CHALASAVOD n semi-literate  
MULLA n learned man, literate man Religion
       
FAN n science  
fanniy adj scientific
ILM n science, learning Occupations
  Yoshlarimiz turli turli ilmlarni o'rganmoqdalar.
  Our young people are studying various sciences.
ilmli adj having great learning
ilmiy adj scientific, academic
  ilmiy xodim scientific worker, research worker
  ilmiy izlanish scientific research
ilmsiz adj uneducated
ilmparvar adj craving for knowledge
  ilm-fan sciences  
TADQIQ n research, study, analysis  
  tadqiq qil-/et- research, study, investigate
  U atom kuchlarini tadqiq qiladi.
  He is investigating atomic energy.
tadqiqot n research, survey
tadqiqotchi n researcher
TEXNIK adj technical Industry
Ability
  n technician, mechanic
texnika n technique, technology
  Bizda sanoat texnikasi taraqqiy qilgan.
  Our industrial technology is developed.
    technique, art, skill
  Sport texnikasi.
  Athletic skill.
TEXNOLOGIYA n technology
injenerlik n engineering Industry
HUNAR n craft, handicraft, profession, trade Ability
Work
    skill, talent
hunarli adj skilled
MOHIR adj skilful, masterly, clever Ability
mohirlik n skill
mohirona adv skilfully, masterfully, cleverly
MAHORAT n skill, mastery, technical ability
  Cho'lponda she'r yozish mahorati katta edi.
  Cholpan had great skill in writing poetry.
mahoratli adj highly skilled, masterly
mahoratsiz adj unskilled
MALAKA n qualifications Ability
malakali adj qualified, skilled
ZIYOLI adj, n intellectual  
  Ziyolilar sinfi.
  The intellectuals.
MUTAFAKKIR n thinker, intellectual  
mutafakkirlik n wisdom, intellect
OLIM n scholar, scientist  
olima n (female) scholar, scientist
olimlik n scholarship, erudition
izlanuvchi n researcher, research worker Occupations
DOKTOR n doctor Medicine
Occupations
     
HAKIM n doctor Medicine
DISSERTATSIYA n thesis  
ENSIKLOPEDIK adj encyclopaedic  
ENSIKLOPEDIYA n encyclopaedia
QOMUS n encyclopaedia, dictionary  
SOHA n domain, field Position
TARMOQ n branch, domain Order & Composition
FALSAFA n philosophy  
FAYLASUF n philosopher
tabiatshunos n naturalist Nature & Cosmos
tabiatshunoslik n natural science
tabiiyot n natural science
MATEMATIK n mathematician Numbers
  adj mathematical
matematika n mathematics
GEOMETRIYA n geometry Numbers
ALGEBRA n algebra Numbers
FIZIK n physicist  
  adj physical
FIZIKA n physics
XIMIK n chemist  
  adj chemical
XIMIYA n chemistry
KIMYO n chemistry  
  U kimyo fabrikasida ishlaydi.
  He works in a chemical factory.
kimyoviy adj chemical
kimyogar n chemist
FALAKIYOT n (Middle Ages) astronomy  
falakiyotchi n (Middle Ages) astronom
ASTRONOM n astronom  
astronomik adj astronomic(al)
astronomiya n astronomy
GEOLOG n geologist  
geologik adj geological
geologiya n geology
BIOLOG n biologist  
biologik adj biological
biologiya n biology
BOTANIK n botanist  
  adj botanical
botanika n botany
hayvonotshunos n zoologist  
hayvonotshunoslik n zoology
ZOOLOG n zoologist  
zoologik adj zoological
zoologiya n zoology
MEDITSINA n, adj medicine; medical Medicine
TIBBIY adj medical Medicine
  Aholiga tibbiy yordam berilmoqda.
  Medical help is being given to the population.
  tibbiy ilm medical science
  tibbiy olim medical scientist
tibbiyot n medicine
  ijtimoiy fanlar social sciences  
ANTROPOLOG n anthropologist  
antropologiya n anthropology
PSIXOLOG n psychologist  
psixologik adj psychological
psixologiya n psychology
SOTSIOLOG n sociologist  
sotsiologik adj sociologic
sotsiologiya n sociology
tilshunos n linguist Language
tilshunoslik n linguistics
TARIX n history Chronology
Time Units
  Qadimgi dunyo tarixi.
  Ancient history.
tarixchi n historian
tarixshunos n historian
ARXEOLOG n archeologist  
arxeologik adj archeological
arxeologiya n archeology
JUG'ROFIY adj geographic  
jug'rofiya n geography
jug'rofiyashunos n geographer
GEOGRAF n geographer  
geografik adj geographic
geografiya n geography
sharqshunos n orientalist  
sharqshunoslik n orientalism
EKONOMIK adj economic Economy
ekonomika n economics
EKONOMIST n economist
  iqtisod fani economics Economy
  siyosiy fanlar political science